1848 United States presidential election

The United States presidential election of 1848 was the 16th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1848. In the aftermath of the Mexican–American War, General Zachary Taylor of the Whig Party defeated Senator Lewis Cass of the Democratic Party. The contest was the first presidential election that took place on the same day in every state, and it was the first time that Election Day was statutorily a Tuesday.[2]

Despite Taylor's unclear political affiliations and beliefs, and the Whig opposition to the Mexican–American War, the 1848 Whig National Convention nominated the popular general over party stalwarts such as Henry Clay and Daniel Webster. For vice president, the Whigs nominated Millard Fillmore, a New York Whig known for his moderate views on slavery. Incumbent President James K. Polk, a Democrat, honored his promise not to seek re-election, leaving his party's nomination open. The 1848 Democratic National Convention rejected former President Martin Van Buren's bid for a second term, instead nominating Senator Lewis Cass of Michigan. Van Buren broke from his party to lead the ticket of the Free Soil Party, which opposed the extension of slavery into the territories.

The Whig choice of Zachary Taylor was made almost out of desperation; he was not clearly committed to Whig principles, but he was popular for leading the war effort. The Democrats had a record of prosperity and had acquired the Mexican cession and parts of Oregon country. It appeared almost certain that they would win unless the Whigs picked Taylor. Taylor won a plurality of the popular vote and a majority of the electoral vote, while Van Buren won 10.1% of the popular vote, a strong showing for a third party candidate.

Taylor's victory made him the second of two Whigs to win a presidential election, following William Henry Harrison's victory in the 1840 presidential election. Like Harrison, Taylor died during his term, and he was succeeded by Fillmore. Discounting Republican Abraham Lincoln's 1864 re-election on the National Union ticket, Taylor is the most recent individual who was not a member of the Democratic or Republican parties to win a presidential election.

United States presidential election, 1848

November 7, 1848

All 290 electoral votes of the Electoral College
146 electoral votes needed to win
Turnout72.7%[1] Decrease 6.2 pp
  Zachary Taylor portrait Lewis Cass crop Van Buren
Nominee Zachary Taylor Lewis Cass Martin Van Buren
Party Whig Democratic Free Soil
Home state Kentucky Michigan New York
Running mate Millard Fillmore William O. Butler Charles F. Adams
Electoral vote 163 127 0
States carried 15 15 0
Popular vote 1,361,393 1,223,460 291,501
Percentage 47.3% 42.5% 10.1%

1848 United States presidential election in Oregon1848 United States presidential election in Texas1848 United States presidential election in Iowa1848 United States presidential election in Missouri1848 United States presidential election in Arkansas1848 United States presidential election in Louisiana1848 United States presidential election in Wisconsin1848 United States presidential election in Illinois1848 United States presidential election in Michigan1848 United States presidential election in Indiana1848 United States presidential election in Ohio1848 United States presidential election in Kentucky1848 United States presidential election in Tennessee1848 United States presidential election in Mississippi1848 United States presidential election in Alabama1848 United States presidential election in Georgia1848 United States presidential election in Florida1848 United States presidential election in South Carolina1848 United States presidential election in North CarolinaUnited States presidential election in Virginia, 18481848 United States presidential election in Maryland1848 United States presidential election in Delaware1848 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania1848 United States presidential election in New Jersey1848 United States presidential election in New York1848 United States presidential election in Connecticut1848 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1848 United States presidential election in Maryland1848 United States presidential election in Vermont1848 United States presidential election in New Hampshire1848 United States presidential election in Maine1848 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1848 United States presidential election in Maryland1848 United States presidential election in Delaware1848 United States presidential election in New Jersey1848 United States presidential election in Connecticut1848 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1848 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1848 United States presidential election in Vermont1848 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege1848.svg
Presidential election results map. Buff denotes those won by Taylor/Fillmore, blue denotes states won by Cass/Butler. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state.

President before election

James K. Polk
Democratic

Elected President

Zachary Taylor
Whig

Nominations

Whig Party nomination

Whig Party Ticket, 1848
Zachary Taylor Millard Fillmore
for President for Vice President
Zachary Taylor cropped
Millard Fillmore crop
Major General
(1846–1849)
14th
New York State Comptroller
(1848–1849)
Campaign
Taylor Fillmore
Grand National Whig banner

Mexican–American War General Zachary Taylor of Kentucky, an attractive candidate because of his successes on the battlefield, but who had never voted in an election himself, was openly courted by both the Democratic and Whig parties. Taylor ultimately declared himself a Whig, and easily took their nomination, receiving 171 delegate votes to defeat Henry Clay, Winfield Scott, Daniel Webster and others.

After Webster turned down the vice-presidential candidacy, Millard Fillmore received the party's nomination for vice-president, defeating—among others—Abbott Lawrence, a Massachusetts politician whose mild opposition to slavery led him to be dubbed a "Cotton Whig".[3]

Democratic Party nomination

Democratic Party (United States)
Democratic Party Ticket, 1848
Lewis Cass William O. Butler
for President for Vice President
LewisCassCrop
WilliamOButler
U.S. Senator from Michigan
(1845–1848)
Former U.S. Representative
for Kentucky's 13th
(1839–1843)
Campaign
1848DemocraticPoster
Cass/Butler campaign poster

Former President Martin Van Buren once again sought the Democratic nomination, but Lewis Cass was nominated on the fourth ballot.[4] Cass had served as Governor and Senator for Michigan, as well as Secretary of War under Andrew Jackson, and from 1836 to 1842 as ambassador to France. General William O. Butler was nominated to join Cass on the ticket, garnering 169 delegate votes to defeat five other candidates, including future Vice-President William R. King and future Confederate President Jefferson Davis.

The Democrats chose a platform that remained silent on slavery, and with Cass suspected of pro-slavery leanings, many anti-slavery Democrats walked out of the Baltimore convention to begin the Free Soil Party. Van Buren had burned for the nomination, but he had wanted it on a Free Soil platform. Neither his name nor his stand received any support at the Democratic convention.

Free Soil Party nomination

Free Soil Party Ticket, 1848
Martin Van Buren Charles Francis Adams
for President for Vice President
Martin Van Buren crop
Charles Francis Adams crop
8th
President of the United States
(1837–1841)
Former Massachusetts State Senator
(1844–1845)
Campaign
Free Soil campaign banner
Van Buren/Adams

The Free Soil Party was organized for the 1848 election to oppose further expansion of slavery into the western territories. Much of its support came from disaffected anti-slavery Barnburner Democrats and Conscience Whigs, including former President Martin Van Buren. The party was led by Salmon P. Chase and John Parker Hale and held its 1848 convention in Utica and Buffalo, New York. On June 22, Van Buren defeated Hale by a 154-129 delegate count to capture the Free Soil nomination, while Charles Francis Adams, whose father (John Quincy Adams) and grandfather (John Adams) had both served as president, was chosen as the vice-presidential nominee.

Van Buren knew that the Free Soilers had not the slightest chance of winning, rather that his candidacy would split the Democratic vote and throw the election to the Whigs. Bitter and aging, Van Buren did not care despite the fact that his life had been built upon the rock of party solidarity and party regularity. He loathed Lewis Cass and the principle of popular sovereignty with equal intensity.[5]

Liberty Party nomination

Despite their significant showing in the prior presidential election, certain events would conspire to remove the Liberty Party from political significance.

Initially, the nomination was to be decided in the fall of 1847 at a Convention in Buffalo, New York. There, Senator John P. Hale was nominated over Gerrit Smith, brother-in-law to the party's previous nominee James G. Birney. Leicester King, a former judge and state senator in Ohio, was nominated to be Hale's running mate. Anti-slavery Democrats and Whigs, disappointed with their respective nominees, would form a new movement in conjunction with members of the Liberty Party such as John Hale and Salmon Chase to form the Free Soil Party that summer. At this point, both Hale and King withdrew in favor of a Free Soil ticket led by former President Martin Van Buren, and the great majority of members of the Liberty Party followed them into the new political party. A small faction refused to support Van Buren for the presidency, however. They held another convention in June 1848 as the "National Liberty Party." Gerrit Smith was nominated almost unanimously with Charles Foote, a religious minister from Michigan, as his running-mate.

Other nominations

The Native American Party, a precursor to the Know Nothings, which had split from the Whig Party in 1845, met in September 1847 in Philadelphia, where they nominated Zachary Taylor for president and Henry A. S. Dearborn of Massachusetts for vice-president. However, when the Whig Party nominated Taylor for the presidency with Millard Fillmore as his running mate the following year, this rendered his previous nomination moot and the Native American Party failed to make an alternate nomination.

General election

Campaign

The campaign was fought without much enthusiasm, and practically without an issue. Neither of the two great parties made an effort to rally the people to the defense of any important principle.

Whig campaigners, who included Abraham Lincoln and Rutherford B. Hayes, talked up Taylor's "antiparty" opposition to the Jacksonian commitment to the spoils system and yellow-dog partisanship. In the South, they stressed that he was a Louisiana slaveholder, while in the North they highlighted his Whiggish willingness to defer to Congress on major issues (which he subsequently did not do).

Democrats repeated, as they had for many years, their opposition to a national bank, high tariffs, and federal subsidies for local improvements. The Free Soilers branded both major parties lackeys of the Slave Arm, arguing that the rich planters controlled the agenda of both parties, leaving the ordinary white man out of the picture. They had to work around Van Buren's well-known reputation for compromising with slavery.

The Whigs had the advantage of highlighting Taylor's military glories. With Taylor remaining vague on the issues, the campaign was dominated by personalities and personal attacks, with the Democrats calling Taylor vulgar, uneducated, cruel and greedy, and the Whigs attacking Cass for graft and dishonesty. The division of the Democrats over slavery allowed Taylor to dominate the Northeast.[6]

The Free Soilers were on the ballots in only 17 of the 29 states with the popular vote, making it mathematically possible for Van Buren to win the presidency, but he had no real chance. Still, the party campaigned vigorously, particularly in the traditional Democrat strongholds in the northeast.

While some Free Soilers were hopeful of taking enough states to throw the election into the House of Representatives, Van Buren himself knew this was a long shot and that the best that his party could do was lay the groundwork for a hopefully improved showing in 1852.

1848 campaign artwork

Fort Harrison March

Artwork for "Fort Harrison March," a campaign song for Zachary Taylor's presidential campaign which recalled his triumph at the Siege of Fort Harrison in 1812.[7]

Baillie's 'Shooting the Christmas turkey' cartoon of 1848 US Presidential election

Political cartoon about the election campaign, titled "Shooting the Christmas Turkey"

Grand Presidential sweep-stakes for 1849

"Grand Presidential sweep-stakes" - political cartoon of the three main candidates

Results

PresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer
Results by county explicitly indicating the percentage of the winning candidate in each county. Shades of yellow are for Taylor (Whig), shades of blue are for Cass (Democrat), and shades of green are for Van Buren (Free Soil).
Zachary Taylor - Cock of the walk
"Cock of the walk" - Zachary Taylor as victor

With Taylor as their candidate, the Whigs won their second and last victory in a Presidential election. Taylor won the electoral college by capturing 163 of the 290 electoral votes. However, the popular vote was close. Although Taylor out-polled Cass in the popular vote by 138,000 votes, he came 79,000 votes shy of a majority. Thus, with 47% of the popular vote, Taylor was elected as a minority president.

A study of the county returns reveals that Free Soil strength drawn at the expense of the major parties differed by region. In the East North Central States, it appears at least the majority of the Free Soil strength was drawn from the Whig Party.

Conversely, in the Middle Atlantic region, Free Soil bases of strength lay in the areas which had hitherto been Democratic, particularly in New York and northern Pennsylvania. The Free Soil Democrats nomination of Van Buren made the victory of Taylor nearly certain in New York. On election day, enough Democratic votes were drawn away by Van Buren to give the Whig ticket all but two Democratic counties, thus enabling it to carry hitherto impregnable parts of upper New York state. The Democrats, confronted with an irreparable schism in New York, lost the election.

In New England, the Democratic vote declined by 33,000 from its 1844 level, while the Whig vote likewise declined by 15,000 votes. The third-party vote tripled, and the total vote remained nearly stationary—a partial indication, perhaps, of the derivation of the Free Soil strength in this section. For the first time since the existence of the Whig Party, the Whigs failed to gain an absolute majority of the vote in Massachusetts and Vermont. In addition, the Democrats failed to retain their usual majority in Maine; thus only New Hampshire (Democratic) and Rhode Island (Whig) of the states in this section gave their respective victorious parties clear-cut majorities.

Of the 1,464 counties/independent cities making returns, Cass placed first in 753 (51.43%), Taylor in 676 (46.17%), and Van Buren in 31 (2.12%). Four counties (0.27%) in the West split evenly between Taylor and Cass. This was the first time in the Second Party System in which the victorious party failed to gain at least a plurality of the counties as well as of the popular vote.

As one historian remarks, somewhat sarcastically, practically the only thing it decided was that a Whig general should be made President because he had done effective work in carrying on a Democratic war.

This was the last election in which Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island voted for the Whigs. It was also the last time that Georgia voted against the Democrats until 1964, the last time Delaware and Louisiana did so until 1872, the last time Florida and North Carolina did so until 1868, and the last time New Jersey and Pennsylvania did so until 1860.

Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote(a) Electoral
vote
Running mate
Count Percentage Vice-presidential candidate Home state Electoral vote
Zachary Taylor Whig Louisiana 1,361,393 47.28% 163 Millard Fillmore New York 163
Lewis Cass Democratic Michigan 1,223,460 42.49% 127 William Orlando Butler Kentucky 127
Martin Van Buren Free Soil New York 291,501 10.12% 0 Charles Francis Adams, Sr. Massachusetts 0
Gerrit Smith Liberty New York 2,545 0.09% 0 Charles C. Foote Michigan 0
Other 285 0.01% Other
Total 2,879,184 100% 290 290
Needed to win 146 146

Source (Popular Vote): Leip, David. "1848 Presidential Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved July 27, 2005. Source (Electoral Vote): "Electoral College Box Scores 1789–1996". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved July 31, 2005. (a) The popular vote figures exclude South Carolina where the Electors were chosen by the state legislature rather than by popular vote.

Popular vote
Taylor
47.28%
Cass
42.49%
Van Buren
10.12%
Others
0.11%
Electoral vote
Taylor
56.21%
Cass
43.79%

Geography of results

Cartographic gallery

PresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer

Map of presidential election results by county

WhigPresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer

Map of Whig presidential election results by county

DemocraticPresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer

Map of Democratic presidential election results by county

FreeSoilPresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer

Map of Free Soil presidential election results by county

LibertyPresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer

Map of Liberty presidential election results by county

OtherPresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer

Map of "Other" presidential election results by county

CartogramPresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer

Cartogram of presidential election results by county

CartogramWhigPresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer

Cartogram of Whig presidential election results by county

CartogramDemocraticPresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer

Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county

CartogramFreeSoilPresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer

Cartogram of Free Soil presidential election results by county

CartogramLibertyPresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer

Cartogram of Liberty presidential election results by county

CartogramOtherPresidentialCounty1848Colorbrewer

Cartogram of "Other" presidential election results by county

Results by state

This was the first election where the two leading candidates each carried half of the states. As of 2018, it has subsequently happened just once, in 1880. Source: Data from Walter Dean Burnham, Presidential ballots, 1836–1892 (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1955) pp 247–57.

Zachary Taylor
Whig
Lewis Cass
Democratic
Martin Van Buren
Free Soil
Margin State Total
State electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % #
Alabama 9 30,482 49.44 - 31,173 50.56 9 no ballots -691 -1.12 61,655 AL
Arkansas 3 7,587 44.93 - 9,301 55.07 3 no ballots -1,714 -10.14 16,888 AR
Connecticut 6 30,318 48.59 6 27,051 43.35 - 5,005 8.02 - 3,267 5.24 62,398 CT
Delaware 3 6,440 51.80 3 5,910 47.54 - 82 0.66 - 530 4.26 12,423 DE
Florida 3 4,120 57.20 3 3,083 42.80 - no ballots 1,037 14.40 7,203 FL
Georgia 10 47,532 51.49 10 44,785 48.51 - no ballots 2,747 2.98 92,317 GA
Illinois 9 52,853 42.42 - 55,952 44.91 9 15,702 12.60 - -3,099 -2.49 124,596 IL
Indiana 12 69,907 45.77 - 74,745 48.93 12 8,100 5.30 - -4,838 -3.16 152,752 IN
Iowa 4 9,930 44.59 - 11,238 50.46 4 1,103 4.95 - -1,308 -5.87 22,271 IA
Kentucky 12 67,145 57.46 12 49,720 42.54 - no ballots 17,425 14.92 116,865 KY
Louisiana 6 18,487 54.59 6 15,379 45.41 - no ballots 3,108 9.18 33,866 LA
Maine 9 35,273 40.25 - 40,195 45.87 9 12,157 13.87 - -4,922 -5.62 87,625 ME
Maryland 8 37,702 52.10 8 34,528 47.72 - 129 0.18 - 3,174 4.38 72,359 MD
Massachusetts 12 61,072 45.32 12 35,281 26.18 - 38,333 28.45 - 22,739 16.87 134,748 MA
Michigan 5 23,947 36.80 - 30,742 47.24 5 10,393 15.97 - -6,795 -10.44 65,082 MI
Mississippi 6 25,911 49.40 - 26,545 50.60 6 no ballots -634 -1.20 52,456 MS
Missouri 7 32,671 44.91 - 40,077 55.09 7 no ballots -7,406 -10.18 72,748 MO
New Hampshire 6 14,781 29.50 - 27,763 55.41 6 7,560 15.09 - -12,982 -25.91 50,104 NH
New Jersey 7 40,015 51.48 7 36,901 47.47 - 819 1.05 - 3,114 4.01 77,735 NJ
New York 36 218,583 47.94 36 114,319 25.07 - 120,497 26.43 - 98,086 21.51 453,399 NY
North Carolina 11 44,054 55.17 11 35,772 44.80 - no ballots 8,282 10.37 79,826 NC
Ohio 23 138,359 42.12 - 154,773 47.12 23 35,347 10.76 - -16,414 -5.00 328,479 OH
Pennsylvania 26 185,313 50.28 26 171,976 46.66 - 11,263 3.06 - 13,337 3.62 368,552 PA
Rhode Island 4 6,779 60.77 4 3,646 32.68 - 730 6.54 - 3,133 28.09 11,155 RI
South Carolina 9 no popular vote no popular vote 9 no popular vote - - - SC
Tennessee 13 64,321 52.52 13 58,142 47.48 - no ballots 6,179 5.04 122,463 TN
Texas 4 4,509 29.71 - 10,668 70.29 4 no ballots -6,159 -40.58 15,177 TX
Vermont 6 23,132 48.27 6 10,948 22.85 - 13,837 28.87 - 9,295 19.40 47,922 VT
Virginia 17 45,265 49.20 - 46,739 50.80 17 no ballots -1,474 -1.60 92,004 VA
Wisconsin 4 13,747 35.10 - 15,001 38.30 4 10,418 26.60 - -1,254 -3.20 39,166 WI
TOTALS: 290 1,360,235 47.28 163 1,222,353 42.49 127 291,475 10.13 - 2,876,818 US
TO WIN: 146

Electoral college selection

Method of choosing electors State(s)
Each Elector appointed by state legislature South Carolina
Each Elector chosen by voters statewide (all other States) *

* Massachusetts law provided that the state legislature would choose the Electors if no slate of Electors could command a majority of voters statewide. In 1848, this provision was triggered.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Voter Turnout in Presidential Elections". The American Presidency Project. UC Santa Barbara.
  2. ^ President Elect – Previous Trivia Of The Week, archived from the original on August 11, 2017, retrieved September 17, 2017
  3. ^ Luthin, Richard H. (December 1941). "Abraham Lincoln and the Massachusetts Whigs in 1848". The New England Quarterly. 14 (4): 621–622. JSTOR 360598.
  4. ^ Stone, Irving (1966). They Also Ran: The Story of the Men who were Defeated for the Presidency. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. p. 262.
  5. ^ They Also Ran, Irving Stone, pg. 263
  6. ^ Silbey (2009)
  7. ^ weber, balmer and; h., weber, c. "Image 1 of Fort Harrison march". Archived from the original on 2012-07-10.

Bibliography

  • Blue, Frederick J. The Free Soilers: Third Party Politics, 1848–54 (1973).
  • Boritt, G. S. "Lincoln's Opposition to the Mexican War," Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society Vol. 67, No. 1, Abraham Lincoln Issue (Feb. 1974), pp. 79–100 in JSTOR
  • Earle, Jonathan H. Jacksonian Antislavery and the Politics of Free Soil, 1828–1854 (2004).
  • Eyal, Yonatan. "The 'Party Period' Framework and the Election of 1848", Reviews in American History Volume 38, Number 1, March 2010, in Project Muse
  • Graebner, Norman A. "Thomas Corwin and the Election of 1848: A Study in Conservative Politics." Journal of Southern History, 17 (1951), 162-79. in JSTOR
  • Hamilton, Holman. Zachary Taylor: Soldier in the White House (1951)
  • Holt; Michael F. The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. (1999). online edition
  • Morrison, Michael A. "New Territory versus No Territory": The Whig Party and the Politics of Western Expansion, 1846-1848," Western Historical Quarterly, Vol. 23, No. 1 (Feb. 1992), pp. 25–51 in JSTOR
  • Nevins, Allan. Ordeal of the Union: Volume I. Fruits of Manifest Destiny, 1847–1852 (1947).
  • Rayback, Joseph G. Free Soil: The Election of 1848. (1970).
  • Silbey, Joel H. Party Over Section: The Rough and Ready Presidential Election of 1848 (2009). 205 pp.

External links

1848 United States presidential election in Arkansas

The 1848 United States presidential election in Arkansas took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose three representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Arkansas voted for the Democratic candidate, Lewis Cass, over Whig candidate Zachary Taylor. Cass won Arkansas by a margin of 10.14%.

1848 United States presidential election in Connecticut

The 1848 United States presidential election in Connecticut took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose six representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Connecticut voted for the Whig candidate, Zachary Taylor, over Democratic candidate Lewis Cass and Free Soil Party candidate Martin Van Buren. Taylor won Connecticut by a margin of 5.24%.

1848 United States presidential election in Florida

The 1848 United States presidential election in Florida took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose three representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President. This was the first time Florida participated in a U.S. presidential election since its admission into the Union on March 3, 1845.

Florida voted for the Whig candidate, Zachary Taylor, over Democratic candidate Lewis Cass. Taylor won Florida by a margin of 14.40%.

1848 United States presidential election in Georgia

The 1848 United States presidential election in Georgia took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose ten representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Georgia voted for the Whig candidate, Zachary Taylor, over Democratic candidate Lewis Cass. Taylor won Georgia by a narrow margin of 2.98%.

1848 United States presidential election in Illinois

The 1848 United States presidential election in Illinois took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose nine representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Illinois voted for the Democratic candidate, Lewis Cass, over Whig candidate Zachary Taylor and Free Soil candidate Martin Van Buren. Cass won Illinois by a margin of 2.49%.

1848 United States presidential election in Kentucky

The 1848 United States presidential election in Kentucky took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose twelve representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Kentucky voted for the Whig candidate, Zachary Taylor, over Democratic candidate Lewis Cass. Taylor won Kentucky by a margin of 14.92%.

1848 United States presidential election in Louisiana

The 1848 United States presidential election in Louisiana took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose six representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Louisiana voted for the Whig candidate, Zachary Taylor, over Democratic candidate Lewis Cass. Taylor won Louisiana by a margin of 9.18%.

1848 United States presidential election in Maryland

The 1848 United States presidential election in Maryland took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose eight representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Maryland voted for the Whig candidate, Zachary Taylor, over Democratic candidate Lewis Cass. Taylor won Maryland by a margin of 4.38%.

1848 United States presidential election in Massachusetts

The 1848 United States presidential election in Massachusetts took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose 12 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Massachusetts voted for the Whig candidate, Zachary Taylor, over Democratic candidate Lewis Cass and Free Soil candidate former president Martin Van Buren. Taylor won the state by a margin of 19.4%.

With 28.45% of the popular vote, Massachusetts would prove to by Van Buren's second strongest state in the country after neighboring Vermont.

1848 United States presidential election in Michigan

The 1848 United States presidential election in Michigan took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose five representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Michigan voted for the Democratic candidate, Lewis Cass, over Whig candidate Zachary Taylor and Free Soil candidate Martin Van Buren. Cass won Michigan by a margin of 10.44%.

With 15.97% of the popular vote, Michigan would prove to be Van Buren's fifth strongest state after Vermont, Massachusetts, Wisconsin and New York.

1848 United States presidential election in Missouri

The 1848 United States presidential election in Missouri took place on November 7th, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose seven representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Missouri voted for the Democratic candidate, Lewis Cass, over Whig candidate Zachary Taylor. Cass won Missouri by a margin of 10.18%.

1848 United States presidential election in New Jersey

The 1848 United States presidential election in New Jersey took place between November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose seven representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

New Jersey voted for the Whig candidate, Zachary Taylor, over Democratic candidate Lewis Cass and Free Soil candidate former president Martin Van Buren. Taylor won the state by a narrow margin of 4.01%.

1848 United States presidential election in New York

The 1848 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose thirty-six representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

New York voted for the Whig candidate, Zachary Taylor, over Free Soil candidate Martin van Buren and Democratic candidate Lewis Cass. Taylor won New York by a margin of 21.51 percent over Van Buren. As of 2019, Van Buren’s performance remains the best ever by a third-party candidate in New York presidential election history.Also, with 26.43% of the popular vote, New York would prove to be Van Buren's fourth strongest state after Vermont, Massachusetts and Wisconsin.

1848 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania

The 1848 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose 26 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Pennsylvania voted for the Whig candidate, Zachary Taylor, over the Democratic candidate, Lewis Cass. Taylor won Pennsylvania by a margin of 3.62%.

1848 United States presidential election in South Carolina

The 1848 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. The state legislature chose nine representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

South Carolina cast 9 electoral votes for the Democratic candidate Lewis Cass. These electors were chosen by the South Carolina General Assembly, the state legislature, rather than by popular vote.

1848 United States presidential election in Tennessee

The 1848 United States presidential election in Tennessee took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose thirteen representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Tennessee voted for the Whig candidate Zachary Taylor over Democratic candidate Lewis Cass. Taylor won Tennessee by a margin of 5.04%.

1848 United States presidential election in Texas

The 1848 United States presidential election in Texas was held on November 7, 1848. Texas voters chose 4 electors to represent the state in the Electoral College, which chose the president and vice president. Texas was annexed by the United States on February 19, 1846, making this the first presidential election in which the state participated.

Texas overwhelmingly voted for the Democratic nominee Lewis Cass, who received 70.2% of the vote. Texas was, by far, Cass's strongest state, and the only state where he received over 70.2% of the popular vote.

1848 United States presidential election in Virginia

The 1848 United States presidential election in Virginia took place on November 7, 1848, as part of the 1848 United States presidential election. Voters chose seventeen representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Virginia was a closely contested state during this election and narrowly voted for the Democratic candidate, former U.S. Senator Lewis Cass over the Whig candidate, military general Zachary Taylor. Cass won the state with a margin of 1.6%. As of 2017, this is the last election in which Morgan County, now part of West Virginia, voted for the Democratic candidate.

1848 United States presidential election in Wisconsin

The 1848 United States presidential election in Wisconsin was held on November 7, 1848. It was the first presidential election held in the state since its admission to the Union in May, earlier the same year. Democratic candidate Lewis Cass won the state of Wisconsin with 38% of the vote, carrying the state's 4 electoral votes.

With 26.6% of the popular vote, Wisconsin would prove to be Van Buren's third strongest state after Vermont and Massachusetts.

(1844 ←) 1848 United States presidential election (1852 →)
Whig Party
Convention
Democratic Party
Convention
Free Soil Party
Convention
State results of the 1848 U.S. presidential election
Candidates
General
articles
Local
results
Other 1848
elections
Elections by year
Elections by state
Primaries and caucuses
Nominating conventions
Electoral College
and Popular vote
Related topics
Presidential (since 1832)
Senatorial (since 1990)
Gubernatorial (since 1990)

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