1550

Year 1550 (MDL) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1550 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1550
MDL
Ab urbe condita2303
Armenian calendar999
ԹՎ ՋՂԹ
Assyrian calendar6300
Balinese saka calendar1471–1472
Bengali calendar957
Berber calendar2500
English Regnal yearEdw. 6 – 4 Edw. 6
Buddhist calendar2094
Burmese calendar912
Byzantine calendar7058–7059
Chinese calendar己酉(Earth Rooster)
4246 or 4186
    — to —
庚戌年 (Metal Dog)
4247 or 4187
Coptic calendar1266–1267
Discordian calendar2716
Ethiopian calendar1542–1543
Hebrew calendar5310–5311
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1606–1607
 - Shaka Samvat1471–1472
 - Kali Yuga4650–4651
Holocene calendar11550
Igbo calendar550–551
Iranian calendar928–929
Islamic calendar956–957
Japanese calendarTenbun 19
(天文19年)
Javanese calendar1468–1469
Julian calendar1550
MDL
Korean calendar3883
Minguo calendar362 before ROC
民前362年
Nanakshahi calendar82
Thai solar calendar2092–2093
Tibetan calendar阴土鸡年
(female Earth-Rooster)
1676 or 1295 or 523
    — to —
阳金狗年
(male Iron-Dog)
1677 or 1296 or 524

Events

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

Births

Deaths

1549–50 papal conclave

The papal conclave of 1549–50 (November 29 – February 7), convened after the death of Pope Paul III and eventually elected Giovanni Del Monte to the papacy as Pope Julius III. It was the second-longest papal conclave of the 16th century, and (at the time) the largest papal conclave in history in terms of the number of cardinal electors. The cardinal electors (who at one point totalled fifty-one) were roughly divided between the factions of Henry II of France, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Alessandro Farnese, the cardinal-nephew of Paul III.Noted for the extensive interference of European powers, the conclave was to determine whether and on what terms the Council of Trent would reconvene (supported by Charles V and opposed by Henry II) and the fate of the Duchies of Parma and Piacenza (claimed by both Charles V and the House of Farnese). Although the conclave nearly elected Reginald Pole, the late arrival of additional French cardinals pushed the conclave back into deadlock, and eventually Giovanni del Monte was elected Pope Julius III as a compromise candidate.

The French hoped that Julius III would be hostile to the interests of the Holy Roman Empire. Nevertheless, tensions between him and the French boiled over when he reconvened the Council of Trent in November 1550, culminating in the threat of schism in August 1551 and the brief War of Parma fought between French troops allied with Ottavio Farnese and a papal-imperial army. French prelates did not attend the 1551–1552 sessions of the Council of Trent and were slow to accept its reforms; because Henry II would not allow any French cardinals to reside in Rome, many missed the election of Pope Marcellus II, arriving in Rome just in time to elect Marcellus II's successor Pope Paul IV after Marcellus II's brief reign.

1550 AM

The following radio stations broadcast on AM frequency 1550 kHz: 1550 AM is a clear-channel frequency, shared by Canada and Mexico. XERUV-AM and CBEF share Class A status of 1550 kHz. See also List of broadcast station classes. XERUV-AM is no longer broadcasting.

1550 in France

Events from the year 1550 in France

1550 in India

Events from the year 1550 in India.

1550 in Ireland

Events from the year 1550 in Ireland.

1550 in Scotland

Events from the year 1550 in the Kingdom of Scotland.

1550 in Sweden

Events from the year 1550 in Sweden

1550s in Denmark

Events from the year 1550s in Denmark.

Ashikaga Yoshiharu

Ashikaga Yoshiharu (足利 義晴, April 2, 1511 – May 20, 1550) was the twelfth shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate who held the reins of supreme power from 1521 through 1546 during the late Muromachi period of Japan. He was the son of the eleventh shōgun Ashikaga Yoshizumi.His childhood name was Kameomaru (亀王丸).

May 1, 1521 (Daiei 1, 25th day of the 3rd month): After the tenth shogun Ashikaga Yoshitane and Hosokawa Takakuni struggled for power over the shogunate and Yoshitane withdrew to Awaji Island, the way was clear for Minamoto-no Yoshiharu to be installed as shogun.

1521 (Daiei 1, 6th month): Yoshiharu enters Kyoto.

1526 (Daiei 6, 12th month): Shōgun Yoshiharu invited archers from neighboring provinces to come to the capital for an archery contest.Not having any political power and repeatedly being forced out of the capital of Kyoto, Yoshiharu retired in 1546 over a political struggle between Miyoshi Nagayoshi and Hosokawa Harumoto making his son Ashikaga Yoshiteru the thirteenth shogun.

May 20, 1550 (Tenbun 19, 4th day of the 5th month): Yoshiharu died.1568 (Eiroku 11): Supported by Oda Nobunaga, his son Ashikaga Yoshiaki became the fifteenth shogun.From a western perspective, Yoshiharu is significant, as he was shogun in 1542, when the first contact of Japan with the European West took place. A Portuguese ship, blown off its course to China, landed in Japan.

Battle of Penco

The Battle of Penco, on March 12, 1550 was a battle between 60,000 Mapuche under the command of their toqui Ainavillo with his Araucan and Tucapel allies and Pedro de Valdivia's 200 Spaniards on horse and afoot with a large number of yanakuna including 300 Mapochoes auxiliaries under their leader Michimalonco defending their newly raised fort at Penco. It was part of the Arauco War.

Capture of Mahdia (1550)

The capture of Mahdia was an amphibious military operation that took place from June to September, 1550, during the struggle between the Ottoman Empire and the Spanish Habsburgs for the control of the Mediterranean. A Spanish naval expedition under the command of the Genoese condottiero and admiral Andrea Doria and the Spaniard Bernardino de Mendoza, supported by the Knights of Malta under their Grand Master Claude de la Sengle, besieged and captured the Ottoman stronghold of Mahdia or Mahdiye, defended by the Ottoman Admiral Turgut Reis, known as Dragut, who was using the place as a base for his piratical activities throughout the Spanish and Italian coasts. Mahdia was abandoned by Spain three years later, and all its fortifications were demolished to avoid a re-occupation of the city by the Ottomans.

Charles IX of France

Charles IX (27 June 1550 – 30 May 1574) was King of France from 1560 until his death in 1574 from tuberculosis. He ascended the throne of France upon the death of his brother Francis II in 1561. Charles was the twelfth king from the House of Valois, the fifth from the Valois-Orléans branch, and the fourth from the Valois-Orléans-Angoulême branch.

After decades of tension, war broke out between Protestants and Catholics after the massacre of Vassy in 1562. In 1572, after several unsuccessful peace attempts, Charles ordered the marriage of his sister Margaret of Valois to Henry of Navarre (the future King Henry IV of France), a major Protestant nobleman who was in the line of succession to the French throne, in a last desperate bid to reconcile his people. Facing popular hostility against this policy of appeasement, Charles allowed the massacre of all Huguenot leaders who gathered in Paris for the royal wedding at the instigation of his mother Catherine de' Medici. This event, known as the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre, was a significant blow to the Huguenot movement, though religious civil warfare soon began anew. Charles sought to take advantage of the disarray of the Huguenots by ordering the Siege of La Rochelle, but was unable to take the Protestant stronghold.

Much of his decision making was influenced by his mother Catherine de' Medici, a fervent Roman Catholic who initially sought peace between Catholics and Protestants, but after the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre supported the persecution of Huguenots.

Charles died of tuberculosis without legitimate male issue in 1574 and was succeeded by his brother Henry III.

Concepción, Chile

Concepción (Spanish pronunciation: [kon.sepˈsjon] (listen); in full: Concepción de la Madre Santísima de la Luz, "Conception of the Blessed Mother of Light") is a Chilean city and commune belonging to the metropolitan area of Greater Concepción, it is one of the largest urban conurbations of Chile. It has a significant impact on domestic trade being part of the most heavily industrialized region in the country. Its location is in the called Zona Centro Sur (Central South Zone), in the geographic center of the country, and it is the capital of the Concepción Province and Bío Bío Region. It sits about 500 km south of Santiago, the country's capital.

Greater Concepción (Gran Concepción, including Talcahuano, San Pedro de la Paz, Hualpén, Chiguayante, Penco, Tomé, Lota, Coronel, Hualqui and Concepción) is the second-largest conurbation in the country, with 945,650 inhabitants (2012 census). Individually, it is the 11th largest commune in the country, with a population of 229,665.

Fifteenth Dynasty of Egypt

The 15th, 16th, and 17th Dynasties of ancient Egypt are often combined under the group title, Second Intermediate Period. The 15th Dynasty dates approximately from 1650 to 1550 BC. The dynasty was foreign to ancient Egypt, founded by Salitis, a Hyksos from West Asia whose people had invaded the country and conquered Lower Egypt.

Jalan Jengka 20

Jalan Jengka 20, Federal Route 1550, is a main federal road in Bandar Pusat Jengka, Pahang, Malaysia.

At most sections, the Federal Route 1550 was built under the JKR R5 road standard, allowing maximum speed limit of up to 90 km/h.

KNSH

KNSH (1550 AM, "Talk 1550") is a radio station serving the Amarillo, Texas, area with a talk radio format. This station broadcasts on AM frequency 1550 kHz and is under ownership of Cumulus Media. Its studios are located at the Amarillo Building downtown on Polk Street, and its transmitter tower is based in Canyon, where the station is licensed to serve.

In January 2008 it began airing hot talk John Clay Wolfe and the daily nooner weekdays at 12 from ESPN affiliate KSEY from Vernon, Texas.

KZRK was airing a news/talk format before the format change in 2007, then carrying Spanish sports before going silent in September 2012. They came back on the air in October 2012 with a simulcast of sports-formatted KPUR 1440 AM Amarillo, Texas.

On January 3, 2012, KZRK changed their format to talk, branded as "Talk 1550".

On December 31, 2013, KZRK changed their call letters to KNSH.

Onitsha

Onitsha (Igbo: Ọ̀nị̀chà Mmílí or just Ọ̀nị̀chà) is a city located on the eastern bank of the Niger River, in Nigeria's Anambra State. A metropolitan city, Onitsha is known for its river port and as an economic hub for commerce, industry, and education. It hosts the Onitsha Main Market, the largest market in Africa in terms of geographical size and volume of goods.

In the 2006 Nigerian census, Onitsha had an estimated city proper population of over quarter a million people, and, as of 2016, had an estimated urban population of 7,425,000. The indigenous people of Onitsha are Igbo and speak the Igbo language. The Onitsha people are referred to as Ndi Onicha.

Second Intermediate Period of Egypt

The Second Intermediate Period marks a period when Ancient Egypt fell into disarray for a second time, between the end of the Middle Kingdom and the start of the New Kingdom.

It is best known as the period when the Hyksos people of West Asia made their appearance in Egypt and whose reign comprised the 15th dynasty founded by Salitis.

Sherborne School

Sherborne School is an English independent boarding school for boys in the parish of the Abbey Church of St Mary the Virgin at Sherborne (known as Sherborne Abbey), located in the town of Sherborne in Dorset. The school has remained in the same location for over 1200 years. It was founded in 705 AD by Aldhelm and, following the dissolution of the monasteries, re-founded in 1550 by King Edward VI, making it one of the oldest schools in the United Kingdom. Sherborne was one of the founder member public schools of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference in 1869, and is a member of the Eton Group.

In the public school tradition, Sherborne remains a full boarding school with boys living in one of nine boarding houses, although a few day pupils are admitted to the school from time to time. It educates about 550 pupils, aged 13 to 18. Sherborne's A level results placed it in the top 1% of all schools in England in 2016 and 2017. The school has a close partnership with Sherborne Girls, with whom it shares many academic, co-curricular and social activities.

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