Events from the year 1563 in India.
|See also:||List of years in India|
Timeline of Indian history
Guru Arjan (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜੁਨ Guru Arjan [ɡʊru əɾdʒən]) 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. He compiled the first official edition of the Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, which later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib.
He was born in Goindval, in the Punjab, the youngest son of Bhai Jetha, who later became Guru Ram Das, and Mata Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das. He was the first Guru in Sikhism to be born into a Sikh family. Guru Arjan led Sikhism for a quarter of a century. He completed the construction of Darbar Sahib at Amritsar, after the fourth Sikh Guru founded the town and built a pool. Guru Arjan compiled the hymns of previous Gurus and of other saints into Adi Granth, the first edition of the Sikh scripture, and installed it in the Harimandir Sahib.Guru Arjan reorganized the Masands system initiated by Guru Ram Das, by suggesting that the Sikhs donate, if possible, one-tenth of their income, goods or service to the Sikh organization (dasvand). The Masand not only collected these funds but also taught tenets of Sikhism and settled civil disputes in their region. The dasvand financed the building of gurdwaras and langars (shared communal kitchens).Guru Arjan was arrested under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and asked to convert to Islam. He refused, was tortured and executed in 1606 CE. Historical records and the Sikh tradition are unclear whether Guru Arjan was executed by drowning or died during torture. His martyrdom is considered a watershed event in the history of Sikhism. It is remembered as Shaheedi Divas of Guru Arjan in May or June according to the Nanakshahi calendar released by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee in 2003.Treaty of Majuli
The Treaty of Majuli (1563) was settled between the Koch king Nara Narayan and the Ahom king Sukhaamphaa. The treaty followed a successful campaign against the Ahom kingdom led by Chilarai, the general of the Koch forces and the brother of the king, which resulted in the fall of Garhgaon, the Ahom capital. The fall of the capital resulted in the Ahom kings flight, as well as treason by high Ahom officials including the kings own brother. The Ahom king sued for peace via his emissary, Aikhek Burhagohain. During the peace negotiations Nara Narayan was camped at Majuli. The terms that were finally settled on were:
The Ahom king would accept Koch overlordship.
The land on the North bank of the Brahmaputra to the west of Subansiri river were to be ceded to the Koch
Five sons of Ahom nobles were to be handed over as hostage.
Hand over the elephant Khamring and the horse Paksirai
The Ahoms were to pay a war indemnity—60 elephants, 60 pieces of clothes, 60 maidens, 300 men, a red royal standard along with gold and silver.Furthermore, the Koch king stationed three Koch officers as rajkhowas—Ujir Bamun, Tapasvi Laskar and Malamulya Laskar—as well as a garrison at Narayanpur to administer the newly acquired region.
Years in India (1500–present)
1563 in Asia