The Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 (October 29 – November 1, 1876) was one of the deadliest cyclones in history. It hit the coast of Backerganj (near Meghna estuary) in present-day Barisal, Bangladesh, killing about 200,000 people, half of whom were drowned by the storm surge, and the remainder died in the resultant famine.
The cyclone formed over the SE Bay of Bengal as a depression near 10.0°N and 89.0°E on October 27, intensified into a cyclonic storm near 15.0°N and 89.0°E on October 30 and subsequently intensified into a severe cyclonic storm with a core of hurricane winds. The cyclone moved north up to the North Bay and then NNE. On October 31, the cyclone made landfall on Backerganj.
The maximum wind was estimated at 220 km/h (140 mph) and the surge height was 3–13.6 m (9.8–44.6 ft).
The first detailed modern study of the disaster was published in 2018: An Imperial Disaster: The Bengal Cyclone of 1876 by the Kiwi scholar Benjamin Kingsbury.
|Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876|
|Super cyclonic storm (IMD scale)|
|Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)|
|Formed||October 29, 1876|
|Dissipated||November 1, 1876|
|Highest winds||3-minute sustained: 220 km/h (140 mph) |
1-minute sustained: 230 km/h (145 mph)
|Lowest pressure||945 hPa (mbar); 27.91 inHg|
|Areas affected||Bangladesh, India|
was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1876th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 876th year of the 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 19th century, and the 7th year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1876, the Gregorian calendar was
12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.