1706

1706 (MDCCVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1706th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 706th year of the 2nd millennium, the 6th year of the 18th century, and the 7th year of the 1700s decade. As of the start of 1706, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Monday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1706 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1706
MDCCVI
Ab urbe condita2459
Armenian calendar1155
ԹՎ ՌՃԾԵ
Assyrian calendar6456
Balinese saka calendar1627–1628
Bengali calendar1113
Berber calendar2656
English Regnal yearAnn. 1 – 5 Ann. 1
Buddhist calendar2250
Burmese calendar1068
Byzantine calendar7214–7215
Chinese calendar乙酉(Wood Rooster)
4402 or 4342
    — to —
丙戌年 (Fire Dog)
4403 or 4343
Coptic calendar1422–1423
Discordian calendar2872
Ethiopian calendar1698–1699
Hebrew calendar5466–5467
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1762–1763
 - Shaka Samvat1627–1628
 - Kali Yuga4806–4807
Holocene calendar11706
Igbo calendar706–707
Iranian calendar1084–1085
Islamic calendar1117–1118
Japanese calendarHōei 3
(宝永3年)
Javanese calendar1629–1630
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4039
Minguo calendar206 before ROC
民前206年
Nanakshahi calendar238
Thai solar calendar2248–2249
Tibetan calendar阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
1832 or 1451 or 679
    — to —
阳火狗年
(male Fire-Dog)
1833 or 1452 or 680

Events

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

  • The English Parliament establishes the first turnpike trusts, which place a length of road under the control of trustees, drawn from local landowners and traders. The turnpike trusts borrow capital for road maintenance against the security of tolls, and this arrangement becomes the common method of road maintenance for the next 150 years.

Births

Deaths

Date Unknown

References

  1. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 204–205. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  2. ^ "Icons, a portrait of England 1700-1750". Archived from the original on August 17, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-24.
  3. ^ Button, Henry G.; Lampert, Andrew P. (1976). The Guinness Book of the Business World. Enfield: Guinness Superlatives. ISBN 0-900424-32-X.
  4. ^ "About Twinings - 216 Strand". Twinings. 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-13.
1706 in Canada

Events from the year 1706 in Canada.

1706 in Denmark

Events from the year 1706 in Denmark.

1706 in France

Events from the year 1706 in France

1706 in Ireland

Events from the year 1706 in Ireland.

1706 in Norway

Events in the year 1706 in Norway.

1706 in Russia

Events from the year 1706 in Russia

1706 in Scotland

Events from the year 1706 in the Kingdom of Scotland.

1706 in Spain

Events in the year 1706 in Spain.

1706 in Sweden

Events from the year 1706 in Sweden

Acts of Union 1707

The Acts of Union were two Acts of Parliament: the Union with Scotland Act 1706 passed by the Parliament of England, and the Union with England Act passed in 1707 by the Parliament of Scotland. They put into effect the terms of the Treaty of Union that had been agreed on 22 July 1706, following negotiation between commissioners representing the parliaments of the two countries. By the two Acts, the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland—which at the time were separate states with separate legislatures, but with the same monarch—were, in the words of the Treaty, "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain".The two countries had shared a monarch since the Union of the Crowns in 1603, when King James VI of Scotland inherited the English throne from his double first cousin twice removed, Queen Elizabeth I. Although described as a Union of Crowns, until 1707 there were in fact two separate Crowns resting on the same head (as opposed to the implied creation of a single Crown and a single Kingdom, exemplified by the later Kingdom of Great Britain). Prior to the Acts of Union there had been three previous attempts (in 1606, 1667, and 1689) to unite the two countries by Acts of Parliament, but it was not until the early 18th century that both political establishments came to support the idea, albeit for different reasons.

The Acts took effect on 1 May 1707. On this date, the Scottish Parliament and the English Parliament united to form the Parliament of Great Britain, based in the Palace of Westminster in London, the home of the English Parliament. Hence, the Acts are referred to as the Union of the Parliaments. On the Union, the historian Simon Schama said "What began as a hostile merger, would end in a full partnership in the most powerful going concern in the world ... it was one of the most astonishing transformations in European history."

Aiuruoca

Aiuruoca is a city in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. In 2004 its population was estimated to be 6,394.

Aiuruoca was founded in 1706.

In the 1920s, Danish immigrants in rural parts of Aiuruoca laid the foundation for the production of the Brazilian cheese queijo prato.The municipality contains 15.76% of the 22,917 hectares (56,630 acres) Serra do Papagaio State Park, created in 1998.21°58′S 44°36′W

Battle of Ramillies

The Battle of Ramillies (), fought on 23 May 1706, was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession. For the Grand Alliance – Austria, England, and the Dutch Republic – the battle had followed an indecisive campaign against the Bourbon armies of King Louis XIV of France in 1705. Although the Allies had captured Barcelona that year, they had been forced to abandon their campaign on the Moselle, had stalled in the Spanish Netherlands and suffered defeat in northern Italy. Yet despite his opponents' setbacks Louis XIV wanted peace, but on reasonable terms. Because of this, as well as to maintain their momentum, the French and their allies took the offensive in 1706.

The campaign began well for Louis XIV's generals: in Italy Marshal Vendôme defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Calcinato in April, while in Alsace Marshal Villars forced the Margrave of Baden back across the Rhine. Encouraged by these early gains Louis XIV urged Marshal Villeroi to go over to the offensive in the Spanish Netherlands and, with victory, gain a 'fair' peace. Accordingly, the French Marshal set off from Leuven (Louvain) at the head of 60,000 men and marched towards Tienen (Tirlemont), as if to threaten Zoutleeuw (Léau). Also determined to fight a major engagement, the Duke of Marlborough, commander-in-chief of Anglo-Dutch forces, assembled his army – some 62,000 men – near Maastricht, and marched past Zoutleeuw. With both sides seeking battle, they soon encountered each other on the dry ground between the Mehaigne and Petite Gheete rivers, close to the small village of Ramillies.

In less than four hours Marlborough's Dutch, English, and Danish forces overwhelmed Villeroi's and Max Emanuel's Franco-Spanish-Bavarian army. The Duke's subtle moves and changes in emphasis during the battle – something his opponents failed to realise until it was too late – caught the French in a tactical vice. With their foe broken and routed, the Allies were able to fully exploit their victory. Town after town fell, including Brussels, Bruges and Antwerp; by the end of the campaign Villeroi's army had been driven from most of the Spanish Netherlands. With Prince Eugene's subsequent success at the Battle of Turin in northern Italy, the Allies had imposed the greatest loss of territory and resources that Louis XIV would suffer during the war. Thus, the year 1706 proved, for the Allies, to be an annus mirabilis.

John Green (bishop)

John Green (1706 – 25 April 1779) was an English clergyman and academic.

List of Acts of the Parliament of England, 1700–1706

This is a list of Acts of the Parliament of England for the years 1700–1706.

For Acts passed during the period 1707–1800 see List of Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain. See also the List of Acts of the Parliament of Scotland, the List of Acts of the Parliament of Ireland to 1700, and the List of Acts of the Parliament of Ireland, 1701–1800.

For Acts passed from 1801 onwards see List of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. For Acts of the devolved parliaments and assemblies in the United Kingdom, see the List of Acts of the Scottish Parliament from 1999, the List of Acts of the Northern Ireland Assembly, and the List of Acts and Measures of the National Assembly for Wales; see also the List of Acts of the Parliament of Northern Ireland.

For medieval statutes, etc. that are not considered to be Acts of Parliament, see the List of English statutes.

The number shown after each Act's title is its chapter number. Acts are cited using this number, preceded by the year(s) of the reign during which the relevant parliamentary session was held; thus the Union with Ireland Act 1800 is cited as "39 & 40 Geo. 3 c. 67", meaning the 67th Act passed during the session that started in the 39th year of the reign of George III and which finished in the 40th year of that reign. Note that the modern convention is to use Arabic numerals in citations (thus "41 Geo. 3" rather than "41 Geo. III"). Note also that Acts of the last session of the Parliament of Great Britain and the first session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom are both cited as "41 Geo. 3".

Acts passed by the Parliament of England did not have a short title; however, some of these Acts have subsequently been given a short title by Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (such as the Short Titles Act 1896).

Acts passed by the Parliament of England were deemed to have come into effect on the first day of the session in which they were passed. Because of this, the years given in the list below may in fact be the year before a particular Act was passed.

List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1706

This is a list of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1706.

Queen Anne's County, Maryland

Queen Anne's County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,798. Its county seat and most populous municipality is Centreville. The census-designated place of Stevensville is the county's most populous place. The county is named for Queen Anne of Great Britain who reigned when the county was established in 1706.

Queen Anne's County is included in the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area. The Chesapeake Bay Bridge connects Queen Anne's of the Eastern Shore to Anne Arundel County on the Western Shore.

Santo Ângelo

Santo Ângelo is a city located in northwestern Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. It has about 76,304 inhabitants (according to 2010 IBGE census) and the total area of the municipality is about 677 km². It borders Giruá to the north, and Entre-Ijuís to the south—it's linked to Santo Ângelo by the state road RS 344. The city is located 443 km (275 mi) from the state capital, Porto Alegre.

The local agriculture-economy produces and deals soy, corn, wheat, swine, sheep and cattle. Tourism in the city is primarily associated with the city's Jesuit history and the Jesuit Reductions in the nearby city São Miguel das Missões. The Angelopolitana Cathedral in downtown Santo Ângelo is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Santo Ângelo.

The city is served by Sepé Tiaraju Airport and is home to two institutions of higher education, Universidade Regional Integrada do Alto Uruguai e das Missões (URI) and Instituto Cenecista de Ensino Superior de Santo Ângelo (IESA).

Treaty of Union

The Treaty of Union is the name usually now given to the agreement which led to the creation of the new state of Great Britain, stating that England (which already included Wales) and Scotland were to be "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain", At the time it was more often referred to as the Articles of Union.

The details of the Treaty were agreed on 22 July 1706, and separate Acts of Union were then passed by the parliaments of England and Scotland to put the agreed Articles into effect. The political union took effect on 1 May 1707.

Twinings

Twinings is an English marketer of tea and other beverages, including coffee, hot chocolate and malt drinks, based in Andover, Hampshire. The brand is owned by Associated British Foods. It holds the world's oldest continually-used company logo, and is London's longest-standing ratepayer, having occupied the same premises on the Strand since 1706.

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