1774 British general election

The 1774 British general election returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 14th Parliament of Great Britain to be held, after the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707. Lord North's government was returned with a large majority. The opposition consisted of factions supporting the Marquess of Rockingham and the Earl of Chatham, both of whom referred to themselves as Whigs. North's opponents referred to his supporters as Tories, but no Tory party existed at the time and his supporters rejected the label.

1774 British general election

5 October – 10 November 1774

All 558 seats in the House of Commons
280 seats needed for a majority
  Nathaniel Dance Lord North cropped Hon. Henry Seymour Conway
Leader Lord North Henry Seymour Conway
Party Northite Rockinghamite
Leader's seat Banbury Thetford
Seats won 343 215

Prime Minister before election

Lord North
Northite

Appointed Prime Minister

Lord North
Northite

Summary of the constituencies

See 1796 British general election for details. The constituencies used were the same throughout the existence of the Parliament of Great Britain.

Dates of election

The general election was held between 5 October 1774 and 10 November 1774.

At this period elections did not take place at the same time in every constituency. The returning officer in each county or parliamentary borough fixed the precise date (see husting for details of the conduct of the elections).

See also

References

  • British Electoral Facts 1832–1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Ashgate Publishing Ltd 2000). (For dates of elections before 1832, see the footnote to Table 5.02).
  • Namier, L. B., & Brooke, J. (1964). The House of Commons, 1754–1790. New York, Published for the History of Parliament Trust by Oxford University Press
Elections in Great Britain

Elections in the Kingdom of Great Britain were principally general elections and by-elections to the House of Commons of Great Britain. General elections did not have fixed dates, as parliament was summoned and dissolved within the royal prerogative, although on the advice of the ministers of the Crown. The first such general election was that of 1708, and the last that of 1796.

In 1801, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland replaced the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland. For the period after 1801, see Elections in the United Kingdom.

For details of the national elections of Great Britain, see:

British general election, 1707

British general election, 1708

British general election, 1710

British general election, 1713

British general election, 1715

British general election, 1722

British general election, 1727

British general election, 1734

British general election, 1741

British general election, 1747

British general election, 1754

British general election, 1761

British general election, 1768

British general election, 1774

British general election, 1780

British general election, 1784

British general election, 1790

British general election, 1796

List of MPs elected in the 1774 British general election

List of MPs elected in the British general election, 1774

This is a list of the 558 MPs or Members of Parliament elected to the 314 constituencies of the Parliament of Great Britain in 1774, the 14th Parliament of Great Britain and their replacements returned at subsequent by-elections, arranged by constituency.

List of elections in 1774

The following elections occurred in the year 1774.

British general election, 1774

Papal conclave, 1774–1775

Sir John Turner, 3rd Baronet

Sir John Turner, 3rd Baronet (1712–1780), of Warham, Norfolk, was a British lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1739 to 1774.

Turner was baptized on 19 June 1712, the only son of Sir John Turner, 2nd Baronet, of Warham and his wife Anne Allen, daughter of Thomas Allen, London merchant. He was educated at. Greenwich school and was admitted at Middle Temple on 20 February 1729 and Christ’s College, Cambridge on 9 January 1730. In 1736 he was called to the bar. He succeeded his father to the baronetcy on 6 January 1739.Turner was returned as Member of Parliament for King's Lynn at a by-election on 9 February 1739 in succession to his uncle, Sir Charles Turner, 1st Baronet. He voted with the Government in every recorded division. He was returned unopposed at the 1741 British general election, and won in a contest at the 1747 British general election.Turner married Miss Stonehouse on 20 October 1746. She died in 1749 and he married again to Frances Neale, daughter of John Neale of Allesley, Warwickshire.Turner was returned unopposed for King’s Lynn again at the 1754 British general election, On 3 May 1757 he voted for Townshend’s motion on the Minorca inquiry in opposition to Newcastle and Fox. At the 1761 British general election, he was again returned unopposed. He made his first recorded speech, on 14 December1761, to second Lord Strange’s bill to make the militia permanent. He followed Bute, and in May 1762 was appointed Lord of Treasury when Bute became its first lord. He remained in office under Grenville, and supported the Administration over Wilkes and general warrants, but apparently took no part in the debates. When the Rockingham Administration took over, Turner lost his place in July 1765 and for a while continued to adhere to Grenville. He voted against the repeal of the Stamp Act. He became a bencher on his Inn in 1766. At the 1768 British general election there was a contest at King’s Lynn, and Turner narrowly escaped defeat. He had become unpopular both on personal grounds and because of his attitude on general warrants. He seems to have lost interest in politics, and his only known vote in that Parliament was with Administration over the Middlesex election on 8 May 1769. His interest at King’s Lynn had been seriously weakened, and he decided not to contest the borough at the 1774 British general electionTurner died 25 June 1780, leaving two daughters, and was buried at Warham. On his death the baronetcy became extinct.

General elections

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