1868 United Kingdom general election

The 1868 United Kingdom general election was the first after passage of the Reform Act 1867, which enfranchised many male householders, thus greatly increasing the number of men who could vote in elections in the United Kingdom. It was the first election held in the United Kingdom in which more than a million votes were cast; nearly triple the number of votes were cast compared to the previous election of 1865.

The result saw the Liberals, led by William Ewart Gladstone, again increase their large majority over Benjamin Disraeli's Conservatives to more than 100 seats.

This was the last general election at which all the seats were taken by only the two leading parties, although the parties at the time were loose coalitions and party affiliation was not listed on registration papers.

1868 United Kingdom general election

17 November – 7 December 1868

All 658 seats in the House of Commons
327 seats needed for a majority
  William Ewart Gladstone crop Illustrirtes Konversations-Lexikon; vergleichendes Nachschlagebuch für den täglichen Gebrauch. Hausschatz für das deutsche Volk und "Orbis pictus" für die studirende Jugend (1870) (14781283621) (cropped)
Leader William Ewart Gladstone Benjamin Disraeli
Party Liberal Conservative
Leader since 3 December 1868 27 February 1868
Leader's seat Greenwich Buckinghamshire
Last election 369 seats, 59.5% 289 seats, 40.5%
Seats won 387 271
Seat change Increase18 Decrease18
Popular vote 1,428,776 903,318
Percentage 61.5% 38.4%
Swing Increase2.0% Decrease2.1%

United Kingdom general election 1868
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Benjamin Disraeli
Conservative

Appointed Prime Minister

William Ewart Gladstone
Liberal

Results

Largest party in each constituent country
Largest party in each constituent country
387 271
Liberal Conservative
UK General Election 1869
Party Candidates Votes
Stood Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % Net %
  Liberal 600 387 +18 58.81 61.24 1,428,776 +2.0
  Conservative 436 271 −18 41.19 38.71 903,318 −2.1
  Others 3 0 0 0 0 0 0.05 1,157 N/A

Voting summary

Popular vote
Liberal
61.24%
Conservative
38.71%
Others
0.05%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
58.81%
Conservative
41.19%
Others
0.0%

Regional results

Great Britain

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Liberal 515 80 321 1,374,315 61.4
Conservative 383 65 234 864,551 38.6
Other 1 0 0 969 0.0
Total 899 145 555 2,239,835 100
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Liberal 412 46 244 Rise 1,192,098 59.7 Rise
Conservative 334 54 211 803,637 40.2
Other 1 0 0 969 0.1
Total 747 100 455 1,996,704 100
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Liberal 70 23 51 125,356 82.5
Conservative 20 3 7 23,985 17.5
Total 90 26 58 Same position 149,341 100
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Liberal 29 10 23 52,256 62.1
Conservative 20 4 10 29,866 37.9
Total 49 14 33 Same position 82,122 100

Ireland

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Liberal 85 41 66 +8 54,461 57.9 +2.3
Irish Conservative 53 26 37 −8 38,765 41.9 −2.5
Other 2 0 0 Same position 188 0.2 +0.2
Total 140 67 103 Same position 149,341 100

Universities

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative 9 4 6 7,063 55.4
Liberal 4 1 3 4,605 44.6
Total 13 5 9 11,668 100

References

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989), British Electoral Facts: 1832–1987, Dartmouth: Gower, ISBN 0900178302
  • Rallings, Colin; Thrasher, Michael, eds. (2000), British Electoral Facts 1832–1999, Ashgate Publishing Ltd

External links

1868 United Kingdom general election in Ireland

The 1868 United Kingdom general election in Ireland resulted in the Liberals under Gladstone strengthening their control over Ireland, particularly the south. It was the first election following the Representation of the People (Ireland) Act 1868.

A key focus of the Liberal campaign was on their proposal to disestablish the Church of Ireland. The Church of Ireland's official role, as the Protestant national church of a Catholic majority country, had long proved controversial. The Tithe War of the 1830s had largely resulted in the abolition of tithes, which had been levied on Ireland's population (both Protestants and Catholics) to fund the Church of Ireland. Disestablishment was popular both in Ireland, and also amongst non-conformists and the Irish diaspora in Britain, particularly in the Celtic Fringe. This policy would be enacted following the election by the Irish Church Act 1869.The election marked the high-water point of the Liberals in Ireland, and within 17 years they would have no seats at all in Ireland.

1868 election

1868 election may refer to:

United States presidential election, 1868

United States House of Representatives elections, 1868

United Kingdom general election, 1868

Peruvian Presidential election, see José Balta

Homersham Cox

Homersham Cox (1821–1897) was an English lawyer and judge, mathematician and historian.

List of MPs elected in the 1868 United Kingdom general election

This is a list of Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the 20th Parliament of the United Kingdom at the 1868 general election.

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