1921 World Series

The much-anticipated 1921 World Series featured John McGraw's New York Giants, dedicated practitioners of the dead-ball era's "inside game", and the New York Yankees, who relied on the "power game" exemplified by Babe Ruth, who was coming off of what was arguably his best year ever statistically. This was the first World Series appearance by the Yankees, who have gone on to play in the Series a record 40 times. The 1921 Series was a closely contested matchup that ended on a double play featuring a baserunning miscue.

1921 World Series
Players and umps at 1921 World Series
Yankees player Roger Peckinpaugh, Giants player Dave Bancroft, and umpires at the Polo Grounds.
Team (Wins) Manager(s) Season
New York Giants (5) John McGraw 94–59, .614, GA: 4
New York Yankees (3) Miller Huggins 98–55, .641, GA: ​4 12
DatesOctober 5–13
UmpiresCy Rigler (NL), George Moriarty (AL), Ernie Quigley (NL), Ollie Chill (AL)
Hall of FamersGiants: John McGraw (mgr.), Dave Bancroft, Jesse Burkett (coach), Christy Mathewson (coach), Frankie Frisch, George Kelly, Ross Youngs.
Yankees: Miller Huggins (mgr.), Frank Baker, Babe Ruth.
Broadcast
RadioKDKA (Pittsburgh)
WBZ (Springfield)
WJZ (Newark)
KDKA coverage was live, and direct, from the Polo Grounds. WBZ coverage was relayed via studio re-creation. According to Popular Radio, WJZ covered the games live, with some play by play done by Grantland Rice.[1]
Radio announcersKDKA and WJZ: Grantland Rice
WBZ re-created by Tommy Cowan
World Series Program
1921ws
World Series

Background

The Series was the last of the experimental best-five-of-nine series, which the Giants won five games to three. All eight games were played at the Polo Grounds in upper Manhattan, New York, each team alternating as the nominal "home team" since the Yankees had subleased the stadium from the Giants for the 1913 through 1922 seasons, so that it was the home park for both teams during the regular season in those ten years. This marked the first time in World Series history that the series occurred at a single site. It happened again the following year in the same place with the same two teams, and in 1944 at St. Louis' Sportsman's Park between the Cardinals and the Browns. For New Yorkers, this was the first subway Series in World Series history. It was also the first World Series to be broadcast on radio, with Grantland Rice covering the games live through Pittsburgh's KDKA. It was rebroadcast on WBZ in Massachusetts. Announcer Tommy Cowan also recreated the games over Westinghouse-owned WJZ in Newark as he listened to phoned-in reports from the stadium.[2]

Because of an infected arm and a bad knee (which he wrenched in Game 5), Babe Ruth did not start the final three games,[3] appearing only as a pinch-hitter in the final inning of Game 8. Following the Series, Ruth and Bob Meusel did some postseason barnstorming, against the rules for Series participants at that time. Both were suspended for a number of games at the start of the 1922 season. Ruth filed a personal appeal with Commissioner Landis, who upheld their suspensions but agreed to rescind the rule effective the end of that season.

Then New York Governor Nathan L. Miller, described as "a big baseball fan" by The New York Times, made plans to attend games as a guest of the National Commission (the Commissioner of Baseball).[4] The Series drew fans to New York City from across the continent, from as far west as California and Mexico to as far south as Cuba. Hotels were booked up, and both the New York Central and Pennsylvania Railroads made plans to add cars and run their trains in sections if necessary to handle the extra traffic expected. Harry L. Davis, then the Governor of Ohio, was expected to attend the games as were several other VIPs of the time.[5]

This was the fourth World Series for Giants' assistant coach "Eee-yah!" Hughie Jennings, who had managed young Ty Cobb and the pennant-winning but Series-losing 1907, 1908 & 1909 Detroit Tigers and had been brought in as an assistant coach for the Giants by John McGraw the previous October after Jennings had resigned from the Tigers. The two were teammates on the old Baltimore Orioles in earlier seasons.[6]

Several players on both teams didn't start the 1921 season with either the Giants or the Yankees, and several others moved to other teams during the regular season earlier that year. For the Giants, Johnny Rawlings, Irish Meusel, Casey Stengel and Red Causey started the season as Philadelphia Phillies, who finished last in the National League that year. Outfielder Bill Cunningham had played for the Seattle Rainiers of the Pacific Coast League, nor did Cozy Dolan or Red Shea start the season with the Giants, while the Yankees acquired outfielder Elmer Miller and pitcher Tom Rogers during the season. Nonparticipants from either team in the Series included Curt Walker, Lee King, Johnny Monroe, Rube Benton, Goldie Rapp, Ping Bodie, Tom Sheehan and Tom Connolly.[7]

Summary

1921WorldSeries

NL New York Giants (5) vs. AL New York Yankees (3)

Game Date Score Location Time Attendance 
1 October 5 New York Yankees – 3, New York Giants – 0 Polo Grounds 1:38 30,203[8] 
2 October 6 New York Giants – 0, New York Yankees – 3 Polo Grounds 1:55 34,939[9] 
3 October 7 New York Yankees – 5, New York Giants – 13 Polo Grounds 2:40 36,509[10] 
4 October 9 New York Giants – 4, New York Yankees – 2 Polo Grounds 1:38 36,372[11] 
5 October 10 New York Yankees – 3, New York Giants – 1 Polo Grounds 1:52 35,758[12] 
6 October 11 New York Giants – 8, New York Yankees – 5 Polo Grounds 2:31 34,283[13] 
7 October 12 New York Yankees – 1, New York Giants – 2 Polo Grounds 1:40 36,503[14] 
8 October 13 New York Giants – 1, New York Yankees – 0 Polo Grounds 1:57 25,410[15]

Matchups

Mike McNally Steals home 1921 World Series
The Polo Grounds during Game 1 of the series.

Game 1

Wednesday, October 5, 1921 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (AL) 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 3 7 0
New York (NL) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0
WP: Carl Mays (1–0)   LP: Phil Douglas (0–1)

Mays pitched a complete game 5-hit shutout, Frankie Frisch getting 4 of those hits off of Mays in a losing cause for the Giants. This was the first World Series game victory for the Yankees.

Game 2

Thursday, October 6, 1921 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (NL) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2
New York (AL) 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 X 3 3 0
WP: Waite Hoyt (1–0)   LP: Art Nehf (0–1)

Pitching Ruth carefully, the Giants walked the Babe three times; but after the third walk he stole second and then third base, much to the delight of Yankee fans. But when he slid into third, he scraped his elbow severely and the site became infected. Hoyt held the Giants to two hits, the Yankees jumping to a 2-0 lead in the series.

Game 3

Friday, October 7, 1921 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (AL) 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 1 0 5 8 0
New York (NL) 0 0 4 0 0 0 8 1 X 13 20 0
WP: Jesse Barnes (1–0)   LP: Jack Quinn (0–1)

After getting outscored 6–0 in the first two games of this series and falling behind 4–0 in the top of the third, the Giants tied it with four runs of their own in the bottom half. Later on, an 8 run 7th inning highlighted by Ross Youngs' bases loaded triple turned the tide as the Giants got their first win of this series. Ruth was taken out in the eighth after again scraping his elbow sliding into a base. The Yankees announced after the game that the elbow would have to be lanced and that he would not return for the rest of the Series.

Game 4

Sunday, October 9, 1921 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (NL) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 4 9 1
New York (AL) 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2 7 1
WP: Phil Douglas (1–1)   LP: Carl Mays (1–1)
Home runs:
NYG: None
NYY: Babe Ruth (1)

Ruth suited up, but stayed on the bench during batting practice. When the game began, however, to everyone's surprise, he popped out of the dugout and jogged to his outfield position. The crowd roared. He kept touching his bandaged arm throughout the game. Despite the injury, he got two hits including a ninth-inning homer, his first World Series home run as well as the first World Series home run in Yankees franchise history. But the Giants won the game and tied the series at 2–2.

Game 5

Monday, October 10, 1921 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (AL) 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 6 1
New York (NL) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 10 1
WP: Waite Hoyt (2–0)   LP: Art Nehf (0–2)

Ruth's arm was still bandaged, but he played again. In the fourth, with the score tied 1–1, he shocked everyone by bunting and beating it out. His teammate Meusel then doubled, scoring Ruth all the way from first base for the go-ahead run in a 3–1 Yankee win.

Game 6

Tuesday, October 11, 1921 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (NL) 0 3 0 4 0 1 0 0 0 8 13 0
New York (AL) 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 7 2
WP: Jesse Barnes (2–0)   LP: Bob Shawkey (0–1)
Home runs:
NYG: Irish Meusel (1), Frank Snyder (1)
NYY: Chick Fewster (1)

The Giants battled back from 3–0 and 5–3 deficits to take game 6.

Game 7

Wednesday, October 12, 1921 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (AL) 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 8 1
New York (NL) 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 X 2 6 0
WP: [Phil Douglas (baseball)   LP: Carl Mays (1–2)

Phil Douglas scattered eight hits and held the Yankees to one run, the Giants winning 2-1 on Frank Snyder's RBI double in the seventh inning.

Game 8

Thursday, October 13, 1921 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (NL) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 6 0
New York (AL) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 1
WP: Art Nehf (1–2)   LP: Waite Hoyt (2–1)

Facing elimination, Yankee manager Miller Huggins sent Ruth out to pinch-hit in the bottom of the ninth. The Babe, nursing both elbow and knee injuries, had sat out this game and missed all of Games 6 & 7. The bases were empty and the Yankees still trailed by the lone run of the game scored by the Giants in the top of the first. A HR would tie the game, and a hit or a walk would give the Yankees a chance. But Ruth grounded out, and shortly afterwards infielder Aaron Ward would make the final out of the Series, giving the Giants their first world championship since Christy Mathewson's record three complete shutouts in 1905.

Composite line score

1921 World Series (5–3): New York Giants (N.L.) over New York Yankees (A.L.)

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York Giants 2 3 4 5 0 1 9 4 1 29 71 4
New York Yankees 4 3 5 3 2 1 0 3 1 22 50 6
Total attendance: 269,977   Average attendance: 33,747
Winning player's share: $5,265   Losing player's share: $3,510[16]

Notes

  1. ^ "Who Will Pay For Broadcasting?" by Waldemar Kaempffert, Popular Radio, December 1922, page 236.
  2. ^ Covil, Eric C. "Radio and its Impact on the Sports World". American Sportscasters Online. Retrieved May 6, 2007.
  3. ^ Associated Press. "Babe Ruth Is Just Spectator at World Series". The Santa Barbara Morning Press. October 11, 1921. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  4. ^ "MILLER IGNORES O'BRIEN.: Says His Attitude on Transit Plans Is "Sufficiently Illuminating."". The New York Times. October 4, 1921. p. 3.
  5. ^ "SERIES ATTRACTING MANY VISITORS HERE: Hotels Report Lively Demand for Rooms During World's Baseball Classic. Fans Come Without Tickets. Would Be Near Babe". The New York Times. October 4, 1921. p. 20.
  6. ^ "FOURTH FOR JENNINGS.: McGraw's Aid Has Figured, With Tigers, in Three Previous Series". The New York Times. October 4, 1921. p. 20.
  7. ^ "LUCK FAVORS SOME; FROWNS ON OTHERS: Some Players on Both Teams Fall Heir to Unexpected Series Wealth". The New York Times. October 4, 1921. p. 20.
  8. ^ "1921 World Series Game 1 – New York Yankees vs. New York Giants". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  9. ^ "1921 World Series Game 2 – New York Giants vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  10. ^ "1921 World Series Game 3 – New York Yankees vs. New York Giants". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  11. ^ "1921 World Series Game 4 – New York Giants vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  12. ^ "1921 World Series Game 5 – New York Yankees vs. New York Giants". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  13. ^ "1921 World Series Game 6 – New York Giants vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  14. ^ "1921 World Series Game 7 – New York Yankees vs. New York Giants". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  15. ^ "1921 World Series Game 8 – New York Giants vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  16. ^ "World Series Gate Receipts and Player Shares". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved June 14, 2009.

References

  • Cohen, Richard M.; Neft, David S. (1990). The World Series: Complete Play-By-Play of Every Game, 1903–1989. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 87–92. ISBN 0-312-03960-3.
  • Reichler, Joseph (1982). The Baseball Encyclopedia (5th ed.). Macmillan Publishing. p. 2129. ISBN 0-02-579010-2.

External links

1912 World Series

In the 1912 World Series, the Boston Red Sox beat the New York Giants four games to three (with one tie).

This series, featuring close games and controversial decisions, was regarded as one of the most exciting World Series of its era. Nearly all of the games were close. Four games in this Series were decided by one run. A fifth ended in a tie. A sixth was decided by two runs. Game 7 was the only one with a margin greater than three runs. Two games, including the decisive Game 8, went to extra innings. In Games 1 and 3, the losing team had the tying and winning runs on base when the game ended.

The series showcased star pitching from Giant Christy Mathewson and Red Sox fireballer Smoky Joe Wood. Wood won two of his three starts and pitched in relief in the final game. In the deciding game, Boston rallied for two runs in the tenth inning thanks to two costly Giants fielding misplays.

This was one of only four World Series to go to eight games, and the only best-of-seven Series to do so. While the 1912 Series was extended to eight games due to a tie game being called on account of darkness, the 1903, 1919, and 1921 World Series were all best-of-nine affairs that happened to run eight games.

1922 World Series

In the 1922 World Series, the New York Giants defeated the New York Yankees in five games (four games to none with one tie; starting this year the World Series was again best-of-seven). By now, the term "World Series" was being used frequently, as opposed to "World's Series". As with the 1921 World Series, every game was played at the Polo Grounds because it housed both teams, with the home team alternating; it was also the Yankees' final season at the Polo Grounds, as they would move into the then-under construction Yankee Stadium for the 1923 season, which ended in them winning the rematch.

The Giants pitched around Babe Ruth and scored just enough runs to win each of the games outside the controversial Game 2 tie. That game was called on account of darkness, but many thought there was sufficient light to have played some more innings (the sun was still in the sky), and there were some suspicions that one or both teams might have "allowed" the tie to happen to increase the overall gate receipts. Commissioner Landis was among those who was dissatisfied with the result. One story is that Landis asked Umpire Hildebrand, "Why the Sam Hill did you call the game?" The umpire answered, "There was a temporary haze on the field." The game decision was in the hands of the umpires, but the Commissioner's Office controlled the gate receipts. Landis ordered the money, more than $120,000, turned over to World War I charities, thus nullifying any impropriety. The tied game would turn out to be the third (and final) tied game in the history of the World Series. The other two tied games occurred in 1907 and 1912. No ties are possible under later rules, which allow for suspension of a tied game and resumption of it at a later date, as with Game 5 of the 2008 World Series.

This would prove to be Giants' manager John McGraw's third and final World Series win.

Aaron Ward (baseball)

Aaron Lee Ward (August 28, 1896 – January 30, 1961), was an infielder for the New York Yankees (1917–26), Chicago White Sox (1927) and Cleveland Indians (1928).

Chick Fewster

Wilson Lloyd "Chick" Fewster (November 10, 1895 – April 16, 1945) was an American professional baseball second baseman. He played eleven seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) between 1917 and 1927 for the New York Yankees, Boston Red Sox, Cleveland Indians, and Brooklyn Robins. In his career, he hit six home runs and drove in 167 RBI. He died of coronary occlusion at age 49.Fewster played for the Yankees in the 1921 World Series. He was the first player to bat at Yankee Stadium.Fewster is perhaps best known for being a part of one of the most famous flubs in baseball history, the "three men on third" incident that occurred during the 1926 season. Fewster was on first and future Hall of Famer Dazzy Vance was on second when teammate Babe Herman hit a long ball and began racing around the bases. As Herman rounded second, the third base coach yelled at him to go back, since Fewster had not yet passed third. Vance, having rounded third, misunderstood and thought the instructions to reverse course were for him. Thus, Vance returned to third at the same time Fewster arrived there. Meanwhile, Herman ignored the instruction to go back and also arrived at third at the same time. The third baseman tagged out Herman and Fewster; Vance was declared safe by rule.

George Burns (outfielder)

George Joseph Burns (November 24, 1889 – August 15, 1966) was an American left fielder in Major League Baseball who spent most of his career as the leadoff hitter for the New York Giants. A soft-spoken person, he was nicknamed "Silent George" by his teammates, and he was said to be one of the best pool players ever to play major league baseball. An effective leadoff man who was revered for his plate discipline, Burns is one of only three players in major league history to lead the league in runs and walks five times each; the others are Ted Williams and Babe Ruth. A two-time stolen base champion, he holds the Giants franchise record for stolen bases in a single season (62, in 1914), and held the club's career record from 1919 to 1972. At the end of his career, his 1262 games in left field ranked eighth in major league history, and his total of 1844 games in the outfield ranked sixth in NL history.

Born in Utica, New York, Burns started his baseball career as a catcher, and reached the Giants in the latter half of the 1911 season. Because of his strong throwing arm and outstanding speed, manager John McGraw converted him into an outfielder. He joined the regular lineup in 1913 and, becoming one of the first players to wear sunglasses and using a long-billed cap, came to excel defensively in left field at the Polo Grounds with its difficult angles; the left field bleachers came to be known as "Burnsville", and his teammates would later describe him as the "greatest 'sunfielder' in the history of the game." In his rookie season he hit 37 doubles, bettering Jim O'Rourke's 1889 club record of 36; the mark would stand for only two years, however, before Larry Doyle hit 40 in 1915. 1913 also marked Burns' first World Series appearance, though he only batted .158 as the Giants lost.

In 1914 he led the NL in runs for the first time and batted a career-high .303, and also edged Josh Devore's 1911 club record of 61 steals by one; he finished fourth in the voting for the Chalmers (MVP) Award, in the last year such an award would be given in the NL until 1924. In 1917 he batted .302, led the NL in runs a third time and in walks for the first time, and finished second in the NL in total bases behind Hornsby; he also appeared in his second World Series, but had another poor performance, hitting .227 as the Giants again lost. In 1919 he led the league in runs, walks and steals again, and also led NL outfielders in fielding percentage for the first time. He surpassed his teammate Doyle's franchise record for career stolen bases; his eventual record of 334 was broken by Willie Mays in 1972. Burns hit for the cycle on September 17, 1920, and led the NL in runs for the fifth time that year.

In the 1921 World Series, Burns finally had a successful postseason; he had four hits in Game 3 as the Giants rolled to a 13–5 win, and had a 2-run double in the 8th inning of Game 4, breaking a 1–1 tie as New York evened the Series at two games each. He scored the deciding run in Game 6, and batted .333 for the Series as the Giants won their first title since 1905. Two months later he was sent to the Cincinnati Reds in a trade that brought third baseman Heinie Groh to the Giants. In 1922 Burns set an NL record with his 28th steal of home, surpassing the old mark held by Honus Wagner; Max Carey broke his record later in the decade. He also set a Reds club record with 631 at bats (Hughie Critz broke the mark in 1928). In the Reds' first game at New York that season, he was given a day in his honor and presented with a diamond-studded watch.

Burns ended his major league career with the Philadelphia Phillies in 1925. In a 15-season career, he was a .287 hitter with 1,188 runs, 41 home runs and 611 runs batted in in 1853 games played. He collected 2,077 hits with a .366 on-base percentage, and his 383 stolen bases ranked 12th all-time at that point. Although he never had more than 181 hits in a season, playing in an era of diminished hitting, he was among the league's top five players six times. Defensively, he recorded a .970 fielding percentage at all three outfield positions. His NL record of leading the league in outfield games six times was later matched by Billy Williams and Dale Murphy; his Giants record of 1184 games in left field was broken by Jo-Jo Moore in 1941.

In 1918, a sportswriter asked John McGraw who the best player he ever managed was aside from Christy Mathewson. McGraw said, "George Burns! He is a marvel in every department of play, a superb fielder, a wonderful thrower, a grand batsman and with few peers in baseball history as a run scorer. Best of all, Burns, modest and retiring to an extreme, is the easiest player to handle that ever stepped upon a field."In a 1920 Sporting News article, sportswriter John B. Sheridan ranked Burns as the fourth greatest outfielder in history, behind only Ty Cobb, Tris Speaker and Jimmy Sheckard. "I am one of those who think that Burns has been underrated in New York and elsewhere," Sheridan said. "He is one of the great outfielders of all time. I have never seen him play a bad game of baseball."In 1927 he became a player-coach with Williamsport in the New York–Penn League, and he returned to the Giants in 1937 as a coach. He later worked for a tannery, and retired in 1957.

Burns died in Gloversville, New York at age 76.

Giants–Yankees rivalry

The Giants–Yankees rivalry is a Major League Baseball rivalry between the San Francisco Giants of the National League and the New York Yankees of the American League. It was particularly intense when both teams not only inhabited New York City but also, for a time, the same ball park. During that era the opportunities for them to meet could only have been in a World Series. Both teams kicked off the first Subway Series between the two leagues in 1921.

Harry Harper

Harry Clayton Harper (April 24, 1895 – April 23, 1963) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for four teams between 1913 and 1923. Listed at 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m), 165 lb., Harper batted and threw left-handed. He was born in Hackensack, New Jersey.

Throughout his career, Harper was a bad-luck pitcher either due to injury or playing on a bad baseball team. He entered the majors in 1913 with the Washington Senators, playing for them for seven seasons before joining the Boston Red Sox (1920), New York Yankees (1921) and Brooklyn Robins (1923). His most productive season came in 1916 with Washington, when he posted career numbers in wins (14), strikeouts (149) and innings pitched (249⅓), while recording an earned run average of 2.45.

In 1918, Harper went 11–10 in 244.0 innings, but his 2.18 ERA ranked him sixth between the American League pitchers. He had a 6–21 record with a 3.72 ERA for the hapless Senators in 1919 to lead the AL in losses, and in 1920 he had a 5–14 mark with the Red Sox. He did, however, manage to get a solid 3.04 ERA to rank seventh in AL. He also started for the Yankees in Game 6 of the 1921 World Series, but did not have a decision.

In a 10-season career, Harper posted a 57–76 record with 623 strikeouts and a 2.87 ERA in 219 appearances, including 171 starts, 66 complete games, 12 shutouts, five saves, and 1256.0 innings.

Following his baseball career, Harper made a fortune as a New Jersey industrialist. A resident of the Layton section of Sandyston Township, New Jersey, He died in New York City, just one day short of his 68th birthday.

Home Run Baker

John Franklin "Home Run" Baker (March 13, 1886 – June 28, 1963) was an American professional baseball player. A third baseman, Baker played in Major League Baseball from 1908 to 1922, for the Philadelphia Athletics and the New York Yankees. Baker has been called the "original home run king of the majors".Baker was a member of the Athletics' $100,000 infield. He helped the Athletics win the 1910, 1911 and 1913 World Series. After a contract dispute, the Athletics sold Baker to the Yankees, where he and Wally Pipp helped the Yankees' offense. Baker appeared with the Yankees in the 1921 and 1922 World Series, though the Yankees lost both series, before retiring.

Baker led the American League in home runs for four consecutive years, from 1911 through 1914. He had a batting average over .300 in six seasons, had three seasons with more than 100 runs batted in, and two seasons with over 100 runs scored. Baker's legacy has grown over the years, and he is regarded by many as one of the best power hitters of the deadball era. During his 13 years as a major league player, Baker never played a single inning at any position other than third base. Baker was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee in 1955.

Irish Meusel

Emil Frederick "Irish" Meusel (June 9, 1893 – March 1, 1963) was an American baseball left fielder.

He was first signed with the Washington Senators in 1914 and played one game. After a tour in the minor league, he was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies in 1918. He played four years for the Phillies, averaging over .300 in three of those years.

Midway through the 1921 season, he was traded to the New York Giants. His subsequent play helped the Giants erase a 7½-game deficit to edge out the Pittsburgh Pirates and claim the pennant. He finished the year with a career-best .343 batting average. The Giants went on to win the 1921 World Series over the New York Yankees. His brother, Bob Meusel, played for the Yankees.

He appeared in four consecutive World Series for the Giants: 1921, 1922, 1923, and 1924.

In 1922, Meusel compiled 204 hits and was second in the league with 132 RBIs, both career highs. In 1923, he led the National League with 125 RBIs while scoring a career-high 102 runs. In 1925 he batted .328 with 111 RBIs and 21 home runs, a personal best. His career average is .310 with 819 RBIs. His final year was with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1927.

He died on March 1, 1963.

Jesse Barnes

Jesse Lawrence Barnes (August 26, 1892 – September 9, 1961) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball.

Barnes began his major league career in 1914 with the Boston Braves. In 1917 he led the National League with 21 losses. On October 2, 1917, he became the only NL pitcher to walk two times in one inning.

In 1918, Barnes was traded to the New York Giants. He had three very good years with the Giants. On the last day of the 1919 season, he won his National League-leading 25th victory, 6–1, over Lee Meadows and the Philadelphia Phillies at Polo Grounds. The game was played at a feverish pace and lasted a mere 51 minutes, a major league record that still stands as the shortest nine-inning game ever played.In 1920 he had 20 wins, following with 15 wins in 1921 and two victories in the 1921 World Series against the New York Yankees. Then, in 1922 he hurled a no-hitter against the Phillies.

He returned to the Boston Braves in 1923, playing for them three years before joining the Brooklyn Robins from 1926 through 1927. For the second time, he led the league in losses (20) in 1924.

His younger brother, Virgil, also pitched in the majors, and both were teammates with the Giants from 1919 to 1923.

On June 26, 1924, Jesse opposed Virgil in the first pitching matchup of brothers in major league history. Virgil did not have a decision while Jesse was credited with the loss as the Giants defeated the Braves‚ 8-1. The Barnes brothers will match up four more times during their careers‚ the first, including three days from its date.The baseball author and analyst Bill James is also a distant relative of them.

List of World Series champions

The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) and concludes the MLB postseason. First played in 1903, the World Series championship is determined through a best-of-seven playoff and is a contest between the champions of baseball's National League (NL) and American League (AL). Often referred to as the "Fall Classic", the modern World Series has been played every year since 1903 with two exceptions: in 1904, when the NL champion New York Giants declined to play the AL champion Boston Americans; and in 1994, when the series was canceled due to the players' strike.The best-of-seven style has been the format of all World Series except in 1903, 1919, 1920, and 1921, when the winner was determined through a best-of-nine playoff. Although the large majority of contests have been played entirely during the month of October, a small number of Series have also had games played during September and November. The Series-winning team is awarded the Commissioner's Trophy. Players, coaches, and others associated with the team are generally given World Series rings to commemorate their victory; however, they have received other items such as pocket watches and medallions in the past. The winning team is traditionally invited to the White House to meet the President of the United States.

A total of 114 Series have been contested, with the NL champion winning 48 and the AL champion winning 66. The New York Yankees of the AL have played in 40 World Series through 2018—winning 27—the most Series appearances and most victories of any Major League Baseball franchise. The Los Angeles Dodgers of the NL have the most losses with 14. The St. Louis Cardinals have represented the NL 19 times, and won 11 championships, second-most among all teams and most among NL clubs. Both the Giants and the Los Angeles Dodgers have appeared in more World Series, with 20 each.

The Seattle Mariners and the Washington Nationals (formerly Montreal Expos) are the only current Major League Baseball franchises to have never appeared in a World Series; the San Diego Padres, Colorado Rockies, Texas Rangers (formerly the 1961–1971 version of the Washington Senators), Tampa Bay Rays, and Milwaukee Brewers (formerly Seattle Pilots) have all played in the Series but have never won. The Toronto Blue Jays are the only franchise from outside the United States to appear in a World Series, winning in 1992 and 1993. The Houston Astros have represented both the NL (2005) and the AL (2017), winning the Series in 2017. The current World Series champions are the Boston Red Sox.

List of World Series starting pitchers

The following chart lists starting pitchers for each Major League Baseball World Series game.Decisions listed indicate lifetime World Series W/L records as a starting pitcher; a pitcher's wins and losses in World Series relief appearances are not included here.

‡ denotes a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Ollie Chill

Oliver Perry Chill (August 2, 1878 - May 5, 1958) was a Major League Baseball umpire who worked in the American League from 1914 to 1916 and from 1919 to 1922. Chill umpired in the 1921 World Series. In his career, he umpired 1,028 Major League games. Off the field, Chill was involved in a 1923 fight that led to the shooting death of one man. Though Chill was acquitted of the man's murder and a shooter came forward, he was removed from the American League umpiring staff.

Phil Douglas (baseball)

Phillip Brooks Douglas (June 17, 1890 – August 1, 1952) was an American baseball player. He was known as "Shufflin' Phil", most likely because of his slow gait from the bullpen to the mound.Douglas originally signed with the Chicago White Sox in 1912, but soon landed with the Cincinnati Reds. In 1915, he was traded to the Brooklyn Dodgers, then to the Chicago Cubs. Douglas' short stints with these and future teams stemmed from their frustrations with his well-documented alcoholism, about which a contemporary journalist wrote, "Drinking was not a habit with Douglas—it was a disease."

His wild pitch in Game 4 of the 1918 World Series gave the Boston Red Sox a 3-2 victory over the Cubs.

In 1919, he was signed by the New York Giants. John McGraw had some luck in keeping Douglas' drinking under control. In 1920, Douglas had a 14–10 record and a 2.71 ERA. Following the season, the spitball was banned but 17 players, including Douglas, were allowed to continue using the pitch.

Douglas' best year was in 1921, when he won 15 games in the regular season with an ERA of 2.08. He then won two games in the 1921 World Series to help the Giants win the series.

In 1922, he had 11 wins and a league-leading 2.63 ERA, but was suspended after a quarrel with McGraw and fined $100.

Shortly after he was suspended and while intoxicated, Douglas sent the following letter to Les Mann of the St. Louis Cardinals:

I want to leave here but I want some inducement. I don't want this guy to win the pennant and I feel if I stay here I will win it for him. If you want to send a man over here with the goods, I will leave for home on next train. I will go down to fishing camp and stay there.

The letter found its way to Kenesaw Mountain Landis. Landis banned Douglas from baseball for life.

On August 1, 1952, Douglas died in Sequatchie, Tennessee, and was buried in Tracy City, Tennessee.

Roger Peckinpaugh

Roger Thorpe Peckinpaugh (February 5, 1891 – November 17, 1977) was an American professional baseball player shortstop and manager. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1910 through 1927, during which he played for the Cleveland Naps, New York Yankees, Washington Senators and Chicago White Sox.

Nap Lajoie discovered Peckinpaugh as a high school student, and signed him to his first professional contract. Peckinpaugh debuted with the Naps, who traded him to the Yankees in 1913. He managed the Yankees for 20 games in 1914 and was the team captain for the remainder of his time with the club. The Senators acquired Peckinpaugh, where he continued to play until his final season, spent with the White Sox. After his playing career, Peckinpaugh managed the Indians from 1928 through 1933 and in 1941. He was also a minor league baseball manager, and served in the front office of the Indians and Buffalo Bisons from 1942 through 1947.

Peckinpaugh was considered an excellent defensive shortstop and strong leader. When he managed the Yankees, he became the youngest manager in MLB history. He was named American League Most Valuable Player in 1925. He played in the World Series three times: winning the 1924 World Series with the Senators, losing the 1921 World Series with the Yankees, and losing the 1925 World Series with the Senators.

Rube Benton

John Cleave "Rube" Benton (June 27, 1890 – December 12, 1937) was a pitcher, born in Clinton, North Carolina, for Major League Baseball's Cincinnati Reds (1910–15 and 1923–25) and New York Giants (1915–21).

He helped the Giants win the 1917 National League pennant and the 1921 World Series. Benton threw a shutout against the Chicago White Sox in Game 3 of the 1917 World Series, but was the losing pitcher in Game 6 on the final day of the Series.

He pitched for the Giants in the 1921 season but did not make an appearance in that World Series, which the Giants won in eight games over the crosstown Yankees.

In 15 seasons he had a 150–144 Win–Loss record, 437 Games, 305 Games Started, 145 Complete Games, 24 Shutouts, 83 Games Finished, 21 Saves, 2,517​1⁄3 Innings, 2,472 Hits Allowed, 1,115 Runs Allowed, 863 Earned Runs Allowed, 52 Home Runs Allowed, 712 Walks, 950 Strikeouts, 66 Wild Pitches, 10,539 Batters Faced, 6 Balks and a 3.09 ERA.

He died in an automobile accident in Dothan, Alabama.

Subway Series

The Subway Series is a series of Major League Baseball (MLB) rivalry games played between the two teams based in New York City, the Yankees and the Mets. Previously, this applied to the Giants and Dodgers as well, before they moved out of New York City. Every historic and current venue for such games has been accessible via the New York City Subway, hence the name of the series.

The term's historic usage has been in reference to World Series games played between the city's teams. The New York Yankees have appeared in all Subway Series games as they have been the only American League (AL) team based in the city, and have compiled an 11–3 all-time series record in the 14 championship Subway Series.

Since 1997, the term Subway Series has been applied to interleague play during the regular season between the Yankees and New York City's National League (NL) team: the New York Mets. The Mets and Yankees also played each other in the 2000 World Series, in which the Yankees won.

Tom Rogers (baseball)

Thomas Andrew "Shotgun" Rogers (February 12, 1892 – March 7, 1936) was a Major League Baseball pitcher from 1917 to 1921 for the St. Louis Browns, Philadelphia Athletics, and New York Yankees.

Wally Pipp

Walter Clement Pipp (February 17, 1893 – January 11, 1965) was an American professional baseball player. A first baseman, Pipp played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Detroit Tigers, New York Yankees, and Cincinnati Reds between 1913 and 1928.

After appearing in 12 games for the Tigers in 1913 and playing in the minor leagues in 1914, he was purchased by the Yankees before the 1915 season. They made him their starting first baseman. He and Home Run Baker led an improved Yankee lineup that led the league in home runs. He led the American League in home runs in 1916 and 1917. With Babe Ruth, Bob Meusel, Joe Dugan, and Waite Hoyt, the Yankees won three consecutive American League pennants from 1921 through 1923, and won the 1923 World Series. In 1925, he lost his starting role to Lou Gehrig, after which he finished his major league career with Cincinnati.

Pipp is considered to be one of the best power hitters of the dead ball era. Pipp is now best remembered as the man who lost his starting role to Lou Gehrig at the beginning of Gehrig's streak of 2,130 consecutive games. According to a popular legend, Pipp asked to sit due to a headache.

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