1697

1697 (MDCXCVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1697th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 697th year of the 2nd millennium, the 97th year of the 17th century, and the 8th year of the 1690s decade. As of the start of 1697, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1697 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1697
MDCXCVII
Ab urbe condita2450
Armenian calendar1146
ԹՎ ՌՃԽԶ
Assyrian calendar6447
Balinese saka calendar1618–1619
Bengali calendar1104
Berber calendar2647
English Regnal yearWill. 3 – 10 Will. 3
Buddhist calendar2241
Burmese calendar1059
Byzantine calendar7205–7206
Chinese calendar丙子(Fire Rat)
4393 or 4333
    — to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
4394 or 4334
Coptic calendar1413–1414
Discordian calendar2863
Ethiopian calendar1689–1690
Hebrew calendar5457–5458
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1753–1754
 - Shaka Samvat1618–1619
 - Kali Yuga4797–4798
Holocene calendar11697
Igbo calendar697–698
Iranian calendar1075–1076
Islamic calendar1108–1109
Japanese calendarGenroku 10
(元禄10年)
Javanese calendar1620–1621
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4030
Minguo calendar215 before ROC
民前215年
Nanakshahi calendar229
Thai solar calendar2239–2240
Tibetan calendar阳火鼠年
(male Fire-Rat)
1823 or 1442 or 670
    — to —
阴火牛年
(female Fire-Ox)
1824 or 1443 or 671

Events

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

Births

Deaths

1697 in Denmark

Events from the year 1697 in Denmark

1697 in England

Events from the year 1697 in England.

1697 in France

Events from the year 1697 in France

1697 in Ireland

Events from the year 1697 in Ireland.

1697 in Norway

Events in the year 1697 in Norway.

1697 in Scotland

Events from the year 1697 in the Kingdom of Scotland.

1697 in Sweden

Events from the year 1697 in Sweden

Alexander Brodie (1697–1754)

Alexander Brodie, 19th of that Ilk (17 August 1697 – 9 March 1754) was a Scottish clan chief and politician from Moray. He sat in the House of Commons of Great Britain for 34 years from 1720 to 1754, as a government supporter. For 27 years he was Lord Lyon King of Arms, the most junior of the Scottish Great Officers of State, responsible for regulating the heraldry of Scotland.

Battle of Zenta

The Battle of Zenta or Battle of Senta, fought on 11 September 1697 just south of Zenta (Serbian: Senta; then part of the Ottoman Empire; today in Serbia), on the east side of the Tisa river, was a major engagement in the Great Turkish War (1683–1699) and one of the most decisive defeats in Ottoman history. In a surprise attack, Habsburg Imperial forces routed the Ottoman army which was crossing the river. At the cost of a few hundred losses, the Habsburg forces inflicted thousands of casualties on the Ottomans, dispersed the remainder and captured the Ottoman treasure. As an immediate consequence, the Ottoman Empire lost control over Banat, while in the long run, the Habsburg victory at Zenta was the last decisive step that forced the Ottoman Empire into the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699), ending the Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe.

Earl of Coventry

Earl of Coventry is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of England. The first creation for the Villiers family was created in 1623 and took its name from the city of Coventry. It became extinct in 1687. A decade later, the second creation was for the Coventry family and is still extant.

Earl of Jersey

Earl of the Island of Jersey, usually shortened to Earl of Jersey, is a title in the Peerage of England held by a branch of the Villiers family, which since 1819 has been the Child-Villiers family.

Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Poland

Eleanor Maria Josefa of Austria (Polish: Eleonora; 21 May 1653 – 17 December 1697) was Queen of Poland by marriage to king Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki and Duchess of Lorraine by marriage to Charles V, Duke of Lorraine.

Elmas Mehmed Pasha

Elmas Mehmed Pasha (1661 – 11 September 1697) was an Ottoman statesman who served as grand vizier from 1695 to 1697. His epithet Elmas means "diamond" in Turkish and refers to his fame as a handsome man.

HMS Kingston (1697)

HMS Kingston was a 60-gun fourth rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built by Frame in Hull and launched on 13 March 1697. She had an eventful career, taking part in numerous engagements.

King William's War

King William's War (1688–1697, also known as the Second Indian War, Father Baudoin's War, Castin's War, or the First Intercolonial War in French) was the North American theater of the Nine Years' War (1688–97), also known as the War of the Grand Alliance or the War of the League of Augsburg. It was the first of six colonial wars (see the four French and Indian Wars, Father Rale's War and Father Le Loutre's War) fought between New France and New England along with their respective Native allies before France ceded its remaining mainland territories in North America east of the Mississippi River in 1763.

For King William's War, neither England nor France thought of weakening their position in Europe to support the war effort in North America. New France and the Wabanaki Confederacy were able to thwart New England expansion into Acadia, whose border New France defined as the Kennebec River in southern Maine. According to the terms of the 1697 Treaty of Ryswick that ended the Nine Years' War, the boundaries and outposts of New France, New England, and New York remained substantially unchanged.

The war was largely caused by the fact that the treaties and agreements that were reached at the end of King Philip's War (1675–1678) were not adhered to. In addition, the English were alarmed that the Indians were receiving French or maybe Dutch aid. The Indians preyed on the English and their fears, by making it look as though they were with the French. The French were played as well, as they thought the Indians were working with the English. These occurrences, in addition to the fact that the English perceived the Indians as their subjects, despite the Indians' unwillingness to submit, eventually led to two conflicts, one of which was King William's War.

List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1697

This is a list of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1697.

Peace of Ryswick

The Peace of Ryswick (or Rijswijk) was a series of treaties signed in the Dutch city of Rijswijk between 20 September and 30 October 1697, ending the Nine Years' War (1689–97) between France and the Grand Alliance, which included England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic.

Prince Charming

Prince Charming is a fairy tale character who comes to the rescue of a damsel in distress and must engage in a quest to liberate her from an evil spell. This classification suits most heroes of a number of traditional folk tales, including "Snow White", "Sleeping Beauty", and "Cinderella", even if in the original story they were given another name, or no name at all.

Often handsome and romantic, these characters are essentially interchangeable, serving as a foil to the heroine; in many variants, they can be viewed as a metaphor for a reward the heroine achieves for the decisions she makes. The prominence of the character type makes him an obvious target for revisionist fairy tales. "Prince Charming" is also used as a term to refer to the idealized man some people dream of as a future spouse.

Trenbolone acetate

Trenbolone acetate, sold under brand names such as Finajet and Finaplix among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in veterinary medicine, specifically to increase the profitability of livestock by promoting muscle growth in cattle. It is given by injection into muscle.Side effects of trenbolone acetate include symptoms of masculinization like acne, increased hair growth, voice changes, and increased sexual desire. The drug is a synthetic androgen and anabolic steroid and hence is an agonist of the androgen receptor (AR), the biological target of androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It has strong anabolic effects and weak androgenic effects, as well as potent progestogenic effects, no estrogenic effects, weak glucocorticoid effects, and no risk of liver damage. Trenbolone acetate is an androgen ester and a long-lasting prodrug of trenbolone in the body.Trenbolone acetate was discovered in 1963 and was introduced for veterinary use in the early 1970s. In addition to its veterinary use, trenbolone acetate is used to improve physique and performance, and is purchased from black market suppliers. The drug is a controlled substance in many countries and so non-veterinary use is generally illicit.

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