1900 United States Census

The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1900,[1] determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 62,979,766 persons enumerated during the 1890 Census.

The census saw the nation's largest city, New York, more than double in size due to the consolidation with Brooklyn, becoming in the process the first American city to record a population of over three million.

Twelfth Census
of the United States
Old Department of the Interior seal
U.S. Department of the Interior seal
1900 census Kershaw Lindauer
Example of Population Schedule from the 1900 Census
General information
CountryUnited States
Date takenJune 1, 1900
Total population76,212,168
Percent changeIncrease 21.0%
Most populous stateNew York
Least populous stateNevada

Census questions

The 1900 census collected the following information:[2]

  • address
  • name
  • relationship to head of family
  • sex
  • race (listed as "Color or race" on the census)
  • age, month and year born
  • marital status and, if married, number of years married
  • for women, number of children born and number now living
  • place of birth of person, and their parents
  • if foreign born, year of immigration and whether naturalized
  • occupation
  • months not employed
  • school
  • ability to speak English
  • whether on a farm farmer
  • home owned or rented, and, if owned, whether mortgaged

Full documentation for the 1900 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s; after which the original sheets were destroyed.[3] The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.

Microdata from the 1900 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings

Rank State Population
01 New York 7,268,894
02 Pennsylvania 6,302,115
03 Illinois 4,821,550
04 Ohio 4,157,545
05 Missouri 3,106,665
06 Texas 3,048,710
07 Massachusetts 2,805,346
08 Indiana 2,516,462
09 Michigan 2,420,982
10 Iowa 2,231,853
11 Georgia 2,216,331
12 Kentucky 2,147,174
13 Wisconsin 2,069,042
14 Tennessee 2,020,616
15 North Carolina 1,893,810
16 New Jersey 1,883,669
17 Virginia 1,854,184
18 Alabama 1,828,697
19 Minnesota 1,751,394
20 Mississippi 1,551,270
21 California 1,485,053
22 Kansas 1,470,495
23 Louisiana 1,381,625
24 South Carolina 1,340,316
25 Arkansas 1,311,564
26 Maryland 1,188,044
27 Nebraska 1,066,300
28 West Virginia 958,800
29 Connecticut 908,420
X Oklahoma 790,391
30 Maine 694,466
31 Colorado 539,700
32 Florida 528,542
33 Washington 518,103
34 Rhode Island 428,556
35 Oregon 413,536
36 New Hampshire 411,588
37 South Dakota 401,570
38 Vermont 343,641
39 North Dakota 319,146
X District of Columbia 278,718
40 Utah 276,749
41 Montana 243,329
X New Mexico 195,310
42 Delaware 184,735
43 Idaho 161,772
X Hawaii 154,001
X Arizona 122,931
44 Wyoming 92,531
45 Nevada 42,335
X Alaska 32,052

City rankings

Rank City State Population[4] Region (2016)[5]
01 New York New York 3,437,202 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 1,698,575 Midwest
03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,293,697 Northeast
04 St. Louis Missouri 575,238 Midwest
05 Boston Massachusetts 560,892 Northeast
06 Baltimore Maryland 508,957 South
07 Cleveland Ohio 391,768 Midwest
08 Buffalo New York 352,387 Northeast
09 San Francisco California 342,782 West
10 Cincinnati Ohio 325,902 Midwest
11 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 321,616 Northeast
12 New Orleans Louisiana 287,104 South
13 Detroit Michigan 285,704 Midwest
14 Milwaukee Wisconsin 285,315 Midwest
15 Washington District of Columbia 278,718 South
16 Newark New Jersey 246,070 Northeast
17 Jersey City New Jersey 206,433 Northeast
18 Louisville Kentucky 204,731 South
19 Minneapolis Minnesota 202,718 Midwest
20 Providence Rhode Island 175,597 Northeast
21 Indianapolis Indiana 169,164 Midwest
22 Kansas City Missouri 163,752 Midwest
23 Saint Paul Minnesota 163,065 Midwest
24 Rochester New York 162,608 Northeast
25 Denver Colorado 133,859 West
26 Toledo Ohio 131,822 Midwest
27 Allegheny Pennsylvania 129,896 Northeast
28 Columbus Ohio 125,560 Midwest
29 Worcester Massachusetts 118,421 Northeast
30 Syracuse New York 108,374 Northeast
31 New Haven Connecticut 108,027 Northeast
32 Paterson New Jersey 105,171 Northeast
33 Fall River Massachusetts 104,863 Northeast
34 St. Joseph Missouri 102,979 Midwest
35 Omaha Nebraska 102,555 Midwest
36 Los Angeles California 102,479 West
37 Memphis Tennessee 102,320 South
38 Scranton Pennsylvania 102,026 Northeast
39 Lowell Massachusetts 94,969 Northeast
40 Albany New York 94,151 Northeast
41 Cambridge Massachusetts 91,886 Northeast
42 Portland Oregon 90,426 West
43 Atlanta Georgia 89,872 South
44 Grand Rapids Michigan 87,565 Midwest
45 Dayton Ohio 85,333 Midwest
46 Richmond Virginia 85,050 South
47 Nashville Tennessee 80,865 South
48 Seattle Washington 80,671 West
49 Hartford Connecticut 79,850 Northeast
50 Reading Pennsylvania 78,961 Northeast
51 Wilmington Delaware 76,508 South
52 Camden New Jersey 75,935 Northeast
53 Trenton New Jersey 73,307 Northeast
54 Bridgeport Connecticut 70,996 Northeast
55 Lynn Massachusetts 68,513 Northeast
56 Oakland California 66,960 West
57 Lawrence Massachusetts 62,559 Northeast
58 New Bedford Massachusetts 62,442 Northeast
59 Des Moines Iowa 62,139 Midwest
60 Springfield Massachusetts 62,059 Northeast
61 Somerville Massachusetts 61,643 Northeast
62 Troy New York 60,651 Northeast
63 Hoboken New Jersey 59,364 Northeast
64 Evansville Indiana 59,007 Midwest
65 Manchester New Hampshire 56,987 Northeast
66 Utica New York 56,383 Northeast
67 Peoria Illinois 56,100 Midwest
68 Charleston South Carolina 55,807 South
69 Savannah Georgia 54,244 South
70 Salt Lake City Utah 53,531 West
71 San Antonio Texas 53,321 South
72 Duluth Minnesota 52,969 Midwest
73 Erie Pennsylvania 52,733 Northeast
74 Elizabeth New Jersey 52,130 Northeast
75 Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania 51,721 Northeast
76 Kansas City Kansas 51,418 Midwest
77 Harrisburg Pennsylvania 50,167 Northeast
78 Portland Maine 50,145 Northeast
79 Yonkers New York 47,931 Northeast
80 Norfolk Virginia 46,624 South
81 Waterbury Connecticut 45,859 Northeast
82 Holyoke Massachusetts 45,712 Northeast
83 Fort Wayne Indiana 45,115 Midwest
84 Youngstown Ohio 44,885 Midwest
85 Houston Texas 44,633 South
86 Covington Kentucky 42,938 South
87 Akron Ohio 42,728 Midwest
88 Dallas Texas 42,638 South
89 Saginaw Michigan 42,345 Midwest
90 Lancaster Pennsylvania 41,459 Northeast
91 Lincoln Nebraska 40,169 Midwest
92 Brockton Massachusetts 40,063 Northeast
93 Binghamton New York 39,647 Northeast
94 Augusta Georgia 39,441 South
95 Pawtucket Rhode Island 39,231 Northeast
96 Altoona Pennsylvania 38,973 Northeast
97 Wheeling West Virginia 38,878 South
98 Mobile Alabama 38,469 South
99 Birmingham Alabama 38,415 South
100 Little Rock Arkansas 38,307 South


  1. ^ "1900 Overview", History, US Census Bureau
  2. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  3. ^ Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets" (PDF). Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  4. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  5. ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.

External links

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Boss Weeks

Harrison Samuel "Boss" Weeks Jr. (April 3, 1879 – February 25, 1906) was an American football player and coach. He played quarterback for the University of Michigan from 1900 to 1902 and served as head football coach at the University of Kansas in 1903 and at Beloit College in Wisconsin in 1904. Weeks was the quarterback and on-field leader of Michigan's national champion "Point-a-Minute" teams that went 22–0 and outscored opponents 1,211 to 12 in 1901 and 1902.

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Jesse R. Langley

Jesse Raymond Langley (July 23, 1877 – December 5, 1933) was an American football player and coach, patent attorney, and U.S. Army officer. He played football for the University of Michigan from 1904 to 1907. He was the head football coach at Texas Christian University from 1908 to 1909.

Langley was born in Kansas and raised in Oklahoma. At the time of the 1900 United States Census, he was living with his parents, Franklin and Charlotte Langley, on the family's farm in Woods County, Oklahoma. Before attending the University of Michigan, Lanley was a "critic teacher" in the preparatory department of Northwestern Oklahoma Normal School.Langley received a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering from Michigan in 1908. While attending Michigan, he played football for Fielding H. Yost's Michigan Wolverines football team from 1904 to 1907.

Langley was the head football coach at Texas Christian University from 1908 to 1909. He compiled a record of 11–5–1 in his two seasons as the head coach.After retiring from football, Langley became a patent attorney. In 1912, he was employed as an assistant examiner at the U.S. Patent Office in Washington, D.C.. Langley worked in the patent department at Westinghouse Electric & Mfg. Co. for 14 years. He later accepted a similar position with Koppers Co., wherehe worked for six years.His career as a patent attorney was interrupted by military service during World War I. He served as a major in the infantry during the war and later held the rank of colonel in the Reserve Corps. During combat at the Golfe de Malancourt in France, he suffered machine gun wounds in both of his legs. According to one account, he had "both of his legs shattered by bullets from a German machine gun."At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Langley was living in Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania with his wife, Margaret L. Langley, and was employed as an attorney in a law office. In December 1933, Langley died at his home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania at age 56.

John Wombacher

John David Wombacher (June 24, 1876 – April 1, 1953) was an American football player.

Wombacher grew up in Peoria, Illinois. His father, Ferdinand Wombacher (1851-1931), was an Illinois native and a dairyman. His mother, Louisa (Wurst) Wombacher (1850-1937), was also an Illinois native. Both of his parents were the children of German immigrants. Wombacher had an older brother, Joseph, and a younger brother, Ferdinand, Jr. Wombacher played for the undefeated Peoria High School football team of 1893.

He enrolled at the University of Michigan and played at the center position for the 1895 and 1896 Michigan Wolverines football teams. In February 1897, he was elected by his teammates as the captain of the 1897 team. However, he contracted typhoid fever and was unable to report to the university in September 1897. Wombacher had played every game at center for Michigan in 1896. Shortly before his illness, The World of New York had published a football preview feature in which Wombacher had been touted as the key to Michigan's success:"The man who will captain the Unlversity of Michigan eleven is a big, strapping fellow, who was forced into the game by his classmates because of his size and ability to get over the ground. His name is John B. Wombacher, and he hails from Peoria, Ill. He plays centre rush and is something terrific." Wombacher was unable to play in 1897, remaining at his parents' home in Peoria to recuperate from the illness. Halfback, James R. Hogg, was elected to replace Wombacher as the 1897 team captain.At the time of the 1900 United States Census, Wombacher was living in Peoria and working as a chemist.He worked for many years for the Steel Mills Co. in Joliet, Illinois. In September 1918, Wombacher completed a draft registration card in which he indicated that he was living at West Marion, Illinois and employed as an assistant superintendent at the Illinois Steel Co. At the time of the 1920 Census, Wombacher was living in Joliet with his wife, Louise, and was working as an assistant superintendent at a steel mill.In April 1953, Wombacher died in Peoria at age 76.

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Larimer School, Larimer Avenue at Winslow Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, NRHP-listed

Madison Elementary School, Milwaukee and Orion Streets, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, NRHP-listed

McCleary Elementary School, Holmes Street and McCandless Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, NRHP-listed

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Wightman School (1897), (now Wightman School Community Building), 5604 Solway Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, NRHP-listed

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