Casey Stengel shone on offense for the Robins in the 1916 Series, but the Red Sox pitching corps ultimately proved too much for the denizens of Flatbush. The Sox's Babe Ruth pitched thirteen shutout innings in Game 2, starting a consecutive scoreless innings streak that would reach 29 in 1918. As with the 1915 Series, the Red Sox played their home games at the larger Braves Field, and it paid off as they drew a then-record 43,620 people for the final game.
Brooklyn fielded some strong teams under their manager and namesake Wilbert Robinson in the late 1910s. The Robins, also interchangeably called the Dodgers, would win the pennant again in 1920, but the American League teams were generally stronger during that interval. It would be 39 years before the Dodgers would win their first World Series title in 1955.
The two franchises met again in the postseason for the first time in 102 years in the 2018 World Series, 60 years after the Dodgers relocated to Los Angeles. The record for most innings played in a World Series game, set by Game 2 in 1916, at 14, was broken by Game 3 in 2018, at 18. Just like their first matchup in the World Series, the Red Sox would eventually go on to defeat the Dodgers in five games to win their ninth World Series championship.
|1916 World Series|
The Red Sox' World Series winning roster
|Umpires||Tommy Connolly (AL), Hank O'Day (NL), Bill Dinneen (AL), Ernie Quigley (NL)|
|Hall of Famers||Umpire: Tommy Connolly, Hank O'Day|
Red Sox: Harry Hooper, Herb Pennock (dnp), Babe Ruth.
Robins: Wilbert Robinson (mgr.), Rube Marquard, Casey Stengel‡, Zack Wheat
‡ elected as a manager
|1||October 7||Brooklyn Robins – 5, Boston Red Sox – 6||Braves Field||2:16||36,117|
|2||October 9||Brooklyn Robins – 1, Boston Red Sox – 2 (14 innings)||Braves Field||2:32||47,373|
|3||October 10||Boston Red Sox – 3, Brooklyn Robins – 4||Ebbets Field||2:01||21,087|
|4||October 11||Boston Red Sox – 6, Brooklyn Robins – 2||Ebbets Field||2:30||21,662|
|5||October 12||Brooklyn Robins – 1, Boston Red Sox – 4||Braves Field||1:43||43,620|
|WP: Ernie Shore (1–0) LP: Rube Marquard (0–1) Sv: Carl Mays (1)|
Until the ninth, Boston starter Ernie Shore was in control. Holding a comfortable 6-1 lead, a walk, hit batter, error and bases-loaded walk to Fred Merkle finally forced the Red Sox to call on Carl Mays from the bullpen to preserve a 6-5 win.
|WP: Babe Ruth (1–0) LP: Sherry Smith (0–1)|
BKN: Hy Myers (1)
The Robins scored in the top of the first on an inside-the-park home run by Hy Myers, and the Red Sox tied it in the bottom of the third, Ruth himself knocking in the run with a ground ball. The game remained 1–1 until the bottom of the 14th, when the Red Sox won it on a pinch-hit single by Del Gainer. The 14-inning game set a World Series record for longest game by innings. That mark was equaled in Game 3 of the 2005 World Series between the Chicago White Sox and Houston Astros, and then again in Game 1 of the 2015 World Series between the Kansas City Royals and New York Mets, before being broken in Game 3 of the 2018 World Series between the Red Sox and the Dodgers.
|WP: Jack Coombs (1–0) LP: Carl Mays (0–1) Sv: Jeff Pfeffer (1)|
BOS: Larry Gardner (1)
A seventh-inning home run by Larry Gardner chased Brooklyn starter Jack Coombs and brought Boston to within one run. Jeff Pfeffer came through with 2.2 innings of hitless relief to save the victory for Coombs.
|WP: Dutch Leonard (1–0) LP: Rube Marquard (0–2)|
BOS: Larry Gardner (2)
Brooklyn's first three batters reached safely off Dutch Leonard in a two-run first inning, but that's all the Dodgers would get off him. Larry Gardner's second home run in two days was an inside-the-park one to left-center that scored two teammates ahead of him, giving Leonard all he'd need.
|WP: Ernie Shore (2–0) LP: Jeff Pfeffer (0–1)|
The final game was over in a snappy 1 hour, 43 minutes. Ernie Shore threw a three-hitter. Boston scratched out a run on a walk, sacrifice bunt, groundout and passed ball. The Red Sox added more in the third, thanks to an error and a Chick Shorten RBI single, and the fifth when Harry Hooper singled and scored on a Hal Janvrin double. Casey Stengel led off the Dodger ninth with a hit, but Shore allowed no more. For the second series in a row, Red Sox pitching dominated, this time holding the Robins to a team .200 batting average, contributing to an easy 5-game victory.
|Boston Red Sox||0||4||4||1||3||2||5||1||0||0||0||0||0||1||21||39||6|
|Total attendance: 169,859 Average attendance: 33,972|
Winning player's share: $3,910 Losing player's share: $2,835
The 1916 Boston Red Sox season was the sixteenth season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished first in the American League (AL) with a record of 91 wins and 63 losses. The team then faced the National League (NL) champion Brooklyn Robins in the 1916 World Series, which the Red Sox won in five games to capture the franchise's second consecutive and fourth overall World Series.1916 Brooklyn Robins season
The 1916 Brooklyn Robins won their first National League pennant in 16 years and advanced to the first World Series in franchise history, where they lost to Babe Ruth and the Boston Red Sox in five games.1916 Major League Baseball season
The 1916 Major League Baseball season.1918 World Series
The 1918 World Series featured the Boston Red Sox, who defeated the Chicago Cubs four games to two. The Series victory for the Red Sox was their fifth in five tries, going back to 1903. The Red Sox scored only nine runs in the entire Series, the fewest runs by the winning team in World Series history. Along with the 1906 and 1907 World Series (both of which the Cubs also played in), the 1918 World Series is one of only three Fall Classics where neither team hit a home run.
The 1918 Series was played under several metaphorical dark clouds. The Series was held early in September because of the World War I "Work or Fight" order that forced the premature end of the regular season on September 1, and remains the only World Series to be played entirely in September. The Series was marred by players threatening to strike due to low gate receipts.
The Chicago home games in the series were played at Comiskey Park, which had a greater seating capacity than Weeghman Park, the prior home of the Federal League Chicago Whales that the Cubs were then using and which would be rechristened Wrigley Field in 1925. The Red Sox had played their home games in the 1915 and 1916 World Series in the more expansive Braves Field, but they returned to Fenway Park for the 1918 series.
The 1918 World Series marked the first time "The Star Spangled Banner" was performed at a major league game. During the seventh-inning stretch of Game 1, the band began playing the song because the country was involved in World War I. The song would be named the national anthem of the United States in 1931, and during World War II its playing would become a regular pre-game feature of baseball games and other sporting events. The winning pitcher of Game 1 was Babe Ruth, who pitched a shutout.
The 1918 championship would be the last Red Sox win until 2004. The drought of 86 years was often attributed to the Curse of the Bambino. The alleged curse came to be when Red Sox owner Harry Frazee traded the superbly talented but troublesome Babe Ruth (who was instrumental in their 1918 victory) to the New York Yankees for cash after the 1919 season.
The Cubs would not win their next World Series until 2016. The Cubs, who last won in 1908, won the National League but lost the Series in 1918, 1929, 1932, 1935, 1938, and 1945, and, allegedly stymied by the infamous Curse of the Billy Goat imposed during that latter Series. The Red Sox, who had won the American League but lost the Series in 1946, 1967, 1975, and 1986, finally won the World Series in 2004 and then won again in 2007, 2013 and 2018. When the Red Sox won in 2018 (against the Los Angeles Dodgers), they became the first team to win the Fall Classic exactly one century apart.
After Game 6, it would be some 87 years until the Cubs and Red Sox would play again. A three-game interleague matchup at Wrigley Field began June 10, 2005, and was Boston's first visit to the park. The Cubs would not return to Fenway Park for nearly 94 years until a three-game interleague matchup beginning May 20, 2011.
† For the first time in the Series, all four umpires worked in the infield on a rotating basis. In previous Series from 1909 through 1917, two of the four umpires had been positioned in the outfield for each game, in addition to the standard plate umpire and base umpire.2007 World Series
The 2007 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 2007 season. The 103rd edition of the World Series, it was a best-of-seven playoff between the National League (NL) champion Colorado Rockies and the American League (AL) champion Boston Red Sox; the Red Sox swept the Rockies in four games. It was the Rockies' first appearance in a World Series. The Red Sox's victory was their second World Series championship in four seasons and their seventh overall; it also marked the third sweep in four years by the AL champions. The series began on Wednesday, October 24 and ended on Sunday, October 28.
Terry Francona became the second Red Sox manager to win two World Series titles, following Bill Carrigan, who won the 1915 and 1916 World Series. Including the last three games of the AL Championship Series, the Red Sox outscored their opposition 59–15 over their final seven games. Francona also became the first manager to win his first 8 World Series games. The Rockies, meanwhile, became the first NL team to get swept in a World Series after sweeping the League Championship Series, and just the second team ever to suffer such a fate, following the Oakland Athletics in 1990. This fate would again be suffered by the 2012 Detroit Tigers, being swept by the San Francisco Giants in the World Series after sweeping the New York Yankees in the ALCS.Braves Field
Braves Field was a baseball park located in Boston, Massachusetts. Today the site is home to Nickerson Field on the campus of Boston University. The stadium was home of the Boston Braves of the National League from 1915–1952, prior to the Braves' move to Milwaukee in 1953. The stadium hosted the 1936 Major League Baseball All-Star Game and Braves home games during the 1948 World Series. The Boston Red Sox used Braves Field for their home games in the 1915 and 1916 World Series since the stadium had a larger seating capacity than Fenway Park. Braves Field was the site of Babe Ruth's final season, playing for the Braves in 1935. From 1929 to 1932, the Boston Red Sox played select regular season games periodically at Braves Field. On May 1, 1920, Braves Field hosted the longest major league baseball game in history – 26 innings, which eventually ended in a 1–1 tie.Braves Field was also home to multiple professional football teams between 1929 and 1948, including the first home of the National Football League (NFL) franchise that became the Washington Redskins. The pro football Braves played at the ballpark in their inaugural season of 1932, then were at Fenway Park for four seasons as the Boston Redskins before the move south in 1937 to Griffith Stadium in Washington, D.C.
Located on Commonwealth Avenue at Babcock Street, the baseball field was aligned northeast, much as Fenway Park has been since it opened in April 1912. Most of the stadium was demolished in 1955, but significant portions of the original structure still stand and make up part of the Nickerson Field sports complex on the campus of Boston University.Chick Shorten
Charles Henry "Chick" Shorten (April 19, 1892 – October 23, 1965) was an American baseball player. He played professional baseball as an outfielder for 18 years from 1911 to 1928, including eight seasons in Major League Baseball with the Boston Red Sox (1915–1917), Detroit Tigers (1919–1921), St. Louis Browns (1922), and Cincinnati Reds (1924). He was a member of the 1916 Red Sox team that won the World Series, and Shorten compiled a .571 batting average in the 1916 World Series. In eight major league seasons, Shorten appeared in 527 games, including 352 as an outfielder, and compiled a .275 career batting average.Del Gainer
Dellos Clinton Gainer (November 10, 1886 – January 29, 1947), nicknamed "Sheriff," was an American baseball player.
A native of West Virginia, Gainer played professional baseball, primarily as a first baseman, for 21 years from 1909 to 1929, including 10 seasons in Major League Baseball for the Detroit Tigers (1909, 1911-1914), Boston Red Sox (1914-1917, 1919), and St. Louis Cardinals (1922). In his first full year in the major leagues, he drew praise for his fielding and was batting .302 when he was struck by a pitched ball and sustained a broken wrist. Gainer suffered from the wrist injury and other injuries over the next several seasons.
In 1914, Gainer was sold to the Boston Red Sox. He played for Boston teams that won the World Series in consecutive seasons in 1915 and 1916. He had the third highest batting average on the Red Sox in 1915 (a .295 average trailing only Tris Speaker and Babe Ruth) and second highest in 1917 (a .308 batting average second only to Ruth). He had the game-winning hit in the 14th inning of Game 2 of the 1916 World Series. He spent the 1918 season in the United States Navy during World War I and compiled a .251 batting average in two major league seasons following his discharge. In 10 major league seasons, Gainer appeared in 548 games, 444 of them at first base, and compiled a .272 batting average.Duster Mails
John Walter "Duster" Mails (October 1, 1894 – July 5, 1974) born in San Quentin, California, was a pitcher for the Brooklyn Robins (1915–16), Cleveland Indians (1920–22) and St. Louis Cardinals (1925–26).
Mails pitched for three pennant winning teams—the 1916 Robins, the 1920 Indians and the 1926 Cardinals. He helped the Indians win the 1920 World Series after being acquired in a minor-league trade in August, 1920, appearing in 9 games while posting a record of 7-0 and an ERA of 1.85 as the Indians battled the Chicago White Sox and New York Yankees in a tight pennant race. He pitched a 1-0 complete game shutout of Brooklyn in Game 6 of the 1920 World Series; he pitched 6.2 innings of relief in Game 3, allowing no runs, and posting a 0.00 ERA for his two Series appearances.
He appeared in only 11 games for the 1916 Robins, with a record of 0-1, and did not appear in the 1916 World Series, which the Robins lost. He appeared in only one game for the 1926 Cardinals, posting a record of 0-1, and did not pitch in the 1926 World Series, which the Cardinals won.
In seven Major League seasons he had a 32–25 Win–Loss record, 104 Games, 59 Games Started, 29 Complete Games, 5 Shutouts, 26 Games Finished, 2 Saves, 516 Innings Pitched, 554 Hits Allowed, 281 Runs Allowed, 235 Earned Runs Allowed, 27 Home Runs Allowed, 220 Walks Allowed, 232 Strikeouts, 13 Hit Batsmen, 7 Wild Pitches, 2,288 Batters Faced and a 4.10 ERA.
Mails won over 200 games in the minor leagues, primarily in the Pacific Coast League during the 1920s, posting a record of 226-210.
Duster graduated from Christian Brothers High School (Sacramento, California) and attended Saint Mary's College of California. He died in San Francisco, California, at the age of 79.Dutch Leonard (left-handed pitcher)
Hubert Benjamin "Dutch" Leonard, (April 16, 1892 – July 11, 1952) was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who had an 11-year career from 1913 to 1921, and 1924 to 1925. He played for the Boston Red Sox and Detroit Tigers, and holds the major league modern-era record for the lowest single-season ERA of all time — 0.96 in 1914. The all-time record holder is Tim Keefe with a 0.86 ERA in 1880. He is not to be confused with a pitcher of the same name that had pitched in the National League around a decade later.Gus Getz
Gustave Getz (August 3, 1889 – May 28, 1969) was an American professional baseball third baseman. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1909 through 1918 for the Boston Doves, Brooklyn Robins, Cincinnati Reds, Cleveland Indians, and Pittsburgh Pirates. He had one at-bat in the 1916 World Series for Brooklyn.Hal Janvrin
Harold Chandler Janvrin (August 27, 1892 – March 1, 1962) born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, was a utility infielder for the Boston Red Sox (1911 and 1913–17), Washington Senators (1919), St. Louis Cardinals (1919–21) and Brooklyn Robins (1921–22).
He helped the Red Sox win the 1915 and 1916 World Series.
In 10 seasons he played in 759 Games and had 2,221 At Bats, 250 Runs, 515 Hits, 68 Doubles, 18 Triples, 6 Home Runs, 210 RBI, 79 Stolen Bases, 171 Walks, .232 Batting Average, .292 On-base percentage, .287 Slugging Percentage, 637 Total Bases and 104 Sacrifice Hits.
He died in Boston, Massachusetts, at the age of 69.Jeff Pfeffer
Edward Joseph Pfeffer (March 4, 1888 – August 15, 1972) born in Seymour, Illinois, was a pitcher for the St. Louis Browns (1911), Brooklyn Dodgers/Robins (1913–21), St. Louis Cardinals (1921–24) and Pittsburgh Pirates (1924). His older brother Francis was known as Big Jeff Pfeffer.
He helped the Robins win the 1916 and 1920 National League pennants. In the 1916 World Series, he recorded a save in Game 3 and was the hard-luck losing pitcher of the series-ending Game 5.
Pfeffer led the National League in hit batsmen in 1916 (17) and 1917 (16). In 1916 he gave up Rogers Hornsby's first home run. In 13 seasons he had a 158–112 win-loss record with 10 saves in 347 games.
As of the end of the 2014 season, Pfeffer ranked 96th on the MLB career ERA list (2.77) and tied for 73rd on the MLB career hit batsmen list (105). He is the Dodgers' career leader in ERA (2.31).He died in Chicago at the age of 84, and is interred at Rock Island National Cemetery.Joseph Lannin
Joseph John Lannin (April 23, 1866 – 15 May 1928) was a Canadian-born American baseball entrepreneur.Ollie O'Mara
Oliver Edward O'Mara (March 8, 1891 in St. Louis, Missouri – October 24, 1989 in Reno, Nevada) was a shortstop in Major League Baseball from 1912 to 1919, primarily with the Brooklyn Robins. He had one at-bat in the 1916 World Series against the Boston Red Sox. He batted right and threw right, was 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m) tall and weighed 155 pounds.
O'Mara threw out the first pitch for the Los Angeles Dodgers on opening day in 1981. At the time of his death, he was the oldest living professional baseball player. He is buried in Kenosha, Wisconsin.Rube Foster (AL pitcher)
George "Rube" Foster (January 5, 1888 in Lehigh, Oklahoma – March 1, 1976 in Bokoshe, Oklahoma) was a Major League Baseball player. Foster was a right-handed pitcher with the Boston Red Sox from 1913 to 1917 and won two World Series championships with the team in 1915 and again in 1916.
Foster was picked up by the Boston Red Sox and made his major league debut for the team on April 10, 1913. Foster acted as a starting pitcher and a relief pitcher for the team during the 19 games he pitched in during the season. Foster posted a 3–3 record with a 3.16 ERA and 36 strikeouts in 68.1 innings pitched.
Foster's sophomore season in the big leagues was one of his best, in which he pitched in 32 games, while starting in 27 of them. He finished with a 14–8 record, and finished second in the American League with an impressive 1.70 ERA. Foster was only behind his Boston Red Sox teammate, Dutch Leonard, who posted a 0.96 ERA, which is now considered the modern day all-time single-season record.
In 1915, Foster posted a 20–8 record, and another impressive 2.11 ERA. Foster most effectively showed his importance to the team in the 1915 World Series where he picked up 2 complete game wins and only gave up 4 earned runs and struck out 13 batters in 18.0 innings. With the bat, Foster went 4-for-8, with a double and an RBI.
Foster had another good campaign in 1916 acting as a starting pitcher and relief pitcher. He went 14–7 in the season, and posted a decent 3.06 ERA. On June 21 of that year, he no-hit the New York Yankees 2-0 at Fenway Park. In the 1916 World Series, Foster came in relief in Game 3, and pitched three scoreless innings. The Red Sox ended up winning the series 4 games to 1, and became the first back-to-back winners of the World Series since the Philadelphia Athletics had done it 5 years earlier.
Foster went back to a mainly starting role in 1917, posting an 8–7 record with a 2.53 ERA.
Before the start of the 1918 season, Foster was traded to the Cincinnati Reds for Dave Shean. Rube Foster refused to report to his new team and so the Red Sox sent cash to the Reds to complete the trade.Rube Foster's baseball career ended, and he finished his major league career with 58–33 career pitching record, a 2.36 earned run average and 294 strikeouts in 842.1 innings pitched.Sherry Smith
Sherrod Malone (Sherry) Smith (February 18, 1891 – September 12, 1949) was a starting pitcher in Major League Baseball. From 1911 until 1927, he pitched for the Pittsburgh Pirates (1911–12), Brooklyn Robins (1915–17, 1919–1922) and Cleveland Indians (1922–1927). Smith batted right-handed and threw left-handed. He was born in Monticello, Georgia.
Smith was the hard-luck loser of one of the longest World Series games ever played. He pitched all the way into the 14th inning for Brooklyn, dueling with Boston's starting pitcher, Babe Ruth, in Game 2 of the 1916 World Series until the Red Sox won it 2-1. It would be his only appearance in that Series.
He made two strong starts in the 1920 World Series. Smith was the winning pitcher of Game 3 against Cleveland, throwing a three-hitter in a 2-1 victory. But despite another impressive effort in Game 6, he lost a 1-0 duel with Duster Mails, and Brooklyn ended up losing that Series in seven games.
Placed on waivers after the 1922 season, Smith was claimed by Cleveland and pitched there for several seasons. He led all American League pitchers in 1925 in complete games with 22, also leading the league that season in walks and hits allowed.
In a 14-season career, Smith posted a 114–118 record with 428 strikeouts and a 3.32 ERA in 2,052.2 innings pitched.
Smith died in Reidsville, Georgia, at age 58.Tom Connolly
Thomas Henry Connolly (December 31, 1870 – April 28, 1961) was an English-American umpire in Major League Baseball. He officiated in the National League from 1898 to 1900, followed by 31 years of service in the American League from 1901 to 1931. In over half a century as an American League umpire and supervisor, he established the high standards for which the circuit's arbiters became known, and solidified the reputation for integrity of umpires in the major leagues.Vean Gregg
Sylveanus Augustus Gregg was born April 13, 1885, in Chehalis, Washington. For three years, the left-hander was one of the most dominant pitchers in the major leagues.
|Division championships (10)|
|Wild card berths (7)|
|Hall of Fame|
|Division titles (17)|
|Wild card berths (2)|
|Minor league affiliates|
Boston Red Sox 1916 World Series champions