15th meridian east

The meridian 15° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

Line across the Earth
15°
15th meridian east
Stargard 15 Południk
Monument marking the meridian in Stargard, Poland
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1983-0701-012, Görlitz, Gedenkstein
Monument marking the meridian in Görlitz, most eastern town of Germany
Mark of the 15th meridian
Mark of the 15th meridian in the pavement in Jindřichův Hradec, Czech Republic

The 15th meridian east forms a great circle with the 165th meridian west.

The meridian is the central axis of Central European Time.[1]

From Pole to Pole

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 15th meridian east passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N 15°0′E / 90.000°N 15.000°E Arctic Ocean
79°42′N 15°0′E / 79.700°N 15.000°E  Norway Island of Spitsbergen, Svalbard
79°8′N 15°0′E / 79.133°N 15.000°E Atlantic Ocean Greenland Sea
Norwegian Sea
68°51′N 15°0′E / 68.850°N 15.000°E  Norway Islands of Langøya, Austvågøy and Hinnøya
68°16′N 15°0′E / 68.267°N 15.000°E Vestfjorden
67°59′N 15°0′E / 67.983°N 15.000°E  Norway Island of Engeløya and the mainland
66°9′N 15°0′E / 66.150°N 15.000°E  Sweden for about 1111 km
56°9′N 15°0′E / 56.150°N 15.000°E Baltic Sea
55°11′N 15°0′E / 55.183°N 15.000°E  Denmark Island of Bornholm, for about 21 km. There is a small memorial at 55°N 15°E / 55°N 15°E
55°0′N 15°0′E / 55.000°N 15.000°E Baltic Sea
54°5′N 15°0′E / 54.083°N 15.000°E  Poland
51°19′N 15°0′E / 51.317°N 15.000°E  Germany For about 16 km near Görlitz
51°10′N 15°0′E / 51.167°N 15.000°E  Poland
51°1′N 15°0′E / 51.017°N 15.000°E  Czech Republic For about 3 km
50°59′N 15°0′E / 50.983°N 15.000°E  Poland For about 6 km
50°56′N 15°0′E / 50.933°N 15.000°E  Czech Republic A mark in the pavement is found in Jindřichův Hradec, but the precise place is 100m to the West.[2]
49°1′N 15°0′E / 49.017°N 15.000°E  Austria
46°37′N 15°0′E / 46.617°N 15.000°E  Slovenia Almost corresponds to the middle line of the country in the direction west-east. A memorial has been set up in the village of Vrhtrebnje.[3]
45°30′N 15°0′E / 45.500°N 15.000°E  Croatia Mainland, and the islands of Pag, Sestrunj and Dugi otok
44°2′N 15°0′E / 44.033°N 15.000°E Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Sea
42°0′N 15°0′E / 42.000°N 15.000°E  Italy On the beach of Termoli; a 7-metre monument marks the 42°N 15°E / 42°N 15°E point[4]
40°12′N 15°0′E / 40.200°N 15.000°E Mediterranean Sea Tyrrhenian Sea
38°23′N 15°0′E / 38.383°N 15.000°E  Italy Island of Vulcano
38°22′N 15°0′E / 38.367°N 15.000°E Mediterranean Sea Tyrrhenian Sea
38°9′N 15°0′E / 38.150°N 15.000°E  Italy Island of Sicily, across the Etna volcano
36°42′N 15°0′E / 36.700°N 15.000°E Mediterranean Sea
32°25′N 15°0′E / 32.417°N 15.000°E  Libya
23°0′N 15°0′E / 23.000°N 15.000°E  Chad For about 1 km - the meridian just passes through the country's most north-westerly point
22°59′N 15°0′E / 22.983°N 15.000°E  Niger
16°22′N 15°0′E / 16.367°N 15.000°E  Chad Passing through Lake Chad
Passing just west of N'Djamena
12°7′N 15°0′E / 12.117°N 15.000°E  Cameroon
10°0′N 15°0′E / 10.000°N 15.000°E  Chad
8°41′N 15°0′E / 8.683°N 15.000°E  Cameroon
6°45′N 15°0′E / 6.750°N 15.000°E  Central African Republic
4°25′N 15°0′E / 4.417°N 15.000°E  Cameroon
2°1′N 15°0′E / 2.017°N 15.000°E  Republic of the Congo
4°35′S 15°0′E / 4.583°S 15.000°E  Democratic Republic of the Congo
5°52′S 15°0′E / 5.867°S 15.000°E  Angola
17°23′S 15°0′E / 17.383°S 15.000°E  Namibia
23°21′S 15°0′E / 23.350°S 15.000°E Atlantic Ocean
60°0′S 15°0′E / 60.000°S 15.000°E Southern Ocean
69°15′S 15°0′E / 69.250°S 15.000°E Antarctica Queen Maud Land, claimed by

 Norway

15th meridian Jested
Wooden mark of the 15th meridian east passing through the Ještěd-Kozákov Ridge. Made by local group called Ještěďáci.

References

  1. ^ "Stargard Szczecinski". StayPoland.com. Archived from the original on 2009-09-03. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
  2. ^ http://www.prazdninynavenkove.cz/en/lokalita/4/cms/206/ The confusion over the 15th meridian in Jindřichův Hradec. Accessed 2014-12-29. Archived 2014-12-31.
  3. ^ Jenko, Marjan (2005). "O pomenu meridiana 15° vzhodno od Greenwicha" [About the Significance of the 15th Degree to the East of Greenwich Meridian] (PDF). Geodetski vestnik (in Slovenian). 49 (4). pp. 637–638. Retrieved 5 January 2010.
  4. ^ "Non dite l'ora 'esatta' se non siete a Termoli. Per l'Italia e tutta l'Europa centrale!Moliseinvita". moliseinvita.it (in Italian). 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2017-12-29.

See also

14th meridian east

The meridian 14° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 14th meridian east forms a great circle with the 166th meridian west.

15th meridian

15th meridian may refer to:

15th meridian east, a line of longitude east of the Greenwich Meridian

15th meridian west, a line of longitude west of the Greenwich Meridian

165th meridian west

The meridian 165° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 165th meridian west forms a great circle with the 15th meridian east.

16th meridian east

The meridian 16° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 16th meridian east forms a great circle with the 164th meridian west.

21873 Jindřichůvhradec

21873 Jindřichůvhradec, provisional designation 1999 UU3, is a dark Hygiean asteroid and relatively slower-than average rotator from the outer region of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers (5.0 miles) in diameter.

It was discovered by Czech astronomers Jana Tichá and Miloš Tichý at the South Bohemian Kleť Observatory on 29 October 1999, and named for the Czech town of Jindřichův Hradec. It is arguably one of the most unpronounceable minor-planet names for non-Czech speakers.

Central European Time

Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The time offset from UTC can be written as UTC+01:00. The same standard time, UTC+01:00, is also known as Middle European Time (MET, German: MEZ) and under other names like Berlin Time, Warsaw Time and Romance Standard Time (RST), Paris Time or Rome Time.The 15th meridian east is the central axis for UTC+01:00 in the world system of time zones.

As of 2011, all member states of the European Union observe summer time; those that during the winter use CET use Central European Summer Time (CEST) (or: UTC+02:00, daylight saving time) in summer (from last Sunday of March to last Sunday of October).A number of African countries use UTC+01:00 all year long, where it is called West Africa Time (WAT), although Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia also use the term Central European Time.

Geography of Slovenia

Slovenia is situated at the crossroads of central and southeast Europe, touching the Alps and bordering the Adriatic Sea. The Alps—including the Julian Alps, the Kamnik-Savinja Alps and the Karawank chain, as well as the Pohorje massif—dominate northern Slovenia along its long border to Austria. Slovenia's Adriatic coastline stretches approximately 43 km (27 mi) from Italy to Croatia. Its part south of Sava river belongs to Balkan peninsula – Balkans.

The term "Karst" originated in southwestern Slovenia's Karst Plateau (Slovene: Kras), a limestone region of underground rivers, gorges, and caves, between Ljubljana and the Mediterranean.

On the Pannonian plain to the East and Northeast, toward the Croatian and Hungarian borders, the landscape is essentially flat. However, the majority of Slovenian terrain is hilly or mountainous, with around 90% of the surface 200 meters or more above sea level.

Pacov

Pacov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈpatsof]; German: Patzau) is a town in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic with a population of approximately 5,000. It lies directly on the 15th meridian east.

In the city a château is situated (formerly a castle built in the 12th century and rebuilt into a château in the 16th century). In the beginning of the 18th century it was rebuilt into a monastery. During the reign of Joseph II the monastery was closed and it became a château again. In the 19th century part of the château was rebuilt into flats for teachers. The Czech poet Antonín Sova, who now has a museum in Pacov, was born there in 1864. During the communist era the château was used as a barracks and was significantly damaged. It is now being repaired. There is also a church in Pacov that was built in 1719.

In 1904, the idea of establishing the International Motorcycle Federation (FIM) arose in Pacov, and the historical racecourse from 1906 is still being used to this day.

During the era of the Austro-Hungarian Empire Pacov was known as Patzau in German. Patzau, Wisconsin in Douglas County, was named by a cattle trader originally from the Bohemian town.

Slovenia

Slovenia ( (listen) sloh-VEE-nee-ə; Slovene: Slovenija [slɔˈʋèːnija]), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Republika Slovenija , abbr.: RS), is a sovereign state located in southern Central Europe at a crossroads of important European cultural and trade routes. It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest. It covers 20,273 square kilometers (7,827 sq mi) and has a population of 2.07 million. One of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, Slovenia is a parliamentary republic and a member of the United Nations, of the European Union, and of NATO. The capital and largest city is Ljubljana.Slovenia has a mostly mountainous terrain with a mainly continental climate, with the exception of the Slovene Littoral, which has a sub-Mediterranean climate, and of the northwest, which has an Alpine climate. Additionally, the Dinaric Alps and the Pannonian Plain meet on the territory of Slovenia. The country, marked by a significant biological diversity, is one of the most water-rich in Europe, with a dense river network, a rich aquifer system, and significant karst underground watercourses. Over half of the territory is covered by forest. The human settlement of Slovenia is dispersed and uneven.Slovenia has historically been the crossroads of Slavic, Germanic, and Romance languages and cultures. Although the population is not homogeneous, Slovenes comprise the majority. The South Slavic language Slovene is the official language throughout the country. Slovenia is a largely secularized country, but Catholicism and Lutheranism have significantly influenced its culture and identity. The economy of Slovenia is small, open and export-oriented and has been strongly influenced by international conditions. It has been severely hurt by the Eurozone crisis which started in 2009. The main economic field is services, followed by industry and construction.Historically, the current territory of Slovenia has formed part of many different states, including the Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Carolingian Empire and the Holy Roman Empire, the Habsburg Monarchy, the Republic of Venice, the French-administered Illyrian Provinces of Napoleon I, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary. In October 1918 the Slovenes exercised self-determination for the first time by co-founding the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. In December 1918 they merged with the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929).

During World War II (1939–1945) Germany, Italy, and Hungary occupied and annexed Slovenia (1941–1945), with a tiny area transferred to the Independent State of Croatia, a Nazi puppet state. In 1945 Slovenia became a founding member of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, renamed in 1963 as the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In the first years after World War II this state was initially allied with the Eastern Bloc, but it never subscribed to the Warsaw Pact and in 1961 became one of the founders of the Non-Aligned Movement.

In June 1991, after the introduction of multi-party representative democracy, Slovenia split from Yugoslavia and became an independent country. In 2004, it entered NATO and the European Union; in 2007 became the first formerly communist country to join the Eurozone; and in 2010 it joined the OECD, a global association of high-income developed countries.

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