1891 Birthday Honours
1891 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The Queen, and were published in the on 29 May 1891 London Gazette and in  on 30 May 1891. The Times
The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross,
etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.
United Kingdom and British Empire
The Queen appointed the following to Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council:
The Right Hon. Peter O'Brien, Chief Justice of the High Court of Justice in Ireland. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (KGCB) Military Division Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) Military Division Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) Military Division Maj.-Gen. Thomas Rose Nimmo, Indian Staff Corps.
Capt. Walter Stewart
RN Col. (temporary Maj.-Gen.) Henry le Guay Geary, Commanding Royal Artillery, Southern District.
Lt.-Col. and Col. the Hon. George Patrick Hyde Villiers
Grenadier Guards. CMG Capt. Alan Brodrick Thomas
Henry Coey Kane RN Lt.-Col. and Col. William Popham Dicken
Indian Staff Corps. DSO Lt.-Col. and Col. Swinton John Browne, Indian Staff Corps.
Lt.-Col. and Col. Francis William Boileau, Indian Staff Corps.
Lt.-Col. and Col. Robert Cecil Richard Clifford, Indian Staff Corps.
Lt.-Col. and Col. James Calder Stewart, Indian Staff Corps.
Lt.-Col. and Col. Francis William Collis, Indian Staff Corps.
Lt.-Col. and Col. Joseph Gabbett, Indian Staff Corps.
Lt.-Col. and Col. Thomas Fraser
Royal Engineers. CMG Col. James Alleyne, Assistant Adjutant-General, Aldershot.
Lt.-Col. and Col.
John Frederick Maurice, Professor, Staff College. Col.
Henry Richard Abadie, Regimental District. Chief Inspector of Machinery John Harold Heffernan
RN Col. James Woodward Scott
Royal Marine Light Infantry. ADC Lt.-Col. and Col.
Bindon Blood, Royal Engineers. Lt.-Col. and Col. Arthur Godolphin Yeatman-Biggs, Royal Artillery.
Maj. and Brevet Col. Charles Holled Smith, the King's Royal Rifle Corps (Governor-General of the Red Sea Littoral and Commandant, Suakin).
Lt.-Col. and Col.
Richard Westmacott Indian Staff Corps. DSO Col.
Arthur Singleton Wynne, Assistant Adjutant General, Curragh. Lt.-Col. and Col. Frederick Meyer Wardrop, 12th Lancers.
Maj. and Col. John Hartley Sandwith, Royal Marine Light Infantry, Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General, Egypt.
Maj. and Col. Charles Coghlan Smyth, the Welsh Regiment.
Principal Veterinary Surgeon James Drummond Lambert, Veterinary Department.
William Gustavus Nicholson, Military Secretary to the Commander-in-Chief in India. Brigade Surgeon Robert Waters
Lt.-Col. Arthur James Poole.
Honorary Lt.-Col. Edmund Grey Skinner, Assistant Commissary General of Ordnance, Ordnance Store Department.
Lt.-Col. Wodehouse Dillon Richardson, Army Service Corps, Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General, Egypt. Civil Division Lt.-Col. and Col. Robert Young Armstrong, Royal Engineers, Inspector of Submarine Defences.
Robert Giffen, Assistant Secretary, Board of Trade. Honorary Col. William Macdonnell, Chief Paymaster, Army Pay Department.
Frederic Lacey Robinson, Commissioner of Inland Revenue.
Guy Douglas Arthur Fleetwood Wilson, War Office. Knight Commander (KCSI) Companion (CSI) Col. George Herbert Trevor, Madras Staff Corps, Agent to the Governor-General in Rajputana. Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG)
Richard Southey formerly Colonial Secretary of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope and Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Griqualand West. CMG
John Forrest Premier and Treasurer of the Colony of Western Australia. CMG George William Robert Campbell oil retirement from the office of Inspector-General of Police and Prisons of the Island of Ceylon. CMG Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)
William Grey-Wilson, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Island of St. Helena. Col. John Elliott
Inspector-General of Police of the Island of Barbados. CB Thomas Dickson Foote, late President of the General Legislative Council of the Leeward Islands and of the Legislative Council of Antigua.
Frederick Mitchell Hodgson, Colonial Secretary of the Gold Coast Colony.
George Chardin Denton, Colonial Secretary of the Colony of Lagos. Lt.-Col. Alexander Chalmers McKean, for services in Zululand.
Lt.-Col. David Wilson, Commanding the Rifle Volunteers in Trinidad, and Sub-intendant of Crown Lands of that Colony.
Charles Shortt Dicken, Secretary to the Agent-General in London for the Colony of Queensland.
Charles James Ward, for services in connection with the Jamaica Exhibition.
George Stiebel, for services in connection with the Jamaica Exhibition. Honorary Companion Dato Sri Amar d'Raja Abdul Rahman, Secretary to His Highness the Sultan of Johore GCMG KCSI Knight Grand Commander (GCIE) His Highness Mir Ali Murad Khan, Talpur of Khairpur. Knight Commander (KCIE) Charles Bradley Pritchard Bombay Civil Service. Member of the Council of the Governor of Bombay. CSI Companion (CIE) Nawub Ahsun Ullah, of Dacca.
John Prescott Hewett, Bengal Civil Service.
Raj Kanti Chunder Mukarji Bahadur, Diwan of Jaipur.
William Schlich Maharaja Mahendra Singh, of Bhadawar.
Francis Edward Younghusband, 1st (King's) Dragoon Guards. Vincent Robinson.
Khan Bahadur Muncherji Kavasji Murzban. Chief Inspector of Machinery Henry Benbow
RN Col. Elphinstone Waters Begbie, Madras Infantry, Assistant Adjutant-General, Madras.
Maj. and Col.
Francis William Rhodes, 1st Dragoon, Military Secretary to Governor, Bombay. Capt. and Brevet Lt.-Col.
Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, the Gordon Highlanders, Assistant Adjutant-General (for Musketry), Bengal. Maj. and Brevet Lt.-Col. Ralph Arthur Penrhyn Clements, the South Wales Borderers.
Maj. and Brevet Lt.-Col.
Henry Hamilton Settle, Royal Engineers (attached to Egyptian Army). Honorary Lt.-Col. Frank Graham Wintle, Assistant Commissary-General of Ordnance, Ordnance Store Department.
Maj. and Brevet Lt.-Col. Harold Pemberton Leach, Royal Engineers.
Surgeon-Maj. James Sutherland Wilkins, Indian Medical Service.
Charles Comyn Egerton, Indian Staff Corps, Assistant Adjutant-General, Punjab Frontier Force. Maj. Alfred Mansel, Royal Artillery.
Capt. William Richard Yielding, Indian Staff Corps.
Capt. John Robert Beech 20th Hussars (attached to Egyptian Army). CMG References
"No. 26167". . 29 May 1891. pp. 2921–2923. The London Gazette
"Birthday Honours". . The Times Digital Archive. 30 May 1891. p. 9. The Times Charles Patton Keyes
General Sir Charles Patton Keyes, (25 November 1822 – 5 February 1896) was a British Indian Army officer.
William Alexander Mackinnon (British Army officer)
Lieutenant General Sir William Alexander Mackinnon (27 June 1830 – 28 October 1897) was Director-General of the British Army Medical Service (1889–1896).
Mackinnon was born in Strath, Isle of Skye, Scotland. He studied medicine at the University of Glasgow and University of Edinburgh, graduating from Edinburgh in 1851 and receiving an FRCS qualification in 1873. In 1853, he enlisted to the 42nd Regiment of Foot as assistant-surgeon and took part in the Crimean War in Alma, Balaklava and Sevastopol, as well as in the New Zealand Maori war (1863–66). Afterwards he served as assistant professor of surgery at Netly (1866–73); Senior Medical Officer of Sir Garnet Wolseley’s Ashanti Force (1873–74); Principal Medical Officer at Aldershot, Colchester, Hong Kong, and at Malta (1874–82); Head of the medical Branch of the Director-General’s Office in London (1882–87); and Principal Medical Officer at Gibraltar (1887–89).After being knighted in the 1891 Birthday Honours, Mackinnon served as an Honorary Surgeon to the Queen. He received an honorary LLD from the University of Glasgow in 1891 and donated £2000 to the university for scholarships. Mackinnon retired on 7 May 1896 and died next year in London.
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