1909 FA Cup Final

The 1909 FA Cup Final was the final match of the 1908–09 FA Cup, the 38th season of England's premier club football cup competition. The match was played on 24 April 1909 at Crystal Palace, and was contested by Manchester United and Bristol City, both of the First Division. Manchester United won by a single goal, scored by Sandy Turnbull midway through the first half. This was the first of United's twelve FA Cup titles to date.

1909 FA Cup Final
Manchester United 1908-09
Manchester United posing with the FA Cup and other trophies won
Event1908–09 FA Cup
Bristol City Manchester United
0 1
Date24 April 1909
VenueCrystal Palace, London
Man of the MatchBilly Meredith (Manchester United)
RefereeJim Mason (Staffordshire)

Match summary

It was the first time that either team had played in an FA Cup Final, but Manchester United went into the match as favourites, having been league champions the previous season. Despite having lost 1–0 to Bristol City at Bank Street just two weeks earlier, United held a one-point advantage over their opposition with two matches still to play.[1][2]

Both teams usually wore red shirts, so, prior to the final, the FA issued them with orders to change their kit for the match.[3] Manchester United's players sported white shirts with a red V-stripe and a red rose of Lancashire on the left breast, while Bristol City chose to wear blue shirts.[4] United made an event of the presentation of their new kits, hiring contemporary music hall star George Robey to present the uniforms to the players.

1909 fa cup final
Scene of the match

Manchester United inside left Sandy Turnbull had been struggling with a knee injury in recent times, but, on the morning of the match, he convinced his manager, Ernest Mangnall, that he could play. Turnbull's claim was endorsed by club captain Charlie Roberts, who told Mangnall "[Turnbull] might get a goal and if he does we can afford to carry him."[5]

The star of the Bristol City team was Billy Wedlock, an England international centre half, but he failed to take control of the game and was nullified by United's half back trio of Dick Duckworth, Charlie Roberts and Alex Bell.[6] United outside right Billy Meredith also played an important part in the match, his contribution to his team's attacking opportunities earning him the man of the match award.[7]

The only goal of the game came midway through the first half, with Charlie Roberts' earlier comments to his manager proving prophetic. As a result of a United attack, a shot from Harold Halse hit the crossbar and the ball fell to Sandy Turnbull, who fired the ball past goalkeeper Harry Clay and into the back of the net.[5] Bristol City's closest opportunity came after a fine passing move left inside right Bob Hardy unmarked in front of goal, only to have his shot turned round the post by a diving Harry Moger.[8]

During the match, Manchester United left back Vince Hayes was injured and had to be removed from the field. As substitutes were not used in those days, it meant that United were down to 10 men. Mangnall reshuffled his team to retain their numbers in defence, and, after treatment, Hayes returned to the field as a forward.[6] Despite his injury, Hayes lasted to the end of the game, and the match finished 1–0 to United. Charlie Roberts went up to receive the trophy, becoming the first Manchester United player to lift the FA Cup.[3]

Match details

Bristol City0–1Manchester United
Report S. Turnbull Goal 22'
Bristol City
Manchester United[10]
GK 1 Harry Clay
RB 2 Archie Annan
LB 3 Joe Cottle
RH 4 Pat Hanlin
CH 5 Billy Wedlock
LH 6 Arthur Spear
OR 7 Fred Staniforth
IR 8 Bob Hardy
CF 9 Sam Gilligan
IL 10 Andy Burton
OL 11 Frank Hilton
Harry Thickett
GK 1 Harry Moger
RB 2 George Stacey
LB 3 Vince Hayes
RH 4 Dick Duckworth
CH 5 Charlie Roberts (c)
LH 6 Alex Bell
OR 7 Billy Meredith
IR 8 Harold Halse
CF 9 Jimmy Turnbull
IL 10 Sandy Turnbull
OL 11 George Wall
Ernest Mangnall

Match officials

Match rules

  • 90 minutes.
  • 30 minutes of extra-time if necessary.
  • Replay if scores still level.

Road to the final

Home teams listed first.

Bristol City

Round 1: Bristol City 1–1 Southampton

Replay: Southampton 0–2 Bristol City

Round 2: Bristol City 2–2 Bury

Replay: Bury 0–1 Bristol City

Round 3: Bristol City 2–0 Norwich City

Round 4: Glossop North End 0–0 Bristol City

Replay: Bristol City 1–0 Glossop North End

Semi-final: Bristol City 1–1 Derby County

Replay: Derby County 1–2 Bristol City

Manchester United

Round 1: Manchester United 1–0 Brighton & Hove Albion


Round 2: Manchester United 1–0 Everton


Round 3: Manchester United 6–1 Blackburn Rovers

Round 4: Burnley 2–3 Manchester United


Semi-final: Manchester United 1–0 Newcastle United


  • Barnes, Justyn; Bostock, Adam; Butler, Cliff; Ferguson, Jim; Meek, David; Mitten, Andy; Pilger, Sam; Taylor, Frank OBE & Tyrell, Tom (2001). The Official Manchester United Illustrated Encyclopedia. London: Manchester United Books. ISBN 0-233-99964-7.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Murphy, Alex (2006). The Official Illustrated History of Manchester United. London: Orion Books. ISBN 0-7528-7603-1.
  • Tyrrell, Tom; Meek, David (1996) [1988]. The Hamlyn Illustrated History of Manchester United 1878–1996 (5th ed.). London: Hamlyn. ISBN 0-600-59074-7.
  • White, John D. T. (2008). The Official Manchester United Almanac. London: Orion Books. ISBN 978-0-7528-9192-7.
  1. ^ "W. H. Smith & Son's Souvenir Card of the English Cup Final 1909". Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2008.
  2. ^ In the end, Bristol City finished one point and five places above Manchester United in the First Division; they won one of their final two matches, while United took no points from their final two games.
  3. ^ a b White; p.118
  4. ^ "English FA Cup Finalists 1900 – 1909". Historical Football Kits. Archived from the original on 25 September 2008. Retrieved 3 November 2008.
  5. ^ a b Murphy; p.23
  6. ^ a b Barnes, et al.; p.32
  7. ^ Tyrrell; p.107
  8. ^ "F A Cup Final 1909". fa-cupfinals.co.uk. Archived from the original on 19 August 2011. Retrieved 7 November 2008.
  9. ^ There are conflicting reports regarding the referee for the final. Most sources claim that the referee was a Mr. J. Mason, while others say it was Mr. T. P. Campbell
  10. ^ FA Cup Final kits, 1900–1909

External links

Andy Burton (footballer)

Andrew Dunsire Burton (1884–1962) was a Scottish professional association football player in the years prior to the First World War. He made over 40 appearances in Scottish League, over 200 appearances in The Football League and played in the Southern League.

Archie Annan

Walter Archibald Annan (23 March 1877 – 1949) was a Scottish professional footballer in the years prior to World War I. A full back, he made over 170 appearances in the Football League. He featured prominently in Bristol City's successes in the first decade of the 20th century under manager Harry Thickett. He also played for Sunderland, Sheffield United, and Burslem Port Vale. He helped Bristol City to the Second Division title in 1905–06, a second-place finish in the First Division in 1906–07, and also played in the FA Cup final in 1909.

Arthur Spear

Arthur Spear (1883 – 12 December 1946) was an English professional association football player in the years prior to the First World War. He made over 130 appearances in The Football League.

Billy Meredith

William Henry Meredith (30 July 1874 – 19 April 1958) was a Welsh professional footballer. He was considered one of the early superstars of football due to his performances, notably for Manchester City and Manchester United. He won each domestic trophy in the English football league and gained 48 caps for Wales, for whom he scored 11 goals and won two British Home Championship titles. His favoured position was outside right, and his key skills were dribbling, passing, crossing and shooting. A dedicated and extremely fit professional, his habit of chewing on a toothpick during games made him instantly recognisable.

In 27 seasons in the Football League from 1892 to 1924 (not including the four seasons lost to the First World War and the 1905–06 season in which he was banned for bribing an opposition player), he scored 176 goals in 740 league and cup appearances. He played for Chirk, before joining Northwich Victoria in 1892. His career took off when he signed with Manchester City in 1894 and turned professional in January 1895. He captained the team to the club's first major honour, a 1–0 victory over Bolton Wanderers in the 1904 FA Cup Final. He moved to Manchester United in May 1906 after being banned for bribing Aston Villa half-back Alex Leake £10 to lose a match. There he won the league title in 1907–08 and 1910–11, the FA Cup in 1909, as well as two FA Charity Shields. He also helped to set up the Players' Union, which was a fore-runner of the Professional Footballers' Association. He returned to Manchester City in 1921 at the age of 47 and played a further 32 games before retiring in 1924, making him the oldest ever player for City, United and Wales. He later ran the Stretford Road Hotel and helped to coach the short-lived Manchester Central.

Billy Wedlock

William John Wedlock (28 October 1880 – 25 January 1965), also known as "Fatty" or the "India Rubber Man", was a footballer who played for Bristol City in 1900–01 and from 1905 until his retirement in 1921. Between 1901 and 1905 he played for Aberdare. He was a centre-half whose his short and stout stature belied his natural talent. He won 26 England caps between 1907 and 1914, his only rival for the centre-half position being Charlie Roberts of Manchester United, his opposite number in the 1909 FA Cup Final. The East End at Ashton Gate Stadium was named the Wedlock Stand in his honour, before being demolished in 2014 as part of the Ashton Gate Stadium redevelopment. Wedlock's pub (now demolished) opposite the ground was where he lived and worked for 43 years. Folk singer Fred Wedlock was Billy's grandson.

Football programme

The purchase of a football programme has long been part of the 'ritual' of attending a football match in Great Britain, along with a pint and/or a pie. Due to their initial expendable nature (like the ticket) it took many decades for the format to gain respectability as a collectible. Collecting programmes became a common hobby among fans during the 1960s and from then on a number of specialist dealers began to appear. It is now quite common for a 1920s FA Cup Final programme to fetch in excess of £1000 at auction houses such as Sotheby's or Bonhams with said sale receiving national press coverage. Everton was the first club to produce regular match programmes.

Frank Hilton

Frank Hilton (born 1884, died unknown) was an English professional association football player in the years prior to the First World War. He made over 110 appearances in The Football League and one appearance for the Football League representative team in 1907.

Fred Speller

Frederick John Speller (1863 – 17 August 1909) was an English professional footballer who played as a full back. He played for hometown club Great Marlow before signing for Small Heath. He made 93 appearances in the FA Cup, Football Alliance and the Football League for the club in its early days. His career was ended prematurely when he broke his leg in a match against Darwen in 1892, the season when Small Heath won the inaugural Second Division championship. Although he played a couple of league games a year later, he retired from the game in 1894. After a sudden breakdown, he died in an asylum in 1909, when he was remembered as "one of the strongest backs who ever represented the allied counties of Berks and Bucks."

Harry Clay

Henry A. "Harry" Clay (29 January 1881 – 9 August 1964) was an English professional association football player in the years prior to the First World War. He made 310 appearances in the Football League and 32 appearances in the FA Cup for his only professional club, Bristol City.

Harry Thickitt

Henry Thickitt (or Thickett) (1872 – 15 November 1920) was a professional footballer and Manager. Born in Hexthorpe, Doncaster he played as a defender primarily for Sheffield United with whom he won the First Division once, the FA Cup twice and gained two caps for England. He then went on to achieve relative success as the manager of Bristol City.

Jim Mason (footballer)

James Mason was a 19th-century footballer and referee. He played for Burslem Port Vale and refereed the 1909 FA Cup Final.

Joe Cottle

Joseph Richard Cottle (4 June 1886 – 3 February 1958) was an England international footballer, who played as a left back prior to the First World War. He played over 200 Football League games for Bristol City before a broken leg halted his City career. He later joined Bristol Rovers.

List of Bristol City F.C. seasons

Bristol City Football Club is an English association football club based in the city of Bristol. Founded in 1894 as Bristol South End, the team first entered the FA Cup in 1895–96, and played in the Western League in 1896–97. The club then turned professional, changed its name to Bristol City, and joined the Southern League. In 1900, City merged with another Southern League club, Bedminster, and the following season gained admission to the Football League, in which the first team have played ever since. They won the Second Division title in 1905–06, and followed up with a runners-up finish in the 1906–07 First Division, three points behind champions Newcastle United. That remains the club's best Football League placing, and two years later they set another record in the 1908–09 FA Cup. City entered the competition at the first-round stage and despite needing a replay in every round apart from the third, went on to reach the final, in which they lost 1–0 to league champions Manchester United. After five seasons in the top flight, City were relegated back to the second tier.Between the wars, they regularly moved between the second and third tiers, collecting two Third Division South titles in 1922–23 and 1926–27. In the 1930s, they entered the Welsh Cup, and beat another English club, Tranmere Rovers, after a replay to win the 1934 final. When competitive football resumed after the Second World War, City continued to yo-yo between the divisions until 1976, when they returned to the First Division for another four seasons. Financial problems multiplied as the team suffered successive relegations, and the club was on the verge of failure when eight senior players – dubbed the Ashton Gate Eight after the name of City's stadium – agreed to cancel their lengthy contracts. Although the team were again relegated at the end of the 1981–82 season, taking them into the Fourth Division for the first time in their history as well as setting an unwanted record of three consecutive Football League relegations, the club was able to continue in business.City spent only two seasons in the fourth tier. In 1988–89 they made their second appearance in the semi-final of the League Cup – the first came in 1970–71 – and they returned to the second tier in 1990. In the next 25 years, they experienced three relegations and three promotions between second and third tiers. While in the third tier, they won the Football League Trophy – a competition for teams in the lower divisions of the Football League – three times, in 1986, 2003 and 2015, as well as reaching the final twice more.As of the end of the 2018–19 season, Bristol City have spent 2 seasons in the fourth tier of the English football league system, 45 in the third, 51 in the second and 9 in the top tier. The table details the team's achievements and the top goalscorer in senior first-team competitions from their first season in the FA Cup in 1895–96 to the end of the most recently completed season.

Liverpool F.C.–Manchester United F.C. rivalry

The Liverpool F.C.–Manchester United F.C. rivalry, also known as the North West Derby, is a high-profile inter-city rivalry between English professional association football clubs Liverpool and Manchester United. It is considered to be one of the biggest rivalries in the association football world along with the Old Firm derby in Scotland, Superclásico in Argentina, El Clásico in Spain, and Derby della Madonnina in Italy, and is considered the most famous fixture in English football. Players, fans and the media alike often consider games between the two clubs to be their biggest rivalry, above even their own local derby competitions with Everton and Manchester City, respectively.The rivalry has been fuelled by the proximity of the two major cities that they represent, their historic economic and industrial rivalry, significant periods of domestic footballing dominance and European success, and their popularity at home and abroad, as two of the biggest-earning and widely supported football clubs in the world.The two clubs are the most successful English teams in both domestic and European competitions; and between them they have won 38 league titles, 9 European Cups, 4 UEFA Cups, 4 UEFA Super Cups, 19 FA Cups, 13 League Cups, 1 FIFA Club World Cup, 1 Intercontinental Cup and 36 FA Community Shields.Each club can claim historical supremacy over the other: United for their 20 league titles to Liverpool's 18 and Liverpool for being European champions six times to United's three. Manchester United lead Liverpool in terms of total trophies won.

Manchester United F.C.

Manchester United Football Club is a professional football club based in Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football. Nicknamed "the Red Devils", the club was founded as Newton Heath LYR Football Club in 1878, changed its name to Manchester United in 1902 and moved to its current stadium, Old Trafford, in 1910.

Manchester United have won more trophies than any other club in English football, with a record 20 League titles, 12 FA Cups, 5 League Cups and a record 21 FA Community Shields. United have also won 3 UEFA Champions Leagues, 1 UEFA Europa League, 1 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, 1 UEFA Super Cup, 1 Intercontinental Cup and 1 FIFA Club World Cup. In 1998–99, the club became the first in the history of English football to achieve the continental European treble. By winning the UEFA Europa League in 2016–17, they became one of five clubs to have won all three main UEFA club competitions.

The 1958 Munich air disaster claimed the lives of eight players. In 1968, under the management of Matt Busby, Manchester United became the first English football club to win the European Cup. Alex Ferguson won 38 trophies as manager, including 13 Premier League titles, 5 FA Cups and 2 UEFA Champions Leagues, between 1986 and 2013, when he announced his retirement.

Manchester United was the highest-earning football club in the world for 2016–17, with an annual revenue of €676.3 million, and the world's most valuable football club in 2018, valued at £3.1 billion. As of June 2015, it is the world's most valuable football brand, estimated to be worth $1.2 billion. After being floated on the London Stock Exchange in 1991, the club was purchased by Malcolm Glazer in May 2005 in a deal valuing the club at almost £800 million, after which the company was taken private again, before going public once more in August 2012, when they made an initial public offering on the New York Stock Exchange. Manchester United is one of the most widely supported football clubs in the world, and has rivalries with Liverpool, Manchester City, Arsenal and Leeds United.

Manchester United F.C. mascots

This is a chronological list of Manchester United F.C mascots from their foundation as Newton Heath F.C. in 1878. The current club mascot is "Fred the Red", an anthropomorphic "Red Devil", after the club's nickname, the Red Devils.

Pat Hanlin

Patrick Hanlin (born 1882, died 22 March 1965) was a Scottish junior international and Scottish professional association football player in the years prior to the First World War. He made over 160 appearances in The Football League.

Reuben Marr

Reuben Charles Marr (1884 – 5 March 1961) was an English professional association football player in the years prior to and shortly after the First World War. He made over 170 appearances in the Football League.

Sam Gilligan

Samuel Anderson Gilligan (born 18 January 1882, date of death unknown) was a Scottish professional association football player in the years prior to the First World War. He made over 200 appearances in The Football League and a handful of appearances in the Scottish Football League.

Qualifying rounds
FA Cup Finals
League Cup Finals
FA Community Shield
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