The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation.
of the United States
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
|Date taken||April 15, 1910|
|Most populous state||New York|
|Least populous state||Nevada|
The 1910 census collected the following information:
Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The column titles in the census form are as follows:
Street, avenue, road, etc.
House number (in cities or towns).
1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation.
2. Number of family in order of visitation.
3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family.
Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any.
Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910.
4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
6. Color or race.
7. Age at last birthday.
8. Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.
9. Number of years of present marriage.
10. Mother of how many children: Number born.
11. Mother of how many children: Number now living.
Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country.
12. Place of birth of this Person.
13. Place of birth of Father of this person.
14. Place of birth of Mother of this person.
15. Year of immigration to the United States.
16. Whether naturalized or alien.
17. Whether able to speak English; or, if not, give language spoken.
18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, salesman, laborer, etc.,
19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, farm, etc.
20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account.
If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909.
23. Whether able to read.
24. Whether able to write.
25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909.
OWNERSHIP OF HOME.
26. Owned or rented.
27. Owned free or mortgaged.
28. Farm or house.
29. Number of farm schedule.
30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy.
31. Whether blind (both eyes).
32. Whether deaf and dumb.
|x||District of Columbia||331,069|
In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona, Alaska and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union. The 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged, then (43) New Mexico, (44) Idaho, (45) Arizona, (46) Delaware, (47) Hawaii, (48) Wyoming, (49) Nevada and (50) Alaska.
|01||New York||New York||4,766,883||Northeast|
|16||Washington||District of Columbia||331,069||South|
|19||Jersey City||New Jersey||267,779||Northeast|
|57||Salt Lake City||Utah||92,777||West|
|92||East St. Louis||Illinois||58,547||Midwest|
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s; after which the original sheets were destroyed. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.
Events from the year 1915 in Michigan.1920 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia
The 1920 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia were held on November 2, 1920 to determine who will represent the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States House of Representatives. Virginia had ten seats in the House, apportioned according to the 1910 United States Census. Representatives are elected for two-year terms.Albert E. Herrnstein
Albert Ernest Herrnstein (August 15, 1882 – August 14, 1958) was an American football player and coach. He played at the University of Michigan as a halfback and end from 1899 to 1902 and was the head football coach at the Haskell Indian School (1903–1904), Purdue University (1905), and Ohio State University (1906–1909).Albert Wittmer
Albert Wittmer Jr. (March 9, 1897 – March 10, 1950) was an American football and basketball player and coach, lawyer, and state legislator. He was a native of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, who attended Allegheny High School and Mercersburg Academy. His father, Albert Wittmer, Sr., was a Pennsylvania native who worked as a butcher in a slaughterhouse. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, Wittmer lived in Pittsburgh with his parents, two younger brothers and a younger sister. Wittmer attended Westminster College for one year before enrolling at Princeton University. Wittmer's education was interrupted by military service, as he served in the United States Navy during World War I. Wittmer played college football and basketball at Princeton. He played at the halfback and center positions in football and the guard position in basketball and was selected as the captain of the basketball team in 1921.After graduating from Princeton, he served as the head coach of the Princeton Tigers men's basketball team for 10 years from 1922 to 1932. His record of 115–86 ranks him as the third winningest basketball coach in Princeton history. His 1924–25 team was retroactively named the national champion by the Helms Athletic Foundation and the Premo-Porretta Power Poll. Wittmer also served as the line coach for the Princeton Tigers football team for nine years from 1922 to 1930. In 1931, he was asked to take over as the head football coach and compiled a record in that capacity of 1–7. After retiring from coaching, Wittmer received a law degree from the University of Pennsylvania. He served in the New Jersey State Legislature in the early 1930s and later practiced law in Princeton, New Jersey. At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Wittmer was living in Princeton, New Jersey, with his wife, Leah Wittmer, and their daughter Mary (age 1-10/12) and Margaret (age 3-11/12). His profession at that time was listed as a lawyer in general practice. He died suddenly after suffering a heart attack at his sister's home following a party celebrating his 53rd birthday. He had been living with his sister since poor health had caused him to retire.Carl Denton
James Carlyle "Carl" Denton (November 21, 1874 – November 14, 1955) was a British-born American conductor. He was the first permanent conductor of the Oregon Symphony, then known as the Portland Symphony Orchestra.Charles H. Campbell
Charles Hotchkiss Campbell (June 18, 1858 – November 26, 1927) was an American football player, lawyer, and civic leader in Detroit, Michigan. He was a graduate of the University of Michigan where he played college football for the 1879 Michigan Wolverines football team, the first football team to represent the University of Michigan.
Campbell was born in Detroit, Michigan in 1858. His father James V. Campbell was a New York native who came to Detroit at age three in 1826. His father was a regent and law professor at the University of Michigan and a member of the Michigan Supreme Court. His mother Cornelia (Hotchkiss) Campbell was also a native of New York.Campbell attended the public schools and high schools in Detroit, graduating in 1876. He enrolled at the University of Michigan in 1876 and completed "the Latin and scientific course." While studying at Michigan, Campbell played at the halfback position for the 1879 Michigan Wolverines football team, the first football team to represent the University of Michigan. The first football game for the University of Michigan was a May 30, 1879, game against Racine at White Stockings field in Chicago. Campbell took the opening kickoff in that first football game, a play described in a newspaper the next day as follows:
The University team won the choice and let the Racine team have the kick. Johnston made a fair kick which was caught by Campbell and carried forward some distance by good runs and skilled throwing to others of our team.
Campbell was also a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity while at Michigan. A notebook kept by Campbell while he was a student at Michigan from 1879 to 1880, which includes lecture notes from James B. Angell's courses in political economy and international law, is maintained in the collections of the University of Michigan's Bentley Historical Library. Campbell received a Bachelor of Philosophy degree from the University of Michigan in 1880.Campbell studied law at the office of Alfred Russell starting in 1880, and was admitted to the Michigan Bar in 1882. He went into practice with Russel at the firm of Russell & Campbell in 1886. The firm later became known as Russell, Campbell & Bulkley (1905–1907), and later as Russell, Campbell, Bulkley & Ledyard (1907–1912), and eventually Campbell, Bulkley & Ledyard (after 1912). Campbell specialized in conveyancing and trusts. In his history of the City of Detroit, Clarence M. Burton wrote: "For many years Mr. Campbell has been recognized as one of the most eminent members of the Michigan bar."Campbell was also active in Detroit's civic affairs. In 1920, he was selected as the president of the Detroit Board of Commerce. He also served as the secretary of the Woodlawn Cemetery Association, trustee of Detroit's famed Mariners' Church, treasurer and director of the River Rouge Improvement Co., and a member of the board of trustees of the Protestant Episcopal diocese of Michigan.In the 1910s, Campbell lived in the Pasadena Apartments, then one of the most fashionable apartment houses in Detroit. Campbell never married. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, Campbell lived in Apartment 148 at the Pasadena Apartments with his sister, Cornelia.Crazy Schmit
Frederick M. "Crazy" Schmit (February 13, 1866 – October 5, 1940) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball. He played for the Pittsburgh Alleghenys, Baltimore Orioles, New York Giants, Cleveland Spiders, and Baltimore Orioles. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, Schmit was living in Chicago with his wife Mary and their three children, Dorothy, Karl, and Frederick. Schmit's occupation was still listed as a "Professional Baseball player." In October 1940, he died of a heart attack and a cerebral hemorrhage at his home in Forest Glen section of Chicago.Ethel Wright (actor)
Ethel Wright Nesbitt (June 24, 1884 – November 7, 1958) was an American actress and teacher.
Wright was born in Mineral Point, Wisconsin, the second of three daughters born to lawyer Samuel Wright and his wife Catherine J Wright. All four of her grandparents were born in England. She had an older sister, Edna Wright, who was an activist and suffragette, and a younger sister, Rowe Wright, who was a magazine and book editor.Wright appeared in several silent films, including as Marguerite Leonard in A Leap for Love (1912), the working mother in The Cry of the Children (1912), the bank teller's wife in Vengeance Is Mine (1912), Catherine Wolff in Bolshevism on Trial (1919) and Mrs. Minnett in The Enchanted Cottage (1924).In addition to acting, Wright was a high school teacher. She married mechanical engineer Hugh Nesbitt from New Jersey on June 12, 1915, in Milwaukee. From 1920–45, she was principal of the Professional Children's School in New York City.
She died in New Jersey in 1958.George F. Brock
George Frederick Brock (1872–1914) was a United States Navy Carpenter's Mate received the Medal of Honor for actions on board the USS Bennington off San Diego, California during a boiler explosion which killed 62 enlisted men and one officer.
The 1910 United States Census records him as still serving in the Navy. He died October 12, 1914 in Marin County, California. He is buried at San Francisco National Cemetery.Hal Elliott
Harold William "Ace" Elliott (May 29, 1899 – April 25, 1963) was an American baseball pitcher. He played Major League Baseball for the Philadelphia Phillies from 1929 to 1932. He led the National League by appearing in 48 games as a pitcher in 1930. Over his four-year major league career, he compiled an 11-24 record with a 6.95 earned run average (ERA). Elliot has the dubious distinction of having the highest career ERA among all major league pitchers with at least 300 innings pitched since baseball's modern era began in 1900.Harvey B. Knudson
Harvey B. Knudson (June 26, 1903 – June 29, 1978) was an American attorney and Justice on the North Dakota Supreme Court from 1965 to 1975.
Harvey Knudson was born in Finley, North Dakota. He was the son of Enok Knudson (1869-1946) and Josephine Emilia (Hansen) Knudson (1866-1950), both of whom were of Norwegian heritage. He attended elementary and high school in Finley. He received his law degree from the University of North Dakota School of Law in 1931 and started a practice in Finley, where he remained until 1937. In 1937 he moved to Mayville, North Dakota where he practiced until being elected to the Supreme Court. Justice Knudson served in the House of Representatives from 1937 to 1939 and in the State Senate from 1951 to 1959.J. W. Knibbs
John William "Billy" Knibbs, Jr. (November 8, 1880 – July 5, 1953) was an American football player and coach.
Knibbs was born in Massachusetts on November 8, 1880. He attended Dartmouth College from which he graduated in 1905. He played on the Dartmouth Big Green football team from 1901 to 1904, and was the team captain in his senior year.
After graduating from Dartmouth, he was hired to serve as the head football coach at the University of California, Berkeley for the 1905 college football season. He led the team to a record of 4–1–2 in his only year as the coach. An account written by a student described Knibbs' coaching style as follows:"All hopes and fears of our University are now bound up in the coming Stanford-California football game. We are lying very low and keeping very quiet, as the policy of our Eastern coach, Knibbs, of Dartmouth, is most conservative. Most of the practising is secret, and the field is closed to all save the squad except two afternoons of each week. The work his [sic] year has been tackled in a serious, dogged style by all those out; this alone has won much respect for our new coach."
After retiring from football, Knibbs had a lengthy career with the Otis Elevator Company. In 1909, he was employed by Otis at St. Louis, Missouri. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, he was living in Denver, Colorado, with his wife, Marion (age 29), and their daughter, Olive (age 1-8/12). He was employed as a manager for an elevator manufacturing company. In 1915, he was employed as an Otis salesman in San Francisco. In 1918, he was a western selling agent for Otis Elevator Company. In a draft registration card completed in September 1918, Knibbs indicated he was living in Winchester, Massachusetts, and working as an elevator salesman for the Otis Elevator Co. in Boston. At the time of the 1920 United States Census, he was living in Mount Vernon, New York with his wife, Marion, and their two children, Olive (age 11) and John (age 9). He was employed as a salesman for a contracting business. At the time of the 1930 United States Census, he was living in Mount Vernon, New York with his wife, Marion, and their two children, Olive (age 21) and John. W., Jr. (age 17). He was employed as an elevator salesman. He died at a hospital in Mount Vernon on July 5, 1953. His wife, Marion, had predeceased him in 1951. They were buried at Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York.
Knibbs' son, John W. Knibbs III, also played football at Dartmouth.Jack Oughton
John "Jack" Oughton (September 18, 1876 – after 1940) was a skilled stonemason in Lincoln County, Idaho. A number of his works are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.Oughton was born in Ireland and immigrated to the United States in 1886. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, he was living in Twin Falls, Idaho with Mary Oughton, age 16, and was employed as a mason. At the time of the 1920 United States Census he was living in Shoshone, Idaho with fellow stonemason and partner Alexander Reed. At the time of the 1940 Census, he was still living in Shoshone and employed as a mason. Sandy Reed was a partner, including in building the Jack Oughton House.
American Legion Hall, built in 1928, at 107 W. A St., Shoshone, Idaho (Oughton,Jack), NRHP-listed
W. S. Kohl Barn, built in 1910, located northeast of Richfield Richfield, Idaho (Oughton,Jack), NRHP-listed
James H. Laine Barn, built in 1910, located south of Richfield, Idaho, (Oughton,Jack), NRHP-listed
W. H. Murphy House, built in 1928, at 607 S. Greenwood St., Shoshone, Idaho (Oughton,Jack), NRHP-listed
Jack Oughton House, built in 1931, at 123 N. Beverly St., Shoshone, Idaho (Oughton,Jack), NRHP-listedKelly pool
Kelly pool (also known as pea pool, pill pool, keeley, the keilley game, and killy) is a pocket billiards game played on a standard pool table using fifteen numbered markers called peas or pills, and a standard set of sixteen pool balls. Gameplay involves players drawing peas at random from a shake bottle, which assigns to them the correspondingly numbered pool ball, kept secret from their opponents, but which they must pocket in order to win the game. Kelly pool is a rotation game, which means that players must contact the lowest numbered object ball on each shot first until the opportunity to pocket their own is presented. Two rule variants are set forth under rules promulgated by the Billiard Congress of America (BCA). In the simpler form, the object of play starts and ends with the goal of pocketing one's secret ball. In the second, in addition to the goal of pocketing one's secret ball, points are scored in various ways. In the instance where pills are unavailable, a cloth may be used to cover the balls, which are then chosen blindly, recorded, and replaced for play.
Reportedly invented by Chicagoan Calistus "Kelly" Mulvaney in 1893, kelly pool was a popular game during the early- to mid-20th century. Mentions of it were at one time common in US newspapers, often painting it in a negative light as its play was considered a stronghold of gambling. Authorities in various parts of the United States at times called for a moratorium on the game's play. Until 1964, in fact, playing the game was a fineable offense in the state of Montana.
Many billiard-specific and etymological sources point to kelly pool, or an early version of the game called kelly rotation, as the origin of the common idiom, "behind the eight ball". Some publications blithely assume the expression to be eponymously derived from the game of eight ball, but it has been pointed out that the expression came into use before eight ball was popularized, and that the game did not even use an actual 8 ball under the version first marketed to the public. The predecessor to the BCA, The National Billiard Association, meanwhile, holds that the expression simply emanates from the fact that the eight ball, being black-colored, is harder to see than other balls, thus resulting in an association with any difficult position.Michigan's at-large congressional district
Michigan's At-large congressional district may refer to a few different occasions when a statewide at-large district was used for elections to the United States House of Representatives from Michigan.
Prior to Michigan's admittance as a state of the Union in 1837, congressional delegates for Michigan Territory were elected from Michigan Territory's At-large congressional district. The first elected U.S. representative from the state was elected October 5 and 6, 1835. However, due to Michigan's dispute with Ohio over the Toledo Strip, Congress refused to accept his credentials until it admitted Michigan to the Union as a state on January 26, 1837.
In 1912, Patrick H. Kelley was elected congressman at-large after Michigan gained one seat due to reapportionment following the 1910 census, but Michigan did not redraw its congressional districts until 1913.
In 1962, Neil Staebler was elected as an at-large candidate after the 1960 census indicated Michigan would gain a seat in the House of Representatives, but the 19th district had not been created at the time of the election.New Jersey's 11th congressional district
New Jersey's 11th Congressional District is a suburban district in northern New Jersey. The district includes portions of Essex, Morris, Passaic, and Sussex Counties; it is centered in Morris County. The district is one of the 10 most affluent congressional districts in the United States. As of February 2019, the typically Republican-leaning district is represented by Democrat Mikie Sherrill.Norman E. Brown
Norman Edgar Brown (October 10, 1890 – March 31, 1958) was an American sportswriter and sports editor for the Central Press Association.
Brown was born in Ohio in October 1890. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, Brown was living with his parents in Cleveland, Ohio, working as a newspaper reporter. By June 1917, he was the sporting editor of the Cleveland Press. At the time of the 1920 United States Census, Brown was married, and he and his wife (Emily Anna Winter Brown) were living in Lakewood, Ohio, where Brown was the managing editor of a newspaper.During the 1920s, Brown was the sports editor of the Central Press Association and wrote a regular sports column called "Fanning the Beehive" and "Sports Done Brown." He was also known for his annual college football All-American team selections. In 1926, he launched an effort to have the fans select the All-American team by taking a "country-wide poll of football followers."At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Brown was living in Lakewood, Ohio with his wife, and their daughter Emily Louise Brown; Brown remained employed at that time by the Central Press Association.In addition to his work as a newspaper reporter and editor, Brown was active in politics. He was the campaign publicist for U.S. Supreme Court Justice Harold Hitz Burton when he ran for mayor of Cleveland in 1935. He served in the same capacity for John W. Bricker for Governor of Ohio in 1939.In 1934, Brown moved to St. Petersburg, Florida. After moving to Florida, he became affiliated with the Derby Lane Greyhound Track, which he named. From 1942 to 1948, he was the manager of radio station WSUN in St. Petersburg. In his later years, he was the publicity director for the St. Petersburg Kennel Club. He died at his home in St. Petersburg in March 1958.Silo, Oklahoma
Silo is a town in Bryan County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 331 at the 2010 census, an increase of 17.4 percent from 282 at the 2000 census.Tom Stout
Tom Stout (May 20, 1879 – December 26, 1965) was a U.S. Representative from Montana, who represented Montana's at-large congressional district from March 4, 1913, to March 3, 1917.
Stout was born in New London, Missouri, in 1879, and attended the University of Missouri at Columbia, where he studied and later taught law. In 1902, he moved to Lewistown, Montana, and entered publishing, working as the editor and publisher of the Fergus County Democrat from 1902 to 1916 and the Lewistown Democrat News from 1916 to 1946. He was elected to the Montana Senate in 1910, and served until 1913.
Following the 1910 United States Census, Montana gained an additional seat in the United States House of Representatives. Rather than create separate districts, the existing Montana's at-large congressional district began separately electing two members, and Stout ran for Seat B in 1912. He was narrowly elected to the seat and was re-elected in 1914. Stout did not seek re-election in 1916 and returned to Montana, continuing his work in the newspaper business.
From 1930 to 1932, Stout served as a member of the Montana Public Service Commission, and in 1942, he was elected to the Montana House of Representatives. He was subsequently re-elected in 1944 and 1946, and, after he exited the legislature, he worked as an editorial writer for the Billings Gazette from 1947 to 1960. Until his death in 1965, he resided in Billings, Montana.