1900 Democratic National Convention

The 1900 Democratic National Convention was a United States presidential nominating convention that took place the week of July 4, 1900, at Convention Hall in Kansas City, Missouri.

The convention nominated William Jennings Bryan for President and former Vice President Adlai E. Stevenson was nominated for his former office. The ticket was to lose the general election to the Republican ticket of William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt.

1900 Democratic National Convention
1900 presidential election
WilliamJBryan1902
23 Adlai E. Stevenson 3x4
Nominees
Bryan and Stevenson
Convention
Date(s)July 4–6, 1900
CityKansas City, Missouri
VenueConvention Hall
Candidates
Presidential nomineeWilliam J. Bryan of Nebraska
Vice Presidential nomineeAdlai E. Stevenson of Illinois

Presidential nomination

Presidential candidate

Declined

Kc-convention-hall
Convention Hall

Bryan had little opposition for the nomination after Spanish–American War hero Admiral George Dewey dropped out in May after being quoted in newspapers that he thought the President's job would be easy, because the president merely followed the orders of Congress to enforce laws.[1] Bryan's strongest opposition at the convention came from Richard Croker of New York's Tammany Hall. Bryan was also nominated by a branch of the Populist Party.

The 1900 Democratic National Convention was the first time a woman served as a delegate to a major party convention. Elizabeth M. Cohen of Salt Lake City, Utah, became a delegate when one of the Utah delegates could not serve, and she seconded the nomination of William Jennings Bryan.[2][3][4]

The convention marked the first time that a member of royalty attended a U.S. national nominating convention as a delegate. David Kawananakoa, heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaii, represented the newest United States territory. Prince David was to break a tie about inserting a free silver plank into the convention platform. The Democrats included planks in the platform denouncing Republican imperialism and expansion, as had been demonstrated in the Spanish–American War.

Kansas City had the convention thanks to its new Convention Hall, which opened on February 22, 1899. The hall was destroyed in a fire on April 4, 1900, but was rebuilt in 90 days in time for the convention. Harry S. Truman served as a page at the convention.

Presidential ballot
William Jennings Bryan 936

Source: US President – D Convention. Our Campaigns. (March 10, 2011).

1900DemocraticPresidentialNomination1stBallot
1st Presidential Ballot

Vice Presidential candidates

At the start of the convention, former Congressman Charles A. Towne of Minnesota was considered the favorite for the vice presidential nomination, as both the Populists and the Silver Republican Party backed Towne.[5] Other names mentioned as possible candidates include former New York Senator David B. Hill and John W. Keller, an obscure commissioner from New York City.[5]

Seven names were placed in nomination: Adlai Stevenson, David B. Hill, Charles A. Towne, Abraham W. Patrick, Julian S. Carr, John W. Smith, and J. Hamilton Lewis. Former Representative Lewis thanked the convention for its generosity but did not wish to be considered for the vice presidency. Governor Smith declined to allow the use of his name, and it was withdrawn before the result was announced. Former Senator Hill indignantly protested against his own nomination in a speech and declared that he would not take it if offered, for personal and valid reasons. Former Vice President Stevenson won the nomination with the help of Bryanites who wanted to keep Hill off of the ticket.[6] The choice of Stevenson alienated the Populists and Silver Republicans, who had planned to nominate the Democratic ticket.[6]

Vice presidential candidates

AbrahamWPatrick

Former State Senator Abraham W. Patrick of Ohio

Declined

Vice Presidential Ballot
1st Before Shifts 1st After Shifts
Adlai E. Stevenson 559.5 936
David B. Hill 200 0
Charles A. Towne 89.5 0
Abraham W. Patrick 46 0
Julian S. Carr 23 0
John W. Smith 16 0
Elliott Danforth 1 0
Jim Hogg 1 0
1900DemocraticVicePresidentialNomination1stBallotBefore
1st Vice Presidential Ballot Before Shifts
1900DemocraticVicePresidentialNomination1stBallotAfter
1st Vice Presidential Ballot After Shifts

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2011-04-20.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Smithsonian: Conventional Facts
  3. ^ Official Proceedings of the Democratic National Convention (1900). McLellan Printing Co. pp. 91, 148, 267.
  4. ^ Freeman, Jo (2000). A Room at a Time: How Women Entered Party Politics. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 65. ISBN 0-8476-9804-1. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
  5. ^ a b "WJ Bryan to be Nominated Today". New York Times. 4 July 1900. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Adlai E. Stevenson for Vice President". New York Times. 7 July 1900. Retrieved 8 October 2015.

External links

Preceded by
1896
Chicago, Illinois
Democratic National Conventions Succeeded by
1904
St. Louis, Missouri
1900 Republican National Convention

The 1900 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States was held June 19 to June 21 in the Exposition Auditorium, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Exposition Auditorium was located south of the University of Pennsylvania, and the later Convention Hall was constructed along the building's east wall. It was demolished in 2006.

Each state was allotted two delegates per electoral vote, and territories were granted from two to six delegates. Altogether, there were 926 delegates and an equal number of alternates.

Mark Hanna opened the convention. He proposed that Senator Edward O. Wolcott of Colorado serve as temporary chairman. The purpose of Wolcott's selection was to show that the party had overcome its divisiveness of 1896, in which the Colorado delegation walked out of the Republican convention. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts served as the convention's permanent chairman.

President William McKinley was unanimously nominated for reelection. No candidate ran against him, although Admiral George Dewey considered a run. Governor Theodore Roosevelt of New York, who was himself a delegate, was nominated for Vice President by a vote of 925 to 1 abstention, with his vote alone abstaining.

1900 United States presidential election

The United States presidential election of 1900 was the 29th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 6, 1900. In a re-match of the 1896 race, Republican President William McKinley defeated his Democratic challenger, William Jennings Bryan. McKinley's victory made him the first president to win consecutive re-election since Ulysses S. Grant had accomplished the same feat in 1872.

McKinley and Bryan each faced little opposition within their own party. Although some Gold Democrats explored the possibility of a campaign by Admiral George Dewey, Bryan was easily re-nominated at the 1900 Democratic National Convention after Dewey withdrew from the race. McKinley was unanimously re-nominated at the 1900 Republican National Convention. As Vice President Garret Hobart had died in 1899, the Republican convention chose New York Governor Theodore Roosevelt as McKinley's running mate.

The return of economic prosperity and recent victory in the Spanish–American War helped McKinley to score a decisive victory, while Bryan's anti-imperialist stance and continued support for bimetallism attracted only limited support. McKinley carried most states outside of the Solid South and won 51.6% of the popular vote. The election results were similar to those of 1896, though McKinley picked up several Western states and Bryan picked up Kentucky. McKinley was assassinated in September 1901 and was succeeded by Roosevelt.

Cato Sells

Cato Sells (October 6, 1859 – 1948) was a commissioner at the Bureau of Indian Affairs from 1913 to 1921.

Charles S. Hartman

Charles Sampson Hartman (March 1, 1861 – August 3, 1929) was a U.S. Representative from Montana.

Born in Monticello, Indiana, Hartman attended the public schools and Wabash College in Crawfordsville.

He moved to Bozeman, Montana, in January 1882.

He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1884, and began practicing in Bozeman. He was a probate judge of Gallatin County 1884-1886.

He served as member of the State constitutional convention in 1889.

Hartman was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-third and Fifty-fourth Congresses.

He was reelected as a Silver Republican to the Fifty-fifth Congress and served from March 4, 1893 to March 3, 1899.

He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1898.

He served as delegate to the 1896 Republican National Convention.

He resumed the practice of law.

He became affiliated with the Democratic Party in 1900.

He served as delegate to the 1900 Democratic National Convention.

He was an unsuccessful candidate for election as a Democrat in 1910 to the Sixty-second Congress.

He was appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Ecuador in July 1913 and served until May 14, 1922, when he returned to Bozeman.

He moved to Great Falls in 1926 and resumed the practice of law.

He moved to Fort Benton in 1927, having been appointed judge of the twelfth judicial district of Montana on March 3, 1927.

Hartman was elected to the same office in 1928, and served until his death in Great Falls, on August 3, 1929. He was interred in Riverside Cemetery in Fort Benton.

Convention Hall

Convention Hall was a convention center in Kansas City, Missouri that hosted the 1900 Democratic National Convention and 1928 Republican National Convention.

It was designed by Frederick E. Hill and built at the corner of 13th and Central and cost $225,000 and opened on February 22, 1899 with a performance by the John Philip Sousa band.

It was destroyed in a fire on April 4, 1900, Kansas City was scheduled to host the Democratic National Convention over July 4. Hill redesigned a new hall that would be fireproof and it was built in 90 days in an effort that was called "Kansas City Spirit." Harry S. Truman was to serve as a page at the convention.

During the flood of 1903, the hall housed approximately 110 refugees for a period of several days, before they were sent to tent camps at 31st and Summit. The hall had to be fumigated after they moved out on June 12th, 1903.The hall hosted the 1928 Republican Convention and was torn down in 1936 when it became a parking lot for the new Municipal Auditorium.

The hall hosted various traveling events including a Sarah Bernhardt performance of Camille. Its most controversial use was hosting a series of Ku Klux Klan rallies in 1922–1924.

David B. Hill

David Bennett Hill (August 29, 1843 – October 20, 1910) was an American politician from New York who was the 29th Governor of New York from 1885 to 1891. He also represented New York in the United States Senate from 1892 to 1897.

David Kawānanakoa

David Laʻamea Kahalepouli Kinoiki Kawānanakoa (February 19, 1868 – June 2, 1908) was a prince of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi and founder of the House of Kawānanakoa. He was in the line of succession to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi around the time of the kingdom's overthrow. Kawānanakoa translates as "fearless prophecy" in Hawaiian.

Democratic Party of Hawaii

The Democratic Party of Hawaii is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the state of Hawaii.

The party is a centralized organization established to promote the party platform as drafted in convention biennially. It is also charged with registering voters and delivering voter turnout through county organizations for Hawaii County, Kauaʻi County, Maui County and the City and County of Honolulu. The Hawaii Democratic Party maintained political control of the state government in Hawaii for over forty years, from 1962 to 2002.

George E. Royce

George Edmund Royce (January 1, 1829 - March 5, 1903) was an American businessman from Rutland, Vermont who was prominent in the quarrying and building stone industry. He was also a banker, jointly founding the Baxter National Bank of Rutland, and was a member of the Vermont State Senate from 1902 to his death in 1903.

Henry Dickinson Green

Henry Dickinson Green (May 3, 1857 – December 29, 1929) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

Hugh L. Nichols

Hugh Llewellyn Nichols (March 25, 1865 – December 29, 1942) was an American politician who served as the 32nd Lieutenant Governor of Ohio from 1911 to 1913 and Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Ohio 1913 to 1920.

Jacob Rice (New York)

Jacob Rice (March 7, 1847 Trier, Rhine Province, Kingdom of Prussia – July 1930 Kingston, Ulster County, New York) was an American politician from New York.

Joshua S. Salmon

Joshua S. Salmon (February 2, 1846 in Mount Olive Township, New Jersey – May 6, 1902 in Boonton, New Jersey) was an American Democratic Party politician who represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district from 1899 to 1902.

Roderick Dhu Sutherland

Roderick Dhu Sutherland (April 27, 1862 – October 18, 1915) was an American Populist Party politician.

Sutherland was born in Scotch Grove, Iowa and attended Amity College, College Springs, Iowa. He taught school and studied law, being admitted to the bar in 1888. He set up practice in Nelson, Nebraska, becoming the prosecuting attorney of Nuckolls County 1890 until 1896.

Sutherland served as the chairman of the Populist state convention in Nebraska in 1899. He then was appointed by governor William A. Poynter as a delegate to the trust conference held in Chicago in September 1899. He was elected as a Populist to the Fifty-fifth and Fifty-sixth Congresses (March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1901), but failed at being reelected to the Fifty-seventh Congress in November 1900. He was a delegate to the Populist National Convention and a delegate to the 1900 Democratic National Convention and the 1908 Democratic National Convention.

After his Congressional service, Sutherland resumed practice of law in Nelson, and died in Kansas City, Kansas in 1915. His remains were interred in Nelson Cemetery, Nelson, Nebraska.

Rufus King Polk

Rufus King Polk (August 23, 1866 – March 5, 1902) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

Rufus K. Polk was born in Columbia, Tennessee, the son of Confederate States Army Brigadier General Lucius E. Polk and great-nephew of Leonidas Polk. He attended Webb's Academy in Culleoka, Tennessee, graduated from Lehigh University in South Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in 1887, and took a post-graduate course in mining engineering. He settled in Danville, Pennsylvania, and was employed as a chemist. He held supervisory positions with several steel companies and ultimately became engaged in the manufacture of structural iron. He served as first lieutenant of Company F, Twelfth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, in the Spanish–American War. He was a delegate to the 1900 Democratic National Convention.

Polk was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-sixth and Fifty-seventh Congresses and served until his death in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is buried in Fairview Cemetery in Danville, Pennsylvania.

Timeline of Kansas City, Missouri

The following is a timeline of the history of Kansas City, Missouri, United States.

William H. Cornwell

William Henry Cornwell (May 30, 1843 – November 18, 1903) was an American businessman, as well as a military colonel and politician of the Kingdom of Hawaii. He served two separate terms as Minister of Finance and was a member of Queen Liliuokalani's last cabinet before the Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

William Henry Sowden

William Henry Sowden (June 6, 1840 – March 3, 1907) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

William Thornton Kemper Sr.

William Thornton Kemper Sr. (November 3, 1866 – January 19, 1938) was the patriarch of the Missouri Kemper family, which developed both Commerce Bancshares and United Missouri Bank to become a major banking family in the Midwest. He also founded the Kemper Grain Company and the Kemper Loan and Investment Company. He was treasurer of the Kansas City Commercial Club, a club made of local businessmen to promote Kansas City's growth.

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