1884 Democratic National Convention

In 1884, the Democrats gathered in Chicago for their National Convention. The Democrats made Governor Grover Cleveland of New York their presidential nominee with the former Governor Thomas A. Hendricks of Indiana as the vice presidential nominee.[1]

1884 Democratic National Convention
1884 presidential election
Thomas Andrews Hendricks
Cleveland and Hendricks
Date(s)July 8–11, 1884
CityChicago, Illinois
VenueExposition Building
Presidential nomineeGrover Cleveland of New York
Vice Presidential nomineeThomas A. Hendricks of Indiana


The leading candidate for the presidential nomination was New York Governor Grover Cleveland. Cleveland's reputation for good government made him a national figure. The Republican Party nominated James G. Blaine for president in 1884, although he had been implicated in a financial scandal. Many influential Republicans were outraged, thought the time had come for a national reform administration and withdrew from the convention. These Republicans are called mugwumps, and declared that they would vote for the Democratic candidate based on his integrity.

Presidential nomination

Presidential candidates

Former Senator Allen G. Thurman of Ohio
Diagram of Convention Hall, Chicago, site of the 1884 Democratic National Convention.

Seven names were placed in nomination: Grover Cleveland, Thomas F. Bayard, Allen G. Thurman, Samuel J. Randall, Joseph E. McDonald, John G. Carlisle, and George Hoadly.

Thomas A. Hendricks professed that he was not a candidate for the presidential nomination. When a delegate from Illinois cast the only vote he received on the first ballot, Hendricks rose to ask this vote be withdrawn because it "wrongly" placed him before the convention. Nonetheless, Hendricks made an impressive showing on the second ballot but it was not enough to prevent the nomination of Cleveland.

Presidential Ballot
Ballot 1st 2nd Before Shifts 2nd After Shifts
Grover Cleveland 392 475 683
Thomas F. Bayard 170 151.5 81.5
Thomas A. Hendricks 1 123.5 45.5
Allen G. Thurman 88 60 4
Samuel J. Randall 78 5 4
Joseph E. McDonald 56 2 2
John G. Carlisle 27 0 0
Roswell P. Flower 4 0 0
George Hoadly 3 0 0
Samuel J. Tilden 1 2 0
Abstaining 0 1 0

Source: US President - D Convention. Our Campaigns. (August 26, 2009).

1st Presidential Ballot
2nd Presidential Ballot
Before Shifts
2nd Presidential Ballot
After Shifts

Vice presidential nomination

Vice presidential candidate

Withdrawn candidates

Crazy quilt in support of President Cleveland and Vice President Thomas Hendricks
A crazy quilt in support of the Democratic ticket from the collection of the American Folk Art Museum, featuring the Democratic Rooster (precursor of the Donkey) at center and photos of Cleveland and Hendricks below.

Thomas A. Hendricks of Indiana was overwhelming nominated as the Democratic vice-presidential candidate after the names of John C. Black, George W. Glick, Joseph E. McDonald, and William Rosecrans were withdrawn from consideration.

Vice Presidential Ballot
Thomas A. Hendricks 816
Abstaining 4

Source: US Vice President - D Convention. Our Campaigns. (August 26, 2009).

1st Vice Presidential Ballot

See also


  1. ^ World Book

Further reading

External links

Preceded by
Cincinnati, Ohio
Democratic National Conventions Succeeded by
St. Louis, Missouri
1884 United States elections

The 1884 United States elections was held on November 4, electing the members of the 49th United States Congress. The election took place during the Third Party System.

In the Presidential election, Democratic Governor Grover Cleveland of New York defeated Republican former Secretary of State James G. Blaine. Though Cleveland won the popular vote by less than 1%, he won by a fairly comfortable margin in the electoral college. Cleveland won the South and the critical state of New York, while Blaine took most of the rest of the country. This was the most recent example of an incumbent President being denied nomination by his party for another term, as Blaine defeated President Chester A. Arthur at the 1884 Republican National Convention. Cleveland took the Democratic nomination on the second ballot of the 1884 Democratic National Convention, defeating Delaware Senator Thomas F. Bayard and several other candidates. Cleveland's win made him the first Democratic President to win election since the 1856 election.

Republicans picked up several seats in the House, but Democrats continued to command a majority in the chamber. In the Senate, Republicans made moderate gains and established a clear majority.

1884 United States presidential election

The United States presidential election of 1884 was the 25th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 1884. It saw the first election of a Democrat as President of the United States since the Civil War. Governor Grover Cleveland of New York defeated Republican James G. Blaine of Maine.

Cleveland won the presidential nomination on the second ballot of the 1884 Democratic National Convention. President Chester A. Arthur had acceded to the presidency in 1881 following the assassination of James A. Garfield, but he was unsuccessful in his bid for nomination to a full term. Blaine, who had served as Secretary of State under President Garfield, defeated Arthur and other candidates on the fourth ballot of the 1884 Republican National Convention. A group of reformist Republicans known as "Mugwumps" abandoned Blaine's candidacy, viewing him as corrupt. The campaign was marred by exceptional political acrimony and personal invective. Blaine's reputation for public corruption and his inadvertent alienation of Catholic voters proved decisive.

In the election, Cleveland won 48.9% of the nationwide popular vote and 219 electoral votes, carrying the Solid South and several key swing states. Blaine won 48.3% of the popular vote and 182 electoral votes. Cleveland won his home state by just 1,047 votes; had he lost New York, he would have lost the election. Two third-party candidates, John St. John of the Prohibition Party and Benjamin Butler of the Greenback Party and the Anti-Monopoly Party, each won less than 2% of the popular vote.

Alton B. Parker

Alton Brooks Parker (May 14, 1852 – May 10, 1926) was an American judge, best known as the Democrat who lost the presidential election of 1904 to incumbent Theodore Roosevelt in a landslide.

A native of upstate New York, Parker practiced law in Kingston, New York, before being appointed to the New York Supreme Court and elected to the New York Court of Appeals; he served as Chief Judge of the latter from 1898 to 1904, when he resigned to run for president. In 1904, he defeated liberal publisher William Randolph Hearst for the Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States. In the general election, Parker opposed popular incumbent Republican President Theodore Roosevelt. After a disorganized and ineffective campaign, Parker was defeated by 336 electoral votes to 140, carrying only the traditionally Democratic Solid South. He then returned to practicing law. He managed John A. Dix's successful 1910 campaign for Governor of New York and served as prosecution counsel for the 1913 impeachment of Dix's successor, Governor William Sulzer.

Chicago Democratic National Convention

Chicago Democratic National Convention may refer to the following Democratic National Convention events:

1864 Democratic National Convention

1884 Democratic National Convention

1892 Democratic National Convention

1896 Democratic National Convention

1932 Democratic National Convention

1940 Democratic National Convention

1944 Democratic National Convention

1952 Democratic National Convention

1956 Democratic National Convention

1968 Democratic National Convention

1968 Democratic National Convention protest activity

1996 Democratic National Convention

Edward Danner Ziegler

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Edward D. Ziegler was born in Bedford, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Pennsylvania College at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in 1865. He was engaged in teaching in the York County Academy. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1868, and commenced practice in York, Pennsylvania. He served as commissioner’s clerk in 1871 and 1872, counsel to the board of commissioners, and district attorney of York County, Pennsylvania, from 1881 to 1883. He was a delegate to the 1884 Democratic National Convention.

Zeigler was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-sixth Congress. He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1900. He resumed the practice of law, and was appointed by the judge of the court of common pleas of York County to be the auditor of the offices of prothonotary, register of wills, clerk of the court, treasurer, and recorder of York County and served from 1923 to 1925.

He resumed the practice of law in York until his death there in 1931. He was interred in Prospect Hill Cemetery.

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George White Pratt

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Granville Henderson Oury

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Grover Cleveland 1884 presidential campaign

The 1884 election was the first Presidential campaign in which Grover Cleveland participated and the first of two nonconsecutive terms that he won. This election pitted Grover Cleveland against James G. Blaine and the campaign for this election centered on corruption, civil service reforms, and scandals. In this election, Cleveland portrayed himself as the clean and honest candidate in contrast to the corrupt James G. Blaine.

Jacob A. Cantor

Jacob Aaron Cantor (December 6, 1854, New York City – July 2, 1921, Manhattan, New York City) was an American lawyer and politician from New York. He was a United States Representative from 1913 to 1915.

John M. Woods

John M. Woods (October 22, 1839 – April 10, 1927) was a Massachusetts businessman and politician who served in both branches of the Massachusetts legislature and as the fourteenth Mayor of Somerville, Massachusetts.

Woods was a delegate to the 1884 Democratic National Convention.

Lucius E. Polk

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Philip B. Thompson Jr.

Philip Burton Thompson Jr. (October 15, 1845 – December 15, 1909) was a U.S. Representative from Kentucky.

Born in Harrodsburg, Kentucky, Thompson attended the common schools and the University of Kentucky in Lexington, Kentucky.

During the Civil War, he entered the Confederate States Army at the age of sixteen and served throughout the war.

He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1866, and commenced practice in Harrodsburg.

He was city attorney of Harrodsburg from 1867 to 1869.

In 1869, he was appointed Commonwealth attorney for the thirteenth judicial district of Kentucky. He was subsequently elected and served until 1874.

He was reelected in 1874 and served until 1878, when he resigned, having been elected to Congress.

Thompson was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-sixth, Forty-seventh, and Forty-eighth Congresses (March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1885).

He served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of War (Forty-eighth Congress).

He served as delegate to the 1884 Democratic National Convention.

He moved to New York City and resumed the practice of law.

He died in Washington, D.C., December 15, 1909 and was interred in Spring Hill Cemetery, Harrodsburg, Kentucky.

Reuben Knecht Bachman

Reuben Knecht Bachman (August 6, 1834 – September 19, 1911) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

Reuben K. Bachman was born in Williams Township, Northampton County, Pennsylvania. He attended the common schools, and taught school for several years;. He entered the mercantile and milling business in Durham, Pennsylvania. He owned and operated the Durham Mill.Bachman was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-sixth Congress. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1880. He was a delegate to the 1884 Democratic National Convention at Chicago. He engaged in the lumber business and the manufacture of builders' millwork at Riegelsville, Pennsylvania, and Phillipsburg, New Jersey. He died in Easton, Pennsylvania. Interment in Durham Cemetery, near Durham.

Samuel Thomas Hauser

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Thomas F. Grady

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Thomas M. Waller

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Walter I. Hayes

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Hayes was born in Marshall, Michigan. He attended the common schools and graduated from the University of Michigan Law School in Ann Arbor in 1863, and was admitted to the bar the same year. Hayes commenced practice in Marshall and in 1864 and 1865 held the positions of Marshall city attorney and United States commissioner for the eastern district of Michigan.

Hayes relocating to Iowa as the Civil War came to an end. He served as United States commissioner for Iowa from 1865 to 1875 and was city solicitor of Clinton, Iowa, in 1870. Hayes was the district judge of the seventh judicial district of Iowa from 1875 to 1887. In that capacity, in 1882 he presided over one of the most important cases in the state of that era, in which liquor merchants challenged the enforceability of the 1882 amendment to the Iowa Constitution requiring prohibition. Hayes declared the amendment unconstitutional on procedural grounds, based on the failure of the law to pass both houses of the Iowa General Assembly in identical form. The Iowa Supreme Court affirmed Hayes' ruling, but in the next session the Iowa General Assembly adopted prohibition, by statute, in a constitutional fashion.Hayes served as delegate to the 1884 Democratic National Convention.

He married Frances Coan, a native of New York. She was the eldest of a family of five children. Her father, who was an energetic business man, moved with his family to Clinton, Iowa, where he established the First National Lank. Coan first met Hayes when she was visiting friends in Michigan, and they were married in less than a year. Several of Coan's relatives are missionaries, and she was a member of the Presbyterian Church.In 1886, Hayes wrested the Democratic nomination for the 2nd district away from incumbent Jeremiah Henry Murphy. To enhance the chances for Iowa Republicans to hold all other Congressional seats in Iowa, the state's General Assembly had included many of the most Democratic-leaning areas of eastern Iowa in a single district (the second). Hayes won the general election that year and represented the 2nd district in the 50th United States Congress. He was also elected to the three succeeding Congresses. However, in 1894, when seeking a fifth term, Hayes was defeated in the general election by Republican George M. Curtis. Between the Civil War and the Great Depression, Hayes was the only Democratic congressman from Iowa to serve more than two terms, and (along with Murphy) was one of only two who served two full terms.

While in Congress, Hayes served as chairman of the Committee on Education in the Fifty-second Congress. In all, he served in Congress from March 4, 1887, to March 3, 1895.

After leaving Congress, Hayes resumed the practice of law in Clinton.

He served as member of the Iowa House of Representatives in 1897 and 1898.

He died in Marshall, Michigan, on March 14, 1901. He was interred in Springdale Cemetery in Clinton.

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William Henry Sowden (June 6, 1840 – March 3, 1907) was a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

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