1913 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1913 throughout the world.

List of years in baseball

Champions

Awards and honors

MLB statistical leaders

Ty-Cobb-1913-NPC-detail-1.jpeg
Ty Cobb in 1913.
American League National League
AVG Ty Cobb DET .390 Jake Daubert BKN .350
HR Frank Baker PHA 12 Gavvy Cravath PHP 19
RBI Frank Baker PHA 113 Gavvy Cravath PHP 128
Wins Walter Johnson1 WSH 36 Tom Seaton PHP 27
ERA Walter Johnson1 WSH 1.14 Christy Mathewson NYG 2.06
K Walter Johnson1 WSH 243 Tom Seaton PHP 168

1MLB Triple Crown Winner for Pitching

Major league baseball final standings

American League final standings

American League W L Pct. GB Home Road
Philadelphia Athletics 96 57 0.627 50–26 46–31
Washington Senators 90 64 0.584 42–35 48–29
Cleveland Naps 86 66 0.566 45–32 41–34
Boston Red Sox 79 71 0.527 15½ 41–34 38–37
Chicago White Sox 78 74 0.513 17½ 40–37 38–37
Detroit Tigers 66 87 0.431 30 34–42 32–45
New York Yankees 57 94 0.377 38 27–47 30–47
St. Louis Browns 57 96 0.373 39 31–46 26–50

National League final standings

National League W L Pct. GB Home Road
New York Giants 101 51 0.664 54–23 47–28
Philadelphia Phillies 88 63 0.583 12½ 43–33 45–30
Chicago Cubs 88 65 0.575 13½ 51–25 37–40
Pittsburgh Pirates 78 71 0.523 21½ 41–35 37–36
Boston Braves 69 82 0.457 31½ 34–40 35–42
Brooklyn Dodgers 65 84 0.436 34½ 29–47 36–37
Cincinnati Reds 64 89 0.418 37½ 32–44 32–45
St. Louis Cardinals 51 99 0.340 49 25–48 26–51

Events

Cobb jackson
Ty Cobb and Joe Jackson

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January–March

  • January 6 – Jack Boyle, 46, catcher/first baseman who hit .253 with 23 home runs and 570 RBI for five different teams in three leagues from 1886 to 1898.
  • January 9 – George Crosby, 55, pitcher for the 1884 Chicago White Stockings of the National League.
  • January 14 – Hal O'Hagan, 43, first baseman for the 1892 Chicago Orphans and for the New York Giants, Cleveland Bronchos and Washington Senators in the 1902 season.
  • January 15 – Icicle Reeder, 55, outfielder who played in 1884 with the AA Cincinnati Red Stockings and the UA Washington Nationals.
  • January 16 – Tom Dolan, 58, catcher who hit .242 for five teams in three leagues between 1879 and 1888.
  • February 9 – Joe Stewart, 33, pitcher for the Boston Beaneaters of the National League.
  • February 26 – Mike Drissel, 48, catcher in six games for the St. Louis Browns 1885 American Association champions.
  • March 3 – Jack Fee, 45, pitcher for the 1889 Indianapolis Hoosiers of the National League.
  • March 28 – Clare Patterson, 25, left fielder for the 1909 Cincinnati Reds of the National League.

April–June

  • April 16 – Jerry Harrington, 45, National League catcher who hit .227 in 189 games with the Cincinnati Reds (1890-'92) and Louisville Colonels (1893).
  • April 18 – Roscoe Miller, 36, pitcher for the Detroit Tigers (1901-'02), New York Giants (1902-'03) and Pittsburgh Pirates (1904), who became the first 20-game winner in Tigers history.
  • April 23 – Charlie Pabor, 66, player-manager for four teams of the National Association from 1871 through 1875.
  • May 1 – Charlie Reynolds, 55, pitcher for the 1882 Philadelphia Athletics of the American Association.
  • May 13 – John O'Brien, 46, Canadian second baseman who hit .256 in 501 games for six National League teams from 1891 to 1899.
  • May 14 – Dennis Coughlin, 69, outfielder for the 1872 Washington Nationals of the National Association; best remembered as the only major leaguer who was wounded in combat during the Civil War.
  • May 18 – The Only Nolan, 55, pitcher who posted a 23-52 record and a 2.98 ERA in 79 games with four teams between 1878 and 1875.
  • May 18 – Charlie Robinson, 56, American Association catcher who played for the Indianapolis Hoosiers (1884) and Brooklyn Grays (1885).
  • June 5 – Chris von der Ahe, 61, owner of the St. Louis Browns from 1882 to 1898, who greatly developed the entertainment aspect of the sport with fan-friendly promotions and ballpark attractions, and also presided over first team to win four straight pennants (1885–1888).
  • June 13 – Eddie Quick, 31, pitcher for the 1903 New York Highlanders of the American League.
  • June 30 – George Tidden, 56, sports editor in New York since 1895.

July–September

  • July 13 – Dan Sweeney, 45, outfielder for the 1895 Louisville Colonels of the National League.
  • July 17 – Pat Scanlon, Canadian outfielder who played in 1884 with the Boston Reds of the Union Association.
  • July 19 – Jiggs Donahue, 34, a standout at first base in the early years of the American League, and a key member of the 1906 White Sox that won their cross-town rival Cubs in the only all-Chicago World Series ever played.
  • July 28 – John Greenig, 65, pitcher for the 1888 Washington Nationals of the National League.
  • August 8 – John Gaffney, 58, the sport's first great umpire, officiating for twelve seasons in three leagues between 1884 and 1900; managed Washington team in 1886-87, and officiated in 1887-88-89 championship series, pioneering use of multiple umpires in games.
  • August 14 – Chummy Gray, 40, pitcher who posted a 3-3 record and a 3.44 ERA for the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1899.
  • August 25 – Red Donahue, 40, pitcher who won 20 games three times with the Phillies and Browns and led the National League in complete games (1897), while collecting 164 career wins and a no-hitter (1898).
  • September 3 – Charlie Householder, 59, first baseman/catcher who played in two Major League seasons, 1882 and 1884.
  • September 15 – Frank Hough, 56, sports editor in Philadelphia who helped organize the Athletics American League franchise in 1901
  • September 24 – Fred Roat, 45, National League third baseman for the Pittsburgh Alleghenys (1890) and Chicago Colts (1892).

October–December

  • October 8 – Elmer Cleveland, 51, third baseman who hit .255 in 80 games with four clubs in three different leagues between 1884 and 1891.
  • October 13 – Mike Heydon, 39, catcher who played from 1898 through 1907 for the Senators, Cardinals, WhiteSox and Orioles.
  • October 24 – Dan Shannon, 48, player and manager during his three-year career with the Colonels/Giants/Statesmen/Athletics from 1889 to 1891.
  • November 15 – Monte McFarland, 41, pitcher who played for the National League Chicago Colts in 1895 and 1896.
  • December 24 – Chief Sockalexis, 42, right fielder for the 1897-99 Cleveland Spiders, who was the first Native American to play in the major leagues.
  • December 26 – Frank O'Connor, 46, pitcher for the 1893 Philadelphia Phillies.
  • December 30 – Joe Neale, 47, American Association pitcher for the St. Louis Browns (1886-'87) and Louisville Colonels (1890-'91).

References

  1. ^ Crane v. Kansas City Baseball & Exhibition Co., 153 S.W. 1076 (Mo. App. 1913).
Baseball Rule

In American tort law, the Baseball Rule holds that a baseball team or, at amateur levels, its sponsoring organization, cannot be held liable for injuries suffered by a spectator struck by a foul ball batted into the stands, under most circumstances, as long as the team has offered some protected seating in the areas where foul balls are most likely to cause injuries. This is considered within the standard of reasonable care that teams owe to spectators, although in recent decades it has more often been characterized as a limited- or no-duty rule, and applied to ice hockey and golf as well. It is largely a matter of case law in state courts, although four states have codified it.

The rule arose from a pair of 1910s decisions by the Missouri Court of Appeals, both considering suits filed by spectators at home games of the minor league Kansas City Blues. In the first, considered to be the case that established the rule, the court upheld a trial verdict against the plaintiff, holding that his decision to sit outside the netting the team had installed behind home plate constituted contributory negligence and assumption of risk on his part. Conversely, in the second, decided a year later, the court upheld a verdict for a plaintiff who had been struck in the eye by a foul ball that passed through a hole in the netting between him and home plate. Other state courts accepted those cases as precedent and used them to decide similar cases.

By the 1930s it was interpreted as requiring teams to erect protective screening over the stands behind home plate, a practice that had already become common in the late 19th century due to injuries from foul balls, which rose after an 1884 rule change allowed overhand pitching. Courts have seen it as balancing the team's duty of care toward spectators with the spectators' interest in having an unobstructed view of the game available and perhaps being able to take home a recovered foul ball as a souvenir. It has been held to apply in some other situations besides foul balls—when a player deliberately threw the ball into the stands as a souvenir, for instance—but not in others, such as errant pitches from a relief pitcher warming up in the bullpen, situations where multiple balls are in play (such as (formerly) batting practice), where struck spectators are not in the seating areas of the venue or where they may have been distracted by the team's mascot.

In the wake of some serious injuries caused by foul balls in Major League Baseball (MLB) parks in the 2010s, including the first foul-ball spectator death at an MLB game in almost 50 years, there have been calls for the rule to be re-examined or abolished altogether, as more spectators are struck by a foul ball than players in the game are hit by a pitch. While MLB has required all of its teams to extend their protective screens to cover the area to the far end of the dugout on either side of the field, critics note that it is no longer possible for spectators to choose to sit under those screens given that all seats in the venue are reserved for those who buy them, many for the entire season. Further, they say, balls are hit harder and spectators, who on average now sit closer to the field than they did in 1913, have more distractions. Two states' supreme courts have declined to adopt the rule, which has been criticized as a relic of the era before the adoption of comparative negligence; a widely read William and Mary Law Review article further argues that the Baseball Rule fails the law and economics standards of optimally allocated tort liability.

Erskine Mayer

Jacob Erskine Mayer (born James Erskine Mayer, January 16, 1889 – March 10, 1957) was an American baseball player who played for three different Major League Baseball teams during the 1910s. In his eight-year career, Mayer played for the Philadelphia Phillies, the Pittsburgh Pirates, and the Chicago White Sox.

A right-handed pitcher, Mayer's repertoire of pitches included a curveball which he threw from a sidearm angle. As a result of his curveball, then Brooklyn Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson called Mayer "Eelskine" because the pitch was "so slippery."Mayer won 20 games in a single season in both 1914 and 1915. He appeared in the 1915 World Series as a member of the Phillies and in the 1919 World Series as a member of the White Sox, a series noted for the Black Sox Scandal.

He was 91–70 in his career, with a 2.96 ERA. He was one of the all-time best Jewish pitchers in major league history through 2010, 3rd career-wise in ERA (behind only Barney Pelty and Sandy Koufax), 7th in wins, and 10th in strikeouts (482).

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