1782

1782 (MDCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1782nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 782nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 82nd year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1782, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1782 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1782
MDCCLXXXII
Ab urbe condita2535
Armenian calendar1231
ԹՎ ՌՄԼԱ
Assyrian calendar6532
Balinese saka calendar1703–1704
Bengali calendar1189
Berber calendar2732
British Regnal year22 Geo. 3 – 23 Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar2326
Burmese calendar1144
Byzantine calendar7290–7291
Chinese calendar辛丑(Metal Ox)
4478 or 4418
    — to —
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
4479 or 4419
Coptic calendar1498–1499
Discordian calendar2948
Ethiopian calendar1774–1775
Hebrew calendar5542–5543
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1838–1839
 - Shaka Samvat1703–1704
 - Kali Yuga4882–4883
Holocene calendar11782
Igbo calendar782–783
Iranian calendar1160–1161
Islamic calendar1196–1197
Japanese calendarTenmei 2
(天明2年)
Javanese calendar1707–1708
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4115
Minguo calendar130 before ROC
民前130年
Nanakshahi calendar314
Thai solar calendar2324–2325
Tibetan calendar阴金牛年
(female Iron-Ox)
1908 or 1527 or 755
    — to —
阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
1909 or 1528 or 756

Events

January–March

April–June

July–September

October–December

Date unknown

Births

Deaths

Monument of King Taksin in Wat Kungtapao
King Taksin

References

  1. ^ Costin, W. C.; Watson, J. Steven, eds. (1952). The Law and Working of the Constitution: Documents 1660-1914. I (1660-1783). London: A. & C. Black. p. 147.CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 334–335. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ a b Harper's Encyclopaedia of United States History from 458 A. D. to 1909, ed. by Benson John Lossing and, Woodrow Wilson (Harper & Brothers, 1910) p167
  4. ^ Melanson, Terry. "Masonic Congress of Wilhelmsbad".
  5. ^ "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) pp59-60
  6. ^ "Drury-Lane Theatre, 1809", in The Nic-nac; or, Oracle of Knowledge (November 15, 1823) p393
  7. ^ William T. Hutchinson, et al., eds. Correspondence of Edmund Burke (University of Chicago Press, 1970) p242
  8. ^ Charles Francis Adams, The Works of John Adams, Second President of the United States, Volume 1 (Little, Brown and Company, 1856) p354
  9. ^ Gillispie, Charles Coulston (1983). The Montgolfier Brothers and the Invention of Aviation, 1783-1784. Princeton University Press. p. 21. ISBN 0-691-08321-5.

Further reading

1782 in Canada

Events from the year 1782 in Canada.

1782 in Denmark

Events from the year 1782 in Denmark.

1782 in France

Events from the year 1782 in France

1782 in India

Events in the year 1782 in India.

1782 in Ireland

Events from the year 1782 in Ireland.

1782 in Russia

Events from the year 1782 in Russia

1782 in Scotland

Events from the year 1782 in Scotland.

1782 in Sweden

Events from the year 1782 in Sweden

1782 in the United States

Events from the year 1782 in the United States.

Anne Bonny

Anne Bonny (unknown, possibly 1697 – unknown, possibly April 1782) was an Irish pirate operating in the Caribbean, and one of the most famous female pirates of all time. The little that is known of her life comes largely from Captain Charles Johnson's A General History of the Pyrates.

Chakri dynasty

The Chakri dynasty (Thai: ราชวงศ์จักรี; RTGS: Ratchawong Chakkri, Thai pronunciation: [râ:t.tɕʰá.woŋ.tɕàk.kri:], Pronunciation) is the current ruling royal house of the Kingdom of Thailand, while the Head of the house is the monarch. The dynasty has ruled Thailand since the founding of the Rattanakosin Era and the city of Bangkok in 1782 following the end of King Taksin of Thonburi's reign, when the capital of Siam shifted to Bangkok. The royal house was founded by King Rama I, an Ayutthaya military leader of Sino-Mon descent.

Prior to the founding of the dynasty, King Rama I held for years the title Chakri, the title of the civil chancellor. In founding the dynasty, King Rama I himself chose "Chakri" as the name for the dynasty. The emblem of the dynasty is composed of the discus (Chakra) and the trident (Trisula), the celestial weapons of god Vishnu and Shiva, whom the Thai sovereign is seen as an incarnation.

The current head of the house is King Maha Vajiralongkorn who was proclaimed king on 1 December 2016, but has actually reigned with retroactive effect since 13 October 2016 after the death of King Bhumibol Adulyadej. The house's current dynastic seat is the Grand Palace in Bangkok.

Colonial Office

The Colonial Office was a government department of the Kingdom of Great Britain and later of the United Kingdom, first created to deal with the colonial affairs of British North America but needed also to oversee the increasing number of colonies of the British Empire.

It was headed by the Secretary of State for the Colonies, known as the Colonial Secretary.

First Anglo-Maratha War

The First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782) was the first of three Anglo-Maratha wars fought between the British East India Company and Maratha Empire in India. The war began with the Treaty of Surat and ended with the Treaty of Salbai.

List of Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain, 1780–1800

This is an incomplete list of Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain for the years 1780–1800. For Acts passed up until 1707 see List of Acts of the Parliament of England and List of Acts of the Parliament of Scotland. See also the List of Acts of the Parliament of Ireland to 1700 and the List of Acts of the Parliament of Ireland, 1701–1800.

For Acts passed from 1801 onwards see List of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. For Acts of the devolved parliaments and assemblies in the United Kingdom, see the List of Acts of the Scottish Parliament from 1999, the List of Acts of the Northern Ireland Assembly, and the List of Acts and Measures of the National Assembly for Wales; see also the List of Acts of the Parliament of Northern Ireland.

The number shown after each Act's title is its chapter number. Acts are cited using this number, preceded by the year(s) of the reign during which the relevant parliamentary session was held; thus the Union with Ireland Act 1800 is cited as "39 & 40 Geo. 3 c. 67", meaning the 67th Act passed during the session that started in the 39th year of the reign of George III and which finished in the 40th year of that reign. Note that the modern convention is to use Arabic numerals in citations (thus "41 Geo. 3" rather than "41 Geo. III"). Note also that Acts of the last session of the Parliament of Great Britain and the first session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom are both cited as "41 Geo. 3".

Acts passed by the Parliament of Great Britain did not have a short title; however, some of these Acts have subsequently been given a short title by Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (such as the Short Titles Act 1896).

Before the Acts of Parliament (Commencement) Act 1793 came into force on 8 April 1793, Acts passed by the Parliament of Great Britain were deemed to have come into effect on the first day of the session in which they were passed. Because of this, the years given in the list below may in fact be the year before a particular Act was passed.

From the session 38 Geo. 3 onwards, "Public Acts" were separated into "Public General Acts" and "Public Local and Personal Acts".

List of American Revolutionary War battles

This is a list of military actions in the American Revolutionary War. Actions marked with an asterisk involved no casualties.

Major campaigns, theaters, and expeditions of the war

Boston campaign (1774–76)

Invasion of Quebec (1775–76)

New York and New Jersey campaigns (1776–77)

Saratoga campaign (1777)

Philadelphia campaign (1777–78)

Yorktown campaign (1781)

Northern theater of the American Revolutionary War after Saratoga (1778–81)

Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War (1775–83)

Western theater of the American Revolutionary War (1777–82)

Naval operations in the American Revolutionary War

Rama I

Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Thai: พระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลก), born Thongduang (Thai: ทองด้วง) and also known as Rama I (20 March 1737 – 7 September 1809), was the founder of Rattanakosin Kingdom and the first monarch of the reigning Chakri dynasty of Siam (now Thailand). His full title in Thai is Phra Bat Somdet Phra Paramoruracha Mahachakkriborommanat Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Thai: พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรโมรุราชามหาจักรีบรมนารถ พระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลก). He ascended the throne in 1782, after defeating a rebellion which had deposed King Taksin of Thonburi. He was also celebrated as the founder of Rattanakosin (now Bangkok) as the new capital of the reunited kingdom.

Rama I was born from a Mon male line descent family, great grandson of Kosa Pan. His father served in the royal court in the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, and had served King Taksin in wars against the Burmese Konbaung dynasty and helped him in the reunification of Siam. During this time he emerged as Siam's most powerful military leader. Thongduang was the first Somdet Chao Phraya, the highest rank the nobility could attain, equaled to that of royalty. In 1782, he took control of Siam and crowned himself as the monarch. The most famous event in his reign was the Burmese-Siamese War of 1785, which was the last major Burmese assault on Siam.

Rattanakosin Kingdom (1782–1932)

The Rattanakosin Kingdom (Thai: อาณาจักรรัตนโกสินทร์, IPA: [āːnāːt͡ɕàk ráttanákōːsǐn]) is the fourth and present traditional centre of power in the history of Thailand (or Siam). It was founded in 1782 with the establishment of Bangkok as the capital city. The period ended with the Siamese revolution of 1932.

The maximum zone of influence of the Rattanakosin Kingdom included the vassal states of Cambodia, Laos, Burmese Shan States, and some Malay kingdoms. The kingdom was founded by King Rama I (Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok) of the Chakri Dynasty. The first half of this period was characterised by the consolidation of the kingdom's power and was punctuated by periodic conflicts with Burma, Vietnam and Laos. The second period was one of engagements with the colonial powers of Britain and France in which Siam managed to remain the only Southeast Asian nation to maintain its independence.Internally the kingdom developed into a modern centralised nation state with borders defined by its interactions with Western powers. Significant economic and social progress was made, marked by an increase in foreign trade, the abolition of slavery and the expansion of formal education to the emerging middle class. However, the failure to implement substantial political reforms culminated in the 1932 revolution and the abandonment of absolute monarchy in favour of a constitutional monarchy.

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, normally referred to as the Foreign Secretary, is a senior, high-ranking official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. The Foreign Secretary is a member of the Cabinet, and the post is considered one of the Great Offices of State. It is considered a position similar to that of Foreign Minister in other countries. The Foreign Secretary reports directly to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

The Foreign Secretary's remit includes: relations with foreign countries, matters pertaining to the Commonwealth of Nations and the Overseas Territories in addition to the promotion of British interests abroad. The Foreign Secretary also has ministerial oversight for the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) and the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ). The Foreign Secretary works out of the Foreign Office in Whitehall, and the post's official residences are 1 Carlton Gardens in London and Chevening in Kent. Margaret Beckett, appointed in 2006 by Tony Blair, is the only woman to have held the post.

The current Foreign Secretary is Jeremy Hunt, following Boris Johnson's resignation on 9 July 2018.

Sylhet District

Sylhet (Bengali: সিলেট, Sylheti: ꠍꠤꠟꠐ), located in north-east Bangladesh, is one of the four districts in the Sylhet Division.

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