1894 Birthday Honours

The 1884 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The Queen, and were published in the London Gazette on 25 May 1894.[1] and in The Times on 26 May 1894.[2]

The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.

United Kingdom and British Empire

Privy Councillor

The Queen appointed the following to Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council:


Knight Bachelor

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath

Order of bath star
Civilian star of the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB)

Military Division

Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB)

Military Division
  • General James Frankfort Manners Browne CB Royal Engineers.
  • Surgeon-General James Mouat VC CB late Army Medical Department, Honorary Surgeon to the Queen.
  • Honorary Major-General James Mansfield Nuttall CB retired full pay, late Indian Staff Corps.
  • General James Abbott CB Royal (late Bengal) Artillery.
  • General Robert Cadell CB Royal (late Madras) Artillery.
  • General Henry Hastings Affleck Wood CB Indian Staff Corps.
  • Major-General Frederick William Edward Forestier-Walker CB CMG Commanding the Force in Egypt.
  • Lieutenant-General Edward Newdigate Newdegate CB
  • Lieutenant-General Henry Brackenbury CB Royal Artillery, Ordinary Member of the Council of the Governor-General of India.
  • Honorary Major-General Robert John Hughes CB
  • Rear-Admiral John Arbuthnot Fisher CB Controller of the Navy.
  • Colonel William Green CB
  • Lieutenant-General Robert John Hay CB Royal Artillery, Director of Artillery.
Civil Division

Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB)

Military Division
  • Deputy Surgeon-General William George Nicholas Manley VC late Army Medical Department.
  • Colonel Edward Lutwyche England.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Colonel Horace Moule Evans, Indian Staff Corps.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Colonel Francis James Caldecott, Royal (late Bombay) Artillery, Indian Ordnance Department.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Colonel Francis Eddowes Hastings, Indian Army.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Colonel Charles McInroy, Indian Staff Corps.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Colonel Francis William Ward, Royal (late Bengal) Artillery, Colonel on Staff (for Royal Artillery), Bengal.
  • Colonel John Jopp, Indian Staff Corps, Commanding a Second Class District in India.
  • Colonel (temporary Major-General) Hugh Thomas Jones-Vaughan, Colonel on the Staff Commanding the Troops in the Straits Settlements.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet Colonel Edmund Henry Eyre, Indian Staff Corps, Quartermaster-General, Madras.
  • Colonel William Freeman Kelly.
  • Colonel Charles More Stockley, Regimental District.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Colonel the Hon. George Hugh Gough, 14th Hussars.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet Colonel John Henry Barnard CMG Aide-de-Camp to the Queen.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet Colonel Thomas Hungerford Holdich, Royal Engineers.
  • Colonel Edward Thomas Henry Hutton, Aide-de-Camp to the Queen, Commandant Colonial Forces, New South Wales.
  • Veterinary Lieutenant-Colonel William B. Walters, late Army Veterinary Department.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Archibald Broadfoot, Royal Artillery.

The following appointments to the Most Honourable Order of the Bath given in recognition of the services in the recent operations against Fodey Silah in Combo on the Gambia:

  • Major and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Domville Corbet, Royal Marine Light Infantry.
  • Fleet Surgeon William Rogerson White.
Civil Division
  • Richard Davis Awdry, Assistant Secretary to the Admiralty.
  • The Hon. Hamilton John Agmondesham Cuffe, Assistant Solicitor to the Treasury.
  • Frederic Fitzjames Cullinan, Principal Clerk in the Chief Secretary's Office, Dublin Castle.
  • Daniel Robert Fearon, Secretary to the Charity Commissioners.
  • Sir George Grove Kt Director of the Royal College of Music.
  • Andrew Charles Howard, Assistant Commissioner of Metropolitan Police.
  • Colonel Herbert Locock, Royal Engineers, Deputy Inspector-General of Fortifications, War Office.
  • Alfred Milner, Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue.
  • Walter Murton, Solicitor to the Board of Trade.
  • Edmund Constantine Henry Phipps, a Minister Plenipotentiary in Her Majesty's Diplomatic Service, Secretary to Her Majesty's Embassy at Paris.
  • The Reverend Thomas Wetherhead Sharpe, Senior Chief Inspector of Schools, Education Department.

The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India

GCSI star
Star of a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India.

Knight Commander (KCSI)

Companion (CSI)

  • Major-General Robert Charles Boileau Pemberton, Royal Engineers.
  • Arthur Charles Trevor, Indian Civil Service, Member of Council, Bombay.

The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George

GCMG star
Star of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George.

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG)

  • The Hon. Sir Henry Ayers KCMG five times Premier of South Australia, and subsequently for many years President of the Legislative Council of that Colony.

Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG)

  • Lieutenant-General Arthur James Lyon Fremantle CB Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Island of Malta.
  • The Hon. James Brown Patterson, Premier and Chief Secretary of the Colony of Victoria.
  • The Hon. John Lackey, President of the Legislative Council of the Colony of New South Wales.
  • George Thomas Michael O'Brien CMG Colonial Secretary of the Colony of Hong Kong.
  • Edwyn Sandys Dawes, for services in connection with the Colony of Queensland, and in developing steam communication between England and certain of Her Majesty's Colonial Possessions.
Honorary Knight Commander

Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)

  • Charles-Eugène Boucher de Boucherville, Senator of the Dominion of Canada.
  • Colonel Frederick Cardew, now Administering the Government of the Colony of Sierra Leone, and lately Acting Resident Commissioner in Zululand.
  • Charles Bletterman Elliott General Manager of Railways of the Cape of Good Hope.
  • Capt. Hamilton John Goold-Adams, Commandant of the British Bechuanaland Border Police.
  • Robert Grieve Surgeon-General of the Colony of British Guiana.
  • Emanuel Charles Poupinel de Valencé, President of the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius, and Vice-President of the General Board of Health in that Colony.

The Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire

KCIE Brits Indië Tweede Graad
Riband, badge and star of the Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire

Companion (CIE)

  • Colonel Thomas Hungerford Holdich, Royal Engineers, Superintendent, Survey Department.
  • His Highness Mir Hasan Ali Khan.
  • Colonel Frank William Chatterton, Commandant Administrative Battalion, Calcutta Volunteers, and Honorary Aide-de-Camp to the Viceroy of India.
  • George Abraham Grierson, Indian Civil Service.
  • Francis Joseph Edward Spring, Joint Secretary to Government, Public Works Department, Railway Branch, Bombay.
  • Edwin Welsh Kellner, Accountant-General, Punjab.
  • Major Ivar Macivor, Indian Staff Corps
  • Cowasjee Dinshaw, of Aden
  • Thomas Blaney, President of the Municipal Corporation, Bombay.
  • Graham Anderson.
  • Tikka Raghunath Singh, of Bashahr.
  • Rao Bahadur Sri Ram Bhikaji Jatar.

Distinguished Service Order (DSO)


  1. ^ "No. 26516". The London Gazette. 25 May 1894. pp. 3115–3117.
  2. ^ "Birthday Honours". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 26 May 1894. p. 9.
Constantine Phipps (diplomat)

Sir Edmund Constantine Henry Phipps, (15 March 1840 – 15 March 1911) was a British diplomat.

George Williams (YMCA)

Sir George Williams (11 October 1821 – 6 November 1905) was an English philanthropist and founder of the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA). The oldest and largest youth charity in the world, its aim is to support young people to belong, contribute and thrive in their communities.

Thomas Robinson (Gloucester MP)

Sir Thomas Robinson (January 1827 – 26 Oct 1897) was an English corn merchant and Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1880 and 1895.

Robinson was born at Weston. He became a corn merchant of Gloucester and was an Alderman and mayor of the city four times. He was also a J.P.In 1873 Robinson stood in a by-election Gloucester after out manoeuvering former Liberal member John Joseph Powell for the candidature, but was defeated. He was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Gloucester in 1880 after the Liberals had established a party caucus chosen by ward meetings, resulting in improved organisation. However bribery and corruption were on a major scale in Gloucester and Robinson was unseated in the same year. His willingness to stand down and the unwillingness of the Conservatives to take matters further led to suspicions of collusion between the parties and a Royal Commission was set up to examine electoral practices. The Royal Commission concluded that Gloucester was among the most corrupt of the seven towns investigated and that bribery was endemic in all elections in the city. The Commission concluded that half of the electorate had taken bribes in 1880, and blamed local politicians for most of the corruption. Notwithstanding this, and the virtual halving of the electorate eligible to vote, Robinson was reelected for Gloucester in 1885 when representation had been reduced to one member under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.He was knighted in Queen Victoria's 1894 Birthday Honours.

William Cornelius Van Horne

Sir William Cornelius Van Horne, (February 3, 1843 – September 11, 1915) succeeded Lord Mount Stephen as president of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1888. He was a prominent member of the Whitney syndicate that created the Cuba Railroad Company, incorporated at Trenton, New Jersey, in 1900 with a capitalization of $8,000,000. He lived at the Van Horne Mansion in Montreal's Golden Square Mile.

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