The 1906 Intercalated Games or 1906 Olympic Games was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated in Athens, Greece. They were at the time considered to be Olympic Games and were referred to as the "Second International Olympic Games in Athens" by the International Olympic Committee. Whilst medals were distributed to the participants during these games, the medals are not officially recognized by the IOC today and are not displayed with the collection of Olympic medals at the Olympic Museum in Lausanne, Switzerland.
|1906 Intercalated Games|
Contemporary artwork for the 1906 Intercalated Games
|Athletes||854 (848 men, 6 women)|
The first Intercalated Games had been scheduled by the International Olympic Committee in 1901 as part of a new schedule, where every four years, in between the internationally organized games, there would be intermediate games held in Athens. This was apparently a compromise: after the successful games of Athens 1896, the Greeks suggested they could organize the games every four years. Since they had the accommodation and had proven they could hold well-organized games, they received some support. However, Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the International Olympic Committee, opposed this. Coubertin had intended the first games to be in Paris in 1900. After Paris lost the premiere Olympics, Coubertin did not want the games to be permanently hosted elsewhere.
When the 1900 Olympic Games failed to meet expectations and were overshadowed by the Exposition Universelle, the IOC supported the Greek idea by granting them a second series of quadrennial games in between the first series. All of the games would be International Olympic Games; the difference was that half of them would follow Coubertin's idea of "organisation internationale", while the other half would follow the Greeks' idea of a permanent home with the Greek NOC as experienced organizers. This was a departure from the ancient schedule, but it was expected that, if the ancient Greeks could keep a four-year schedule, the modern Olympic Movement could keep a two-year schedule. As 1902 was now too close, and Greece experienced internal difficulties, the 2nd Olympic Games in Athens were scheduled for 1906. The IOC as a whole gave the Greek NOC full support for the organization.
The 1906 games were quite successful. Unlike the 1900, 1904 or 1908 games, they were neither stretched out over months nor overshadowed by an international exhibition. Their crisp format was most likely instrumental in the continued existence of the games.
These Games also were the first games to have all athlete registration go through the NOCs. They were the first to have the Opening of the Games as a separate event: an event at which for the first time the athletes marched into the stadium in national teams, each following its national flag. They were also the first with an Olympic Village, at the Zappeion. They introduced the closing ceremony, the raising of national flags for the victors, and several less visible changes now accepted as tradition.
The Games were held from 22 April to 2 May 1906, in Athens, Greece. They took place in the Panathenaic Stadium, which had already hosted the 1896 Games and the earlier Zappas Olympics of 1870 and 1875. The games excluded several disciplines that had occurred during the past two games; it was unclear whether they ought to have been part of the Olympic Games. Added to the program were the javelin throw and the pentathlon.
The games included a real opening ceremony, watched by a large crowd. The athletes, for the first time, entered the stadium as national teams, marching behind their flags. The official opening of the games was done by King George I.
Six thousand schoolchildren took part in possibly the first ever Olympic closing ceremony.
854 athletes, 848 men and 6 women, from 20 countries, competed at the 1906 Intercalated Games.
78 events in 14 disciplines, comprising 12 sports, were part of the 1906 Games.
These medals were distributed but are no longer recognized by the International Olympic Committee.
|Totals (20 nations)||78||80||78||236|
The mixed team medal is for Belgian/Greek athletes in the Coxed Pairs 1 mile rowing event. In the football event, the silver medal for the team from Smyrna was won by footballers from various nationalities (English, French and Armenian), while the bronze medal for the team from Thessalonica was won by ethnic Greeks competing for Greece, despite both cities being Ottoman possessions at the time.
The only country that did not win medals—Egypt.
At the 1906 Summer Olympics in Athens, 21 competitive events in athletics were held. A total of 65 medals (21 gold, 23 silver, 21 bronze) were awarded. Now called the Intercalated Games, the 1906 Games are no longer considered as an official Olympic Games by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).
The marathon distance was 41.775 km according to a contemporary Greek newspaper. The pentathlon event in the 1906 Games consisted of a standing long jump, discus throw (ancient style), javelin throw, 192 metre run, and a Greco-Roman wrestling match. A stone throw was held with a 6.4 kg weight.Australia at the 1906 Intercalated Games
Australia competed at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens, Greece. Four athletes, all men, competed in nine events in two sports.Austria at the 1906 Intercalated Games
Austria competed at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens, Greece. 31 athletes, all men, competed in 46 events in 9 sports.Canada at the 1906 Intercalated Games
Canada competed at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens, Greece. Three athletes, all men, competed in four events in one sport. These games are not now considered as official Olympic games by the International Olympic Committee, and results are not included in official records and medal counts.Cycling at the 1906 Intercalated Games
At the 1906 Summer Olympics in Athens, six cycling events were contested, all for men only. Now called the Intercalated Games, the 1906 Games are no longer considered as an official Olympic Games by the International Olympic Committee.Federico Cesarano
Federico Cesarano (5 July 1886 – 22 January 1969) was an Italian fencer and sport shooter. He won a bronze medal in the individual sabre event at the 1906 Intercalated Games.Football at the 1906 Intercalated Games
At the 1906 Summer Olympics in Athens (often referred to as the "Intercalated Games"), an unofficial football event was held. Only four teams competed, three of them were clubs from Greece and the Ottoman Empire. Medal tables gave the gold to Denmark and the silver and bronze to Turkey.The Athens team withdrew from the final at half time, and were then invited to play off in a match to decide second place, but declined and were promptly ejected from the tournament.
Smyrna and Thessaloniki, both then cities in the Ottoman Empire, played off instead. The Thessaloniki team composition was Greek from the group of "Friends of the Arts" (Omilos Philomuson, later Iraklis Thessaloniki F.C.). The Smyrna team consisted of English, French and Armenian players.
The Danish team was a selection of players from Copenhagen Football Association.The goalkeepers of this tournament are unknown.Football at the 1906 Intercalated Games – Men's team squads
The following is a list of squads for each team competing in men's football at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens.Ages as of the start of the tournament, 23 April 1906.Great Britain at the 1906 Intercalated Games
Great Britain competed at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens, Greece. 47 athletes, all men, competed in 42 events in 9 sports.Greece at the 1906 Intercalated Games
Greece were the host nation at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens, Greece. 312 athletes, 307 men and 5 women, competed in 70 events in 13 sports.Gymnastics at the 1906 Intercalated Games
At the 1906 Summer Olympics in Athens, four gymnastics events were contested, all for men only. Now called the Intercalated Games, the 1906 Games are no longer considered as an official Olympic Games by the International Olympic Committee.Jim Lightbody
James Davies Lightbody (March 16, 1882 – March 2, 1953) was an American middle distance runner, winner of six Olympic medals (two of which are no longer recognized by the International Olympic Committee following its downgrading of the 1906 Intercalated Games) in the early 20th century.
Lightbody, born in Pittsburgh and graduating from high school in Muncie, Indiana, had great success at the 1904 Summer Olympics, held in St. Louis. He wasn't favoured in any of the three individual events in which he competed, but nevertheless won all three of them.
First, he won the 2590 metre steeplechase, sprinting to the 800 metres title days later. Finally, he won the 1500 metres in a new world record. Later that day, he added a second place to his tally, when he competed with the Chicago Athletic Association in the 4 mile team event.
In 1905, Lightbody won AAU titles in both the 800 and 1500 metres, and the following year he competed in his second Olympics, the 1906 Intercalated Games of in Athens. He successfully defended his 1500 metres title, and placed second in the 800 metres.
Lightbody competed again in the 1908 Summer Olympics. In the 800 metres, he placed only fourth in his first round heat. Lightbody lost a close race to fellow American James Sullivan in the first round of the 1500 metres, eliminating him from further competition. He was defeated by a mere ten yards by Harry Sewell in the first round of the 3200 metre steeplechase and did not qualify for the final.
Lightbody died in 1953, two weeks short of his 71st birthday in Charleston, South Carolina.Netherlands at the 1906 Intercalated Games
Netherlands competed at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens, Greece. Sixteen athletes, all men, competed in eight events in two sports.Norway at the 1906 Intercalated Games
Norway competed at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens, Greece. 32 athletes, all men, competed in 12 events in 3 sports.Swimming at the 1906 Intercalated Games
At the 1906 Summer Olympics, only four swimming events were contested. Now called the Intercalated Games, the 1906 Games are no longer considered as an official Olympic Games by the International Olympic Committee.Turkey at the 1906 Intercalated Games
Ottoman Turkey competed at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens, Greece. Two athletes, both men, competed in three events in two sports.United States at the 1906 Intercalated Games
The United States competed at the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens, Greece. 38 athletes, all men, competed in 28 events in 5 sports.Wrestling at the 1906 Intercalated Games
At the 1906 Summer Olympics in Athens, four wrestling events were contested, all in Greco-Roman style for men. Now called the Intercalated Games, the 1906 Games are no longer considered as an official Olympic Games by the International Olympic Committee.Xenophon Kasdaglis
Xenophon Emmanuel Kasdaglis, or Xenophon Casdagli, (Greek: Ξενοφών Εμμανουήλ Κάσδαγλης; 27 February 1880 – 2 May 1943) was a Greek-Egyptian tennis player. He competed in the 1906 Intercalated Games in Athens.
Events at the 1906 Intercalated Games (Athens)