was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1632nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 632nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 32nd year of the 17th century, and the 3rd year of the 1630s decade. As of the start of 1632, the Gregorian calendar was
10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- January – The Holland's Leguer, a brothel in London, is closed after having been besieged for a month.
- February 22 – Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published.
- March 29 – The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye is signed, returning Quebec to French control, after the English had seized it in 1629.
- March – Thirty Years' War – Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden invades Bavaria with his army.
- April 15 – Thirty Years' War – Battle of Rain: Gustavus Adolphus defeats Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly, commander of the Catholic League (German) armies, for the second time within a year; Tilly is severely wounded during the battle and dies on April 30.
- May – Thirty Years' War – Munich, capital of Bavaria, is captured by the Swedish army.
- June 15 – Sir Francis Windebank is made chief Secretary of State in England.
- June 20 – Charles I of England issues a charter for the colony of Maryland (named in honor of Henrietta Maria), under the control of Lord Baltimore.
- June 20 – Two ships, the Saint Jean (250 tons) and the L'Esperance-En-Dieu, set sail from La Rochelle, bound for Acadia.
- June 25 – Fasilides, Emperor of Ethiopia in succession to his father Susenyos, declares the state religion of the country to again be Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, and confiscates the lands of the Jesuit missionaries, relegating them to Fremona.
- June – Eighty Years' War – Leading a Dutch army, Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange captures in short succession the cities of Venlo, Roermond and Sittard, before besieging the city of Maastricht.
- July 23 – Three hundred colonists for New France depart Dieppe.
- August 22 – Eighty Years' War: A Dutch army, led by Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, captures the city of Maastricht after a two-month siege.
- September 1 – Battle of Castelnaudary: A rebellion against French king Louis XIII is crushed. The leader of the rebellion, Gaston, Duke of Orléans, the brother of Louis XIII, surrenders.
- September 9 – Thirty Years' War: Battle of the Alte Veste – Besieged by Wallenstein at Nuremberg, Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus attempts to break the siege, but is defeated.
- October 15 – The University of Tartu officially opens, in Swedish Livonia.
- October 30 – Henri II de Montmorency, is executed for his participation in the rebellion of Gaston, Duke of Orléans, against French king Louis XIII.
- November 8 – Wladyslaw IV Waza is elected king of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, after Sigismund III Vasa's death.
- November 16 (November 6 Old Style) – Thirty Years' War: Battle of Lützen – Swedish king Gustavus II Adolphus leads an assault on Wallenstein's army, but is killed early in the battle. Despite the king's death, the Swedish commanders manage to rally the army and eventually defeat Wallenstein's army. As a result, Wallenstein withdraws from Saxony. Following the death of Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden, he is succeeded by his six-year-old daughter Christina, while five regents (headed by Axel Oxenstierna) govern the country.
- November 17 – Thirty Years' War – Gottfried zu Pappenheim, Field Marshal of the Holy Roman Empire, dies from wounds sustained in the Battle of Lützen.
- January 1 – Claude de Choiseul-Francières, Marshal of France (d. 1711)
- January 3 – Sir John Duke, 2nd Baronet, Member of Parliament of England (d. 1705)
- January 8 – Samuel von Pufendorf, German jurist (d. 1694)
- January 11
- January 14 – Gustavus Adolphus of the Palatinate, German noble (d. 1641)
- January 26 – Marie Charlotte de la Trémoille, French noble (d. 1682)
- January 29
- February 11 – Francisco de Aguiar y Seijas, Spanish cleric and bishop (d. 1698)
- February 12 – Charles Aubert de La Chesnaye, French businessman active in Canada (d. 1702)
- February 18 – Giovanni Battista Vitali, Italian composer (d. 1692)
- February 20 – Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds, English statesman (d. 1712)
- February 24 – Antoine Benoist, French painter (d. 1717)
- February 29 – Juriaen van Streeck, Dutch painter (d. 1687)
- March 8 – Davide Cocco Palmieri, Italian Catholic bishop (d. 1711)
- March 13 – John Houblon, first Governor of the Bank of England (1694-1697) (d. 1712)
- March 21 – Sir John Hotham, 2nd Baronet, Member of the House of Commons of England (d. 1689)
- March 25 – John Temple, Irish politician (d. 1705)
- March 27 – Gustav Adolph, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken and general sergeant of the Holy Roman Empire at the Rhine (d. 1677)
- March 30 – John Proctor, Massachusetts farmer, tavern keeper (d. 1692)
- April 2 – Georg Caspar Wecker, German composer (d. 1695)
- April 6
- April 12 – Henry Chauncy, British antiquarian (d. 1719)
- April 19 – Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Baron Cornwallis, Member of Parliament (d. 1673)
- April 21 – Sir Hugh Smith, 1st Baronet, English Member of Parliament (d. 1680)
- May 1 – Friedrich Spanheim the Younger, Calvinist theologian (d. 1701)
- May 3 – Catherine of St. Augustine, French nun, nurse of New France (d. 1668)
- May 8 – Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal, Governor of Berlin (d. 1706)
- May 13 – Nicolas Pitau, Flemish-born French engraver (d. 1671)
- May 15 – Adolf William, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (d. 1668)
- May 16 – Jeremias van Rensselaer, Dutch colonial governor (d. 1674)
- May 17 – John Hall, English politician (d. 1711)
- May 21 – Feodosia Morozova, Russian religious dissident martyr (d. 1675)
- June 10 – Esprit Fléchier, French writer and Bishop of Nîmes (d. 1710)
- June 14 – Jean Gallois, French scholar and abbé (d. 1707)
- July 3 – Tylman van Gameren, Dutch architect (d. 1706)
- July 15 – Thomas Seamer, founding settler of Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1712)
- July 21 – Sir Hugh Cholmeley, 4th Baronet, English politician (d. 1689)
- August 2 – Kaspar von Stieler, German soldier-poet (d. 1707)
- August 13 – François-Séraphin Régnier-Desmarais, French diplomat and writer (d. 1713)
- August 15 – Valentine Hollingsworth, English colonist of Delaware (d. 1710)
- August 20 – Louis Bourdaloue, French Jesuit and preacher (d. 1704)
- August 27 – Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein, German noblewoman member of the House of Sponheim (d. 1701)
- August 29 – John Locke, English philosopher (d. 1704)
- September 3 – John Tregonwell, English Member of Parliament (d. 1682)
- September 14 – Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy (d. 1638)
- September 15 – François Adhémar de Monteil, Comte de Grignan, French aristocrat (d. 1714)
- September 23 – Agatha Christine of Hanau-Lichtenberg, German noblewoman (d. 1681)
- September 29 – George III, Landgrave of Hesse-Itter (1661–1676) (d. 1676)
- October 1 – George Durant, attorney in the Province of Carolina (d. 1692)
- October 18 – Thomas Proby, English politician (d. 1689)
- October 20
- October 21 – William Hedges, first governor of the East India Company (d. 1701)
- October 24 – Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch scientist (d. 1723)
- October 25
- October 28 – Antoine Massoulié, French Dominican theologian (d. 1706)
- October 29 – Enno Louis, Prince of East Frisia, Frisian prince (d. 1660)
- October 31 (bapt.) – Johannes Vermeer, Dutch painter (d. 1675)
- November 16 – Sir Anthony Cope, 4th Baronet, English Member of Parliament (d. 1675)
- November 23 – Jean Mabillon, French Benedictine monk and scholar of the Congregation of Saint Maur (d. 1707)
- November 24 – Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher (d. 1677)
- November 26 – Philipp Ludwig III, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (1638–1641) (d. 1641)
- November 28 – Jean-Baptiste Lully, Italian-born French composer (d. 1687)
- December 9 – William Clayton, acting Governor of the Pennsylvania Colony (1684–1685) (d. 1689)
- December 16 – Erik Benzelius the Elder, Swedish theologian (d. 1709)
- December 17 – Anthony Wood, English antiquarian (d. 1695)
- December 24
- December 31 – Abbas II of Persia, Shah of Iran (d. 1666)
- January 1 – Giovanni Battista Agucchi, Italian churchman, papal diplomat and writer on art theory (b. 1570)
- January 31 – Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)
- February 7 – Margherita Gonzaga, Duchess of Lorraine (b. 1591)
- February 10 – Simon Steward, English politician (b. 1575)
- March – Gazi Hüsrev Pasha, Ottoman grand vizier
- March 14 – Tokugawa Hidetada, Japanese shōgun (b. 1579)
- March 15 – Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, German musician (b. 1572)
- April 19 – Sigismund III Vasa, King of Sweden (1592–1599) and Poland (1587–1632) (b. 1566)
- April 23 – Sir Drue Drury, 1st Baronet, English politician (b. 1588)
- April 30 – Johan Tzerclaes, Count of Tilly, Bavarian general (b. 1559)
- May 24 – Robert Hues, English mathematician and geographer (b. 1553)
- May 25 – Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1572)
- June 2 – Ernest Casimir I, Count of Nassau-Dietz (1606–1632) and Stadtholder of Groningen, Friesland and Drenthe (1625–1632) (b. 1573)
- June 20 – Miles Hobart, English politician (b. 1595)
- June 22 – James Whitelocke, English judge (b. 1570)
- July 22 – Juan Niño de Tabora, Spanish general and governor of the Philippines (date of birth unknown)
- July 29 – Samuel Ampzing, Dutch linguist and historian (b. 1590)
- July 30 – Archduke Charles of Austria (b. 1607)
- August 13 – Queen Inmok, Korean royal consort (b. 1584)
- August 14 – Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach (b. 1582)
- August 19 – Valentin de Boulogne, French painter (b. 1591)
- August 23 – Frances Carr, Countess of Somerset (b. 1590)
- August 25 – Thomas Dekker, English dramatist (b. c.1572)
- September 13 – Leopold V, Archduke of Austria, regent of Tyrol (b. 1586)
- September 17 – Emperor Susenyos of Ethiopia (b. 1607)
- September 30 – Thomas Allen, English mathematician and astrologer (b. 1542)
- October 6 – Anna of Cleves, Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Countess Palatine of Neuburg (b. 1552)
- October 12 – Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1549)
- October 14 – Francis II, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1572)
- October 16 – George More, English politician (b. 1553)
- October 23 – Giovanni Battista Crespi, Italian painter (b. 1573)
- October 30 – Henri II de Montmorency, French naval officer and Governor of Languedoc (b. 1595)
- November 5 – Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland (b. 1564)
- November 6 – King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (in battle) (b. 1594)
- November 9 – Miyake Yasunobu, Japanese daimyō (b. 1563)
- November 17 – Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian field marshal (b. 1594)
- November 21 – Nils Brahe, Swedish soldier and younger brother of Per Brahe (b. 1604)
- November 27 – John Eliot, English statesman (b. 1592)
- November 29 – Frederick V, Elector Palatine (b. 1596)
- December 2 – Duke Johann Wilhelm of Saxe-Altenburg, colonel in the Saxon Army (b. 1600)
- December 8 – Philippe van Lansberge, Flemish astronomer (b. 1561)
- date unknown
- ^ Liljedahl, Otto Ragnar (1935). Sveriges första kvinnliga diplomat.: Egenten Johan Möllers maka Catharina Stopia. ut: Personhistorisk tidskrift 1934. Stockholm. Libris 2776256.
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