1840 United States presidential election

The 1840 United States presidential election was the 14th quadrennial presidential election, held from October 30 to December 2, 1840. Economic recovery from the Panic of 1837 was incomplete, and Whig nominee William Henry Harrison defeated incumbent President Martin Van Buren of the Democratic Party. The election marked the first of two Whig victories in presidential elections.

In 1839, the Whigs held a national convention for the first time. The 1839 Whig National Convention saw 1836 nominee William Henry Harrison defeat former Secretary of State Henry Clay and General Winfield Scott. Van Buren faced little opposition at the 1840 Democratic National Convention, but controversial Vice President Richard Mentor Johnson was not re-nominated. The Democrats thus became the only major party since the passage of the Twelfth Amendment to fail to select a vice presidential nominee.

Referencing vice presidential nominee John Tyler and Harrison's participation in the Battle of Tippecanoe, the Whigs campaigned on the slogan of "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too." With Van Buren weakened by economic woes, Harrison won a popular majority and 234 of 294 electoral votes. Voter participation surged as white manhood suffrage became nearly universal[2], and a contemporary record of 42.4% of the voting age population voted for Harrison.[1] Van Buren's loss made him the third president to lose re-election.

The Whigs did not enjoy the benefits of victory. The 67-year-old Harrison was the oldest U.S. president elected until Ronald Reagan won the 1980 presidential election. Harrison died a little more than a month after inauguration. Harrison was succeeded by John Tyler, who unexpectedly proved not to be a Whig. While Tyler had been a staunch supporter of Clay at the convention, he was a former Democrat, a passionate supporter of states' rights, and effectively an independent. As President, Tyler blocked the Whigs' legislative agenda and was expelled from the Whig Party.

1840 United States presidential election

October 30 – December 2, 1840

All 294 electoral votes of the Electoral College
148 electoral votes needed to win
Turnout80.2%[1] Increase 22.4 pp
  Harrison crop Van Buren
Nominee William H. Harrison Martin Van Buren
Party Whig Democratic
Home state Ohio New York
Running mate John Tyler No candidate
Electoral vote 234 60
States carried 19 7
Popular vote 1,275,390 1,128,854
Percentage 52.9% 46.8%

1840 United States presidential election in Maine1840 United States presidential election in New Hampshire1840 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1840 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1840 United States presidential election in Connecticut1840 United States presidential election in New York1840 United States presidential election in Vermont1840 United States presidential election in New Jersey1840 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania1840 United States presidential election in Delaware1840 United States presidential election in Maryland1840 United States presidential election in Virginia1840 United States presidential election in Ohio1840 United States presidential election in Michigan1840 United States presidential election in Indiana1840 United States presidential election in Illinois1840 United States presidential election in Kentucky1840 United States presidential election in Tennessee1840 United States presidential election in North Carolina1840 United States presidential election in South Carolina1840 United States presidential election in Georgia1840 United States presidential election in Alabama1840 United States presidential election in Mississippi1840 United States presidential election in Louisiana1840 United States presidential election in Arkansas1840 United States presidential election in MissouriElectoralCollege1840.svg
Presidential election results map. Buff denotes states won by Harrison/Tyler, blue denotes those won by Van Buren & one of his three running mates. Numbers indicate the number of electoral votes allotted to each state.

President before election

Martin Van Buren
Democratic

Elected President

William H. Harrison
Whig

Nominations

Democratic Party nomination

Democratic Party (United States)
Democratic Party Ticket, 1840
Martin Van Buren
for President
Van Buren
8th
President of the United States
(1837–1841)
Campaign

Van Buren, the incumbent president, was re-nominated in Baltimore in May 1840. The party refused to re-nominate his sitting vice president, Richard M. Johnson, but could not agree on an alternative, and so nominated no one. This remains the only time since the passage of the 12th Amendment, that a major party failed to do so. In the electoral college, the Democratic vice presidential votes were divided among Johnson, Littleton W. Tazewell, and James K. Polk.

Whig Party nomination

Whig Party Ticket, 1840
William Henry Harrison John Tyler
for President for Vice President
Harrison crop
John Tyler crop
Former U.S. Senator
from Ohio
(1825–1828)
Former U.S. Senator
from Virginia
(1827–1836)
Campaign

Three years after Democrat Martin Van Buren was elected President in the election of 1836 over three Whig candidates, the Whigs met in national convention determined to unite behind a single candidate. The convention was chaired by Isaac C. Bates of Massachusetts and James Barbour of Virginia presided over the convention. The party nominated the popular retired general William Henry Harrison of Ohio for President, the most successful of the three Whig presidential candidates from the previous election. Harrison won a close victory on the convention's fifth ballot against party founder Henry Clay and General Winfield Scott. Harrison, though a slave-owner and aristocrat, was perceived as being simple and a commoner.[3] The convention nominated former Senator John Tyler from Virginia for Vice President. The two would go on to win the 1840 presidential election by defeating Van Buren.

Because Harrison (born in Virginia) was considered a Northerner (as a resident of Ohio), the Whigs needed to balance the ticket with a Southerner. They also sought a Clay supporter to help unite the party after Clay's loss on the balloting. Tyler was finally chosen by the convention after several Southern Clay supporters had been approached but refused. Tyler had previously been the running-mate of Hugh Lawson White and Willie Person Mangum during the four-way Whig campaign at the previous election.

Anti-Masonic Party nomination

After the negative views of Freemasonry among a large segment of the public began to wane in the mid 1830s, the Anti-Masonic Party had begun to disintegrate. Its leaders began to move one by one to the Whig party. Party leaders met in September 1837 in Washington, D.C., and agreed to maintain the party. The third Anti-Masonic Party National Convention was held in Philadelphia on November 13-14, 1838. By this time, the party had been almost entirely supplanted by the Whigs. The delegates unanimously voted to nominate William Henry Harrison for president (who the party had supported for president the previous election along with Francis Granger for Vice President) and Daniel Webster for Vice President. However, when the Whig National Convention nominated Harrison with John Tyler as his running mate, the Anti-Masonic Party did not make an alternate nomination and ceased to function and was fully absorbed into the Whigs by 1840.

Convention vote
Presidential vote Vice Presidential vote
William Henry Harrison 119 Daniel Webster 119

Liberty Party nomination

The Liberty Party was announced in November 1839, and first gathered in Warsaw, New York. Its first national convention took place in Arcade on April 1, 1840.

The Liberty Party nominated James G. Birney, a Kentuckian, former slaveholder, and prominent abolitionist, for President while Thomas Earle of Pennsylvania was selected as his running mate.

General election

Campaign

The times panic 1837
Caricature on the aftermath of the panic of 1837

In the wake of the Panic of 1837, Van Buren was widely unpopular, and Harrison, following Andrew Jackson's strategy, ran as a war hero and man of the people while presenting Van Buren as a wealthy snob living in luxury at the public expense. Although Harrison was comfortably wealthy and well educated, his "log cabin" image caught fire, sweeping all sections of the country.

Harrison avoided campaigning on the issues, with his Whig Party attracting a broad coalition with few common ideals. The Whig strategy overall was to win the election by avoiding discussion of difficult national issues such as slavery or the national bank and concentrate instead on exploiting dissatisfaction over the failed policies of the Van Buren administration with colorful campaigning techniques.

Log cabin campaign of William Henry Harrison

Harrison was the first president to campaign actively for office. He did so with the slogan "Tippecanoe and Tyler too". Tippecanoe referred to Harrison's military victory over a group of Shawnee Indians at a river in Indiana called Tippecanoe in 1811. For their part, Democrats laughed at Harrison for being too old for the presidency, and referred to him as "Granny", hinting that he was senile. Said one Democratic newspaper: "Give him a barrel of hard cider, and ... a pension of two thousand [dollars] a year ... and ... he will sit the remainder of his days in his log cabin."

PresidentialCounty1840ExtentColorbrewer
Results by county explicitly indicating the percentage of the winning candidate in each county. Shades of yellow are for Harrison (Whig) and shades of blue are for Van Buren (Democrat).

Whigs took advantage of this quip and declared that Harrison was "the log cabin and hard cider candidate", a man of the common people from the rough-and-tumble West. They depicted Harrison's opponent, President Martin Van Buren, as a wealthy snob who was out of touch with the people. In fact, it was Harrison who came from a family of wealthy planters, while Van Buren's father was a tavernkeeper. Harrison however moved to the frontier and for years lived in a log cabin, while Van Buren had been a well-paid government official.

Nonetheless, the election was held during the worst economic depression in the nation's history, and voters blamed Van Buren, seeing him as unsympathetic to struggling citizens. Harrison campaigned vigorously and won.

Results

Harrison won the support of western settlers and eastern bankers alike. The extent of Van Buren's unpopularity was evident in Harrison's victories in New York (the president's home state) and in Tennessee, where Andrew Jackson himself came out of retirement to stump for his former vice-president.

Few Americans were surprised when Van Buren lost by an electoral vote of 234 to 60. But many were amazed by the close popular vote. Of 2,400,000 votes cast, Van Buren lost by only 146,000. Given the circumstances, it is surprising that the Democrats did as well as they did.[4]

Of the 1,179 counties/independent cities making returns, Harrison won in 699 (59.29%) while Van Buren carried 477 (40.46%). Three counties (0.25%) in the South split evenly between Harrison and Van Buren.

Harrison's victory won him precious little time as chief executive of the United States. After giving the longest inauguration speech in U.S. history (about 1 hour, 45 minutes, in cool weather), Harrison served only one month as president before dying of pneumonia on April 4, 1841. This was the first election in US history in which a candidate won more than a million popular votes.

This was the last election where Indiana voted for the Whigs. It is also the only election where the Whigs won Maine, Michigan, and Mississippi. The election was also the last time that Mississippi voted against the Democrats until 1872, the last in which Indiana did so until 1860 and the last in which Maine and Michigan did so until 1856.

Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote(a) Electoral
vote
Running mate
Count Percentage Vice-presidential candidate Home state Electoral vote
William Henry Harrison Whig Ohio 1,275,390 52.88% 234 John Tyler Virginia 234
Martin Van Buren Democratic New York 1,128,854 46.81% 60 Richard Mentor Johnson Kentucky 48
Littleton W. Tazewell Virginia 11
James Knox Polk Tennessee 1
James G. Birney Liberty New York 6,797 0.31% 0 Thomas Earle Pennsylvania 0
Other 767 0.00% Other
Total 2,411,808 100% 294 294
Needed to win 148 148

Source (Popular Vote): Leip, David. "1840 Presidential Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved July 27, 2005. Source (Electoral Vote): "Electoral College Box Scores 1789–1996". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved July 31, 2005.

(a) The popular vote figures exclude South Carolina where the Electors were chosen by the state legislature rather than by popular vote.

Popular vote
Harrison
52.88%
Van Buren
46.81%
Others
0.31%
Electoral vote
Harrison
79.59%
Van Buren
20.41%

Geography of results

Cartographic gallery

PresidentialCounty1840Colorbrewer

Map of presidential election results by county

WhigPresidentialCounty1840Colorbrewer

Map of Whig presidential election results by county

DemocraticPresidentialCounty1840Colorbrewer

Map of Democratic presidential election results by county

LibertyPresidentialCounty1840Colorbrewer

Map of Liberty presidential election results by county

OtherPresidentialCounty1840Colorbrewer

Map of "Other" presidential election results by county

CartogramPresidentialCounty1840Colorbrewer

Cartogram of presidential election results by county

CartogramWhigPresidentialCounty1840Colorbrewer

Cartogram of Whig presidential election results by county

CartogramDemocraticPresidentialCounty1840Colorbrewer

Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county

CartogramLibertyPresidentialCounty1840Colorbrewer

Cartogram of Liberty presidential election results by county

CartogramOtherPresidentialCounty1840Colorbrewer

Cartogram of "Other" presidential election results by county

Results by state

Source: Data from Walter Dean Burnham, Presidential ballots, 1836–1892 (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1955) pp 247–257.

William Henry Harrison
Whig
Martin Van Buren
Democratic
James G. Birney
Liberty
Margin State Total
State electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % #
Alabama 7 28,515 45.62 - 33,996 54.38 7 no ballots -5,481 -8.76 62,511 AL
Arkansas 3 5,160 43.58 - 6,679 56.42 3 no ballots -1,519 -12.84 11,839 AR
Connecticut 8 31,598 55.55 8 25,281 44.45 - no ballots 6,317 11.10 56,879 CT
Delaware 3 5,967 54.99 3 4,872 44.89 - no ballots 1,095 10.10 10,852 DE
Georgia 11 40,339 55.78 11 31,983 44.22 - no ballots 8,356 11.56 72,322 GA
Illinois 5 45,574 48.91 - 47,441 50.92 5 160 0.17 - -1,867 -2.01 93,175 IL
Indiana 9 65,302 55.86 9 51,604 44.14 - no ballots 13,698 11.72 116,906 IN
Kentucky 15 58,488 64.20 15 32,616 35.80 - no ballots 25,872 28.40 91,104 KY
Louisiana 5 11,296 59.73 5 7,616 40.27 - no ballots 3,680 19.46 18,912 LA
Maine 10 46,612 50.23 10 46,190 49.77 - no ballots 422 0.46 92,802 ME
Maryland 10 33,528 53.83 10 28,752 46.17 - no ballots 4,776 7.66 62,280 MD
Massachusetts 14 72,852 57.44 14 52,355 41.28 - 1,618 1.28 - 20,497 16.16 126,825 MA
Michigan 3 22,933 51.71 3 21,096 47.57 - 321 0.72 - 1,837 4.14 44,350 MI
Mississippi 4 19,515 53.43 4 17,010 46.57 - no ballots 2,505 6.86 36,525 MS
Missouri 4 22,954 43.37 - 29,969 56.63 4 no ballots -7,015 -13.26 52,923 MO
New Hampshire 7 26,310 43.88 - 32,774 54.66 7 872 1.45 - -6,464 -10.78 59,956 NH
New Jersey 8 33,351 51.74 8 31,034 48.15 - 69 0.11 - 2,317 3.59 64,454 NJ
New York 42 226,001 51.18 42 212,733 48.18 - 2,809 0.64 - 13,268 3.00 441,543 NY
North Carolina 15 46,567 57.68 15 34,168 42.32 - no ballots 12,399 15.36 80,735 NC
Ohio 21 148,157 54.10 21 124,782 45.57 - 903 0.33 - 23,375 8.53 273,842 OH
Pennsylvania 30 144,010 50.00 30 143,676 49.88 - 340 0.12 - 334 0.12 288,026 PA
Rhode Island 4 5,278 61.22 4 3,301 38.29 - 42 0.49 - 1,977 22.93 8,621 RI
South Carolina 11 no popular vote no popular vote 11 no popular vote - - - SC
Tennessee 15 60,194 55.66 15 47,951 44.34 - no ballots 12,243 11.32 108,145 TN
Vermont 7 32,445 63.90 7 18,009 35.47 - 319 0.63 - 14,436 28.43 50,773 VT
Virginia 23 42,639 49.35 - 43,757 50.65 23 no ballots -1,120 -1.30 86,394 VA
TOTALS: 294 1,275,583 52.87 234 1,129,645 46.82 60 7,453 0.31 - 145,938 6.05 2,412,694 US
TO WIN: 148

Campaign songs/slogans

Harrison

"Tippecanoe and Tyler too"

Van Buren

Rockabye, baby, Daddy's a Whig
When he comes home, hard cider he'll swig
When he has swug
He'll fall in a stu
And down will come Tyler and Tippecanoe.
Rockabye, baby, when you awake
You will discover Tip is a fake.
Far from the battle, war cry and drum
He sits in his cabin a'drinking bad rum.
Rockabye, baby, never you cry
You need not fear of Tip and his Ty.
What they would ruin, Van Buren will fix.
Van's a magician, they are but tricks.

Election paraphernalia

Harrison "Tippecanoe Club" ribbon

WilliamHenryHarrisonCampaignRallySilkRibbon09101840

Ribbon for Harrison political rally

Ribbon for Danvers, Mass. delegation to Harrison Rally, Bunker Hill, 1840; engraved by George Girdler Smith

DelegateRibbonMassachusettsNatlDemConvention1840

Delegate badge, Democratic convention

1840 Boston Harrison Club

Cover of Boston Harrison Club's Harrison Melodies, 1840[5]

Electoral college selection

Method of choosing electors State(s)
Each Elector appointed by state legislature South Carolina
Each Elector chosen by voters statewide (all other States)

In popular culture

In the film Amistad, Van Buren (played by Nigel Hawthorne) is seen campaigning for re-election. These scenes have been criticized for their historical inaccuracy.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Between 1828–1928: "Voter Turnout in Presidential Elections: 1828–2008". The American Presidency Project. UC Santa Barbara. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
  2. ^ https://americanhistory.si.edu/democracy-exhibition/vote-voice/getting-vote/demanding-vote/white-manhood-suffrage
  3. ^ "About US President William Henry Harrison". What is USA News. September 17, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  4. ^ Watson, Harry L. (2006). Liberty and Power: The Politics of Jacksonian America. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. p. 226. ISBN 0-8090-6547-9.
  5. ^ Boston Harrison Club. Harrison melodies: Original and selected. Boston: Weeks, Jordan and company, 1840. Google books
  6. ^ Foner, Eric (March 1998). "The Amistad Case in Fact and Film".

Further reading

  • Chambers, William Nisbet. "The Election of 1840" in Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. (ed.) History of American Presidential Elections, 1789–1968 (1971) vol 2; analysis plus primary sources
  • Formisano, Ronald P. "The new political history and the election of 1840," Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Spring 1993, Vol. 23 Issue 4, pp. 661–82 in JSTOR
  • Gunderson, Robert Gray (1957). The Log-Cabin Campaign. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press.
  • Greeley, Horace (1868). Recollections of a Busy Life.
    • Greeley's description of the 1840 election is posted on Wikisource.
  • Holt, Michael F. "The Election of 1840, Voter Mobilization, and the Emergence of the Second American Party System: A Reappraisal of Jacksonian Voting Behavior", in Holt and John McCardell, eds. A Master's Due: Essays in Honor of David Herbert Donald (1986); emphasizes economic factors; See Formisano (1993) for criticism
  • Holt, Michael F. (1999). The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-505544-6.
  • Shade, William G. "Politics and Parties in Jacksonian America", Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Vol. 110, No. 4 (Oct. 1986), pp. 483–507 online
  • Zboray, Ronald J., and Mary Saracino Zboray. "Whig Women, Politics, and Culture in the Campaign of 1840: Three Perspectives from Massachusetts", Journal of the Early Republic Vol. 17, No. 2 (Summer, 1997), pp. 277–315 in JSTOR

External links

1840 United States presidential election in Connecticut

The 1840 United States presidential election in Connecticut took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose eight representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Connecticut voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won Connecticut by a margin of 11.1%.

1840 United States presidential election in Delaware

The 1840 United States presidential election in Delaware took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose three representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Delaware voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won Delaware by a margin of 10.1%.

1840 United States presidential election in Illinois

The 1840 United States presidential election in Illinois took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose five representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Illinois voted for the Democratic candidate, Martin Van Buren, over Whig candidate William Henry Harrison. Van Buren won Illinois by a margin of 2.01%.

1840 United States presidential election in Indiana

The 1840 United States presidential election in Indiana took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose nine representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Indiana voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won Indiana by a margin of 11.72%.

1840 United States presidential election in Louisiana

The 1840 United States presidential election in Louisiana took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose five representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Louisiana voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won Louisiana by a margin of 19.46%.

With 59.73% of the popular vote, Louisiana would prove to be Harrison's fourth strongest state after Kentucky, Vermont and Rhode Island.

1840 United States presidential election in Maryland

The 1840 United States presidential election in Maryland took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose ten representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Maryland voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won Maryland by a margin of 7.66%.

1840 United States presidential election in Massachusetts

The 1840 United States presidential election in Massachusetts took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose fourteen representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Massachusetts voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won Massachusetts by a margin of 16.16%.

1840 United States presidential election in Michigan

The 1840 United States presidential election in Michigan took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose three representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Michigan voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won Michigan by a margin of 4.14%.

1840 United States presidential election in Missouri

The 1840 United States presidential election in Missouri took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose four representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Missouri voted for the Democratic candidate, Martin Van Buren, over Whig candidate William Henry Harrison. Van Buren won Missouri by a margin of 13.26%.

1840 United States presidential election in New Hampshire

The 1840 United States presidential election in New Hampshire took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose seven representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

New Hampshire voted for the Democratic candidate, Martin Van Buren, over Whig candidate William Henry Harrison. Van Buren won New Hampshire by a margin of 10.78%.

1840 United States presidential election in New Jersey

The 1840 United States presidential election in New Jersey took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose eight representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

New Jersey voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won New Jersey by a margin of 3.59%.

1840 United States presidential election in New York

The 1840 United States presidential election in New York took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose forty-two representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

New York voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won New York by a margin of 3.00%.

1840 United States presidential election in North Carolina

The 1840 United States presidential election in North Carolina took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose fifteen representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

North Carolina voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won North Carolina by a margin of 15.36%.

With 57.68% of the popular vote, North Carolina would prove to be Harrison's fifth strongest state after Kentucky, Vermont, Rhode Island and Louisiana.

1840 United States presidential election in Ohio

The 1840 United States presidential election in Ohio took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose twenty-one representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Ohio voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won Ohio by a margin of 8.53%.

1840 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania

The 1840 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose 30 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Pennsylvania voted for Whig challenger William Henry Harrison over Democratic incumbent Martin Van Buren by just 334 votes, a margin of 0.12%. It is the narrowest margin of victory in a presidential election in Pennsylvania history, with Donald Trump's 2016 win following close behind at 0.72%.

1840 United States presidential election in South Carolina

The 1840 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. The state legislature chose eleven representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

South Carolina cast 11 electoral votes for the Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. These electors were chosen by the South Carolina General Assembly, the state legislature, rather than by popular vote.

1840 United States presidential election in Tennessee

The 1840 United States presidential election in Tennessee took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose fifteen representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Tennessee voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won Tennessee by a margin of 11.32%.

1840 United States presidential election in Vermont

The 1840 United States presidential election in Vermont took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose seven representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Vermont voted for the Whig candidate, William Henry Harrison, over Democratic candidate Martin Van Buren. Harrison won Vermont by a margin of 28.43%.

Harrison's 28.43% margin of victory made it his strongest victory in the election while he carried 63.90% of the popular vote made Vermont his second strongest state after Kentucky.

1840 United States presidential election in Virginia

The 1840 United States presidential election in Virginia took place between October 30 and December 2, 1840, as part of the 1840 United States presidential election. Voters chose twenty-three representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice President.

Virginia voted for the Democratic candidate, incumbent President Martin Van Buren, over Whig candidate William Henry Harrison. Van Buren narrowly won Virginia by a margin of 1.3%, or 1,120 votes.

(1836 ←) 1840 United States presidential election (1844 →)
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