1476

Year 1476 (MCDLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Vlad Tepes 002
A painting of Vlad the Impaler, who was killed on the march to Bucharest, probably before the end of December.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1476 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1476
MCDLXXVI
Ab urbe condita2229
Armenian calendar925
ԹՎ ՋԻԵ
Assyrian calendar6226
Balinese saka calendar1397–1398
Bengali calendar883
Berber calendar2426
English Regnal year15 Edw. 4 – 16 Edw. 4
Buddhist calendar2020
Burmese calendar838
Byzantine calendar6984–6985
Chinese calendar乙未(Wood Goat)
4172 or 4112
    — to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
4173 or 4113
Coptic calendar1192–1193
Discordian calendar2642
Ethiopian calendar1468–1469
Hebrew calendar5236–5237
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1532–1533
 - Shaka Samvat1397–1398
 - Kali Yuga4576–4577
Holocene calendar11476
Igbo calendar476–477
Iranian calendar854–855
Islamic calendar880–881
Japanese calendarBunmei 8
(文明8年)
Javanese calendar1392–1393
Julian calendar1476
MCDLXXVI
Korean calendar3809
Minguo calendar436 before ROC
民前436年
Nanakshahi calendar8
Thai solar calendar2018–2019
Tibetan calendar阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
1602 or 1221 or 449
    — to —
阳火猴年
(male Fire-Monkey)
1603 or 1222 or 450

Events

January–December

Date Unknown

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Faris, David (1996). Plantagenet ancestry of seventeenth-century colonists: the descent from the later Plantagenet kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of emigrants from England and Wales to the North American colonies before 1701. Genealogical Pub Co. p. 324. ISBN 9780806315188.
  2. ^ Cohn-Sherbok, Lavinia (2 September 2003). Who's Who in Christianity. Routledge. p. 235. ISBN 9781134509560.
  3. ^ The Lambeth Review: A Quarterly Magazine of Theology, Christian Politics, Literature, and Art. 1. London: R. J. Mitchell and Sons. March 1872.
  4. ^ Brinton, Selwyn (1909). The Renaissance in Italian Art: A Series in Nine Parts. 5. G. Bell & Sons. p. 16.
1470s in England

Events from the 1470s in England.

1476 in France

Events from the year 1476 in France

1476 in Ireland

Events from the year 1476 in Ireland.

Battle of Valea Albă

The Battle of Valea Albă or Battle of Războieni or Battle of Akdere was an important event in the medieval history of Moldavia. It took place at Războieni, also known as Valea Albă, on July 26, 1476, between the Moldavian army of Ştefan cel Mare and an invading Ottoman army which was commanded personally by the Sultan Mehmed II.

Dimethylheptylpyran

Dimethylheptylpyran (DMHP, 3-(1,2-dimethylheptyl)-Δ6a(10a)-THC, 1,2-dimethylheptyl-Δ3THC, A-40824, EA-2233) is a synthetic analogue of THC, which was invented in 1949 during attempts to elucidate the structure of Δ9-THC, one of the active components of cannabis. DMHP is a pale yellow, viscous oil which is insoluble in water, but dissolves in alcohol or non-polar solvents.

Earl of Nottingham

See also Earl of WinchilseaEarl of Nottingham is a title that has been created seven times in the Peerage of England. It was first created for John de Mowbray in 1377, at the coronation of Richard II. As this creation could only pass to his legitimate heirs, it went extinct on his death in 1383. It was re-created for his elder brother Thomas de Mobray in the same year, however. This branch of the family became Dukes of Norfolk, and the title would descend with them until John de Mobray died without male heirs in 1476.

The third creation was for Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York, son of Edward IV and one of the Princes in the Tower. Richard was imprisoned by his uncle Richard III (then Lord Protector), disappearing shortly after, presumed murdered.

The earldom was briefly recreated in 1483 for William Berkeley, who later became Marquess of Berkeley, then in 1525 Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond and Somerset and illegitimate son of Henry VIII. Both died childless within ten years of being granted the title.

The sixth creation was for Charles Howard, Lord High Admiral for Elizabeth I and James VI and I. He was commander of the English navy against the Spanish Armada, and a notable statesman in both reigns. His descendants held the earldom until 1681.

The current, seventh, creation was made in 1681 for Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, who died one year later. Before being created earl he was the Attorney General and Lord Chancellor, and played an active part in the aftermath of the Popish Plot. His son Daniel Finch inherited the Earldom of Winchilsea in 1729. The second earl was a prominent politician, serving as Lord President of the Council, Secretary of State for the Northern and Southern Departments, and First Lord of the Admiralty.

For subsequent family history, see Earl of Winchilsea and Nottingham.

The title is currently held by Daniel Finch-Hatton, 17th Earl of Winchilsea and 12th Earl of Nottingham.

Galeazzo Maria Sforza

Galeazzo Maria Sforza (24 January 1444 – assassinated, 26 December 1476) was the fifth Duke of Milan from 1466 until his death. He was famous for being lustful, cruel and tyrannical.

He was born to Francesco Sforza, a popular condottiero and ally of Cosimo de' Medici who would gain the Duchy of Milan in 1450, and Bianca Maria Visconti. He married into the Gonzaga family; on the death of his first wife Dorotea Gonzaga, he married Bona of Savoy.

George Neville (Archbishop)

George Neville (c. 1432 – 8 June 1476), archbishop of York and Chancellor of England, was the youngest son of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, and Alice Neville, 5th Countess of Salisbury. He was the brother of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, known as the "Kingmaker."

Hoffman Point, California

Hoffman Point is an unincorporated community in Fresno County, California. It lies at an elevation of 1476 feet (450 m).

Isabel Neville, Duchess of Clarence

Lady Isabel Neville (5 September 1451 – 22 December 1476) was the elder daughter of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (the Kingmaker of the Wars of the Roses), and Anne de Beauchamp, 16th Countess of Warwick. She was the wife of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence. She was also the elder sister of Anne Neville, who was Princess of Wales by her first marriage and Queen consort of England by her second.

John Carpenter (bishop)

John Carpenter (1399–1476) was an English Bishop, Provost, and University Chancellor.

Magnesium peroxide

Magnesium peroxide (MgO2) is an odorless fine powder peroxide with a white to off-white color. It is similar to calcium peroxide because magnesium peroxide also releases oxygen by breaking down at a controlled rate with water. Commercially, magnesium peroxide often exists as a compound of magnesium peroxide and magnesium hydroxide.

Monastery of the Holy Trinity, Meteora

The Holy Trinity Monastery (Greek: Μονή Αγίας Τριάδος) (also known as Agia Triada, Ayías Triádhos, Ayia Triada; all meaning "Holy Trinity") is an Eastern Orthodox monastery in central Greece, situated in the Peneas Valley northeast of the town of Kalambaka. It is situated at the top of a rocky precipice over 400 metres high and forms part of 24 monasteries which were originally built at Meteora, one of the oldest still existing of the Meteora monasteries (Meteora means "suspended in the air" in Greek). Six of the 24 monasteries are still active and open to visitors. The church was constructed between the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries and is included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites titled Meteora.

Pietro Mocenigo

Pietro Mocenigo (1406–1476) was doge of Venice from 1474 to 1476.

He was one of the greatest Venetian admirals and revived the fortunes of his country's navy, which had fallen very low after the defeat at Negropont in 1470. In 1472, he captured and destroyed Smyrna; the following year he placed Catherine Cornaro, queen of Cyprus, under Venetian protection, and, by that means, the republic obtained possession of the island in 1475. He then defeated the Turks who were besieging Scutari, (now Shkodër), but he there contracted an illness of which he died. He was interred in the Basilica di San Giovanni e Paolo, a traditional burial place of the doges, with an elaborate tomb by Pietro Lombardo (illustration).

Coriolano Cippico (Koriolan Cipiko) (1425–93), one of Mocenigo's galley commanders, wrote a description of the campaign of 1474/75, providing an eye-witness account of Christian-Ottoman confrontations in the late fifteenth century.

Mocenigo was married to Laura Zorzi.

Raphael I of Constantinople

Raphael I of Constantinople (Greek: Ραφαήλ Α΄, Rafaíl A΄, Serbian: Рафаило I / Rafailo I; ? – 1476) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1475 to 1476.

Shwenankyawshin

Shwenankyawshin Narapati (Burmese: ရွှေနန်းကြော့ရှင် နရပတိ, pronounced [ʃwè náɴ tɕɔ̰ ʃɪ̀ɴ nəɹa̰pətḭ]; 22 September 1476 – 14 March 1527) was king of Ava from 1501 to 1527. His reign saw the disintegration of the Ava Kingdom. He spent much of his reign fighting back the attacks from the Confederation of Shan States. But his efforts ultimately proved unsuccessful. The king died fighting while defending his capital from Confederation attacks, after which Ava Kingdom was taken over by the Confederation.

Vlad the Impaler

Vlad III, known as Vlad the Impaler (Romanian: Vlad Țepeș, Bulgarian: Влад Цепеш, pronunciation: [ˈvlad ˈt͡sepeʃ] ) or Vlad Dracula ( (Romanian: Vlad Drăculea, pronunciation: [ˈdrəkule̯a] , Bulgarian: Влад Дракула); 1428/31 – 1476/77), was voivode (or prince) of Wallachia three times between 1448 and his death.

He was the second son of Vlad Dracul, who became the ruler of Wallachia in 1436. Vlad and his younger brother, Radu, were held as hostages in the Ottoman Empire in 1442 to secure their father's loyalty. Vlad's father and eldest brother, Mircea, were murdered after John Hunyadi, regent-governor of Hungary, invaded Wallachia in 1447. Hunyadi installed Vlad's second cousin, Vladislav II, as the new voivode. Hunyadi launched a military campaign against the Ottomans in the autumn of 1448, and Vladislav accompanied him. Vlad broke into Wallachia with Ottoman support in October, but Vladislav returned and Vlad sought refuge in the Ottoman Empire before the end of the year. Vlad went to Moldavia in 1449 or 1450, and later to Hungary.

Relations between Hungary and Vladislav later deteriorated, and in 1456 Vlad invaded Wallachia with Hungarian support. Vladislav died fighting against him. Vlad began a purge among the Wallachian boyars to strengthen his position. He came into conflict with the Transylvanian Saxons, who supported his opponents, Dan and Basarab Laiotă (who were Vladislav's brothers), and Vlad's illegitimate half-brother, Vlad the Monk. Vlad plundered the Saxon villages, taking the captured people to Wallachia where he had them impaled (which inspired his cognomen). Peace was restored in 1460.

The Ottoman Sultan, Mehmed II, ordered Vlad to pay homage to him personally, but Vlad had the Sultan's two envoys captured and impaled. In February 1462, he attacked Ottoman territory, massacring tens of thousands of Turks and Bulgarians. Mehmed launched a campaign against Wallachia to replace Vlad with Vlad's younger brother, Radu. Vlad attempted to capture the sultan at Târgoviște during the night of 16–17 June 1462. The sultan and the main Ottoman army left Wallachia, but more and more Wallachians deserted to Radu. Vlad went to Transylvania to seek assistance from Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, in late 1462, but Corvinus had him imprisoned.

Vlad was held in captivity in Visegrád from 1463 to 1475. During this period, anecdotes about his cruelty started to spread in Germany and Italy. He was released at the request of Stephen III of Moldavia in the summer of 1475. He fought in Corvinus's army against the Ottomans in Bosnia in early 1476. Hungarian and Moldavian troops helped him to force Basarab Laiotă (who had dethroned Vlad's brother, Radu) to flee from Wallachia in November. Basarab returned with Ottoman support before the end of the year. Vlad was killed in battle before 10 January 1477. Books describing Vlad's cruel acts were among the first bestsellers in the German-speaking territories. In Russia, popular stories suggested that Vlad was able to strengthen central government only through applying brutal punishments, and a similar view was adopted by most Romanian historians in the 19th century. Vlad's reputation for cruelty and his patronymic inspired the name of the vampire Count Dracula in Bram Stoker's 1897 novel Dracula.

William Dudley (bishop)

William Dudley (died 1483) was Dean of Windsor and then Bishop of Durham.

Born William Sutton, of Dudley, he was a younger son of John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley. He was made a canon of St George's Chapel, Windsor and Dean of the Chapel Royal in 1471 and elevated to Dean of Windsor in 1473, a position which he held with that of Dean of Wolverhampton: thereafter the two posts were customarily held by the same man.

Dudley was nominated to Durham on 31 July 1476 and was consecrated between 1 September and 12 October 1476. In 1483 he supported Richard, Duke of Gloucester, the future King Richard III, in his bid for the Throne of England. In the last months of his life he was Chancellor of Oxford University. Dudley died on 29 November 1483.

Yeonsangun of Joseon

Yeonsan-gun or Prince Yeonsan (23 November 1476 – 20 November 1506, r. 1494–1506), born Yi Yung or Lee Yoong, was the 10th king of Korea's Joseon Dynasty. He was the eldest son of Seongjong by his second wife, Lady Yoon. He is often considered the worst tyrant of the Joseon Dynasty, and perhaps all of Korean history, notorious for launching two bloody purges of the seonbi scholar elite. He also seized a thousand women from the provinces to serve as palace entertainers, and appropriated the Seonggyungwan study hall as a personal pleasure ground. Overthrown, Yeonsan-gun did not receive a temple name.

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