1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1885th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 885th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1880s decade. As of the start of 1885, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1885 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1885
Ab urbe condita2638
Armenian calendar1334
Assyrian calendar6635
Bahá'í calendar41–42
Balinese saka calendar1806–1807
Bengali calendar1292
Berber calendar2835
British Regnal year48 Vict. 1 – 49 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar2429
Burmese calendar1247
Byzantine calendar7393–7394
Chinese calendar甲申(Wood Monkey)
4581 or 4521
    — to —
乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4582 or 4522
Coptic calendar1601–1602
Discordian calendar3051
Ethiopian calendar1877–1878
Hebrew calendar5645–5646
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1941–1942
 - Shaka Samvat1806–1807
 - Kali Yuga4985–4986
Holocene calendar11885
Igbo calendar885–886
Iranian calendar1263–1264
Islamic calendar1302–1303
Japanese calendarMeiji 18
Javanese calendar1814–1815
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4218
Minguo calendar27 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar417
Thai solar calendar2427–2428
Tibetan calendar阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2011 or 1630 or 858
    — to —
(female Wood-Rooster)
2012 or 1631 or 859





ZweiRadMuseumNSU Reitwagen
The Reitwagen (riding car), the first internal combustion motorcycle (1885)


Date unknown

The Benz Patent-Motorwagen, built in 1885






Unknown birth month: Otto Orkin(died February 11, 1968), pesticide founder, though some birth years are given for 1887 and 1888. His grave marker lists 1885.[13]




Date unknown

In fiction


  1. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 310–311. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  2. ^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 438–440. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ Dow Record Book Adds Another First. Philly.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
  4. ^ The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
  5. ^ "Cremation". The Times (31405). London. 1885-03-27. p. 10.
  6. ^ Mackenzie, John (1887). Austral Africa: Losing It or Ruling It; Being Incidents and Experiences in Bechuanaland, Cape Colony, and England. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington via World Digital Library. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  7. ^ Gardiner, Mark (1997). Classic motorcycles. MetroBooks. p. 16. ISBN 1-56799-460-1.
  8. ^ Brown, Roland (2005). The Ultimate History of Fast Motorcycles. Bath: Parragon. p. 6. ISBN 1-4054-5466-0.
  9. ^ Wilson, Hugo (1993). The Ultimate Motorcycle Book. Dorling Kindersley. pp. 8–9. ISBN 1-56458-303-1.
  10. ^ Benz, Carl Friedrich (1925). Lebensfahrt eines deutschen erfinders; erinnerungen eines achtzigjahrigen. Leipzig: Koehler & Amelang.
  11. ^ "Icons of Invention: Rover safety bicycle, 1885". Making the Modern World. Science Museum (London). Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
  12. ^ "Home Insurance Building". SkyscraperPage. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
  13. ^ Otto Orkin, findagrave listing Retrieved July 9, 2017
  14. ^ Mangion, Fabian (March 8, 2015). "Recalling a brave, sincere patriot forgotten by Malta". Times of Malta. Archived from the original on December 24, 2018. Retrieved December 24, 2018.

Further reading

1885 United Kingdom general election

The 1885 United Kingdom general election was held from 24 November to 18 December 1885. This was the first general election after an extension of the franchise and redistribution of seats. For the first time a majority of adult males could vote and most constituencies by law returned a single member to Parliament fulfilling one of the ideals of Chartism to provide direct single-member, single-electorate accountability. It saw the Liberals, led by William Ewart Gladstone, win the most seats, but not an overall majority. As the Irish Nationalists held the balance of power between them and the Conservatives who sat with an increasing number of allied Unionist MPs (referring to the Union of Great Britain and Ireland), this exacerbated divisions within the Liberals over Irish Home Rule and led to a Liberal split and another general election the following year.

The 1885 election saw the first socialist party participate, with the Social Democratic Federation led by H. M. Hyndman running three candidates.

Berlin Conference

The Berlin Conference of 1884–85, also known as the Congo Conference (German: Kongokonferenz) or West Africa Conference (Westafrika-Konferenz), regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power. The conference was organized by Otto von Bismarck, first Chancellor of Germany; its outcome, the General Act of the Berlin Conference, can be seen as the formalisation of the Scramble for Africa, although some scholars of history warn against an overemphasis of its role in the colonial partitioning of Africa, drawing attention to bilateral agreements concluded before and after the conference. The conference ushered in a period of heightened colonial activity by European powers, which eliminated or overrode most existing forms of African autonomy and self-governance.

Dictionary of National Biography

The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.

Southampton F.C.

Southampton Football Club ( (listen)) is a professional association football club based in Southampton, Hampshire, England, which plays in the Premier League, the top tier of English football.

Their home ground since 2001 has been St Mary's Stadium, before which they were based at The Dell. The club has been nicknamed "The Saints" since its inception in 1885 due to its history as a church football team, founded as St. Mary's Church of England Young Men's Association, and play in red and white shirts. Southampton has a long-standing rivalry with Portsmouth due to its close proximity and both cities' respective maritime history. Matches between the two sides are known as the South Coast derby.

The club has won the FA Cup once, in 1976, and their highest-ever league finish was second in the First Division in 1983–84. Southampton were relegated from the Premier League on 15 May 2005, ending 27 successive seasons of top-division football for the club. They returned after a seven-year absence, and have played there ever since.

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