14th Street (Manhattan)

14th Street is a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan. Presently primarily a shopping street, in the earlier history of New York City 14th Street was an upscale location, but it lost its glamor and status as the city grew northward.

At Broadway, 14th Street forms the southern boundary of Union Square. It is also considered the northern boundary of Greenwich Village, Alphabet City, and the East Village, and the southern boundary of Chelsea, Flatiron/Lower Midtown, and Gramercy.

14th Street marks the southern terminus of Manhattan's grid system. North of 14th Street, the streets make up a near-perfect grid that runs in numerical order. South of 14th, the grid continues in the East Village almost perfectly, but not so in Greenwich Village, where an older and less uniform grid plan applies.

14th Street
NYC 14th Street looking west 12 2005
14th Street looking west from Fifth Avenue
Maintained byNYCDOT
Length2.0 mi[1] (3.2 km)
LocationManhattan, New York City
Postal code10014, 10011, 10003, 10009
Coordinates40°44′09″N 73°59′34″W / 40.7357°N 73.9929°WCoordinates: 40°44′09″N 73°59′34″W / 40.7357°N 73.9929°W
West end NY 9A (11th Avenue) in Chelsea / Meatpacking
East endAvenue C in East Village / Stuyvesant Town
North15th Street
South13th Street
Construction
CommissionedMarch 1811

History

The street was designated by the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 as the southernmost of 15 east–west streets that would be 100 feet (30 m) in width (while other streets were designated as 60 feet (18 m) wide).[2]

Description

West 14th Street begins at an interchange with New York State Route 9A northeast of Greenwich Village.[3] At the end of the interchange, it intersects with 10th Avenue. The street continues east, intersecting with Washington Street, Ninth Avenue/Hudson Street, Eighth Avenue, Seventh Avenue, Sixth Avenue, and Fifth Avenue.[3] After Fifth Avenue, West 14th Street becomes East 14th Street and goes on to form the southern border of Union Square between University Place and Fourth Avenue. East of Fourth Avenue, 14th Street forms the southern end of Irving Place, a north-south road that terminates at Gramercy Park. 14th Street then intersects with Third Avenue, which forms the border between the neighborhoods of the East Village to the south and Gramercy to the north. The street goes on to intersect with Second Avenue.[3] At First Avenue, 14th Street widens from a four-lane road to a six-lane divided boulevard with a westbound service road. It then intersects with the main thoroughfares of Alphabet City: Avenue A, Avenue B, and Avenue C, where the street terminates. It formerly terminated at FDR Drive via an on-ramp to the southbound FDR before the September 11 attacks, when the New York Police Department vacated the portion between Avenue C and FDR due to the presence of the nearby ConEdison East River Generating Station along 14th and 15th Streets as a possible terrorist target.[3]

Public transportation

14th Street is well served by the New York City Subway. The BMT Canarsie Line (L train) runs underneath 14th Street from Eighth Avenue to the East River, stopping at First Avenue, Third Avenue, Union Square, Sixth Avenue, and Eighth Avenue. Additionally, every line that crosses 14th Street has a stop there:[4]

A station at Second Avenue and 14th Street is planned as part of Phase 3 of the Second Avenue Subway, which is currently unfunded.[5]

PATH also makes a stop at 14th Street at its intersection with Sixth Avenue.[6]

In the past, every former IRT elevated line had a station at 14th Street:

Two New York City Bus routes serve the entire street, the M14A and M14D.[7]

In preparation for the Canarsie Tunnel closure between 2019 and 2020, the New York City Department of Transportation plans to convert 14th Street between Third and Ninth Avenues into a bus-only corridor during rush hours. A new Select Bus Service bus rapid transit route would run across 14th Street, connecting to a ferry route at Stuyvesant Cove Park near 23rd Street.[8][9][10] The Select Bus Service route would start running in January 2020 and be discontinued when the Canarsie Tunnel is reopened in June 2020.[11][12][13][14]:39 When the 14th Street busway is enforced during the shutdown, the only vehicles that could use the busway would be buses, trucks making deliveries on 14th Street, emergency and Access-A-Ride vehicles, and local traffic traveling for no more than one block.[14]:63–64

Points of interest

From west to east, points of interest include:

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Google (August 31, 2015). "14th Street (Manhattan)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
  2. ^ Morris, Gouverneur, De Witt, Simeon, and Rutherford, John [sic] (March 1811) "Remarks Of The Commissioners For Laying Out Streets And Roads In The City Of New York, Under The Act Of April 3, 1807", Cornell University Library. Accessed June 27, 2016. "These streets are all sixty feet wide except fifteen, which are one hundred feet wide, viz.: Numbers fourteen, twenty-three, thirty-four, forty-two, fifty-seven, seventy-two, seventy-nine, eighty-six, ninety-six, one hundred and six, one hundred and sixteen, one hundred and twenty-five, one hundred and thirty-five, one hundred and forty-five, and one hundred and fifty-five--the block or space between them being in general about two hundred feet."
  3. ^ a b c d Google (2007-07-20). "14th Street - New York City" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
  4. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  5. ^ Second Avenue Subway Map, MTA's website
  6. ^ "14th Street Station - PATH". The Port Authority of NY & NJ. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
  7. ^ "Manhattan Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  8. ^ "L train shutdown to close portion of 14th Street to cars during rush hour: MTA". New York's PIX11 / WPIX-TV. December 13, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  9. ^ Walker, Ameena (December 13, 2017). "Long-awaited L train shutdown plan finally released". Curbed NY. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  10. ^ Nir, Sarah Maslin (December 13, 2017). "Rerouting Thousands: City Plans for L Train Closure". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
  11. ^ "City launching M14 SBS bus ahead of L train shutdown". Metro US. 2018-07-24. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  12. ^ "MTA sets rollout date for L train shutdown busway". am New York. 2018-07-23. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  13. ^ "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 23, 2018. pp. 201–205. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
  14. ^ a b New York City Transit Authority (July 2018). "MTA New York City Transit Canarsie Tunnel Project Supplemental Environmental Assessment and Section 4(f) Review: Appendices" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
  15. ^ Berg, J.C. (9 January 2011). The Fourteenth Street Theater, nycvintageimages.com
  16. ^ Cooper, Lee E. (March 1, 1938). "Old Fourteenth St. Theatre to Pass Into Hands of Wreckers on Monday". The New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2018.

External links

14th Street

14th Street may refer to several locations in the United States:

14th Street (Manhattan), New York City

14th Street Northwest and Southwest (Washington, D.C.)

Broad Street (Philadelphia)

14th Street Bridge (Potomac River)

14th Street (Hoboken)

14th Street Viaduct (Jersey City, New Jersey)

Fourteenth Street Bridge (Ohio River)TransitNew York City Subway stations:

14th Street (IRT Second Avenue Line) (demolished)

14th Street (IRT Third Avenue Line) (demolished)

14th Street (IRT Ninth Avenue Line) (demolished)

14th Street (IRT Sixth Avenue Line); (demolished)

14th Street–Eighth Avenue (New York City Subway), a station complex consisting of:

14th Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line); serving the A, ​C, and ​E trains

Eighth Avenue (BMT Canarsie Line); the northern terminal of the L train

14th Street/Sixth Avenue (New York City Subway), a station complex consisting of:

14th Street (IND Sixth Avenue Line); serving the F and ​M trains

14th Street (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line); serving the 1, ​2, and ​3 trains

Sixth Avenue (BMT Canarsie Line); serving the L train

14th Street–Union Square (New York City Subway), a station complex consisting of:

14th Street–Union Square (BMT Broadway Line); serving the N, ​Q, ​R, and ​W trains

14th Street–Union Square (IRT Lexington Avenue Line); serving the 4, ​5, ​6, and <6> trains

Union Square (BMT Canarsie Line); serving the L train

14th Street (PATH station); serving the HOB-33, JSQ-33 and JSQ-33 (via HOB) trains14th Street may also refer to:

"14th Street", a 2003 song by Rufus Wainwright on his album Want One

"14th Street", a song written by Emily Spray and more familiarly recorded by Laura Cantrell

Fourteenth Street Historic District, Washington, D.C.

2 A. M. in the Subway

2 A. M. in the Subway is a one shot, 53 second-long comedy filmed, and probably directed, by Billy Bitzer on 5 June 1905 at the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company's (AM&B) studio on 14th Street (Manhattan) in New York City. Likely intended as a slightly racy, and therefore rather typical, subject for AM&B's peepshow machine, The Mutoscope, 2 A. M. in the Subway is a vignette of New York City's night life that still resonates with New Yorkers more than a century later.

Church of Our Lady of Guadalupe (Manhattan)

The Church of Our Lady of Guadalupe (Spanish: Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe), is a former parish church under the authority of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, located at 229 West 14th Street, between Seventh and Eighth Avenues, in the Chelsea section of Manhattan in New York City.

With the merger in 2003 of the Parish of Our Lady of Guadalupe with the Parish of St. Bernard, farther west at 328 West 14th Street, the function was transferred to the nearby St. Bernard Church and the church was converted to other uses.

Dhimah

Dhimah H. Goldsmith (August 25, 1900 – April 18, 1974) was a dancer of Egyptian ethnicity whose first New York City appearance was at the Guild Theatre on May 13, 1928. Often she performed to the traditional music of Bach and Chopin. In New York City Dhimah included several musical pieces

by Béla Bartók, one of which was arranged to verses of the Koran. She was accompanied by an ensemble of thirteen dancers and three musicians. As an exotic dancer Dhimah is important

for introducing a Middle Eastern style of dance to the United States. Dhimah studied dancing in Germany under the tutelage of Mary Wigman.

Edward Sargent

Edward A. Sargent (November 1, 1842 – 1914) was an American architect. New York City Schools, Churches, office buildings, clubs, armory and country homes.

Freddie Mack

Freddie Mack (15 September 1934 – 11 January 2009), sometimes also spelled Freddy Mack and also known as Mr. Superbad, was a light-heavyweight boxer. He later enjoyed success in the UK as a Funk/Soul singer and DJ.

Gustave E. Steinback

Gustave E. Steinback (1878–1959) was an American architect practicing in New York City in the early and mid twentieth century. He was particularly known as a designer of Roman Catholic schools and churches. His offices were located at 157 West 74th Street in the 1920s, and in Stamford, Connecticut in the 1940s.

Jennie Worrell

Jennie Worrell (1850 - August 11, 1899) was a burlesque actress of the 19th century from Cincinnati, Ohio. She was the youngest of three Worrell sisters who appeared in Broadway productions from (1867 - 1872).

June Caprice

June Caprice (November 19, 1895 – November 9, 1936) was an American silent film actress.

Lillian Lee

Lillian Lee was a stage actress in New York City beginning in the early 1880s. She was in the cast of the original Ziegfeld Follies in 1907.

Lola Cotton

Lola Carmelita Cotton (born 15 November 1892 in Waterloo, Iowa; died 9 July 1975 San Diego) was, as a child, a vaudeville mentalist and hypnotist, whose performance career flourished from about 1899 to 1915. Her shows were particularly popular in Los Angeles, California and New York City.

Marie Warner (dancer)

Marie Warner (1840 – October 30, 1940) was a ballet dancer from Troy, New York who lived to be one hundred years of age.

Descended from the early settlers of Massachusetts, Warner died in Yonkers, New York.

She was educated in private schools. On stage Warner was called a butterfly dancer. Her final appearance came at a theatre run by Tony Pastor on 14th Street (Manhattan).

Minnie Renwood

Minnie Renwood was a popular dancer of the 1890s in New York City. Her performance of the serpentine dance became the subject of an important legal ruling regarding dance and

copyright.

Normal Love

Normal Love is an experimental film project by American director Jack Smith. It shows the adventures of an ensemble of glamorously dressed monsters. Smith filmed the project in 1963 and began screening the work in pieces in 1964.

Although Normal Love was never completed, works by Ron Rice, Andy Warhol, and Tony Conrad grew out of it. After Smith's death, the project was released as a two-hour presentation of his footage.

Phyllis Rankin

Phyllis McKee Rankin (August 31, 1874 – November 17, 1934) was a Broadway actress and singer from the 1880s until the 1920s.

Siegel Stores Corporation

Siegel Stores Corporation was a holding company based in Manhattan, New York and Boston, Massachusetts. The business concern

became bankrupt in December 1913. Judge Charles Merrill Hough of the southern district of New York, United States District Court

appointed John S. Sheppard Jr. and William A. Marble as receivers. Siegel Stores Corporation was incorporated in Delaware in 1909. The gross business of the corporation was approximately $40,000,000 at the time of its failure.

The holding firm controlled a 14th Street (Manhattan) store and Simpson - Crawford (incorporated in 1910), in New York City, for the Henry Siegel Company of Boston. Siegel managed four stores and was president of Siegel Stores Corporation. The insolvency came following an equity suit against Siegel Stores Corporation brought by the Merchants Express Company.

Thomas J. Duff

Thomas J. Duff was an architect noted for his design of a number of religious buildings for the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York during its major expansion at the beginning of the 20th century.

His firm was headquartered at 407 West 14th Street, Manhattan, and in Mount Vernon in Westchester County.

Vera Olcott

Vera Olcott (1893–19??) was an American dancer from Philadelphia who became popular in Europe in the early 20th century.

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