1837 United Kingdom general election

The 1837 United Kingdom general election was triggered by the death of King William IV and produced the first Parliament of the reign of his successor, Victoria. It saw Robert Peel's Conservatives close further on the position of the Whigs, who won their fourth election of the decade.

The election marked the last time that a Parliament was dissolved as a result of the demise of the Crown. Immediate dissolution of Parliament following the demise of the Crown was abolished by the Reform Act 1867.

1837 United Kingdom general election

24 July – 18 August 1837

All 658 seats in the House of Commons
330 seats needed for a majority
  2nd V Melbourne Robert Peel
Leader Viscount Melbourne Sir Robert Peel
Party Whig Conservative
Leader since 16 July 1834 19 December 1834
Leader's seat House of Lords Tamworth
Last election 385 seats, 55.2% 273 seats, 40.8%
Seats won 344 314
Seat change Decrease41 Increase41
Popular vote 418,331 379,694
Percentage 51.7% 48.3%
Swing Decrease5.5% Increase5.5%

United Kingdom general election 1837
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Viscount Melbourne
Whig

Appointed Prime Minister

Viscount Melbourne
Whig

Results

UK General Election 1837
Party Candidates Votes
Stood Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % Net %
  Whig 510 344 −41 52.28 52.42 418,331 −4.8
  Conservative 484 314 +41 47.72 47.58 379,694 +4.8

Voting summary

Popular vote
Whig
52.42%
Conservative
47.58%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Whig
52.28%
Conservative
47.72%

Regional results

Great Britain

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative 414 102 284 +46 353,000 48.2 +5.4
Whig 422 81 271 −46 379,961 51.8 −5.4
Total 836 183 555 Same position 732,961 100
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative 348 80 239 +39 321,124 48.9 +6.3
Whig 352 60 225 −39 347,549 51.1 −6.3
Total 658 177 464 Same position 491,540 100
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Whig 49 15 33 −5 22,082 54.0 −8.8
Conservative 35 7 20 +5 18,569 46.0 +8.8
Total 84 22 53 Same position 40,651 100
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative 25 11 19 +2 11,616 52.8 −11.1
Whig 20 6 13 −2 10,144 47.2 +11.1
Total 45 17 32 Same position 21,760 100

Ireland

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Whig/Repeal Coalition 88 34 73 +5 38,370 58.5 +9.9
Irish Conservative 70 19 30 −5 26,694 41.5 −9.9
Total 158 53 103 65,064 100

Universities

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes % % change
Conservative 6 4 6 Same position 1,691 90.1
Whig 1 0 0 Same position 186 9.9
Total 6 6 6 Same position 1,877 100

References

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989), British Electoral Facts: 1832–1987, Dartmouth: Gower, ISBN 0900178302
  • Rallings, Colin; Thrasher, Michael, eds. (2000), British Electoral Facts 1832–1999, Ashgate Publishing Ltd

External links

List of elections in 1837

The following elections occurred in the year 1837.

General elections
Local elections
European elections
Referendums

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