1579

Year 1579 (MDLXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, and a common year starting on Monday of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1579 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1579
MDLXXIX
Ab urbe condita2332
Armenian calendar1028
ԹՎ ՌԻԸ
Assyrian calendar6329
Balinese saka calendar1500–1501
Bengali calendar986
Berber calendar2529
English Regnal year21 Eliz. 1 – 22 Eliz. 1
Buddhist calendar2123
Burmese calendar941
Byzantine calendar7087–7088
Chinese calendar戊寅(Earth Tiger)
4275 or 4215
    — to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
4276 or 4216
Coptic calendar1295–1296
Discordian calendar2745
Ethiopian calendar1571–1572
Hebrew calendar5339–5340
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1635–1636
 - Shaka Samvat1500–1501
 - Kali Yuga4679–4680
Holocene calendar11579
Igbo calendar579–580
Iranian calendar957–958
Islamic calendar986–987
Japanese calendarTenshō 7
(天正7年)
Javanese calendar1498–1499
Julian calendar1579
MDLXXIX
Korean calendar3912
Minguo calendar333 before ROC
民前333年
Nanakshahi calendar111
Thai solar calendar2121–2122
Tibetan calendar阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
1705 or 1324 or 552
    — to —
阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
1706 or 1325 or 553

Events

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

Births

Deaths

1579 in India

Events from the year 1579 in India.

1579 in Ireland

Events from the year 1579 in Ireland.

1579 in Norway

Events in the year 1579 in Norway.

1579 in Scotland

Events from the year 1579 in the Kingdom of Scotland.

1579 in Sweden

Events from the year 1579 in Sweden

Albert V, Duke of Bavaria

Albert V (German: Albrecht V.) (29 February 1528 – 24 October 1579) was Duke of Bavaria from 1550 until his death. He was born in Munich to William IV and Maria Jacobäa of Baden.

Chikurin-in

Chikurin-in (竹林院) (1579/1580 – June 27, 1649) was a Japanese woman of the late Azuchi-Momoyama through early Edo period. She was Ōtani Yoshitsugu's daughter, then she was adopted by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, before marrying Sanada Yukimura (Nobushige). She is described as having been very beautiful. They had two sons and four daughters.

Coamo, Puerto Rico

Coamo (Spanish pronunciation: [koˈamo]) is a municipality founded 1579 in the south-central region of Puerto Rico (U.S.), located north of Santa Isabel; south of Orocovis and Barranquitas; east of Villalba and Juana Díaz; and west of Aibonito and Salinas. Coamo is spread over 10 wards and Coamo Pueblo – the downtown area and the administrative center of the city. It is both a principal city of the Coamo Micropolitan Statistical Area and the Ponce-Yauco-Coamo Combined Statistical Area.

Coamo is a small town nestled in a valley about 10 miles (16 km) east of Ponce (about 30 minutes by car). It was named "San Blas Illescas de Coamo" by its first settlers. Saint Blaise (San Blas) was the Catholic saint who remains the town's patron. Illescas is the Spanish town where the town founders originated (nowadays in Toledo province, Castile-La Mancha, Spain).

There are several theories regarding the origin of the word "Coamo". Some think it comes from an indigenous word that means "valley" but it is also plausible that Coamo derives its name from Coamex (or Coamey), who was a celebrated local cacique (or "chieftain" in the Taino language). Archeological digs near the region have produced some of the best examples of the island's pre-Columbian cultural artifacts.

Coamo has a series of natural hot springs, Los Baños de Coamo. The Battle of Coamo was a decisive battle of the Spanish–American War (1898).

Grand Mosque of Tarsus

Tarsus Grand Mosque (Turkish: Tarsus Ulu Cami) is a mosque in Tarsus, Mersin Province, Turkey.

Jalan Palong 16-Tembangau

Jalan Palong 16-Tembangau, Federal Route 1579, is a federal road in Pahang and Negeri Sembilan state, Malaysia.

At most sections, the Federal Route 1579 was built under the JKR R5 road standard, allowing maximum speed limit of up to 90 km/h.

John Fletcher (playwright)

John Fletcher (1579–1625) was a Jacobean playwright. Following William Shakespeare as house playwright for the King's Men, he was among the most prolific and influential dramatists of his day; during his lifetime and in the early Restoration, his fame rivalled Shakespeare's. Though his reputation has been far eclipsed since, Fletcher remains an important transitional figure between the Elizabethan popular tradition and the popular drama of the Restoration.

Karlovac

Karlovac (Croatian pronunciation: [kâːrloʋats]) is a city and municipality in central Croatia. According to the National census held in 2011 population of the settlement of Karlovac was 55,705.

Karlovac is the administrative centre of Karlovac County. The city is located on the Zagreb-Rijeka highway and railway line, 56 kilometres (35 miles) south-west of Zagreb and 130 km (81 miles) from Rijeka.

Lady Kasuga

Lady Kasuga (春日局, Kasuga no Tsubone, 1579 – October 26, 1643) was from a prominent Japanese samurai family of the Azuchi–Momoyama and Edo periods. Born Saitō Fuku (斉藤福), she was a daughter of Saitō Toshimitsu (who was a retainer of Akechi Mitsuhide). Her mother's father was Inaba Yoshimichi. Married to Inaba Masanari, she had three sons, including Inaba Masakatsu, and an adopted son, Hotta Masatoshi. She was the wet nurse of the third Tokugawa shōgun Iemitsu. She also established the Ōoku, the women's quarters, at Edo Castle and also she became Roju otoshiyori after Iemitsu became shōgun. There is some rumour said that Tokugawa Iemitsu was son of Tokugawa Ieyasu with Kasuga.

In 1629, Ofuku traveled to the capital, where she had an audience with the emperor at the Imperial Court in Kyoto. She was promoted to the extraordinarily high Court rank of second class; and after this time, she was called Kasuga-no-Tsubone or Lady Kasuga.Her grave is in Rinshō-in, a temple in Bunkyō, Tokyo; the temple possesses a portrait of Kasuga by Kanō Tan'yū. The Kasuga neighborhood of Bunkyō takes its name from her. Another grave is in Odawara, Kanagawa Prefecture.

Lady Kasuga has been the subject of various films and television series, and has been a character in many more. Among the most prominent are these:

Jotei Kasuga no Tsubone (1990, directed by Sadao Nakajima)

Ōoku (2004) portrayed by Yuki Matsushita

Kasuga no Tsubone (1989 NHK Taiga drama) portrayed by Reiko Ōhara

Basilisk: The Kouga Ninja Scrolls (2005 anime and manga) voiced by Kimiko Saitō.

Nioh (2017), known as the Onmyo mage character Fuku.

Lady Tsukiyama

Lady Tsukiyama or Tsukiyama-dono (築山殿) (d. 1579) was the wife and chief consort of Tokugawa Ieyasu, the founder and first shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate. She was the mother of Ieyasu's eldest son and heir apparent, Matsudaira Nobuyasu.

NGC 1579

NGC 1579 (also known as the Northern Trifid) is a diffuse nebula located in the constellation of Perseus. It is referred to as the Northern Trifid because of its similar appearance to the Trifid Nebula, which is located in the southern celestial hemisphere of the sky. It is a H II region, a region of star formation.The star cluster contains the emission-line star LkHα 101, which provides much of the ionizing radiation in the nebula.NGC 1579 lies within a giant molecular cloud known as the California Molecular Cloud.

Robert Harley (1579–1656)

Sir Robert Harley (baptised 1 March 1579 – 6 November 1656) was an English statesman who served as Master of the Mint for Charles I and later supported the parliamentarians during the English Civil War.

Siege of Maastricht (1579)

The Siege of Maastricht was a battle of the Eighty Years' War which lasted from March 12 – July 1, 1579. The Spanish were victorious.

Tokugawa Hidetada

Tokugawa Hidetada (徳川 秀忠, May 2, 1579 – March 14, 1632) was the second shōgun of the Tokugawa dynasty, who ruled from 1605 until his abdication in 1623. He was the third son of Tokugawa Ieyasu, the first shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate.

Union of Utrecht

The Union of Utrecht (Dutch: Unie van Utrecht) was a treaty signed on 23 January 1579 in Utrecht, the Netherlands, unifying the northern provinces of the Netherlands, until then under the control of Habsburg Spain.

The Union of Utrecht is regarded as the foundation of the Republic of the Seven United Provinces, which was not recognized by the Spanish Empire until the Twelve Years' Truce in 1609.

The treaty was signed on 23 January by Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht (but not all of Utrecht) and the province (but not the city) of Groningen. The treaty was a reaction of the Protestant provinces to the 1579 Union of Arras (Dutch: Unie van Atrecht), in which the southern provinces declared their support for Roman Catholic Spain.

During the following months of 1579, other states signed the treaty as well, such as Ghent, cities from Friesland, as well as three of the quarters of Guelders (Nijmegen Quarter, Veluwe Quarter, Zutphen County). In the summer of 1579, Amersfoort from the province of Utrecht also joined, together with Ypres, Antwerp, Breda and Brussels. In February 1580, Lier, Bruges and the surrounding area also signed the Union. The city of Groningen shifted in favor under influence of the stadtholder for Friesland, George van Rennenberg, and also signed the treaty. The fourth quarter of Guelders, Upper Guelders, never signed the treaty. In April 1580, Overijssel and Drenthe signed on.

This leads to a general and simplified overview of the parts that joined:

the County of Holland

the County of Zeeland

the Lordship of Utrecht

the Duchy of Guelders

the Lordship of Groningen

the Lordship of Friesland

the County of Drenthe

the Lordship of Overijssel

the Duchy of Brabant

the County of Flanders

the cities of Tournai and ValenciennesAntwerp was the capital of the union until its fall to the Spanish.Flanders was almost entirely conquered by the Spanish troops, as was half of Brabant. The United Provinces still recognized Spanish rule after the Union of Utrecht. However, the Union contributed to the deterioration in the relationship between the provinces and their lord, and in 1581 the United Provinces declared their independence of the king in the Act of Abjuration.

The Twelve Years' Truce of 1609 essentially marked the end of the Dutch struggle for independence and a pause in one of history's longest running conflicts, the Eighty Years' War. As Pieter Geyl puts it, the truce marked "an astonishing victory for the Dutch." They gave up no land and did not agree to halt their attacks on Spanish colonies and the Spanish trade empire. In return the Spanish granted the United Provinces de facto independence by describing them as "Free lands, provinces and states against who they make no claim" for the duration of the truce.

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