1895–96 Northern Rugby Football Union season

The 1895–96 Northern Rugby Football Union season was the first ever season of semi-professional rugby football, which formed the foundation of the modern-day sport of rugby league. Twenty-two Northern English teams from both sides of the Pennines broke away from the Rugby Football Union to create and compete in their own competition.[2] The inaugural championship ran from September 1895 until April 1896. The Northern Union's first season would prove so popular that the following season saw the addition of several more clubs, and the tournament was split into two separate county competitions.

1895–96 Northern Rugby Football Union season
1895–96 season
Top point-scorer(s)Cooper (Bradford) 106[1]
Lorimer (Manningham) 106[1]
Top try-scorer(s)Oldhamcolours.svg Jack Hurst 28 [1]


The Rugby Football Union (RFU) had been organising the British rugby football season for much of the late 19th century, maintaining rules of strict amateurism. However clubs from the largely working-class areas of Northern England believed that their players should be compensated for time taken off work as a result of playing rugby. It was put forth in an RFU meeting that broken time payments should be allowed, but the motion was voted down and all clubs were required to prove their amateurism or face expulsion from the Union.

On Thursday, 29 August 1895 delegates from twelve Yorkshire and nine Lancashire clubs met at The George Hotel in Huddersfield to discuss their dispute with the RFU over compensating players.[3][4] They voted unanimously to resign from the RFU and set up the Northern Rugby Football Union (to later be renamed the Rugby Football League) and run a competition of their own in which broken time payments were allowed.[5] Mr H. H. Waller, chairman of the Brighouse club, was elected the first ever chairman of the Northern Rugby Football Union. Of the clubs at that meeting, only Dewsbury backed out for the time being, but two Cheshire clubs, Stockport and Runcorn had joined up by the time the new 'Northern Union' played its first games on 7 September.

Rule changes

  • A penalty would now be awarded for a deliberate knock-on.

Season summary

Each team was to play all other teams twice – once at home and once away. This meant a longer than normal football season so it started a fortnight earlier than usual. In addition to the overall Northern Union championship, these games' results also counted towards final placings in the separate county competitions. The team with the highest standing on the table at the end of the season would be crowned champions of the tournament.

The points system for the Northern Union's rugby was as follows:

The new Northern Union competition kicked off on Saturday, 7 September 1895 and, before it had got properly started (before the second weekend's fixtures), there was a move to change the rules of the game to further the interest of spectators and to make rugby that was distinctively different from that authorised by the RFU. In an experimental game at Valley Parade on 1 October between Manningham and Halifax, thirteen players were on each side, line-outs were abolished and, for part of the game, a round ball was used. A fair crowd was attracted and virtually all the officials of the Northern Union looked on. Play was started with the round ball, but midway through the first half it burst. A conventional oval ball replaced it until another round ball could be found in the second half. Little attempt was made to dribble and kick the round ball and it was thus deemed not to be a success. The game ended 3–3, but the long-term ramifications for the Northern Union were to be great indeed.

Manningham championship team 1896
Inaugural champions Manningham with the championship shield in 1896.[6]

The championship hung in the balance until the final game of the tournament. Manningham needed travel to Hunslet and win in order to beat Halifax by a single point and claim the first Northern Union title. The Manningham team left Midland Station at 2.10, but the committee elected to travel in two stagecoaches. A large following travelled with the team and the road adjacent to the ground was crowded with various vehicles flying banners, flags and even Chinese umbrellas in Manningham’s claret and amber colours.

The match was played at a furious pace. A crowd of around 15,000 saw the game swing from end to end. The referee at one point had to halt the match in order to caution the players of both sides as the game was getting extremely rough. The match remained scoreless until the second half when Manningham's Jack Brown attempted a drop kick. The ball struck the post, but flew over the bar to wild cheers. Manningham won 4–0 and thereby became the first ever champions of the Northern Union.[7]

The Northern Union held an additional contest, for determining county champions, and it was won by Lancashire with Yorkshire second and Cheshire third.

The season ended on 29 April, which made it three weeks longer than the footballers at the time were used to. Some clubs had also found the regular trans-Pennine journeys more difficult than they'd expected. Therefore, before the season was over the Union had decided to discontinue the championship for the foreseeable future, and instead run enlarged county senior competitions.

The leading try scorer for the season was Jack Hurst from Oldham who crossed the line 28 times.[1] The leading goalkicker for the season was George Lorimer of the Champions, Manningham, who was successful 35 times.[1] The leading point scorer was shared between Cooper of Bradford and George Lorimer of Manningham with a total of 106 points each.[1]

Championship ladder

Team Pld W D L PF PA PD Pts
1 Manningham 42 33 0 9 367 158 +209 66
2 Halifax 42 30 5 7 312 139 +173 65
3 Runcorn 42 24 8 10 314 143 +171 56
4 Oldham 42 27 2 13 374 194 +180 56
5 Brighouse 42 22 9 11 247 129 +118 53
6 Tyldesley 42 21 8 13 260 164 +96 50
7 Hunslet 42 24 2 16 279 207 +72 50
8 Hull F.C. 42 23 3 16 259 158 +101 49
9 Leigh 42 21 4 17 214 269 −55 46
10 Wigan 42 19 7 16 245 147 +98 45
11 Bradford 42 18 9 15 254 175 +79 45
12 Leeds 42 20 3 19 258 247 +11 43
13 Warrington 42 17 5 20 198 240 −42 39
14 St. Helens 42 15 8 19 195 230 −35 36a[›]
15 Liversedge 42 15 4 23 261 355 −94 34
16 Widnes 42 14 4 24 177 323 −146 32
17 Stockport 42 12 8 22 171 315 −144 32
18 Batley 42 12 7 23 137 298 −161 31
19 Wakefield Trinity 42 13 4 25 156 318 −162 30
20 Huddersfield 42 10 4 28 194 274 −80 24
21 Broughton Rangers 42 8 8 26 165 244 −79 24
22 Rochdale Hornets 42 4 8 30 78 388 −310 16

League points: for win = 2; for draw = 1; for loss = 0.
Pld = Games played; W = Wins; D = Draws; L = Losses; PF = Match points scored; PA = Match points conceded; PD = Points difference; Pts = League points.


^ a: St. Helens had 2 points deducted for fielding an ineligible player

Operational rules

Broken time payments:

  • Although full-time professionalism was still banned, payments up to a maximum of six shillings per day were permitted for loss of a player's earnings as a result of playing (based on increases in average earnings, this would have been approximately £118.70 in 2013).[4][8]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f Raymond Fletcher; David Howes (1995). Rothmans Rugby League Yearbook 1995–1996. London: Headline Book Publishing. p. 164. ISBN 0-7472-7817-2.
  2. ^ Spracklen, Karl (2001). "Chapter 4: 'Black Pearl, Black Diamonds' Exploring racial identities in rugby league". In Carrington, Ben; McDonald, Ian. 'Race', sport, and British society. Routledge. p. 73. ISBN 978-0-415-24629-3.
  3. ^ Huddersfield Daily Examiner (2000-12-08). "Birthplace of Rugby League". Huddersfield Examiner. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
  4. ^ a b Warrington Wolves. "The Northern Union". Warrington Wolves. Archived from the original on 2009-09-26. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
  5. ^ "The History Of Rugby League". Rugby League Information. napit.co.uk. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Early Days". A History of Bradford City Football Club. bantamspast.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  7. ^ Baker, Andrew (1995-08-20). "100 years of rugby league: From the great divide to the Super era". Independent, The. independent.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
  8. ^ "Measuring Worth – Relative Value of UK Pounds". Measuring Worth. 31 December 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015.

External links



was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1895th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 895th year of the 2nd millennium, the 95th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1895, the Gregorian calendar was

12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Billy Jacques

Billy Jacques (1876 - death unknown) was a rugby union and professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1890s and 1900s. He played representative level rugby union for Yorkshire, and at club level for Hull F.C. (Prior to the 1895–96 Northern Rugby Football Union season, Hull F.C. was a rugby union club), and club level rugby league for St. Helens and Hull F.C.Jacques played for Hull before joining St Helens in December 1895. He made his début against Oldham, but his appearance breached the rules, as neither Hull nor the Northern Union committee had given permission for the transfer to go ahead. As a result, Saints were deducted two points for fielding an ineligible player. He went to make 50 appearances for the club, with his final appearance coming in the 1897 Challenge Cup Final defeat against Batley. He rejoined Hull in 1897. In 1898–99, he was the season's top point scorer. Jacques played 122 games for Hull, scoring 370 points (32 tries and 137 goals).

Brighouse Rangers RFC

Brighouse Rangers was a (semi) professional rugby league club based in Brighouse, a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, in West Yorkshire, England. It is situated on the River Calder and has a population of approx 35,000.

The club was involved in the momentous meeting at the George Hotel, Huddersfield in 1895, and after the schism, the club became founder members of the Northern Rugby Football Union (now Rugby Football League) and played for eleven seasons from 1895–96 to 1905–06.

After a break, a new club, also called Brighouse Rangers, appeared in 1915 and played in the Emergency War Leagues in season 1915–16, 1916–17, 1917–18 and the 1918–19 (Jan) wartime league (but not in the shortened 1919 (Feb – May) Victory League.

Laws of rugby league

In rugby league football, the Laws of the Game are the rules governing how the sport is played. The Laws are the responsibility of the Rugby League International Federation, and cover the play, officiating, equipment and procedures of the game.

The Laws have undergone significant changes since pioneers of the sport broke away from the Rugby football establishment in 1895. The sport has been described as a "constantly evolving animal, particularly with professional coaches, [with which] the rules have to keep pace".

Runcorn RFC

Runcorn RFC was a (semi) professional rugby league club. They joined the Northern Union in 1895, just several days after it was founded and played in the league system from season 1895–96 to season 1917–18 inclusive.

The club was based in Runcorn (population approximately 62,000 in 2010), an industrial town and cargo port within the borough of Halton in the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. The town is situated on the southern bank of the River Mersey opposite Widnes

Stockport RFC

Stockport RFC was a (semi) professional rugby league club, based in Stockport, in modern day Greater Manchester, England, but historically, and at the time of the club's existence, a part of Cheshire.

The club became founder members of the Northern Rugby Football Union (now Rugby Football League) after the English rugby schism, and resultant breakaway meeting at the George Hotel, Huddersfield in 1895.

They played for eight seasons from 1895–96 to 1902–03, when they finished bottom of the newly instituted Division Two.

Although they were from Cheshire, they, like several other Cheshire clubs and some Cumberland clubs, participated in the Lancashire Competitions.

Rugby Football League era
Super League era

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