1913 Australian federal election

Federal elections were held in Australia on 31 May 1913. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives, and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Labor Party, led by Prime Minister Andrew Fisher, was defeated by the opposition Commonwealth Liberal Party under Joseph Cook. The new government had a majority of just a single seat, and held a minority of seats in the Senate.[1] It would last only 15 months, suffering defeat at the 1914 election.

The 1913 election was held in conjunction with six referendum questions, none of which were carried. According to David Day, Andrew Fisher's biographer, "it was probably the timing of the referenda that was most responsible for the disappointing election result" for the Labor Party.[2]

1913 Australian federal election

31 May 1913

All 75 seats in the House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
18 (of the 36) seats in the Senate
  Joseph Cook - Crown Studios 03 Andrew Fisher 1912 (b&w)
Leader Joseph Cook Andrew Fisher
Party Commonwealth Liberal Labor
Leader since 20 January 1913 30 October 1907
Leader's seat Parramatta (NSW) Wide Bay (Qld)
Last election 31 seats 42 seats
Seats won 38 seats 37 seats
Seat change Increase7 Decrease5
Popular vote 930,076 921,099
Percentage 48.94% 48.47%
Swing Increase3.85 Decrease1.50

Prime Minister before election

Andrew Fisher
Labor

Subsequent Prime Minister

Joseph Cook
Commonwealth Liberal

Results

Australian House of Representatives, 1913-correction
  Labour: 37 seats
  Liberal: 38 seats
House of Reps 1913–14 (FPTP) — Turnout 73.49% (Non-CV) — Informal 2.83%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Liberal 930,076 48.94 +3.85 38 +7
  Labor 921,099 48.47 −1.50 37 −5
  Independents 49,194 2.59 −2.35 0 −2
  Total 1,900,369     75
  Liberal WIN 38 +7
  Labor 37 −5
Notes
  • Three members were elected unopposed – one Liberal and two Labor.
Popular Vote
Liberal
48.94%
Labor
48.47%
Independent
2.59%
Parliament Seats
Liberal
50.67%
Labor
49.33%

Senate

Senate 1913–14 (FPTP BV) — Turnout 73.66% (Non-CV) — Informal N/A
Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held Change
  Liberal 946,807 49.38 +3.83 7 7 −7
  Labor 934,176 48.72 −1.58 11 29 +7
  Socialist 20,183 1.05 +1.05 0 0 0
  Independents 16,233 0.85 −2.51 0 0 0
  Total 1,917,399     18 36

Seats changing hands

Seat Pre-1913 Swing Post-1913
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Ballaarat, Vic   Liberal Alfred Deakin 1.1 3.1 0.6 Charles McGrath Labor  
Bendigo, Vic   Liberal John Quick 1.3 3.6 2.0 John Arthur Labor  
Boothby, SA   Liberal David Gordon 7.1 10.8 3.0 George Dankel Labor  
Calare, NSW   Labor Thomas Brown 3.6 5.9 2.1 Henry Pigott Liberal  
Corangamite, Vic   Labor James Scullin 4.7 6.1 2.2 Chester Manifold Liberal  
Corio, Vic   Labor Alfred Ozanne 4.4 5.1 1.8 William Kendell Liberal  
Fremantle, WA   Liberal William Hedges 4.5 11.4 5.8 Reginald Burchell Labor  
Gippsland, Vic   Independent George Wise 12.1 12.7 5.0 James Bennett Liberal  
Hume, NSW   Independent William Lyne 16.4 16.2 0.7 Robert Patten Liberal  
Indi, Vic   Labor Parker Moloney 3.1 3.2 2.2 Cornelius Ahern Liberal  
New England, NSW   Labor Francis Foster 2.7 9.5 6.5 Percy Abbott Liberal  
Oxley, Qld   Liberal Richard Edwards 12.2 N/A 4.4 James Sharpe Labor  
Riverina, NSW   Labor John Chanter 7.0 8.6 1.0 Franc Falkiner Liberal  
Wannon, Vic   Labor John McDougall 5.0 7.8 4.2 Arthur Rodgers Liberal  
Werriwa, NSW   Labor Benjamin Bennett 0.8 6.5 5.9 Alfred Conroy Liberal  
  • Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.

Post-election pendulum

GOVERNMENT SEATS
Commonwealth Liberal Party
Marginal
Hume (NSW) Robert Patten LIB 00.7 vs IND
Riverina (NSW) Franc Falkiner LIB 01.0
Corio (Vic) William Kendell LIB 01.8
Calare (NSW) Henry Pigott LIB 02.1
Indi (Vic) Cornelius Ahern LIB 02.2
Corangamite (Vic) Chester Manifold LIB 02.2
Dampier (WA) Henry Gregory LIB 02.6
Perth (WA) James Fowler LIB 03.3
Wakefield (SA) Richard Foster LIB 03.7
Grampians (Vic) Hans Irvine LIB 03.9
Wannon (Vic) Arthur Rodgers LIB 04.2
Lilley (Qld) Jacob Stumm LIB 04.7
Swan (WA) John Forrest LIB 04.9
Gippsland (Vic) James Bennett LIB 05.0 vs IND
Robertson (NSW) William Fleming LIB 05.3
Nepean (NSW) Richard Orchard LIB 05.6
Franklin (Tas) William McWilliams LIB 05.8
Werriwa (NSW) Alfred Conroy LIB 05.9
Fairly safe
New England (NSW) Percy Abbott LIB 06.5
Lang (NSW) Elliot Johnson LIB 07.1
Flinders (Vic) William Irvine LIB 07.8
Eden-Monaro (NSW) Austin Chapman LIB 08.7
Barker (SA) John Livingston LIB 09.0
Safe
Darling Downs (Qld) Littleton Groom LIB 10.0
Moreton (Qld) Hugh Sinclair LIB 10.7
Echuca (Vic) Albert Palmer LIB 11.0
Wentworth (NSW) Willie Kelly LIB 11.7
Kooyong (Vic) Robert Best LIB 11.9 vs IND
Parkes (NSW) Bruce Smith LIB 11.9
Wilmot (Tas) Llewellyn Atkinson LIB 12.6
Balaclava (Vic) Agar Wynne LIB 15.0
Henty (Vic) James Boyd LIB 17.1
Parramatta (NSW) Joseph Cook LIB 18.3
North Sydney (NSW) Granville Ryrie LIB 19.1
Richmond (NSW) Walter Massy-Greene LIB 19.9
Very safe
Wimmera (Vic) Sydney Sampson LIB 21.0
Cowper (NSW) John Thomson LIB 22.2
Angas (SA) Paddy Glynn LIB unopposed
NON-GOVERNMENT SEATS
Australian Labor Party
Marginal
Illawarra (NSW) George Burns ALP 00.2
Ballaarat (Vic) Charles McGrath ALP 00.6
Macquarie (NSW) Ernest Carr ALP 01.6
Grey (SA) Alexander Poynton ALP 02.0
Bendigo (Vic) John Arthur ALP 02.0
Darwin (Tas) King O'Malley ALP 02.1
Gwydir (NSW) William Webster ALP 02.2
Bass (Tas) Jens Jensen ALP 02.4
Boothby (SA) George Dankel ALP 03.0
Denison (Tas) William Laird Smith ALP 03.3
Fawkner (Vic) Joseph Hannan ALP 03.3
Oxley (Qld) James Sharpe ALP 04.4
Hunter (NSW) Matthew Charlton ALP 04.5
Wide Bay (Qld) Andrew Fisher ALP 05.6
Fremantle (WA) Reginald Burchell ALP 05.8
Fairly safe
East Sydney (NSW) John West ALP 06.1
Brisbane (Qld) William Finlayson ALP 06.9
Dalley (NSW) Robert Howe ALP 07.7
Herbert (Qld) Fred Bamford ALP 08.0
Cook (NSW) James Catts ALP 09.9
Safe
Bourke (Vic) Frank Anstey ALP 10.0
Darling (NSW) William Spence ALP 10.5
Maribyrnong (Vic)) James Fenton ALP 10.8
Capricornia (Qld) William Higgs ALP 14.1
Batman (Vic) Frank Brennan ALP 14.9
Maranoa (Qld) Jim Page ALP 15.0
South Sydney (NSW) Edward Riley ALP 15.0
Adelaide (SA) Ernest Roberts ALP 18.4
Very safe
West Sydney (NSW) Billy Hughes ALP 21.3
Melbourne (Vic) William Maloney ALP 21.9 vs IND
Newcastle (NSW) David Watkins ALP 23.8
Kennedy (Qld) Charles McDonald ALP 24.4
Yarra (Vic) Frank Tudor ALP 25.0
Barrier (NSW) Josiah Thomas ALP 26.8
Melbourne Ports (Vic) James Mathews ALP 29.2
Hindmarsh (SA) William Archibald ALP unopposed
Kalgoorlie (WA) Charles Frazer ALP unopposed

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Senate results, 1913 election
  2. ^ David Day (2008). Andrew Fisher: Prime Minister of Australia. Fourth Estate. p. 279.

References

Candidates of the 1913 Australian federal election

This article provides information on candidates who stood for the 1913 Australian federal election. The election was held on 31 May 1913.

Electoral district of Forrest

Forrest was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1904 to 1950. It was based in the South West region of the state, in the timber milling areas near the town of Dwellingup.

From the first time it was contested at the 1904 state election, the district was always a reliable Labor Party seat. Its first member was Albert Wilson. He was succeeded at the 1908 state election by Peter O'Loghlen. O'Loughlen resigned the seat to contest the federal division of Swan at the 1913 Australian federal election. The by-election to replace him was won by Labor candidate Thomas Moore, who stood unopposed. But with O'Loughlen losing the contest for the federal seat of Swan, Moore resigned before he could be seated and O'Loughlen won a second by-election.

O'Loughlen's death in 1923 triggered a by-election that was won by Labor candidate John Holman. Holman himself died in 1925 and was succeeded at the subsequent by-election by his daughter May Holman. May Holman—the first female representative of an Australian parliament to belong to the Labor Party—held the seat until her death in a car accident on the day of the 1939 state election. The by-election to succeed her was won by her brother Edward Holman. He was succeeded at the 1947 state election by Alfred Reynolds, who held the seat until its abolition at the 1950 state election.

List of elections in 1913

The following elections occurred in the year 1913.

Argentine legislative election, 1912

Danish Folketing election, 1913

Dutch general election, 1913

Finnish parliamentary election, 1913

Italian general election, 1913

Montenegrin parliamentary election, 1913

Newfoundland general election, 1913

Results of the 1913 Australian federal election (House of Representatives)

This is a list of electoral division results for the Australian 1913 federal election.

Elections and referendums in Australia
Federal elections
Referendums
Surveys

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