1884 FA Cup Final

The 1884 FA Cup Final was a football match between Blackburn Rovers and Queen's Park contested on 29 March 1884 at the Kennington Oval. It was the showpiece match of English football's primary cup competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup (better known as the FA Cup), it was the 13th Cup final. It was the first time that a Scottish team reached the final of the tournament, with Queen's Park knocking out the previous holders of the trophy en route.

Both teams received protests from the defeated teams following the semi-final matches, but each were turned down by the Football Association. By the time the match was played, Queen's Park had already been awarded the Scottish Cup after Vale of Leven declined to participate in the final. Prior to the match there were temporary stands built at the Oval as the Pavilion was reserved for members of the Surrey County Cricket Club. There was a record breaking attendance at the match, with between 10,000 and 12,000 fans attending making it the most attended match in London and special trains were laid on by the railways to transport spectators from Lancashire.

Despite Queen's Park entering the match as favourites, it was Blackburn Rovers who won the game by two goals to one with goals from Jimmy Douglas and Jimmy Forrest; Robert M Christie scored for Queen's Park. The Scottish team had a goal disallowed during play, and the referee later said that they had scored once more but as the players did not attempt to claim it, he had not bothered to award it. The two teams met once more in the final of the following FA Cup final in 1885.

1884 FA Cup Final
Event1883–84 FA Cup
Blackburn Rovers Queen's Park
England Scotland
2 1
Date29 March 1884
VenueKennington Oval, London
RefereeMajor Francis Marindin
Attendance12,000

Route to the final

Queen's Park

Round Opposition Score Venue
1st Crewe Alexandra 10–0 Crewe (a)
2nd Manchester F.C. 15–0 Glasgow (h)
3rd Oswestry 7–1 Oswestry (a)
4th Aston Villa 6–1 Glasgow (h)
Quarter-final Old Westminsters 1–0 Kennington Oval (a)
Semi-final Blackburn Olympic 4–1 Nottingham (n)

Queen's Park were invited to compete in the 1883–84 FA Cup, despite being from Scotland.[1] They had previously been invited on several occasions from the 1871–72 competition onwards,[2] but ultimately withdrew on each occasion. Their most successful runs had been in both 1871–72 and 1872–73 when they reached the semi-final each time before withdrawing.[3] On each occasion since, they had withdrawn from the cup without playing any matches.[4][5][6][7][8] Queen's 1883–84 FA Cup campaign began on 6 October 1883 with a 10–0 victory over Crewe Alexandra in the first round in front of a crowd of 2,000 spectators.[9] The second round saw their first home game, and a 15–0 victory against Manchester F.C. on 1 December.[10] It was the first time that an English cup match had been played in Scotland, and drew 6,000 fans. However the match was a one-sided affair, with Queen's Park dominating throughout to the extent that their goalkeeper was never required to handle the ball.[11]

They defeated the Welsh team from Oswestry in the third round, 7–1. They were drawn at home against Aston Villa in the fourth round, but the match was called into doubt when it was scheduled to take place on the same date and location as Queen's Park's match against Hibernian F.C. in the Scottish Cup. But Queen's and their Scottish opponents agreed to postpone the match for two weeks.[12] There was a great deal of interest by the spectators from Birmingham, and three special trains were laid on to transport them to Glasgow for the game with more than 1200 of them travelling north of the border. Around 10,000 fans filled the ground where they watched Queen's Park defeat Aston Villa 6–1.[13] The fifth round was their lowest scoring game of the campaign, where they won away to Old Westminsters 1–0 at the Kennington Oval in London.[10][14] In the semi-final they defeated Blackburn Olympic 4–1 to set up a final against the other Blackburn-based team;[10] the match was played at a neutral venue in Nottingham.[15] Olympic subsequently complained to The Football Association as the crowd invaded the pitch to cause disruption for their team; the complaint was not upheld.[16]

Blackburn Rovers

Round Opposition Score Venue
1st Southport Central 7–1 Leamington Street (h)
2nd South Shore 7–0 Blackpool (a)
3rd Padiham 3–0 Leamington Street (h)
4th Staveley 5–1 Leamington Street (h)
Quarter-final Upton Park 3–0 West Ham Park (a)
Semi-final Notts County 1–0 Birmingham (n)

Blackburn Rovers also started their campaign in the first round, where they won their first game at home against Southport Central 7–1.[17] The second round saw them drawn away to South Shore at Blackpool resulting in a further victory by a margin of 7–0.[18] They defeated Padiham 3–0 in the third round,[19] once again at their home ground of Leamington Street, and in the fourth round against Staveley 5–1 in a match which was dominated by Rovers and in front of a crowd of 3000 spectators.[20]

Rovers won once again in an away game against Upton Park at West Ham Park by a scoreline of 3–0 in the fifth round. The match was more competitive than the scoreline might suggest, as Blackburn were a goal down at half time but won the game after a goal by John Inglis and two by Joe Lofthouse in the second half.[21] At Birmingham in a neutral venue, they defeated Notts County in the semi-final 1–0.[10][15] As with Olympic against Queen's Park, Notts also complained of events that took place during their semi-final. They argued that Rovers had illegally fielded Inglis, a player from Glasgow who had played for Glasgow Rangers and was only drafted it to the Blackburn team to improve their cup performance. A letter was produced by Rovers to show that he had been expelled from Rangers because he continued to play for the English team instead. Notts wanted the match to be replayed without Inglis,[22] but the FA did not uphold the complaint.[16]

Pre-match

Prior to the match, Queen's Park and Blackburn Rovers had met on three occasions; each time the game ended in a draw.[23] Queen's went into the match as the favourites, being the most successful club in Scotland at that point and having developed a style of play involving short passing which was not in use in England.[24] They had been awarded the Scottish Cup earlier in the season after Vale of Leven declined to participate in the final due to illnesses suffered by a number of their players.[25]

Blackburn Rovers were seeking to emulate the success of rivals Blackburn Olympic, who were the current holders of the trophy, and the team that Queen's Park defeated in the semi-final.[10][16] Rovers had previously reached the FA Cup final, in 1882, where they were defeated by Old Etonians.[26] Blackburn trained during the week prior to the game by conducting practise games and going for walks. They departed for the London area by train on the day before the final; a large crowd of local supporters gathered at the train station in Blackburn to wish them well as they left.[23] The team stayed in Richmond the night before the match and made their way into the city at lunchtime on the Saturday.[26]

For the second year in succession, special trains were laid on for the final to transport fans down from Blackburn. However, due to issues with the Olympic fans from the previous year destroying tea-rooms at stations on the route, the railway instead closed all refreshment rooms on the line on the day of the match.[27] Additional stands were built at the Oval for the match at both the Gasometre end and on the west side, as the Pavilion was reserved for members of the Surrey County Cricket Club.[26]

Match

Cricket, WG Grace, 1891- Kennington Oval
The Kennington Oval in 1891

The match was refereed by Major Francis Marindin of the Royal Engineers, who was also President of the Football Association. His two umpires were Charles Wollaston of Wanderers and C. Crump of the Birmingham Football Association. According to initial estimates, there were around 10,000 to 12,000 spectators,[28] breaking previous records for attendances in London. This was unexpected, and so there was not enough staff at the stadium to prevent the crowd from rushing through the turnstiles without paying.[26] The weather was described as "bright and seasonable".[28] Queen's won the coin toss and chose to defend the gasometer end. Rovers kicked off, but play quickly turned in the Scottish team's favour and they made the first two attacks. The work of Inglis and Sowerbutts saw Rovers take control of the match briefly, but Queen's Park were awarded an indirect free kick for handball inside the Blackburn half. The ball was shot straight into the Blackburn net without touching another player, and so no goal was awarded. Rovers quickly gained a corner kick but failed to score.[28]

Queen's went on the attack once again, with Christie going on a run but losing possession to Hargreaves. After around 30 minutes of play, Hargreaves passed the ball to his teammate Douglas who went on to score Rovers' first goal. Queen's Park then committed the second handball of the game, giving Rovers a free kick. Brown took the ball up the wing, and centred it towards Forrest, who turned the ball into the back of the Queen's Park goal and put Blackburn two ahead. In response, Queen's Park's attacks on the Blackburn defence increased, and they scored through Christie before half time.[28]

Queen's Park took the advantage early on in the second half, and a series of rapid attacks followed the break. The Scottish team were only prevented from scoring in one goal mouth scramble by the teamwork of Arthur and Suter. Rovers appeared to have switched to a defensive posture, and conceded a further corner kick, but nothing came of it as Gow kicked it behind the goal. A further handball just inside the Queen's Park half resulted in a solitary attack for Blackburn, ending in Brown sending the ball over the crossbar. Further attacks Queen's Park followed, but one further attack from Blackburn led to a shot from Brown which many in the crowd thought crossed the line before Gillespie cleared it. Blackburn dominated the final five minutes of the game, and the match ended 2–1; all three goals were scored in the first half.[28] The medals and trophy had been expected to be awarded by Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany,[26] however due to his death on the day before the final,[29] they were not presented publicly. Instead, Major Marindin handed them over in the dressing rooms.[26]

Match details

Blackburn Rovers England2–1Scotland Queen's Park
Jimmy Douglas Goal
Jimmy Forrest Goal
Report Robert M Christie Goal
Blackburn Rovers
Queen's Park
GK Herby Arthur
FB Fergus Suter
FB Joe Beverley
HB Hugh McIntyre (c)
HB Jimmy Forrest
RW Joe Lofthouse
RW Jimmy Douglas
LW John Hargreaves
LW James Brown
FW Joe Sowerbutts
FW John Inglis
GK George Gillespie
FB John Macdonald
FB Walter Arnott
HB Charles Campbell (c)
HB John Gow
RW William Anderson
RW William Watt
FW William Harrower
FW Dr. John Smith
LW Robert M Christie
LW David Allan

Post-match

BlackburnRovers FA Cup 1883-84
The 1883–84 Blackburn Rovers team, with the East Lancashire Charity Cup; the FA Cup and the Lancashire Cup

Following the match, the referee admitted that at one point during the game the ball had passed the Blackburn goal line, but as Queen's Park did not attempt to claim the goal, it was not awarded.[26] Queen's Park would ultimately become the only Scottish club to reach the final of the FA Cup, although they returned the following year where they again faced Blackburn Rovers.[30]

Following their victory in the FA Cup final, Blackburn Rovers played Blackburn Olympic in the final of the Lancashire Association Cup where Rovers won once again 2–1.[31] The 1884 FA Cup was the first of a winning streak for Rovers, with the team retaining the trophy for the following two seasons,[32] by first defeating Queen's Park again in 1885 and then West Bromwich Albion following a replay in 1886.[33][34] This run was ended in the second round of the 1886-87 FA Cup when Rovers played another Scottish team, Renton. After an initial 2–2 draw played at Queen's Park's ground at Hampden Park,[35] Renton were victorious in the replay.[36]

References

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External links

Jimmy Douglas (Scottish footballer)

James Douglas, known as Jimmy Douglas, (3 September 1859 – 1919) was a Scottish footballer, who played in the Football League for Blackburn Rovers.The first football club to sign Jimmy Douglas was Scottish club, Paisley Institution. There appear to be no records about this club. In 1879 Jimmy Douglas was signed by Renfrew Football Club. This Renfrew existed from 1875 until 1891. Douglas left Renfrew in 1880 and headed south to England. There he joined Barrow Rangers (not today's Barrow Rangers) but after a short stay joined Blackburn Rovers. Before leaving Renfrew, he got a call–up from Scotland. Douglas played in an international friendly against Wales which Scotland won 5–1. However, as Douglas played in England he was never called–up again.Jimmy Douglas was one of a triumvirate of Scottish professionals who provided the backbone of Blackburn Rovers' FA Cup success of the 1880s. To circumvent the rules on professionalism Douglas was found employment at Yate's Iron Foundry in the town and he quickly became a popular member of the club.

His enthusiastic approach to the game was noted by the correspondent of the Blackburn Times, in April 1882, when he wrote that Douglas 'is a bold player, and when fortune seems against the team becomes reckless of danger, dashing forward against any odds. He is an excellent wing player, and he and his partner understand each other perfectly. He divides with McIntyre the kicks from the right corner flag, and is frequently exceedingly successful in making them. In shooting at goal he is rather too apt to send the leather over the bar, but is, nevertheless, dangerous in front of goal, and is very valuable in a scrimmage'. His success was all the more remarkable because of his small build, but, in an era when brute force often triumphed over finesse, his Scot had sufficient skill to be able to make his mark on the game. When Douglas first joined Blackburn he operated on the right wing of a six–man attack, but when the club adopted the five–man front line he dropped back to right–half. Indeed, his versatility was such that he was drafted into the pivotal centre–half position on more than one occasion and was able to operate with supreme ease in this more demanding role.Jimmy Douglas played in the first of four FA Cup Finals at Kennington Oval on 25 March 1882, 1882 FA Cup Final, Blackburn Rovers became the first team to play in the FA Cup Final who were not based in the Home Counties or London. Blackburn Rovers lost 1–0 to Old Etonians and Douglas played as a forward. Jimmy Douglas played in the 1884 FA Cup Final when the opponents were Queen's Park Glasgow. Rovers won 2–1 and Douglas played on the wing. Douglas' third Final was on 4 April 1885 when again Blackburn Rovers faced Queen's Park Glasgow. Rovers won 2–0 and Douglas played as a forward. The 1886 FA Cup Final was an all–English affair when on 3 April 1886 Blackburn Rovers drew 0–0 with West Bromwich Albion. Douglas played as a forward. The replay was the following week and Rovers won 2–0 with Douglas as a forward again.

Douglas made his League debut on 15 September 1888, playing as a wing-half against Accrington at Leamington Road, then home of Blackburn Rovers. The match ended in a 5-5 draw. Douglas only missed one of the 21 League games played in season 1888–89, as Blackburn finished fourth. As a wing-half he played in a midfield that achieved big (three-League-goals-or-more) wins on seven separate occasions. Douglas appeared in the two 1888–89 FA Cup semi-final matches Blackburn played against Wolverhampton Wanderers, which Blackburn lost after a replay.At the end of his career , in 1892, Douglas had played 76 first–class matches for Blackburn Rovers scoring eight goals. He played in 34 League matches and 42 FA Cup ties. All his goals were scored in FA Cup ties.

Robert Christie (footballer)

Robert Main Christie (15 November 1865 – 15 May 1918), sometimes known as Bob Christie, was a Scottish amateur football outside forward, most notably for Queen's Park. He later became president of the SFA and represented Scotland at curling.

Timeline of Scottish football

Scotland was one of the earliest modern footballing nations, with Glasgow club Queen's Park early pioneers of the game throughout the UK. More clubs formed in Scotland, resulting in the commencement of the first major competition in 1873, the Scottish Cup, then the founding of the Scottish Football League in 1890. With the official sanctioning of professionalism, the Old Firm of Celtic and Rangers became dominant in Scotland, and remain so, although other clubs have enjoyed brief periods of success too.

The first officially recognised international football match took place between Scotland and England in 1872. Over time, Scotland began to play regularly against the other home nations too, and then on a yearly basis with the establishment of the British Home Championship in 1883. Scotland didn't compete against a nation from outside the British Isles until 1929 when they played Norway in Bergen, following which they began to contest regular friendly matches against other European sides. Scotland first competed in a major tournament when they qualified for the 1954 FIFA World Cup. They have qualified for a further seven World Cups since, although have exited at the group stage each time. Scotland have also qualified twice for the UEFA European Championships, in 1992 and 1996, although again failed to progress past the group stage either time.

The Scottish Football Association (SFA) were prominent in the administration of football since the early days of the game, and in 1882 agreed with the other home-nation associations on a uniform set of rules. They continue to play a role in this, with the SFA currently forming part of the International Football Association Board along with each of the other home-nation associations and four representatives from FIFA.

Pre-1860 – 1860s – 1870s – 1880s – 1890s – 1900s – 1910s – 1920s – 1930s – 1940s – 1950s – 1960s – 1970s – 1980s – 1990s – 2000s – 2010s

Tottenham Hotspur F.C.

Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, commonly referred to as Tottenham () or Spurs, is an English professional football club in Tottenham, London, that competes in the Premier League. Tottenham Hotspur Stadium has been the club's home ground since April 2019, replacing their former home of White Hart Lane, which had been demolished to make way for the new stadium on the same site. Their training ground is on Hotspur Way in Bulls Cross in the London Borough of Enfield. The club is owned by ENIC Group. Tottenham have played in a first (home) strip of white shirts and navy blue shorts since the 1898–99 season. The club's emblem is a cockerel standing upon a football, with a Latin motto Audere est Facere ("To Dare Is to Do").

Founded in 1882, Tottenham won the FA Cup for the first time in 1901, the only non-League club to do so since the formation of the Football League in 1888. Tottenham were the first club in the 20th century to achieve the League and FA Cup Double, winning both competitions in the 1960–61 season. After successfully defending the FA Cup in 1962, in 1963 they became the first British club to win a UEFA club competition – the European Cup Winners' Cup. They were also the inaugural winners of the UEFA Cup in 1972, becoming the first British club to win two different major European trophies. They have collected at least one major trophy in each of the six decades from the 1950s to 2000s – an achievement only matched by Manchester United. In total, Spurs have won two league titles, eight FA Cups, four League Cups, seven FA Community Shields, one European Cup Winners' Cup and two UEFA Cups. Tottenham were also the runners-up of the 2018–19 UEFA Champions League competition. The club has a long-standing rivalry with nearby club Arsenal, with head-to-head fixtures known as the North London derby.

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