1895 Birthday Honours

The 1895 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The Queen, and were published in The Times on 25 May 1895[1] and in The London Gazette on 25 May 1895[2] and on 11 June 1895.[3]

The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.

United Kingdom and British Empire

Privy Councillor

The Queen appointed the following to Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council:

Baronetcies

Knight Bachelor

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath

Order of bath star
Civilian star of the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB)

Military Division
Civil Division

Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB)

Military Division
Civil Division
Honorary
  • Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel Raja Ram Singh, C.B. (Honorary), Commander-in-Chief, Kashmir State Troops.

Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB)

Military Division
  • Alfred Douglas Adrian, Assistant-Secretary, Local Government Board.
  • Honorary Colonel the Hon. Henry William John Byng, Equerry to the Queen.
  • Edward Fairfield CMG Assistant Under Secretary of State, Colonial Office.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Ford, late Royal Artillery, Inspector of Explosives, Home Office.
  • Ralph Milbanke, Secretary of Embassy, Diplomatic Service.
  • Richard Edward Sprague Oram, Chief Inspector, Factory Department, Home Office.
  • Robert Barrett Stokes, late Capt., 16th Regiment of Foot, Divisional Commissioner, Ireland (Cork Division).
  • John Taylor, Surveyor, Office of Works.
  • Major Francis Reginald Wingate DSO Royal Artillery.
Civil Division
  • Rear-Admiral William James Lloyd Wharton, Hydrographer of the Navy.
  • Albert John Durston, Engineer-in-Chief of the Navy.
  • Major Henry Pilkington, retired pay, late Royal Engineers, Director of Engineering and Architectural Works, Admiralty.
  • Lieutenant Lawrence Hugh Crawford, Royal Naval Reserve.

The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India

GCSI star
Star of a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India.

Knight Grand Commander (GCSI)

Knight Commander (KCSI)

Companion (CSI)

The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George

GCMG star
Star of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George.

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG)

Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG)

Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)

  • Leopold Marquard, late Surveyor-General of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope.
  • Charles Boughton Hamilton, Receiver-General of the Colony of British Guiana.
  • Archibald Jones Pile, Speaker of the House of Assembly of the Island of Barbados.
  • Ernest Bickham Sweet-Escott, Colonial Secretary of the Colony of British Honduras.
  • William Wilson Mitchell, Unofficial Member of the Legislative Council of the Island of Ceylon.
  • Henrique Charles Shepstone, late Secretary for Native Affairs in the Colony of Natal.
  • Joseph Anderson Panton, Police Magistrate in the city of Melbourne, in the Colony of Victoria.
  • Francis Henry May, Captain Superintendent of Police in the Colony of Hong Kong.
  • Alexander Roland Milne, Collector of Customs at the Port of Victoria, British Columbia, for services in connection with the Bering Sea negotiations.
  • Salvatore Luigi Pisani Chief Medical Officer in the Island of Malta.
  • Joseph Sylvester O'Halloran, Secretary to the Royal Colonial Institute.
  • George Greville, Secretary to Her Majesty's Legation at Rio de Janeiro.
  • Raphael Borg, Her Majesty's Consul at Cairo.

The Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire

KCIE Brits Indië Tweede Graad
Riband, badge and star of the Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire

Knight Commander (KCIE)

  • William Robert Brooke CIE late Director-General of Telegraphs in India
  • Maharaja Pratap Narayan Singh of Ayudhya
  • Maharaja Ravaneshwar Prasad Singh, Bahadur of Gidhaur
  • Sirdar Krishna Rao Bapu Saheb Jadu

Companion (CIE)

  • Gangadhar Rao Madhav Chitnavis
  • Rao Bahadur Bashyam lyengar
  • Charles Edward Buckland, Indian Civil Service
  • Alexander Blackley Patterson, Indian Civil Service
  • Henry Arbuthnot Acworth, Indian Civil Service
  • Colonel Charles Arkcoll Porteous, Indian Staff Corps
  • Colonel Clayton Turner Lane, Indian Staff Corps
  • Saw Saing, the Sawbwa of Thibaw
  • Steyning William Edgerley, Indian Civil Service
  • Trichinopoly Rayalu Arakiaswamy Thumboo Chetty, Member of the Council of Regency, Mysore
  • Moulvi Abdul Jubbar, Khan Bahadur
  • Captain William Richard Yielding DSO Indian Staff Corps
  • Henry John Stanyon
  • Munshi Hafiz Abdul Karim

References

  1. ^ "Birthday Honours". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 25 May 1895. p. 14.
  2. ^ "No. 26628". The London Gazette. 25 May 1895. pp. 3079–3080.
  3. ^ "No. 26633". The London Gazette. 11 June 1895. pp. 3315–3316.
Abdul Karim (the Munshi)

Mohammed Abdul Karim (1863 – April 1909), known as "the Munshi", was an Indian attendant of Queen Victoria. He served her during the final fourteen years of her reign, gaining her maternal affection over that time.

Karim was born the son of a hospital assistant near Jhansi in British India. In 1887, the year of Victoria's Golden Jubilee, Karim was one of two Indians selected to become servants to the Queen. Victoria came to like him a great deal and gave him the title of "Munshi" ("clerk" or "teacher"). Victoria appointed him to be her Indian Secretary, showered him with honours, and obtained a land grant for him in India.

The close platonic relationship between Karim and the Queen led to friction within the Royal Household, the other members of which felt themselves to be superior to him. The Queen insisted on taking Karim with her on her travels, which caused arguments between her and her other attendants. Following Victoria's death in 1901, her successor, Edward VII, returned Karim to India and ordered the confiscation and destruction of the Munshi's correspondence with Victoria. Karim subsequently lived quietly near Agra, on the estate that Victoria had arranged for him, until his death at the age of 46.

Arthur Snowden

Sir Arthur Snowden (29 July 1829 – 18 June 1918) was an Australian lawyer, politician and mayor of Melbourne from 1892–95.Snowden was born in Dartford, Kent, England, and migrated to Australia in 1852. He joined the Melbourne City Council in 1891, and was elected mayor three times. Following his stint on the Melbourne City Council, he served in the Victorian Legislative Council representing Melbourne Province from 1895 until 1904. Knighted in the 1895 Birthday Honours, Snowden died at his Collingwood home on 18 June 1918.

Christopher Furness, 1st Baron Furness

Christopher Furness, 1st Baron Furness (23 April 1852 – 10 November 1912) was a British businessman and Liberal Party politician.

Joseph Leese

Sir Joseph Francis Leese, 1st Baronet, (28 February 1845 – 29 July 1914) was a British judge, Liberal politician and first-class cricketer.

Reginald Wingate

General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate, 1st Baronet, (25 June 1861 – 29 January 1953) was a British general and administrator in Egypt and the Sudan. He earned the nom de guerre Wingate of the Sudan.

Robert Pullar

Sir Robert Pullar (18 February 1828 – 9 September 1912) was a Scottish Liberal Party politician in the United Kingdom.

Stair Agnew

Sir Stair Agnew (6 December 1831 – 12 July 1916) was a Scottish public official. He served as Registrar General for Scotland.

Walter Besant

Sir Walter Besant (14 August 1836 – 9 June 1901) was a novelist and historian. William Henry Besant was his brother, and another brother, Frank, was the husband of Annie Besant.

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