1500 Louisiana Street

1500 Louisiana Street, formerly Enron Center South, is a 600 ft (183m) tall skyscraper in Houston, Texas. It was completed in 2002 and has 40 floors and a total building area of 1,284,013sq.ft.[1] It is the 17th tallest building in the city and the tallest completed in the 2000s. It was designed by César Pelli.

1500 Louisiana Street
Near 1400 Louisiana, 1400 Smith - panoramio
General information
Location1500 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas
Coordinates29°45′17″N 95°22′16″W / 29.75470°N 95.37115°WCoordinates: 29°45′17″N 95°22′16″W / 29.75470°N 95.37115°W
Construction started1999
Cost$200 million
OwnerChevron Corporation
Roof600 ft (180 m)
Technical details
Floor count40
Floor area1,284,013 sq ft (119,288.7 m2)
Design and construction
ArchitectCesar Pelli


Enron, a Houston-based company, had the building constructed to serve as its US headquarters. Due to a scandal in late 2001 the company collapsed and filed for bankruptcy that same year; Enron never occupied the building. Intell Management and Investment Co. paid $102 million for the tower, which came equipped with technology that was, in 2003, the latest for energy firms. Charlie Giammalva of Lincoln Property Co., the leasing company of 1500 Louisiana, said that the building was "zero percent occupied." Giammalva said that the management of the building had contacted several firms, such as ExxonMobil, about the possibility of leasing space in the building. By July 2003 none of the firms contacted the management.[2]

ChevronTexaco bought the building in 2004 for $340 million.[3] By 2005 the firm announced that it would move out of the former Chevron Tower in Houston Center and moved into 1500 Louisiana Street.[4] In 2006 4,000 employees worked in 1500 Louisiana.[5]

See also


  1. ^ "1500 Louisiana St". CrediFi. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  2. ^ Bivins, Ralph. "SURVIVAL OF THE NEWEST / OCCUPANCY DOWNTOWN TUMBLING, BUT THREE TOWERS DEFY TREND." Houston Chronicle. Sunday July 27, 2003. Business 1. Retrieved on November 11, 2009.
  3. ^ Dawson, Jennifer. "Chevron finalizes downtown Houston office tower purchase." Houston Business Journal. June 24, 2011. Retrieved on August 3, 2011.
  4. ^ Sarnoff, Nancy. "Building becomes Fulbright Tower / Law firm takes name of former Chevron space." Houston Chronicle. Wednesday March 30, 2005. Business 3. Retrieved on November 11, 2009.
  5. ^ Dawson, Jennifer. "Chevron ends space odyssey with landmark lease." Houston Business Journal. Friday March 3, 2006. Retrieved on November 11, 2009.

External links

Architecture of Houston

The architecture of Houston includes a wide variety of award-winning and historic examples located in various areas of the city of Houston, Texas. From early in its history to current times, the city inspired innovative and challenging building design and construction, as it quickly grew into an internationally recognized commercial and industrial hub of Texas and the United States.

Some of Houston's oldest and most distinctive architecture is found downtown, as the city grew around Allen's Landing and the Market Square historic district. During the middle and late century, Downtown Houston was a modest collection of mid-rise office structures, but has since grown into the third largest skyline in the United States. The Uptown District experienced rapid growth along with Houston during the 1970s and early 1980s. In the late 1990s Uptown Houston saw construction of many mid and high-rise residential buildings. The Uptown District is also home to other structures designed by architects such as I. M. Pei, César Pelli and Philip Johnson.

Houston has many examples of residential architecture of varying styles, from the mansions of River Oaks and Memorial to row houses in the several wards. A number of Houston's earliest homes are located in what is now Sam Houston Park. Homes in the Heights have varied architectural styles, including Victorian, Craftsman and Colonial Revival. Post-war housing constructed throughout Houston reflects many architectural styles.

Chevron Corporation

Chevron Corporation is an American multinational energy corporation. One of the successor companies of Standard Oil, it is headquartered in San Ramon, California, and active in more than 180 countries. Chevron is engaged in every aspect of the oil, natural gas, and geothermal energy industries, including hydrocarbon exploration and production; refining, marketing and transport; chemicals manufacturing and sales; and power generation. Chevron is one of the world's largest oil companies; as of 2017, it ranked nineteenth in the Fortune 500 list of the top US closely held and public corporations and sixteenth on the Fortune Global 500 list of the top 500 corporations worldwide. It was also one of the Seven Sisters that dominated the global petroleum industry from the mid-1940s to the 1970s.

Chevron's downstream operations manufacture and sell products such as fuels, lubricants, additives and petrochemicals. The company's most significant areas of operations are the west coast of North America, the U.S. Gulf Coast, Southeast Asia, South Korea, Australia and South Africa. In 2010, Chevron sold an average 3.1 million barrels per day (490×103 m3/d) of refined products like gasoline, diesel and jet fuel.

Chevron's alternative energy operations include geothermal, solar, wind power, biofuel, fuel cells, and hydrogen. In 2011–2013, the company planned to spend at least $2 billion on research and acquisition of renewable power ventures. Chevron has claimed to be the world's largest producer of geothermal energy. In October 2011, Chevron launched a 29-MW thermal solar-to-steam facility in the Coalinga Field to produce the steam for enhanced oil recovery. The project is the largest of its kind in the world.

ExxonMobil Building

The ExxonMobil Building (formerly the Humble Building) was built in 1963 in Houston. At that time it was the tallest building west of the Mississippi River at 606 ft (185 m), surpassing the Southland Center in Dallas (the previous record holder). It remained the tallest building west of the Mississippi only until 1965, when Elm Place was built in Dallas.

As of 2011, ExxonMobil is the owner of the building. One of the most distinctive features of the building is the cantilevered seven-foot-wide shades (2.1 m) on each floor that protrude from the side of the building to provide shade from the daytime sun.

Currently, the JPMorgan Chase Tower, completed in 1982 is Houston's tallest building, and the tallest building in Texas, at 1,002 ft (305 m).

The building is two blocks east of 1500 Louisiana Street; a parking lot is between the two buildings.The architect of the International style structure was Welton Becket and Associates.

During the Houston Astros' 2004 NLCS run (playoffs), the top of the building was crowned by hundreds of tiny blue lights while an enormous Astros star (logo) made of white lights was hung on the south side of the building.In 2011 the company announced that all employees in the ExxonMobil building are moving to the new ExxonMobil office in Spring. ExxonMobil did not state what it plans to do with the building after the employees leave.In January 2013, Shorenstein Properties announced it had acquired the property for an undisclosed amount. ExxonMobil immediately leased back the entire building into 2015. Shorenstein Properties announced plans to undertake significant improvements following ExxonMobil's departure.In 2015 Mayor of Houston Annise Parker proposed moving municipal court and Houston Police Department operations into the ExxonMobil building. Charles McClelland, the head of HPD, stated that having so many law enforcement and public safety agencies concentrated in a single building may be a safety risk, citing the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing. In September 2015 Parker's administration announced that the plan would not move forward due to concerns over costs.

Fulbright Tower

The Fulbright Tower is a 52-story office skyscraper originally known as 3 Houston Center. A part of the downtown Houston Center complex, the tower has 1,247,061 square feet (115,855.8 m2) of Class A office space. The bottom seven levels were designed for four trading floors for commodities like electricity and natural gas. The building at one point was owned by ChevronTexaco. As of 2005, Crescent owns the tower in a joint venture with the affiliates of GE Asset Management and J.P. Morgan Asset Management. Norton Rose Fulbright has its Houston office located in the Fulbright Tower, in Suite 5100.

Heritage Plaza

Heritage Plaza is a postmodern skyscraper located in the Skyline District of downtown Houston, Texas. Standing at 762 feet (232 m), the tower is the 5th tallest building in Houston, the 8th tallest in Texas, and the 60th tallest in the United States. The building, designed by Houston-based M. Nasr & Partners P.C., was completed in 1987, and has 53 floors.

Houston Center

Houston Center is a retail and office complex in Downtown Houston, Texas, United States. It is owned by Brookfield Property Partners and Spear Street Capital, LLC, and operated separately by Jones Lang LaSalle (JLL) and Brookfield Property Management.

The three towers in Houston Center have almost 3,400,000 square feet (320,000 m2) of Class A office space. The buildings in Houston Center include:

LyondellBasell Tower (formerly 1 Houston Center)

2 Houston Center http://realtynewsreport.com/2017/12/04/brookfield-acquires-houston-center-for-875-million-major-redevelopment-planned/

Fulbright Tower (formerly 3 Houston Center)

4 Houston Center

5 Houston Center (individually owned) https://www.bizjournals.com/houston/news/2017/01/09/3-houston-office-buildings-sold-as-atlanta-based.html

The Shops in Houston Center (formerly The Park Shops)

The Shops, built in 1982, is an enclosed shopping mall.

Four Seasons Hotel Houston

List of tallest buildings in Houston

Houston, the largest city in the U.S. state of Texas, is the site of 48 completed high-rises over 427 feet (130 m), 36 of which stand taller than 492 feet (150 m). The tallest building in the city is the JPMorgan Chase Tower, which rises 1,002 feet (305 m) in Downtown Houston and was completed in 1982. It also stands as the tallest building in Texas and the 16th-tallest building in the United States. The second-tallest skyscraper in the city is the Wells Fargo Plaza, which rises 992 feet (302 m) and was completed in 1983. The Williams Tower, completed in 1982 and rising 901 feet (275 m), is the third-tallest building in Houston. Seven of the ten tallest buildings in Texas are located in Houston.The history of skyscrapers in the city began with the construction of the original Binz Building in 1895. This building, rising 6 floors, is often regarded as the first skyscraper in Houston; it was demolished in 1951 to allow for the construction of a more modern building of the same name, which was in turn replaced by another, 14-floor-tall high-rise that also kept the original name. Houston's first building standing more than 492 feet (150 m) was the El Paso Energy Building, completed in 1962. After the Texas real estate collapse in late 1980s, the city saw no new major office buildings until 2002, when 1500 Louisiana Street was completed. There are currently four buildings under construction that are planned to rise at least 427 feet (130 m). Overall, the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat ranks Houston's skyline (based on existing and under construction buildings over 492 feet (150 m) tall) 2nd in the Southern United States (after Miami) and 4th in the United States.

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