1615

1615 (MDCXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1615th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 615th year of the 2nd millennium, the 15th year of the 17th century, and the 6th year of the 1610s decade. As of the start of 1615, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1615 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1615
MDCXV
Ab urbe condita2368
Armenian calendar1064
ԹՎ ՌԿԴ
Assyrian calendar6365
Balinese saka calendar1536–1537
Bengali calendar1022
Berber calendar2565
English Regnal year12 Ja. 1 – 13 Ja. 1
Buddhist calendar2159
Burmese calendar977
Byzantine calendar7123–7124
Chinese calendar甲寅(Wood Tiger)
4311 or 4251
    — to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4312 or 4252
Coptic calendar1331–1332
Discordian calendar2781
Ethiopian calendar1607–1608
Hebrew calendar5375–5376
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1671–1672
 - Shaka Samvat1536–1537
 - Kali Yuga4715–4716
Holocene calendar11615
Igbo calendar615–616
Iranian calendar993–994
Islamic calendar1023–1024
Japanese calendarKeichō 20 / Genna 1
(元和元年)
Javanese calendar1535–1536
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3948
Minguo calendar297 before ROC
民前297年
Nanakshahi calendar147
Thai solar calendar2157–2158
Tibetan calendar阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
1741 or 1360 or 588
    — to —
阴木兔年
(female Wood-Rabbit)
1742 or 1361 or 589

Events

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

Births

January–March

April–June

July–September

October–December

Deaths

January–March

April–June

July–September

October–December

References

  1. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 243–248. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  2. ^ Strachan, Michael (2004). "Roe, Sir Thomas (1581–1644)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/23943. Retrieved 2012-10-09. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  3. ^ Randall Lesaffer, ed., Peace Treaties and International Law in European History: From the Late Middle Ages to World War One (Cambridge University Press, 2004) p39
1615 in France

Events from the year 1615 in France

1615 in Ireland

Events from 1615 in Ireland.

1615 in Norway

Events in the year 1615 in Norway.

1615 in Quebec

Events from the year 1615 in Quebec.

1615 in Sweden

Events from the year 1615 in Sweden

Apolo, La Paz

Apolo is a location in the Franz Tamayo Province in the La Paz Department, Bolivia, South America, with a population of 2,123 in the year 2001. It is the seat of the Apolo Municipality.

The main plaza is dominated by a large Roman Catholic Chapel. There are three schools with most children attending in the morning.

It is approximately fourteen hours away from the La Paz capital. On the way to Apolo the road is accompanied by numerous waterfalls and changing landscapes.

The village is served by Apolo Airport.

Baradero Partido

Baradero Partido is a partido of Buenos Aires Province in Argentina.

The provincial subdivision has a population of 29,562 inhabitants in an area of 1,514 km2 (585 sq mi), and its capital city is Baradero, which is to the north west of Buenos Aires.

The district was founded on July 25, 1615, making it one of the oldest partidos in Buenos Aires Province.

Cabo Frio

Cabo Frio (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkabu ˈfɾi.u], Cold Cape) is a Brazilian municipality in Rio de Janeiro state, founded by the Portuguese on November 13, 1615.As of 2017, Cabo Frio's estimated population is 216,030 and its area is 410 km².Cabo Frio is served by Cabo Frio International Airport.

Common Era

Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era. BCE (Before the Common Era or Before the Current Era) is the era before CE. BCE and CE are alternatives to the Dionysian BC and AD system respectively. The Dionysian era distinguishes eras using AD (anno Domini, "[the] year of [the] Lord") and BC ("before Christ"). Since the two notation systems are numerically equivalent, "2019 CE" corresponds to "AD 2019" and "400 BCE" corresponds to "400 BC". Both notations refer to the Gregorian calendar (and its predecessor, the Julian calendar). The year-numbering system utilized by the Gregorian calendar is used throughout the world today, and is an international standard for civil calendars.The expression has been traced back to 1615, when it first appeared in a book by Johannes Kepler as the Latin usage annus aerae nostrae vulgaris, and to 1635 in English as "Vulgar Era". The term "Common Era" can be found in English as early as 1708, and became more widely used in the mid-19th century by Jewish religious scholars. In the later 20th century, the use of CE and BCE was popularized in academic and scientific publications, and more generally by authors and publishers wishing to emphasize sensitivity to non-Christians, by not explicitly referencing Jesus as "Christ" and Dominus ("Lord") through use of the abbreviation "AD".

Genna

Genna (元和) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year" name") coming after Keichō and before Kan'ei. This period spanned the years from July 1615 to February 1624. The reigning emperor was Go-Mizunoo-tennō (後水尾天皇).

Ixion, King of the Lapiths, Deceived by Juno, Who He Wished to Seduce

Ixion, king of the Lapiths, deceived by Juno is a c.1615 painting by Peter Paul Rubens. It was part of the Duke of Westminster's collection in the 19th century, before passing to baron Basile de Schlichting, who left it to the Louvre Museum in 1914.

On the left, it shows Ixion and the fake Juno sent by Jupiter to avenge himself on the seducer. On the right the real Juno, with her peacock moves towards Jupiter.

Luxembourg Palace

The Luxembourg Palace (French: Palais du Luxembourg, pronounced [pa.lɛ dy lyk.sɑ̃.buːʁ]) is located at 15 Rue de Vaugirard in the 6th arrondissement of Paris. It was originally built (1615–1645) to the designs of the French architect Salomon de Brosse to be the royal residence of the regent Marie de' Medici, mother of Louis XIII of France. After the Revolution it was refashioned (1799–1805) by Jean Chalgrin into a legislative building and subsequently greatly enlarged and remodeled (1835–1856) by Alphonse de Gisors. Since 1958 it has been the seat of the Senate of the Fifth Republic.Immediately west of the palace on the Rue de Vaugirard is the Petit Luxembourg, now the residence of the Senate President; and slightly further west, the Musée du Luxembourg, in the former orangery. On the south side of the palace, the formal Luxembourg Garden presents a 25-hectare green parterre of gravel and lawn populated with statues and large basins of water where children sail model boats.

Margaret of Valois

Margaret of Valois (French: Marguerite, 14 May 1553 – 27 March 1615) was a French princess of the Valois dynasty who became queen consort of Navarre and later also of France. By her marriage to Henry III of Navarre (later Henry IV of France), she was queen of Navarre and then France at her husband's 1589 accession to the latter throne. Their marriage was annulled in 1599 by decision of the Pope. She was the daughter of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici and the sister of kings Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III. Her marriage, which was intended to celebrate the reconciliation of Catholics and Huguenots, was tarnished by the St Bartholomew's Day massacre, and the resumption of the religious troubles which ensued. In the conflict between Henry III and the Malcontents, she took the side of Francis, Duke of Anjou, her younger brother, and this caused the king to have a deep aversion towards her.

As Queen of Navarre, she also played a pacifying role in the stormy relations between her husband and the French monarchy. Shuttled back and forth between the two courts, she endeavored to lead a happy conjugal life, but her sterility and the political tensions inherent in the French Wars of Religion caused the end of her marriage. Mistreated by a brother quick to take offence and rejected by a fickle and opportunistic husband, she chose the path of opposition in 1585. She took the side of the Catholic League and was forced to live in Auvergne in an exile which lasted twenty years.

A well-known woman of letters and an enlightened mind as well as an extremely generous patron, she played a considerable part in the cultural life of the court, especially after her return from exile in 1605. She was a vector of Neoplatonism, which preached the supremacy of platonic love over physical love. While imprisoned, she took advantage of the time to write her Memoirs. She was the first woman to have done so. She was one of the most fashionable women of her time, and influenced many of Europe's royal courts with her clothing.

She has been a victim of a misogynist historiographic tradition that has demolished the importance of her actions in the political sphere of the era, to reinforce the dynastic transition from the Valois to the Bourbon, giving credit to libel and slander circulated on her account and created and handed down through the centuries the myth of a beautiful woman, cultured, nymphomaniac and incestuous. This legend has crystallized around the famous nickname La Reine Margot (Queen Margot), invented by Alexandre Dumas, père.

Siege of Osaka

The Siege of Osaka (大坂の役, Ōsaka no Eki, or, more commonly, 大坂の陣 Ōsaka no Jin) was a series of battles undertaken by the Tokugawa shogunate against the Toyotomi clan, and ending in that clan's destruction. Divided into two stages (Winter Campaign and Summer Campaign), and lasting from 1614 to 1615, the siege put an end to the last major armed opposition to the shogunate's establishment. The end of the conflict is sometimes called the Genna Armistice (元和偃武, Genna Enbu), because the era name was changed from Keichō to Genna immediately following the siege.

Slaying of the Spaniards

The Slaying of the Spaniards (also known as the Spanish Killings; Icelandic: Spánverjavígin) was the last documented massacre in Icelandic history. Some Basque whalers went on a whaling expedition to Iceland and were killed after conflict in 1615 with local people in the region of the Westfjords.

Tokuhime (Tokugawa)

Tokuhime (督姫: 1565 – March 3, 1615) (Hime means "princess", "lady") was a princess during the Sengoku and Edo periods of Japanese history. She was the second daughter of Tokugawa Ieyasu; her mother was Lady Nishigori (西郡の方), one of Ieyasu's concubines. Tokuhime was also known as Ofū, Tomiko, Harima-gozen, and Ryōshō-in.

Wymondham

Wymondham ( WIN-dəm) is a market town and civil parish in Norfolk, England, 9 1⁄2 miles (15 km) southwest of Norwich, just off the A11 road from Norwich to London which now bypasses the town. The parish includes large rural areas to the north and south of the town itself, including the hamlets of Downham, Browick, Silfield, Wattlefield, Spooner Row and Suton.

Yodo-dono

Yodo-dono (淀殿) or Yodogimi (淀君) (1567 – June 4, 1615) was a prominently placed figure in late-Sengoku period. She was a concubine and second wife of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who was then the most powerful man in Japan. She also became the mother of his son and successor, Hideyori. She was also known as Lady Chacha (茶々). After the death of Hideyoshi, she took the tonsure, becoming a Buddhist nun and taking the name Daikōin (大広院).

The great wealth and changing fortunes of her husband and son affected Yodo-dono's life as well. Surviving record books from luxury goods merchants provide insight into patterns of patronage and taste amongst the privileged class of women like Yodo-dono and her sisters.

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