The 16th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 16 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean.
After World War II, the parallel divided Vietnam into Chinese and British controlled zones; this eventually formed the Communist North Vietnam and the anti-communist South Vietnam. (See Timeline of World War II (1945).)
In the Chadian–Libyan conflict, from 1984 the parallel, known as the "Red Line", delineated areas controlled by opposing combatants. Previously the Red Line had been the 15th parallel north. (See also Operation Manta.)
Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 16° north passes through:
|Co-ordinates||Country, territory or sea||Notes|
|Eritrea||Island of Nahaleg|
|Indian Ocean||Arabian Sea|
|Indian Ocean||Bay of Bengal|
|Myanmar (Burma)||Irrawaddy River delta|
|Indian Ocean||Gulf of Martaban, Andaman Sea|
|Vietnam||Passing just south of Da Nang|
|South China Sea||Passing through the disputed Paracel Islands|
|Philippines||Island of Luzon|
|Pacific Ocean||Philippine Sea|
Passing just south of the island of Farallon de Medinilla, Northern Mariana Islands
into an unnamed part of the Ocean
|Pacific Ocean||Gulf of Tehuantepec|
|Caribbean Sea||Passing just north of Punta de Manabique, Guatemala|
Passing just south of the island of Útila, Honduras
|Caribbean Sea||Passing just north of Cape Camarón, Honduras|
|France||Island of Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe|
|France||Island of Marie-Galante, Guadeloupe|
|Cape Verde||Island of Boa Vista|
The 15th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 15 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean.
In the Chadian-Libyan conflict of 1978 to 1987, the parallel, known as the "Red Line", delineated areas controlled by opposing combatants. (See also Operation Manta.)
At this latitude the sun is visible for 13 hours, 1 minute during the summer solstice and 11 hours, 14 minutes during the winter solstice.16th parallel
16th parallel may refer to:
16th parallel north, a circle of latitude in the Northern Hemisphere
16th parallel south, a circle of latitude in the Southern Hemisphere17th parallel north
The 17th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 17 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean.
The parallel is particularly significant in the history of Vietnam (see below).
At this latitude the sun is visible for 13 hours, 9 minutes during the summer solstice and 11 hours, 7 minutes during the winter solstice.Dong Phaya Yen Mountains
Dong Phaya Yen or Dong Phya Yen (Thai: ทิวเขาดงพญาเย็น, pronounced [dōŋ pʰājāː jēn], lit. "jungle of the cold lord") is a mountain range in Phetchabun, Chaiyaphum, Lopburi, Saraburi, and Nakhon Ratchasima Provinces, Thailand.
As the Dong Phaya Yen is less compact and lower in height than the mountain ranges to the north and to the south, the first roads and railroads connecting the region of Isan with the capital Bangkok were built across these mountains. Before the construction of the railroad at the beginning of the 20th century, communication between these two parts of Thailand was difficult. The survey for the building of the Northeastern Line of the State Railway of Thailand began in 1887.List of circles of latitude
Following is a list of circles of latitude on Earth.Phetchabun Mountains
The Phetchabun mountains (Thai: ทิวเขาเพชรบูรณ์, RTGS: Thio Khao Phetchabun, pronounced [tʰīw kʰǎw pʰét.t͡ɕʰā.būːn]) are a mountain massif in Phetchabun, Phitsanulok, Loei and Chaiyaphum Provinces, Thailand. It consists of two parallel mountain chains, with the valley of the Pa Sak River in the middle.
The strange rock formations of Phu Hin Rong Kla and fields where the Siam tulip flower (Curcuma alismatifolia), known as dok krachiao (ดอกกระเจียว) in Thai, grows wild are some of the characteristics of the Phetchabun Mountains.Red Line
Red Line may refer to:
Red line (phrase), a figurative phrase used in English and Hebrew meaning a limit past which something shouldn't cross safely
Red line (hockey), the center of the playing surface on an ice hockey rink
Red Line Synthetic Oil Corporation, an oil manufacturer for automotive and other performance applications
The All Red Line network of telegraph cables linking the British Empire
The Red Line Agreement, an agreement signed by partners in the Turkish Petroleum Company in 1928
The military line of defense in Operation Manta of the Chadian-Libyan Conflict along the 15th and later 16th parallel north
Red Line (Namibia), a pest-exclusion fence separating Northern Namibia from the central and southern partsRole of the United States in the Vietnam War
The role of the United States in the Vietnam War began after World War II and escalated into full commitment during the Vietnam War from 1955 to 1973. The U.S. involvement in South Vietnam stemmed from 20 long years of political and economic action. These had the common incentive of ending the growing communist domination in Vietnam. At the time, French forces, allies of the U.S., were backed by America — President Harry S. Truman provided progressively increasing amounts of financial and military assistance to French forces fighting in Vietnam. From the spring of 1950, their involvement increased from just assisting French troops to providing direct military assistance to the associated states (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia). Eventually, U.S. missions were carried out at a more constant rate by sending out increasing number of military assistance from the United States. Their main intent was to restrict the Communist domination that was present in the government of Vietnam as it would soon lead to a chain of neighbouring countries adopting the same. This would have resulted in a change in balance of power throughout Southeast Asia. The U.S. foreign policy establishment saw national security interests being disturbed due to the rise of this communist expansion and strived to take any measure to end it. Their actions came to be questioned by other segments of government and society, however, including the US congress..
Estimates of the number of Vietnamese soldiers and civilians killed vary from 966,000 to 3,812,000. The conflict also resulted in 58,318 US soldiers dead.