1608 (MDCVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1608th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 608th year of the 2nd millennium, the 8th year of the 17th century, and the 9th year of the 1600s decade. As of the start of 1608, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
|1608 in various calendars|
|Ab urbe condita||2361|
|Balinese saka calendar||1529–1530|
|English Regnal year||5 Ja. 1 – 6 Ja. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丁未年 (Fire Goat)|
4304 or 4244
— to —
戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
4305 or 4245
|- Vikram Samvat||1664–1665|
|- Shaka Samvat||1529–1530|
|- Kali Yuga||4708–4709|
|Japanese calendar||Keichō 13|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||304 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2150–2151|
1734 or 1353 or 581
— to —
1735 or 1354 or 582
Events from the year 1608 in France1608 in Ireland
Events from the year 1608 in Ireland.1608 in Norway
Events in the year 1608 in Norway.1608 in Quebec
Events from the year 1608 in Quebec.1608 in Scotland
Events in the year 1608 in Scotland.1608 in Sweden
Events from the year 1608 in SwedenCompendium Maleficarum
Compendium Maleficarum is a witch-hunter's manual written in Latin by Francesco Maria Guazzo, and published in Milan, Italy in 1608.
It discusses witches’ pacts with the devil, and detailed descriptions of witches’ powers and poisons. It also contains Guazzo's classification of demons, based on a previous work by Michael Psellus.Coriolanus
Coriolanus ( or ) is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1605 and 1608. The play is based on the life of the legendary Roman leader Caius Marcius Coriolanus. The tragedy is one of the last two tragedies written by Shakespeare, along with Antony and Cleopatra.
Coriolanus is the name given to a Roman general after his more than adequate military success against various uprisings challenging the government of Rome. Following this success, Coriolanus becomes active in politics and seeks political leadership. His temperament is unsuited for popular leadership and he is quickly deposed, whereupon he aligns himself to set matters straight according to his own will. The alliances he forges along the way result in his ultimate downfall.Elizabeth Barnard
Elizabeth, Lady Barnard (formerly Nash, née Hall) (baptised 21 February 1608 – 17 February 1670) was the granddaughter of the English poet and playwright William Shakespeare. Despite two marriages, she had no children, and was his last surviving descendant.
Elizabeth was closely associated with the Royalist cause during the English Civil War. Both her husbands were dedicated supporters of Charles I.Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand III (13 July 1608 – 2 April 1657) was Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria.Giambologna
Giambologna (1529 – 13 August 1608) — (known also as Jean de Boulogne) — was a Flemish sculptor based in Italy, celebrated for his marble and bronze statuary in a late Renaissance or Mannerist style.John Milton
John Milton (9 December 1608 – 8 November 1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), written in blank verse.
Writing in English, Latin, Greek, and Italian, he achieved international renown within his lifetime, and his celebrated Areopagitica (1644), written in condemnation of pre-publication censorship, is among history's most influential and impassioned defences of freedom of speech and freedom of the press. His desire for freedom extended into his style: he introduced new words (coined from Latin) to the English language, and was the first modern writer to employ non-rhymed verse outside of the theatre or translations.
William Hayley's 1796 biography called him the "greatest English author", and he remains generally regarded "as one of the preeminent writers in the English language", though critical reception has oscillated in the centuries since his death (often on account of his republicanism). Samuel Johnson praised Paradise Lost as "a poem which...with respect to design may claim the first place, and with respect to performance, the second, among the productions of the human mind", though he (a Tory and recipient of royal patronage) described Milton's politics as those of an "acrimonious and surly republican". Poets such as William Blake, William Wordsworth and Thomas Hardy revered him.Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551–1608)
Maria Anna of Bavaria (21 March 1551, Munich – 29 April 1608, Graz) was a politically active Archduchess of Austria by marriage to Archduke Charles II of Austria. She played an important role in favor of the counter reformation in Austria.Mary Shakespeare
Mary Shakespeare, née Arden, (c. 1537–1608) was the mother of William Shakespeare. She was the daughter of Wilmcote gentleman farmer Robert Arden, a cadet of the Arden family prominent in Warwickshire since before the Norman Conquest. She was the youngest of eight daughters, and when her father died in 1556 she inherited land at Snitterfield and Wilmcote from her father as a dowry. The house was left to her stepmother Agnes Hill.
Richard Shakespeare, the father of John Shakespeare, was a tenant farmer on land owned by her father in Snitterfield. As the daughter of Richard's landlord, she may have known John since childhood. Mary married John Shakespeare in 1557, when she was 20 years old. She bore eight children: Joan (1558), Margaret (1562–63), William (1564–1616), Gilbert (1566–1612), Joan (1569–1646), Anne (1571–79), Richard (1574–1613), and Edmund (1580–1607). Though Mary gave birth to many children, several of them died young. Their first daughter, Joan, born 1558 died; the name being used again for their third daughter. Their second daughter, Margaret, also died in infancy. Some members of the wider Arden family were of the Catholic faith.Mary was from a family of status and her ancestors – such as Thomas Arden, who fought in the thirteenth-century civil war for the Barons and Simon de Montfort; Robert Arden who fought in the War of Roses; John Arden who served on the court of King Henry VII – were well-connected in society.
Mary Arden's House in Wilmcote has been maintained in good condition because it had been a working farmhouse over the centuries. It was bought by the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust in 1930 and refurnished in the Tudor period style.
In 2000 it was discovered that the building preserved as Mary Arden's house had belonged to a friend and neighbour, Adam Palmer, and the house was accordingly renamed Palmer's Farm. The house that had belonged to the Arden family – which was near to Palmer's Farm – had been acquired by the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust in 1968 for preservation as part of a farmyard, without knowing its true provenance. The house and farm are open as an historic museum displaying 16th century life.Minyedeippa
Minyedeippa (Burmese: မင်းရဲဒိဗ္ဗ, pronounced [mɪ́ɴjɛ́ deiʔpa̰]; also spelled Minredeippa or Minyedaikpa; 1608 – 25 November 1629) was the seventh king of Toungoo dynasty of Burma. He came to throne in July 1628 after having assassinated his father King Anaukpetlun who had discovered Minyedeippa's affair with one of his concubines, daughter of Kengtung Sawbwa. Anaukpetlun had severely scolded the young prince that what he had done was high treason and that merited being roasted alive.After the assassination, Minyedaikpa was able to strong-arm the ministers at the court to proclaim him king as the main two contenders to the throne, his two uncles Thalun and Minye Kyawswa were away at the Shan States on a military campaign. Although nominally king, Minyedeippa never had any control beyond Pegu, the kingdom's capital. Throughout 1628, his two uncles Thalun and Minye Kyawswa marched back from Shan States and controlled Upper Burma while many others at Lower Burma revolted his rule. In 1629, Thalun marched down from Ava to reconquer Lower Burma. King of Arakan sent an army to assist Minyedaikpa but to no avail. In August 1629, the parricide king was seized by the Commander of Palace Guards, and sent to Thalun. Thalun denied Minyedeippa's request to become a monk, and executed him in November of that year.Quebec City
Quebec City (pronounced (listen) or ; French: Québec [kebɛk] (listen); French: Ville de Québec, Western Abnaki: Kephek), officially Québec, is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec. The city had a population estimate of 531,902 in July 2016 (an increase of 3.0% from 2011), and the metropolitan area had a population of 800,296 in July 2016 (an increase of 4.3% from 2011), making it the second largest city in Quebec after Montreal, and the seventh largest metropolitan area and eleventh largest city in the country.
The Algonquian people had originally named the area Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows", because the Saint Lawrence River narrows proximate to the promontory of Quebec and its Cape Diamant. Explorer Samuel de Champlain founded a French settlement here in 1608, and adopted the Algonquin name. Quebec City is one of the oldest European cities in North America. The ramparts surrounding Old Quebec (Vieux-Québec) are the only fortified city walls remaining in the Americas north of Mexico. This area was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 as the "Historic District of Old Québec".The city's landmarks include the Château Frontenac hotel that dominates the skyline and the Citadelle of Quebec, an intact fortress that forms the centrepiece of the ramparts surrounding the old city and includes a secondary royal residence. The National Assembly of Quebec (provincial legislature), the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec), and the Musée de la civilisation (Museum of Civilization) are found within or near Vieux-Québec.Seonjo of Joseon
Seonjo of Joseon (26 November 1552 – 16 March 1608) was the fourteenth king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea from 1567 to 1608. Known for encouraging Confucianism and renovating state affairs at the beginning of his reign, political chaos and his incompetent leadership during the Japanese invasions of Korea marred his later years.Thurn und Taxis
The Princely House of Thurn and Taxis (German: Fürstenhaus Thurn und Taxis [ˈtuːɐ̯n ʊnt ˈtaksɪs]) is a family of German nobility that is part of the Briefadel. It was a key player in the postal services in Europe during the 16th century, until the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, and became well known as the owner of breweries and builder of many castles. The current head of the house is HSH Albert II, 12th Prince of Thurn and Taxis. The family is one of the wealthiest in Germany and has resided at St. Emmeram Castle in Regensburg since 1748.William Chaderton
William Chaderton (c.1540 – 11 April 1608) was an English academic and bishop. He also served as Lady Margaret's Professor of Divinity.He was born in Moston, Lancashire, what is now a part of the city of Manchester. After attending The King's School, Chester, he matriculated at Pembroke College, Cambridge in 1555, and graduated M.A. at Christ's College, Cambridge in 1561.He was Regius Professor of Divinity at Cambridge in 1569, and President of Queens' College, Cambridge from 1568 to 1579. He was Rector of Holywell, Huntingdonshire in 1570. He was Bishop of Chester from 1579 to 1595. He was then Bishop of Lincoln from 1595 to 1608.He was also Warden of Manchester College, where he was succeeded by John Dee.