1786

1786 (MDCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1786th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 786th year of the 2nd millennium, the 86th year of the 18th century, and the 7th year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1786, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1786 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1786
MDCCLXXXVI
Ab urbe condita2539
Armenian calendar1235
ԹՎ ՌՄԼԵ
Assyrian calendar6536
Balinese saka calendar1707–1708
Bengali calendar1193
Berber calendar2736
British Regnal year26 Geo. 3 – 27 Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar2330
Burmese calendar1148
Byzantine calendar7294–7295
Chinese calendar乙巳(Wood Snake)
4482 or 4422
    — to —
丙午年 (Fire Horse)
4483 or 4423
Coptic calendar1502–1503
Discordian calendar2952
Ethiopian calendar1778–1779
Hebrew calendar5546–5547
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1842–1843
 - Shaka Samvat1707–1708
 - Kali Yuga4886–4887
Holocene calendar11786
Igbo calendar786–787
Iranian calendar1164–1165
Islamic calendar1200–1201
Japanese calendarTenmei 6
(天明6年)
Javanese calendar1712–1713
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4119
Minguo calendar126 before ROC
民前126年
Nanakshahi calendar318
Thai solar calendar2328–2329
Tibetan calendar阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
1912 or 1531 or 759
    — to —
阳火马年
(male Fire-Horse)
1913 or 1532 or 760
Mont Blanc and Dome du Gouter
August 8: Mont Blanc climbed for the first time.

Events

January–March

April–June

July–September

October–December

Date unknown

Births

date unknown

Deaths

References

  1. ^ "Loss of the Halsewell East-Indiaman". Remarkable Shipwrecks; Or, A Collection of Interesting Accounts of Naval Disasters: With Many Particulars of the Extraordinary Adventures and Sufferings of the Crews of Vessels Wrecked at Sea, and of Their Treatment on Distant Shores. Together with an Account of the Deliverance of Survivors. Andrus and Starr. 1813. Retrieved 2013-02-02.
  2. ^ "Manasseh Cutler, the Man Who Purchased Ohio", by William F. Poole, in New England Historical and Genealogical Register (April, 1873) p161
  3. ^ The Cincinnati Directory Advertiser for the Years 1836—7 (J. H. Woodruff, 1836) p198
  4. ^ Sir John Carr, The Stranger in Ireland, Or, A Tour in the Southern and Western Parts of that Country in the Year 1805 (Lincoln & Gleason, 1806) p274
  5. ^ Lucian Lamar Knight, Georgia's Landmarks, Memorials, and Legends (Byrd Printing, 1913) p476
  6. ^ Robert McCaughey, Stand, Columbia: A History of Columbia University (Columbia University Press, 2012) p54
  7. ^ Robert Morris, ed., The Papers of Robert Morris, 1781-1784: November 1, 1782 - May 4, 1783 (University of Pittsburgh Press, 1988) p627
  8. ^ Stephen James O'Meara, Deep-Sky Companions: The Caldwell Objects (Cambridge University Press, 2016) p534
  9. ^ a b c d Harper's Encyclopaedia of United States History from 458 A. D. to 1909, ed. by Benson John Lossing and, Woodrow Wilson (Harper & Brothers, 1910) p167
  10. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 339. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  11. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 230–231. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  12. ^ Colin Pengelly, HMS Bellerophon (Pen and Sword, 2014)
  13. ^ Journal of the House of Delegates of the Commonwealth of Virginia (January 6, 1787) p145
  14. ^ "Conquest", by Alan Atkinson, in Australia's Empire, ed. by Deryck M. Schreuder, Deryck Schreuder and Stuart Ward (Oxford University Press, 2008) p33
  15. ^ Lennart Sundström (5 November 2013). "Föreningen Gamla Östersund" (in Swedish). Länstidningen Östersund. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  16. ^ Collections of the Old Colony Historical Society No. 6 (1899) p151
  17. ^ Hickey, Kieran R. (2000). "A geographical perspective on the decline and extermination of the Irish wolf canis lupus" (PDF). Irish Geography. 33: 185–98. Retrieved 2011-02-25.

Further reading

1786 English cricket season

1786 was the 90th English cricket season since the earliest known important match was played. The famous Walker brothers make their first appearances in senior cricket and the rare dismissal of hit the ball twice was first recorded.

1786 New York gubernatorial election

The 1786 New York gubernatorial election was held in April 1786 to elect the Governor and Lieutenant Governor of New York.

1786 in Canada

Events from the year 1786 in Canada.

1786 in Denmark

Events from the year 1786 in Denmark.

1786 in France

Events from the year 1786 in France.

1786 in India

Events in the year 1786 in India.

1786 in Ireland

Events from the year 1786 in Ireland.

1786 in Russia

Events from the year 1786 in Russia

1786 in Scotland

Events from the year 1786 in Scotland.

1786 in Sweden

Events from the year 1786 in Sweden

1786 in the United States

Events from the year 1786 in the United States.

Annapolis Convention (1786)

The Annapolis Convention, formally titled as a Meeting of Commissioners to Remedy Defects of the Federal Government, was a national political convention held September 11–14, 1786 at Mann's Tavern in Annapolis, Maryland, in which twelve delegates from five states—New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Virginia—gathered to discuss and develop a consensus about reversing the protectionist trade barriers that each state had erected. At the time, under the Articles of Confederation, each state was largely independent from the others, and the national government had no authority to regulate trade between and among the states. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and North Carolina had appointed commissioners who failed to arrive in Annapolis in time to attend the meeting, while Connecticut, Maryland, South Carolina, and Georgia had taken no action at all.

Frankfort, Kentucky

Frankfort is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the seat of Franklin County. It is a home rule-class city in Kentucky; the population was 25,527 at the 2010 census. Located along the Kentucky River, Frankfort is the principal city of the Frankfort, Kentucky Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Franklin and Anderson counties.

List of Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain, 1780–1800

This is an incomplete list of Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain for the years 1780–1800. For Acts passed up until 1707 see List of Acts of the Parliament of England and List of Acts of the Parliament of Scotland. See also the List of Acts of the Parliament of Ireland to 1700 and the List of Acts of the Parliament of Ireland, 1701–1800.

For Acts passed from 1801 onwards see List of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. For Acts of the devolved parliaments and assemblies in the United Kingdom, see the List of Acts of the Scottish Parliament from 1999, the List of Acts of the Northern Ireland Assembly, and the List of Acts and Measures of the National Assembly for Wales; see also the List of Acts of the Parliament of Northern Ireland.

The number shown after each Act's title is its chapter number. Acts are cited using this number, preceded by the year(s) of the reign during which the relevant parliamentary session was held; thus the Union with Ireland Act 1800 is cited as "39 & 40 Geo. 3 c. 67", meaning the 67th Act passed during the session that started in the 39th year of the reign of George III and which finished in the 40th year of that reign. Note that the modern convention is to use Arabic numerals in citations (thus "41 Geo. 3" rather than "41 Geo. III"). Note also that Acts of the last session of the Parliament of Great Britain and the first session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom are both cited as "41 Geo. 3".

Acts passed by the Parliament of Great Britain did not have a short title; however, some of these Acts have subsequently been given a short title by Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (such as the Short Titles Act 1896).

Before the Acts of Parliament (Commencement) Act 1793 came into force on 8 April 1793, Acts passed by the Parliament of Great Britain were deemed to have come into effect on the first day of the session in which they were passed. Because of this, the years given in the list below may in fact be the year before a particular Act was passed.

From the session 38 Geo. 3 onwards, "Public Acts" were separated into "Public General Acts" and "Public Local and Personal Acts".

Molson Brewery

The Molson Brewery was formed in 1786 in Montreal by the Molson family. In 2005, Molson merged with US-based Coors to form Molson Coors Brewing Company, the world's seventh-largest brewery at that time. Molson Coors Canada Inc. is the name of the Canadian subsidiary of Molson Coors Brewing Company. Molson's first brewery was located on the Saint Lawrence River in Montreal, where the company continues to maintain its operations today.

NGC 252

NGC 252 is a lenticular galaxy located in the constellation Andromeda. It was discovered by William Herschel in 1786.

Shays' Rebellion

Shays' Rebellion was an armed uprising in Massachusetts, mostly in and around Springfield during 1786 and 1787. American Revolutionary War veteran Daniel Shays led four thousand rebels (called Shaysites) in a protest against economic and civil rights injustices. Shays was a farmhand from Massachusetts at the beginning of the Revolutionary War; he joined the Continental Army, saw action at the Battles of Lexington and Concord, Battle of Bunker Hill, and Battles of Saratoga, and was eventually wounded in action.

In 1787, Shays' rebels marched on the United States' Armory at Springfield in an unsuccessful attempt to seize its weaponry and overthrow the government. The federal government found itself unable to finance troops to put down the rebellion, and it was consequently put down by the Massachusetts State militia and a privately funded local militia. The widely held view was that the Articles of Confederation needed to be reformed as the country's governing document, and the events of the rebellion served as a catalyst for the Constitutional Convention and the creation of the new government.The shock of Shays' Rebellion drew retired General George Washington back into public life, leading to his two terms as the first president of the United States. There is still debate among scholars concerning the rebellion's influence on the Constitution and its ratification.

The Marriage of Figaro

The Marriage of Figaro (Italian: Le nozze di Figaro, pronounced [le ˈnɔttse di ˈfiːɡaro]), K. 492, is an opera buffa (comic opera) in four acts composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with an Italian libretto written by Lorenzo Da Ponte. It premiered at the Burgtheater in Vienna on 1 May 1786. The opera's libretto is based on a stage comedy by Pierre Beaumarchais, La folle journée, ou le Mariage de Figaro ("The Mad Day, or The Marriage of Figaro"), which was first performed in 1784. It tells how the servants Figaro and Susanna succeed in getting married, foiling the efforts of their philandering employer Count Almaviva to seduce Susanna and teaching him a lesson in fidelity.

The opera is a cornerstone of the repertoire and appears consistently among the top ten in the Operabase list of most frequently performed operas.

Three-Fifths Compromise

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise reached among state delegates during the 1787 United States Constitutional Convention. Whether, and if so, how, slaves would be counted when determining a state's total population for legislative representation and taxing purposes was important, as this population number would then be used to determine the number of seats that the state would have in the United States House of Representatives for the next ten years. The compromise solution was to count three out of every five slaves as a person for this purpose. Its effect was to give the southern states a third more seats in Congress and a third more electoral votes than if slaves had been ignored, but fewer than if slaves and free people had been counted equally. The compromise was proposed by delegate James Wilson and seconded by Charles Pinckney on June 11, 1787.

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