1650s

The 1650s decade ran from January 1, 1650, to December 31, 1659.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:
  • Births
  • Deaths
  • By country
  • By topic
  • Establishments
  • Disestablishments
GezichtOpNieuwAmsterdam
February 2, 1653: New Amsterdam is incorporated.

Events

1650

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

1651

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

1652

January–June

Charles Bell - Jan van Riebeeck se aankoms aan die Kaap
April 6: Jan van Riebeeck establishes Cape Town

July–December

1653

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

1654

January–June

July–December

1655

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

  • The Bibliotheca Thysiana is erected, the only surviving 17th century example in the Netherlands, of a building designed as a library.

1656

January–June

July–December

Undated

1657

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

1658

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

  • Portuguese traders are expelled from Ceylon by Dutch invaders.
  • The Dutch in the Cape Colony start to import slaves from India and South-East Asia (later from Madagascar).

1659

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

  • Spanish Infanta Maria Theresa brings cocoa to Paris.
  • Diego Velázquez's portrait of Infanta Maria Theresa is first exhibited.
  • Thomas Hobbes publishes De Homine.
  • Parisian police raid a monastery, sending monks to prison for eating meat and drinking wine during Lent.
  • Drought occurs in India.
  • Christiaan Huygens writes Systema Saturnium.
  • First known non-white settler to own land in Massachusetts, and first known African to live in Springfield, Massachusetts arrives by the name of Peter Swink. He held seats in the town meetings.

References

  1. ^ a b Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 185–186. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  2. ^ "Time and Place". Slavery and the Making of America. Thirteen. 2004. Retrieved 2018-02-24. Rhode Island passes laws restricting slavery and forbidding enslavement for more than 10 years.
  3. ^ "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p30
  4. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  5. ^ "Commonwealth Instrument of Government, 1653". Modern History Sourcebook. New York: Fordham University. August 1998. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  6. ^ a b c d Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 266. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  7. ^ "Guericke, Otto von". Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). The Encyclopædia Britannica Co. 1910. p. 670.
  8. ^ Oliver Cromwell, letters and Speeches Thomas Carlyle
  9. ^ "Jews arrive in the New World". American Jewish Archives. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  10. ^ LeElef, Ner (2001). "World Jewish Population". SimpleToRemember. Retrieved 2012-07-10. Metropolitan Tel Aviv, with 2.5 million Jews, is the world's largest Jewish city. It is followed by New York, with 1.9 million.
  11. ^ Wu, Bin (2014). Britannia 1066–1884: From Medieval Absolutism to the Birth of Freedom under Constitutional Monarchy, Limited Suffrage, and the Rule of Law. Springer. p. 53. ISBN 9783319046839. OCLC 947041435.
  12. ^ Eisinger, J. (July 1982). "Lead and wine: Eberhard Gockel and the colica Pictonum". Medical History. 26 (3): 279–302. doi:10.1017/s0025727300041508. ISSN 0025-7273. PMC 1139187. PMID 6750289.
  13. ^ Risse, Guenter B. (2005). New Medical Challenges During the Scottish Enlightenment. Amsterdam: Rodopi. p. 207. ISBN 90-420-1814-3. Retrieved 2009-03-06.
  14. ^ Rosen, George (1943). The History of Miners' Diseases: a medical and social interpretation (book preview). Schuman's. p. 10. Retrieved 2009-03-06.
  15. ^ a b c "1657". British Civil Wars. Commonwealth and Protectorate 1638-60. 2010-06-07. Retrieved 2012-02-17.
  16. ^ Morrill, John (2004). "Cromwell, Oliver (1599–1658)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/6765. Retrieved 2012-02-17. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  17. ^ Blusse, Leonard; Vaillé, Cynthia (2005). The Deshima Dagregisters, Volume XII 1650-1660. Leiden.
  18. ^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 267–268. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  19. ^ "Chocolate Arrives in England". Cadbury. Archived from the original on February 19, 2012. Retrieved February 17, 2012.
  20. ^ Brems, Hans (June 1970). "Sweden: From Great Power to Welfare State". Journal of Economic Issues. Association for Evolutionary Economics. 4 (2, 3): 1–16. JSTOR 4224039. A swift and brilliantly conceived march from Holstein across the frozen Danish waters on Copenhagen, by Karl X Gustav in 1658, finally wrests Bohuslin, Sk'ane, and Blekinge from Denmark. Denmark no longer controls both sides of Oresund, and Swedish power is at its peak.
  21. ^ On display at Westminster Abbey.
1650 in Ireland

Events from the year 1650 in Ireland.

1650s in Canada

Events from the 1650s in Canada.

1650s in Scotland

Events from the 1650s in the Kingdom of Scotland.

1651 in Ireland

Events from the year 1651 in Ireland.

1652 in Ireland

Events from the year 1652 in Ireland.

1653 in Ireland

Events from the year 1653 in Ireland.

1653 in Japan

Events in the year 1653 in Japan.

1653 in Norway

Events in the year 1653 in Norway.

1654 in Ireland

Events from the year 1654 in Ireland.

1655 in Ireland

Events from the year 1655 in Ireland.

1655 in Norway

Events in the year 1655 in Norway.

1656 in Ireland

Events from the year 1656 in Ireland.

1657 in Ireland

Events from the year 1657 in Ireland.

1658 in Ireland

Events from the year 1658 in Ireland.

1659 in Ireland

Events from the year 1659 in Ireland.

1659 in Norway

Events in the year 1659 in Norway.

1659 in Portugal

Events in the year 1659 in Portugal.

Franco-Spanish War (1635–1659)

The Franco-Spanish War (1635–1659) was a military conflict that was the result of French involvement in the Thirty Years' War. After the German allies of Sweden were forced to seek terms with the Holy Roman Empire, the French first minister, Cardinal Richelieu, declared war on Spain because French territory was surrounded by Habsburg territories. The conflict was a continuation of the aims of the War of the Mantuan Succession (1628–31) in which France invaded northern Italy to take possession of territory claimed by the Spanish Habsburgs. Though some minor territorial gains were made by France, the Franco-Spanish War ended inconclusively in 1659 with the Treaty of the Pyrenees.

Siege of Candia

The Siege of Candia (modern Heraklion, Crete) was a military conflict in which Ottoman forces besieged the Venetian-ruled city. Lasting from 1648 to 1669, or a total of 21 years, it is second longest siege in history after the siege of Ceuta; however, the Ottomans were ultimately victorious despite Candia's unprecedented resistance.

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