Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1876 (with one state in 1877) for Representatives to the 45th Congress. These elections coincided with the (heavily contested) election of President Rutherford B. Hayes and the United States Centennial.
Hayes' Republican Party was able to recover from the Democratic Party many of the seats it had lost two years before as the economy improved slightly. However, the Democrats retained a majority and were able to use the disinterest of the people in Republican Reconstruction-led projects to help keep crucial seats. Republican Congressional leadership had a difficult time distancing itself from the corruption of the Grant administration or the legislature's impact on the economy downturn.
|1876 United States House of Representatives elections|
All 293 seats to the United States House of Representatives
147 seats were needed for a majority
Map of U.S. House elections results from 1876 elections for 45th Congress
|Georgia[Note 8]||District||9||9[Note 7]||0|
|New Hampshire[Note 9]||District||3||1||1||2||1|
|West Virginia[Note 8]||District||3||3||0|
In 1845, Congress passed a law providing for a uniform nationwide date for choosing Presidential electors. This law did not affect election dates for Congress, which remained within the jurisdiction of State governments, but over time, the States moved their Congressional elections to this date as well. In 1876–77, there were still 8 states with earlier election dates, and 1 state with a later election date.
|California 1||William Adam Piper||Democratic||Lost re-election
|Horace Davis (R) 53.3%|
William A. Piper (D) 46.7%
|California 2||Horace F. Page||Republican||Incumbent re-elected||Horace F. Page (R) 56.7%|
G. J. Carpenter (D) 43.3%
|California 3||John K. Luttrell||Democratic||Incumbent re-elected||John K. Luttrell (D) 51.1%|
Joseph McKenna (R) 48.9%
|California 4||Peter D. Wigginton||Democratic||Lost re-election
|Romualdo Pacheco (R) 50%|
Peter D. Wigginton (D) 50%
|Florida 1||William J. Purman||Republican||1872||Lost re-election
|Robert H. M. Davidson (D) 51.2%|
William J. Purman (R) 48.8%
|Florida 2||Jesse J. Finley||Democratic||1874[Note 10]||Lost re-election
|Horatio Bisbee, Jr. (R) 50.0%|
Jesse J. Finley (D) 50.0%
The election in the 2nd district was extremely close, with initial returns showing a difference between the two candidates of only 3 votes. Finley challenged Bisbee's election and was eventually seated on February 20, 1879
|South Carolina 1||Joseph Rainey||Republican||1870 (special)||Re-elected||Joseph Rainey (R) 52.2%|
John S. Richardson (D) 47.8%
|South Carolina 2||Seat declared vacant by Congress on July 19, 1876 due to contested election of previous incumbent Edmund W. M. Mackey (IR)||Republican hold||Richard H. Cain (R) 62.1%|
Michael P. O'Connor (D) 37.9%
|South Carolina 3||Solomon L. Hoge||Republican||1874||Retired
|D. Wyatt Aiken (D) 58.0%|
Lewis C. Carpenter (R) 42.0%
|South Carolina 4||Alexander S. Wallace||Republican||1868||Lost re-election
|John H. Evins (D) 57.6%|
Alexander S. Wallace (R) 42.4%
|South Carolina 5||Robert Smalls||Republican||1874||Re-elected||Robert Smalls (R) 51.9%|
George D. Tillman (D) 48.1%
The United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1876 was an election for California's delegation to the United States House of Representatives, which occurred as part of the general election of the House of Representatives on November 7, 1876. Republicans gained two districts.1876 United States House of Representatives elections in Florida
Elections to the United States House of Representatives in Florida were held November 7, 1876 for the 45th Congress. These elections were held at the same time as election for Governor and the contentious 1876 Presidential election, in which Florida was one of four states whose electoral votes were in dispute.1876 United States House of Representatives elections in South Carolina
The 1876 South Carolina United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 7, 1876 to select five Representatives for two-year terms from the state of South Carolina. Two incumbents were re-elected, one was defeated for re-election, and the Democrats picked up one of the two open seats from the Republicans. The composition of the state delegation after the election was three Republicans and two Democrats.1876 and 1877 United States Senate elections
The United States Senate elections of 1876 and 1877 had the Democratic Party gain five seats in the United States Senate, and coincided with Rutherford B. Hayes's narrow election as President. Republicans remained in the majority, however.
As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.1880 United States House of Representatives elections in Florida
Elections to the United States House of Representatives in Florida were held November 2, 1880 for the 47th Congress. These elections were held at the same time as the 1880 Presidential election and election for Governor.44th United States Congress
The Forty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1875, to March 4, 1877, during the seventh and eighth years of Ulysses S. Grant's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Ninth Census of the United States in 1870. For the first time since the American Civil War, the House had a Democratic majority. The Senate maintained a Republican majority.45th United States Congress
The Forty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1877, to March 4, 1879, during the first two years of Rutherford Hayes's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Ninth Census of the United States in 1870. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.
The 45th Congress remained politically divided between a Democratic House and Republican Senate. President Hayes vetoed an Army appropriations bill from the House which would have ended Reconstruction and prohibited the use of federal troops to protect polling stations in the former Confederacy. Striking back, Congress overrode another of Hayes’s vetoes and enacted the Bland-Allison Act that required the purchase and coining of silver. Congress also approved a generous increase in pension eligibility for Northern Civil War veterans.List of elections in 1876
The following elections occurred in the year 1876.List of elections in Massachusetts
This is an incomplete list of recent Elections in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts sorted both by offices sought and by years held.
Elections are administered by the individual municipalities. There is some oversight by the Secretary of the Commonwealth and the Office of Campaign and Political Finance.
Individual elections are listed with the winner.