1590 Tsiolkovskaja

1590 Tsiolkovskaja, provisional designation 1933 NA, is a stony Flora asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 11 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 1 July 1933, by Soviet–Russian astronomer Grigory Neujmin at Simeiz Observatory, on the Crimean peninsula.[14] It was named for rocket scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky.[2]

1590 Tsiolkovskaja
Discovery [1]
Discovered byG. Neujmin
Discovery siteSimeiz Obs.
Discovery date1 July 1933
Designations
MPC designation(1590) Tsiolkovskaja
Named after
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky
(rocket scientist)[2]
1933 NA · 1933 OU
1936 HB · 1937 VE
1940 RN · 1940 RX
1943 OD · 1950 SF
A907 TB · A913 MC
main-belt · Flora[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc108.90 yr (39,777 days)
Aphelion2.5802 AU
Perihelion1.8807 AU
2.2305 AU
Eccentricity0.1568
3.33 yr (1,217 days)
102.49°
0° 17m 45.24s / day
Inclination4.3517°
226.54°
52.664°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions9.83±0.40 km[4]
10.300±0.076 km[5]
10.826±0.019 km[6]
12.81±0.27 km[7]
13.27 km[8]
13.32 km (derived)[3]
6.7 h[9]
6.7299±0.0005 h[10]
6.731±0.002 h[11]
6.737±0.004 h[12]
0.2095±0.018[8]
0.2096 (derived)[3]
0.232±0.012[7]
0.291±0.036[1][5]
0.3260±0.0601[6]
0.419±0.050[4]
S[3]
11.29±0.27[13] · 11.60[4] · 11.7[1][3][6][7][8]

Classification and orbit

Tsiolkovskaja is a member of the Flora family, a large group of stony S-type asteroids. It orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 1.9–2.6 AU once every 3 years and 4 months (1,217 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.16 and an inclination of 4° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] Tsiolkovskaja was first observed at Heidelberg Observatory in 1907, extending the body's observation arc by 26 years prior to its discovery observation.[14]

Physical characteristics

Several rotational lightcurves were obtained from photometric observations. They gave a concurring, well-defined rotation period between 6.700 and 6.737 hours with a brightness variation of 0.10–0.40 in magnitude.[9][10][11][12] Tsiolkovskaja has a relatively high albedo in the range of 0.21 to 0.42, according to the surveys carried out by IRAS, Akari, and WISE/NEOWISE, while the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives a moderate albedo of 0.23.[3][4][6][7][8]

Naming

This minor planet was named in honor of Soviet–Russian rocket scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (1857–1935), considered to be one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics and instrumental to the success of the Soviet space program.[2] The approved naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center before November 1977 (M.P.C. 2116).[15] The lunar crater Tsiolkovskiy is also named after him.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1590 Tsiolkovskaja (1933 NA)" (2016-08-29 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(1590) Tsiolkovskaja". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1590) Tsiolkovskaja. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 126. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1591. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (1590) Tsiolkovskaja". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; Cabrera, M. S. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  5. ^ a b Masiero, Joseph R.; Grav, T.; Mainzer, A. K.; Nugent, C. R.; Bauer, J. M.; Stevenson, R.; et al. (August 2014). "Main-belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE: Near-infrared Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 791 (2): 11. arXiv:1406.6645. Bibcode:2014ApJ...791..121M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/121. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; McMillan, R. S.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; Ishihara, Daisuke; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d Tedesco, E. F.; Noah, P. V.; Noah, M.; Price, S. D. (October 2004). "IRAS Minor Planet Survey V6.0". NASA Planetary Data System. 12: IRAS-A-FPA-3-RDR-IMPS-V6.0. Bibcode:2004PDSS...12.....T. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  9. ^ a b Lagerkvist, C.-I. (March 1978). "Photographic photometry of 110 main-belt asteroids". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series. 31: 361–381. Bibcode:1978A&AS...31..361L. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  10. ^ a b Kryszczynska, A.; Colas, F.; Polinska, M.; Hirsch, R.; Ivanova, V.; Apostolovska, G.; Bilkina, B.; et al. (October 2012). "Do Slivan states exist in the Flora family?. I. Photometric survey of the Flora region". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 546: 51. Bibcode:2012A&A...546A..72K. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219199. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  11. ^ a b Carbo, Landry; Green, Dawson; Kragh, Katherine; Krotz, Jonathan; Meiers, Andrew; Patino, Bernadette; Pligge, Zachary; et al. (October 2009). "Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Oakley Southern Sky Observatory: 2008 October thru 2009 March". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 36 (4): 152–157. Bibcode:2009MPBu...36..152C. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  12. ^ a b Warner, Brian D. (June 2008). "Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory: September-December 2007". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 35 (2): 67–71. Bibcode:2008MPBu...35...67W. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  13. ^ Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  14. ^ a b "1590 Tsiolkovskaja (1933 NA)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  15. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 18 September 2016.

External links

1589 Fanatica

1589 Fanatica, provisional designation 1950 RK, is a stony, Vestian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 11 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 13 September 1950, by Argentine astronomer Miguel Itzigsohn at La Plata Astronomical Observatory in La Plata, Argentina. It was named after Eva Perón.

Grigory Neujmin

Grigory Nikolayevich Neujmin (Russian: Григорий Николаевич Неуймин; January 3, 1886 [O.S. December 22, 1885]–December 17, 1946) was a Georgian–Russian astronomer, native of Tbilisi in Georgia, and a discoverer of numerous minor planets as well as 6 periodic and a hyperbolic comet at the Pulkovo and Simeiz Observatories during the first half of the 20th century.

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky

Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky (Russian: Константин Эдуардович Циолковский, IPA: [kənstɐnˈtʲin ɪdʊˈardəvʲɪtɕ tsɨɐlˈkofskʲɪj] (listen);

Polish: Konstanty Edward Ciołkowski

17 September [O.S. 5 September] 1857

– 19 September 1935)

was a Russian rocket scientist and pioneer of astronautics. Along with the French Robert Esnault-Pelterie, the German Hermann Oberth and the American Robert H. Goddard, he is considered to be one of the founding fathers of modern rocketry and astronautics. His works later inspired leading Soviet rocket engineers such as Sergei Korolev and Valentin Glushko and contributed to the success of the Soviet space program.

Tsiolkovsky spent most of his life in a log house on the outskirts of Kaluga, about 200 km (120 mi) southwest of Moscow. A recluse by nature, his unusual habits made him seem bizarre to his fellow townsfolk.

List of minor planets named after people

This is a list of minor planets named after people, both real and fictional.

Tsiolkovskiy (crater)

Tsiolkovskiy is a large lunar impact crater that is located on the far side of the Moon. Named for Russian scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, it lies in the southern hemisphere, to the west of the large crater Gagarin, and northwest of Milne. Just to the south is Waterman, with Neujmin to the south-southwest. The crater protrudes into the neighbouring Fermi, an older crater of comparable size that does not have a lava-flooded floor.

Tsiolkovsky (disambiguation)

Tsiolkovsky (Russian: Циолко́вский) may refer to:

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (1857–1935), Russian and Soviet rocket scientist

Tsiolkovsky, Amur Oblast (formerly Uglegorsk), Russian town named for Tsiolkovsky

Tsiolkovsky State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics in Kaluga; named for Tsiolkovsky

Tsiolkovsky rocket equation, named for Tsiolkovsky

Tsiolkovsky tower, specelaunch concept developed by Tsiolkovsky

Tsiolkovsky mission, Soviet space program named for Tsiolkovsky

Tsiolkovskiy Island, Antarctic island named for Tsiolkovsky

Tsiolkovskiy (crater), Moon crater named for Tsiolkovsky

1590 Tsiolkovskaja, asteroid named for Tsiolkovsky

Minor planets
Comets
Other

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