1645 Luzon earthquake

The 1645 Luzon earthquake was one of the most destructive earthquakes to hit the Philippines. It occurred on November 30 at about 08:00 PM local time on Luzon Island in the northern part of the country. The island was struck by a 7.5 Ms tremor produced by the San Manuel and Gabaldon Faults (Nueva Ecija) in the central section of the island.[1]

Aftershocks continued a few days, then on December 4 at 11:00 pm, another event (allegedly equal or stronger than November 30) hit the area, causing further death and destruction.[2]

In Manila, damage was entirely severe: it almost "crumbled" ten newly constructed cathedrals in the capital, residential villas and other buildings. An estimated number of 600 Spanish people were killed, and about 3,000 Spanish were injured.[3][4]

1645 Luzon earthquake
1645 Luzon earthquake is located in Luzon
1645 Luzon earthquake
1645 Luzon earthquake is located in Philippines
1645 Luzon earthquake
Local date November 30, 1645
Local time8:00 PM
Magnitude7.5 Ms
Areas affectedPhilippines, Central Luzon
Total damageUnknown
Casualties600 (?)

See also


  1. ^ Tsutsumi, H., Daligdig, J.A., Goto, H., Tungol, N.M., Kondo, H., Nakata, T., Okuno, M., and Sugito, N. (2006). Timing of surface-rupturing earthquakes on the Philippine fault zone in central Luzon Island, Philippines. EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union 87, Supplement.
  2. ^ Blair, Emma Helen and Robertson, James Alexander (1906). "The Philippine Islands 1493–1898, Vol. XXXV". The Arthur H. Clark Company, Cleveland, OH. p. 226
  3. ^ Bautista, Maria Leonila; Bartolome Bautista (April–June 2004). "The Philippine historical earthquake catalog: its development, current state and future directions". Annals of Geophysics. 47 (2–3). Retrieved 12 October 2010. One example is after an earthquake in 1645, when only the Spaniards who perished during the earthquake were counted, while persons of <<no account>> were disregarded.
  4. ^ Wong, Ivan. "Evaluating Seismic Hazards in Metro Manila, Philippines" (PDF). Timothy Dawson, Mark Dober. Oakland: URS Corp. Retrieved 12 October 2010.

Coordinates: 16°44′29″N 121°45′02″E / 16.741428°N 121.750488°E

Antipolo Cathedral

The Antipolo Cathedral (formal title: National Shrine of Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage) is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in Antipolo City, Rizal in the Philippines. It enshrines the Marian image of Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage (Spanish: Nuestra Señora de la Paz y Buen Viaje), and is the seat of the Bishop of Antipolo. It is also the Immaculate Conception Parish and referred by locals as "Simbahan ng Antipolo".

The shrine attracts millions of pilgrims annually, especially during the Pilgrimage Season which commences with the Alay Lakad from the Quiapo Church on April 30 and lasts throughout the month of Mary.

List of earthquakes in the Philippines

The Philippines lies along the Pacific Ring of Fire, which causes the country to have frequent seismic and volcanic activity. Many earthquakes of smaller magnitude occur very regularly due to the meeting of major tectonic plates in the region. The largest was the 1918 Celebes Sea earthquake with Mw 8.3.

Luzon earthquake

Luzon earthquake may refer to:

1645 Luzon earthquake, the earthquake on Luzon Island in the Philippines that occurred on November 30, 1645

1880 Luzon earthquakes, the series of earthquakes that affected Manila and most of Luzon in July 1880

1990 Luzon earthquake, the earthquake on Luzon Island in the Philippines that occurred on July 16, 1990

Malate Church

The Our Lady of Remedies Parish, also known as Malate Church (Spanish: Iglesia Parroquial de Malate) is a parish church in the district of Malate in the city of Manila, Philippines. This Baroque-style church is over looking Plaza Rajah Sulayman and ultimately, Manila Bay. The church is dedicated to Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, the patroness of childbirth. A revered statue of the Virgin Mary in her role as Our Lady of Remedies was brought from Spain in 1624 and stands at the altar.

Malate used to be known as Maalat due to the saline waters of the bay; and as Laguio or Lagunoi, the name of the street which separated it from Ermita. It is located by Manila Bay, very close to the sea. One main street crosses it at the center. It is wide and beautiful and leads up to Cavite. The numerous trees make this road a pleasant walk. It lies just three kilometers from the center of Manila.

Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage

Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage (Spanish: Nuestra Señora de la Paz y Buen Viaje), also known as the Virgin of Antipolo and the Our Lady of Antipolo (Filipino: Birhen ng Antipolo), is a 17th-century Roman Catholic wooden image of the Blessed Virgin Mary venerated in the Philippines. The image, a Black Madonna that represents the Immaculate Conception, is enshrined in Antipolo Cathedral in the Sierra Madre mountains east of Metro Manila.The image was brought to the country by Governor-General Juan Niño de Tabora from Mexico via the galleon El Almirante in 1626. His safe voyage across the Pacific Ocean was attributed to the image, which was given the title of "Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage". It was substantiated later by six other successful voyages of the Manila-Acapulco Galleons with the image aboard as its patroness.The statue is one of the most celebrated images of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Philippines, gaining devotees since the mid-19th century, having been mentioned by José Rizal in his writings. From May to July each year, the image attracts millions of pilgrims from all over the country and abroad. Pope Pius XI authorized her canonical coronation on 13 June 1925, which occurred on 28 November 1926.

Outline of Metro Manila

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Metro Manila:

Metro Manila is the capital region of the Philippines, and is one of its seventeen administrative regions. It is located on the eastern shore of Manila Bay, in the southern portion of the island of Luzon. It lies between the Central Luzon and Calabarzon regions, with the province of Bulacan to the north, Rizal to the east, and Laguna and Cavite to the south.

Metro Manila comprises 16 cities and municipalities, including the capital city, Manila. Although Metro Manila was formed only in 1975, Manila itself dates back to 1571, with the establishment of the Province of Manila during the Spanish colonial period. The earliest evidence of human life in and around the area of Manila was dated to around 3000 BC.

With a population of 12,877,253 in 2015, Metro Manila is the largest metropolitan area in the Philippines, and the tenth most populous metropolitan area in Asia. Its total area is 619.57 square kilometres (239.22 sq mi), smaller than Philippine cities Davao City, Puerto Princesa, Zamboanga City and Butuan, and Southeast Asian city propers Bangkok, Jakarta, Hanoi and Taipei.

San Miguel Church (Manila)

The Regal Parish and National Shrine of Saint Michael and the Archangels, also known as San Miguel Church, is a Catholic church of the Latin Rite dedicated to the seven archangels, namely, Saint Michael, Saint Gabriel, Saint Raphael, Saint Uriel, Saint Selatiel, Saint Jhudiel, and Saint Barachiel.Its current location on the corner of Jose Laurel Street and General Solano Street in the San Miguel district was once the site of La Fábrica de Cerveza de San Miguel (now San Miguel Brewery).The shrine is also known as Malacañang Church as it adjoins the Malacañang Palace complex, the official residence of the President of the Republic of the Philippines. Among the presidents that have heard Mass at the shrine are Carlos P. García, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, and Fidel V. Ramos (who is Protestant).San Miguel Church has only about 1,500 parishioners, some of whom are desecnded from old-rich families in the district. It is also notably the only Catholic church in the country where priests (instead of bishops) are canonically permitted to administer the sacrament of Confirmation twice a week.

Taguig Church

The Saint Anne Parish Church, also known as Santa Ana Church or also known in its formal name as the Archdiocesan Shrine of St. Anne, is a Roman Catholic Church located at Barangay Sta. Ana in Taguig. It is situated next to the Taguig River and across Plaza Quezon, where the statue of the late President Manuel L. Quezon was erected when he was still serving as President of the Republic. Saint Anne is the patroness of the church.

Timeline of Manila

The following is a timeline of the history of the city and metropolitan area of Manila.

20th century
21st century

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