The 1860 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of the Queen, and were published in The London Gazette on 18 May 1860.
The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.
Frederick Henry Cooper (1827–1869) was a British civil servant who worked with the East India Company. He served as Deputy Commissioner of Amritsar, Punjab, during the Indian rebellion of 1857.
Along with James Neill, John Nicholson and William Hodson, he is noted for his ruthlessness and indiscriminate killings of Indian rebels and civilians during the 1857 uprising. His killing of about 500 sepoys of the 26th Native Infantry and civilians at Ajnala were gleefully described in his memoirs. After throwing 257 sepoy bodies into a well, he remarks: "The few remnants have since been brought in and executed.There is a well at Kanpur, but there is also one at Ajnala." This well is known as Shaheedan Wala Khu (martyrs' well) at Ajnala in district Amritsar.
His acts were condemned by the Liberal MP and Quaker Charles Gilpin in the British parliament on 14 March 1859: "as an Englishman, he felt himself called upon to blush for the shame which had been brought upon the character of his country."Nevertheless, Cooper was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath in the 1860 Birthday Honours while serving in the Bengal Civil Service.Henry Ramsay (Indian Army officer)
General the Hon. Sir Henry Ramsay (1816 – 16 December 1893) was a British general in the Indian Army, who served as Commissioner of the Kumaon and Garwhal districts. He is regarded as one of the great soldier-administrators of British India and was dubbed "The King of Kumaon."John Bell (British Army officer)
General Sir John Bell (1 January 1782 – 20 November 1876) was a British soldier and magistrate. At the time of his death, he was the senior general of the British Army.Sir George Couper, 2nd Baronet
Sir George Ebenezer Wilson Couper, 2nd Baronet (29 April 1824 – 5 March 1908) was a British civil servant in India.William Wilberforce Harris Greathed
Major-General William Wilberforce Harris Greathed (21 December 1826 – 29 December 1878) was a senior officer in the Bengal Engineers.He was born in Paris, one of the five sons of Edward Greathed of Uddens House, Wimborne, Dorset. His youngest brother became General Edward Harris Greathed. He entered the Addiscombe military college of the East India Company in February 1843, and received a commission on 9 December 1844.
In 1846 he went to India, and was attached to the Bengal Sappers and Miners at Meerut. The following year he was appointed to the irrigation department of the North-west Provinces, but on the outbreak of the Second Sikh War in 1848, he was sent to join the field force at the Siege of Multan. He was the first officer through the breach in the final assault. He was also present at the Battle of Gujrat on 21 February 1849.
After two years leave in England he was appointed executive engineer in the public works department at Barrackpore and in 1855 was sent to Allahabad as government consulting engineer in connection with the extension of the East India Railway to the upper provinces.
In 1857, when mutiny broke out in Meerut and Delhi was seized, he was summoned to Agra by Lieutenant-Governor Colvin and ordered to carry despatches to the general at Meerut, which he succeeded in doing. Two months later he was asked to repeat the feat, reached Meerut and joined Sir Henry Barnard beyond the Jumna river, later taking a major part in the Battle of Badli-ki-Serai on 8 June 1857. In July he was severely wounded in a sortie from Delhi commanded by his brother Edward. After recovering from his wounds he joined a column as the field engineer under Colonel Seaton and took part in the engagements of Gungeree, Pattialee, and Mynpoory. He was then directing engineer of the attack on Lucknow under Colonel Robert Napier (afterwards first Lord Napier of Magdala). On the capture of Lucknow, he returned to his railway duties and was rewarded for his services in the mutiny by a brevet majority and the award of CB in the 1860 Birthday Honours.In 1860 he accompanied Sir Robert Napier to China as an aide-de-camp and was present at the battle of Senho, at the capture of the Taku forts by the Hai River, and in the campaign to capture Peking, after which he was sent home with despatches. On arrival in England, he was promoted brevet lieutenant-colonel for his service in China and spent the next four years as assistant military secretary at the Horse Guards.
In 1867 he was back in India as head of the irrigation department in the North-west Provinces. In 1872, when at home on leave, he read a paper before the Institute of Civil Engineers on The Irrigation Works of the North-West Provinces, for which he received a Telford Medal. On his return to India, he completed his irrigation projects which included the Agra Canal from the Jumna and the Lower Ganges canal.
By 1875 he was ill and left India for good in July 1876. He was an invalid until he died on 29 December 1878, during which time he was promoted Major-general. After his death, he was buried at Hampreston, Wiltshire. He had married Alice Clive, daughter of Reverend Archer Clive and Caroline Meysey-Wigley and had 3 sons and 2 daughters.
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