1712 (MDCCXII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1712th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 712th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1710s decade. As of the start of 1712, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. In the Swedish calendar it began as a leap year starting on Monday and remained so until Thursday, February 29. By adding a second leap day (Friday, February 30) Sweden reverted to the Julian calendar and the rest of the year (from Saturday, March 1) was in sync with the Julian calendar. Sweden finally made the switch from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar in 1753. This year has 367 days.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1712 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1712
Ab urbe condita2465
Armenian calendar1161
Assyrian calendar6462
Balinese saka calendar1633–1634
Bengali calendar1119
Berber calendar2662
British Regnal year10 Ann. 1 – 11 Ann. 1
Buddhist calendar2256
Burmese calendar1074
Byzantine calendar7220–7221
Chinese calendar辛卯(Metal Rabbit)
4408 or 4348
    — to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
4409 or 4349
Coptic calendar1428–1429
Discordian calendar2878
Ethiopian calendar1704–1705
Hebrew calendar5472–5473
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1768–1769
 - Shaka Samvat1633–1634
 - Kali Yuga4812–4813
Holocene calendar11712
Igbo calendar712–713
Iranian calendar1090–1091
Islamic calendar1123–1124
Japanese calendarShōtoku 2
Javanese calendar1635–1636
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4045
Minguo calendar200 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar244
Thai solar calendar2254–2255
Tibetan calendar阴金兔年
(female Iron-Rabbit)
1838 or 1457 or 685
    — to —
(male Water-Dragon)
1839 or 1458 or 686




Date unknown




  1. ^ "Historical Events for Year 1712 | OnThisDay.com". Historyorb.com. Retrieved 2017-07-26.
  2. ^ Rolt, L. T. C.; Allen, J. S. (1977). "The First Newcomen Engines c1710-15". The Steam Engine of Thomas Newcomen (new ed.). Hartington: Moorland. pp. 44–57. ISBN 0-903485-42-7.
1712 in Canada

Events from the year 1712 in Canada.

1712 in Denmark

Events from the year 1712 in Denmark.

1712 in France

Events from the year 1712 in France

1712 in Ireland

Events from the year 1712 in Ireland.

1712 in Japan

Events in the year 1712 in Japan.

1712 in Norway

Events in the year 1712 in Norway.

1712 in Russia

Events from the year 1718 in Russia

1712 in Scotland

Events from the year 1712 in Scotland.

1712 in Sweden

Events from the year 1712 in Sweden

Biblioteca Nacional de España

The Biblioteca Nacional de España (National Library of Spain) is a major public library, the largest in Spain, and one of the largest in the world. It is located in Madrid, on the Paseo de Recoletos.

Giovanni Domenico Cassini

Giovanni Domenico Cassini (8 June 1625 – 14 September 1712) was an Italian (naturalised French) mathematician, astronomer and engineer. Cassini was born in Perinaldo, near Imperia, at that time in the County of Nice, part of the Savoyard state. Cassini is known for his work in the fields of astronomy and engineering. Cassini discovered four satellites of the planet Saturn and noted the division of the rings of Saturn; the Cassini Division was named after him. Giovanni Domenico Cassini was also the first of his family to begin work on the project of creating a topographic map of France.

The Cassini space probe, launched in 1997, was named after him and became the fourth to visit the planet Saturn and the first to orbit the planet.

List of Royal Society Fellows elected in 1712

This is a list of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1712.

List of non-standard dates

There are several non-standard dates that are used in calendars. Some are used sarcastically, some for scientific or mathematical purposes, and some for exceptional or fictional calendars.

Louis, Duke of Burgundy

Louis, Duke of Burgundy and later Dauphin of France (16 August 1682 – 18 February 1712) was the eldest son of Louis, Grand Dauphin, and father of Louis XV, and briefly heir-apparent to the throne from his father's death in April 1711 to his own death 10 months later. Until he became the official Dauphin of France upon his father's death in 1711, he was known as Le Petit Dauphin to distinguish him from his father, who was known as le Grand Dauphin. His legitimate male progeny died out in 1883.

Merkury Vagin

Merkury Vagin (Russian: Меркурий Вагин) (died 1712) was a Russian Arctic explorer.

In 1712, together with Yakov Permyakov, Merkury Vagin explored the region of the eastern Laptev Sea coast. His exploration included Bolshoy Lyakhovsky Island, the southernmost of the New Siberian Archipelago. With a group of Cossacks they crossed the Yana Bay over the ice from the mouth of the Yana; after reaching Bolshoy Lyakhovsky, they explored the then unknown island that had been reported by Permyakov two years earlier.

Vagin and Permyakov were murdered on the way back from their exploration by mutineering expedition members. The cossacks took the dead bodies down to the ice and set them on fire. No one knows what the rebellious cossacks did with the ashes, but Merkury Vagin's remains were never found.Merkuriya Island was named after this pioneering Russian explorer.

New York Slave Revolt of 1712

The New York Slave Revolt of 1712 was an uprising in New York City, in the British Province of New York, of 23 enslaved Africans. They killed nine whites and injured another six before they were stopped. More than three times that number of blacks, 70, were arrested and jailed. Of these, 27 were put on trial, and 21 convicted and executed.

Province of North-Carolina

The Province of North-Carolina was a British colony that existed in North America from 1712 to 1776, created as a proprietary colony. The power of the British government was vested in a Governor of North-Carolina, but the colony declared independence from Great Britain in 1776. The Province of North-Carolina had four capitals: Bath (1712–1722), Edenton (1722–1743), Brunswick (1743–1770), and New Bern (after 1770). The colony later became the states of North Carolina and Tennessee, and parts of the colony combined with other territory to form the states of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi.

Province of South Carolina

The Province of South Carolina (also known as the South Carolina Colony) was originally part of the Province of Carolina in British America, which was chartered by eight Lords Proprietor in 1663. The province later became the U.S. state of South Carolina.

West Riding of Yorkshire

The West Riding of Yorkshire is one of the three historic subdivisions of Yorkshire, England. From 1889 to 1974 the administrative county, County of York, West Riding (abbreviated: "County of York (W.R.)") (the area under the control of West Riding County Council), was based closely on the historic boundaries. The lieutenancy at that time included the City of York and as such was named West Riding of the County of York and the County of the City of York.Its boundaries roughly correspond to the present ceremonial counties of West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire and the Craven, Harrogate and Selby districts of North Yorkshire, along with smaller parts in Lancashire (for example, the parishes of Bracewell, Brogden and Salterforth became part of the Pendle district of Lancashire and the parishes of Great Mitton, Newsholme and Bowland Forest Low became part of the Ribble Valley district also in Lancashire), Cumbria, Greater Manchester and, since 1996, the unitary East Riding of Yorkshire.

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