1881 Birthday Honours

The 1881 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of the Queen, and were published in The London Gazette on 24 May 1881.[1]

The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.

United Kingdom and British Empire

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath

Order of bath star
Civilian star of the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB)

Royal Navy

Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB)

Royal Navy

Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB)

Royal Navy
  • Vice-Admiral Richard Dunning White
  • Vice-Admiral Edward Bridges Rice
  • Captain Sholto Douglas
  • Captain William Arthur
  • Lieutenant-General Joseph Henry Laye
  • Major-General Francis Peyton
  • Major-General John Henry Ford Elkington
  • Major-General James Gubbins
  • Major-General John Gordon
  • Major-General George Godfrey Pearse
  • Colonel Reginald Gipps, Scots Guards
  • Colonel George Byng Harman, late Brigade Depot
  • Colonel Allen Bayard Johnson, Bengal Staff Corps
  • Colonel John Alexander Mathew Macdonald, Bombay Staff Corps
  • Colonel George Scougall Macbean, Bengal Staff Corps
  • Colonel Robert Crosse Stewart, late 2nd Foot
  • Colonel Frederick Dobson Middleton, late 29th Foot
  • Colonel the Honourable James Charlemagne Dormer, late 13th Foot
  • Colonel Rowley Sale Hill, Bengal Infantry
  • Colonel Charles Edward Cumberland, Royal Engineers
  • Colonel William French, Royal Artillery
  • Colonel John William Hoggan, Bengal Staff Corps
  • Colonel Thomas Gaily Ross, Bengal Staff Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick Macnaghten Armstrong, Bengal Staff Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Dawson Stockley Warren, 14th Regiment
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Donald Malcolm, Royal Engineers
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Copland, Bengal Staff Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Cromer Ashburnham, 60th Regiment
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Augustus Bushman, 9th Lancers
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Montizambert Stockwell, 72nd Regiment
  • Lieutenant-Colonel John Frederick Crease, Royal Marine Artillery
  • Major Joseph Philips, Royal Marine Light Infantry
  • Major John Ramsay Slade, Royal Artillery
  • Deputy Inspector-General of Hospitals and Fleets Daniel John Duigan
  • Deputy Surgeon-General John O'Nial, Army Medical Department
  • Surgeon-Major Samuel Black Roe Army Medical Department
  • Deputy Commissary-General Henry John Brownrigg, Commissariat and Transport Staff
  • Assistant Commissary-General Henry Spencer Edward Reeves, Commissariat and Transport Staff
  • Colonel Lord Hatherton, the (King's Own) 2nd Stafford Militia
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Honorary Colonel Samuel Brise Ruggles-Brise, West Essex Militia
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Honorary Colonel David Carrick Robert Carrick Buchanan, 2nd Royal Lanark Militia
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Honorary Colonel John Williams Wallington, Royal North Gloucester Militia
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Honorary Colonel Sir John Stephen Robinson Bt Louth Militia
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Honorary Colonel Sir Thomas Oriel Forster Bt Monaghan Militia
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick Winn Knight, 1st Worcester Rifle Volunteer Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel David Davidson, 1st (The Queen's City of Edinburgh Rifle Volunteer Brigade)
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Charles Watkin Shakerley Bt 5th Cheshire Rifle Volunteer Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Walter Barttelot Barttelot Bt 2nd Sussex Rifle Volunteer Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel the Honourable Charles Hugh Lindsay, 6th Middlesex (St. George's) Rifle Volunteer Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Vice-Admiral Thomas Chaloner, 1st North Riding of Yorkshire Artillery Volunteer Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Ewen Macpherson, 1st Inverness (Highland) Rifle Volunteer Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Addison Potter, 1st Northumberland and Durham Artillery Volunteer Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Sagar Hirst, 3rd West Riding of Yorkshire Rifle Volunteer Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Honorary Colonel Sir James Bourne Bt Royal Lancashire Artillery Militia
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Henry Edwards Bt 2nd West Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry Cavalry
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Henry Wilmot Bt VC 1st Derbyshire Rifle Volunteer Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Robert John Tilney, 5th Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Stock Hill, 1st Glamorgan Artillery Volunteer Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Donald Matheson, 1st Lanarkshire Engineer Volunteer Corps
  • Lieutenant-Colonel and Honorary Colonel Leopold George Frederick Keane, Waterford Artillery, Militia
  • Sir Allen William Young, Commanding the London Brigade of the Royal Naval Artillery Volunteers
  • Ernest Hobart Inman, Commanding the Liverpool Brigade of the Royal Naval Artillery Volunteers
  • Charles Lister Ryan, Assistant Comptroller and Auditor-General
  • Frederick James Fegen, Paymaster in the Royal Navy
  • Captain Andrew Noble, late Royal Artillery

The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India

GCSI star
Star of a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India

Knight Grand Commander (GCSI)

Knight Commander (KCSI)

Companion (CSI)

  • Donald Campbell Macnabb, Bengal Civil Service (Retired), late Commissioner Punjab
  • Wazirzadah Muhammad Afzal Khan, late Political Assistant in Afghanistan
  • Major-General John Salusbury Trevor (Retired), Royal (late Bombay) Engineers, lately Director-General of State Railways
  • Horace Abel Cockerell, Bengal Civil Service, Secretary to the Government of Bengal, in the Judicial and Political Department
  • Colonel Samuel Black, Bengal Staff Corps, Secretary to the Government of the Punjab in the Military Department

The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George

GCMG star
Star of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG)

Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG)

Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)

  • Augustus Frederick Gore, Lieutenant-Governor of the Island of Saint Vincent
  • Major-General James Robert Mann, Royal Engineers, Director of Roads and Surveyor-General, Jamaica
  • William Warren Streeten, Chief Justice of the West Africa Settlements
  • Malcolm Fraser, Surveyor-General and Commissioner of Crown Lands, of Western Australia
  • William Henry Marsh, Colonial Secretary and Auditor-General, Hong Kong
  • Major John George Dartnell, Commandant of the Natal Mounted Police
  • John William Dawson Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the McGill University, Montreal, Canada
  • Alpheus Todd Librarian to the Parliament of the Dominion of Canada
  • William Dealtry, late Chief Clerk of the Colonial Office
  • Charles John Irving, Resident Councillor at Malacca, Straits Settlements
  • Henry Nicholas Duverger Beyts, Receiver-General of Mauritius
  • William Augustine Duncan, Collector of Customs, New South Wales
  • Charles Bruce, Director of Public Instruction, Ceylon
  • William MacGregor Chief Medical Officer and Receiver-General, Fiji


  1. ^ "No. 24976". The London Gazette. 24 May 1881. pp. 2673–2675.
Alpheus Todd

Alpheus Todd (July 30, 1821 – January 22, 1884) was an English-born Canadian librarian and constitutional historian, most notable for his publications on parliamentary government.

Charles Bruce (governor)

Sir Charles Bruce (1836 – 13 December 1920) was a British colonial administrator and author. He was the 18th Governor of Mauritius, from 1897 to 1903.

Edward Littleton, 2nd Baron Hatherton

Edward Richard Littleton, 2nd Baron Hatherton (31 December 1815 – 2 April 1888) was a British peer and Liberal Member of Parliament from the extended Littleton/Lyttelton family.Hatherton was the son of Edward John Littleton, 1st Baron Hatherton, and Hyacinthe Mary Wellesley, eldest illegitimate daughter of Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley. He was educated at Eton College.He was elected to the House of Commons for Walsall in 1847, a seat he held until 1852. He then represented Staffordshire Southern from 1853 until 1857. In 1863 he succeeded his father as second Baron Hatherton and entered the House of Lords. He was not so active a politician as his father and Hansard records only two interventions in Parliament - one in the Commons, and one in the Lords.He was also colonel of the (King's Own) 2nd Stafford Militia. He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath in the 1881 Birthday Honours.Lord Hatherton married Lady Margaret Percy, second daughter of George Percy, 5th Duke of Northumberland, in 1841. They had five sons:

Hon. Edward George Percy (born 15 August 1842)

Hon. Algernon Charles, R.N. (born 1843), married Lady Margaret Needham, daughter of Francis Needham, 2nd Earl of Kilmorey

Hon. Henry Stuart (born 1844)

Hon. William Francis (born 1847)

Rev. The Hon. Cecil James (born 1850) married Katherine, daughter of Sir Charles Robert Rowley, 4th BaronetHe died in April 1888 in London, aged 72, and was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son Edward. Lady Hatherton died in 1897.

Edward Stock Hill

Colonel Sir Edward Stock Hill (13 January 1834 – 18 December 1902) was a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom who served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Bristol South from 1886 to 1900.Hill was born in Bedminster, Bristol in 1834. He was educated at Bishop's College, Bristol, and abroad.He unsuccessfully contested the newly created Bristol South constituency at the 1885 general election, and won the seat in 1886. He was re-elected in 1892 and 1895, and retired from politics at the 1900 general election.He was a colonel in the 1st Glamorgan Artillery Volunteer Corps. He was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the 1881 Birthday Honours, and a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) on 10 May 1892, and also served as president of Waverley Football Club in Bristol from 1889.He died in London in 1902.

Sir James Bourne, 1st Baronet

Sir James Bourne, 1st Baronet (8 October 1812 – 14 March 1882) was an English Conservative Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1865 to 1880.Bourne was the son of Peter Bourne of Hackinsall, Lancashire and of Heathfield, Liverpool and his wife Margaret Drinkwater, daughter of James Drinkwater of Bent, Lancashire. He was educated at Shrewsbury School. He was a Deputy Lieutenant and Justice of the Peace for Lancashire. He was also Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant of the Royal Lancashire Militia Artillery, and Colonel of the 4th Brigade Lancashire Artillery Volunteers.Bourne stood for parliament unsuccessfully at Wexford Borough in 1841. At the 1865 general election Bourne was elected as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Evesham. He held the seat until 1880.He was made a baronet, of Hackinsall Hall, in the parish of Stalmine, and of Heathfield, in the parish of Childwell, both in the County Palatine of Lancaster, on 10 May 1880. He was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the 1881 Birthday Honours.In 1841, Bourne married Sarah Harriet Dyson, daughter of Thomas Fournis Dyson of Willow Hall, Yorkshire, and of Everton, near Liverpool. They had children. He died at the age of 69, at his home of Heathfield House in Wavertree near Liverpool, and his son succeeded him briefly in the baronetcy.

William Augustine Duncan

William Augustine Duncan (12 March 1811 – 1885) was a Scottish journalist, and colonial official.

William Pakenham, 4th Earl of Longford

General William Lygon Pakenham, 4th Earl of Longford (31 January 1819 – 19 April 1887), styled The Honourable William Pakenham before 1860, was an Anglo-Irish soldier and Conservative politician.

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