1473

Year 1473 (MCDLXXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1473 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1473
MCDLXXIII
Ab urbe condita2226
Armenian calendar922
ԹՎ ՋԻԲ
Assyrian calendar6223
Balinese saka calendar1394–1395
Bengali calendar880
Berber calendar2423
English Regnal year12 Edw. 4 – 13 Edw. 4
Buddhist calendar2017
Burmese calendar835
Byzantine calendar6981–6982
Chinese calendar壬辰(Water Dragon)
4169 or 4109
    — to —
癸巳年 (Water Snake)
4170 or 4110
Coptic calendar1189–1190
Discordian calendar2639
Ethiopian calendar1465–1466
Hebrew calendar5233–5234
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1529–1530
 - Shaka Samvat1394–1395
 - Kali Yuga4573–4574
Holocene calendar11473
Igbo calendar473–474
Iranian calendar851–852
Islamic calendar877–878
Japanese calendarBunmei 5
(文明5年)
Javanese calendar1389–1390
Julian calendar1473
MCDLXXIII
Korean calendar3806
Minguo calendar439 before ROC
民前439年
Nanakshahi calendar5
Thai solar calendar2015–2016
Tibetan calendar阳水龙年
(male Water-Dragon)
1599 or 1218 or 446
    — to —
阴水蛇年
(female Water-Snake)
1600 or 1219 or 447

Events

Date unknown

  • Stephen the Great of Moldavia refuses to pay tribute to the Ottomans. This will attract an Ottoman invasion resulting in 1475 in the greatest defeat of the Ottomans so far.

Births

Deaths

1470s in England

Events from the 1470s in England.

1475 in France

Events from the year 1475 in France

1476 in France

Events from the year 1476 in France

Battle of Otlukbeli

The Battle of Otlukbeli or Otluk Beli was a battle between Ak Koyunlu and the Ottoman Empire that was fought on August 11, 1473.

Duchy of Massa and Carrara

The Duchy of Massa and Carrara was the duchy that controlled the towns of Massa di Carrara and Carrara; the area is now part of unified Italy, but retains its local identity as the province of Massa-Carrara.

Earl of Home

Earl of Home ( HEWM) is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. It was created in 1605 for Alexander Home of that Ilk, 6th Lord Home. The Earl of Home holds, among others, the subsidiary titles of Lord Home (created 1473), and Lord Dunglass (1605), in the Peerage of Scotland; and Baron Douglas, of Douglas in the County of Lanark (1875) in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Various Earls of Home have also claimed the title of Lord Hume of Berwick. The Earl is also Chief of the Name and Arms of Home and heir general to the House of Douglas. The title Lord Dunglass is the courtesy title of the eldest son of the Earl.

The most famous recent holder of the title was the 14th Earl, Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, better known as Sir Alec Douglas-Home. After the unexpected resignation of Harold Macmillan, the 14th Earl was named Prime Minister by the monarch. For the first time in over sixty years, a sitting Prime Minister was a member of the House of Lords rather than of the House of Commons. Because he believed that it was impractical and unconventional to remain a member of the Lords, the Earl disclaimed his peerages on 23 October 1963 under the Peerage Act passed in the same year. He then contested the House of Commons seat of Kinross and Western Perthshire by standing in the Kinross and Western Perthshire by-election, 1963. The seat had been vacated by the death of the previous Member of Parliament, Gilmour Leburn. As of 2017 the titles are held by the 15th Earl, who succeeded in 1995.

The family seats are The Hirsel, near Coldstream, Berwickshire and Castlemains, near Douglas, South Lanarkshire. Former seats include Douglas Castle (demolished) and Bothwell Castle in the care of the state.

Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales

Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales, Earl of Chester, Duke of Cornwall, 1st Earl of Salisbury (December 1473 – 9 April 1484), was the heir apparent of King Richard III of England and his wife, Anne Neville. He was Richard's only legitimate child and died aged ten.

Frederick of Saxony (Teutonic Knight)

Duke Frederick of Saxony (26 October 1473 – 14 December 1510), also known as Friedrich von Sachsen or Friedrich von Wettin, was the 36th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1498–1510. He was the third (and youngest surviving) son of Albert, Duke of Saxony, and Sidonie of Poděbrady, daughter of George of Podebrady.

The Teutonic Knights had been in a long power struggle with Poland over Prussia. Because the Teutonic Knights' fortunes had declined throughout the 15th century, they hoped that by selecting someone connected by marriage to the ruling Jagiellon dynasty of Poland, they would strengthen their position.

Born prematurely seven months after his immediate elder sibling in Torgau, Frederick was a member of the Albertine line, the junior branch of the prestigious House of Wettin which ruled Saxony. Frederick should not be confused with his cousin of the same name from the Ernestine line, who ruled the Electorate of Saxony. Frederick's older brother George had married Barbara, a sister of King John I Albert of Poland. The young duke was elected Grand Master in 1498.

When the Polish king summoned Frederick to do homage for the Order's holdings, he referred the matter to the Imperial Reichstag set to meet in Worms in 1495. The Reichstag informed John I Albert that he could not interfere in the Grand Master's free exercise of power in Prussia. Frederick's delaying tactics were assisted by the quick succession of three Polish kings during his 12 years in office.

Frederick died in Rochlitz. By custom, grand masters of the Order did not marry, so he had neither wife nor descendants.

Henry IV, Duke of Saxony

Henry IV the Pious, Duke of Saxony (German: Heinrich der Fromme) (16 March 1473, in Dresden – 18 August 1541, in Dresden) was a Duke of Saxony from the House of Wettin. Succeeding George, Duke of Saxony, a fervent Catholic who sought to extinguish Lutheranism by any means possible, Henry established the Lutheran church as the state religion in his domains.

James Beaton

James Beaton (or Bethune) (1473–1539) was a Scottish church leader, the uncle of David Cardinal Beaton and the Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland.

James IV of Scotland

James IV (17 March 1473 – 9 September 1513) was the King of Scotland from 11 June 1488 to his death. He assumed the throne following the death of his father, King James III, (1451/52–1488, reigned 1460–1488) at the Battle of Sauchieburn, a rebellion in which the younger James played an indirect role. He is generally regarded as the most successful of the Stewart monarchs of Scotland, but his reign ended in a disastrous defeat at the Battle of Flodden. He was the last monarch not only from Scotland, but from all of Great Britain, to be killed in battle.

James IV's marriage in 1503 to Margaret Tudor linked the royal houses of Scotland and England. It led to the Union of the Crowns in 1603, when Elizabeth I died without heirs and James IV's great-grandson James VI succeeded to the English throne as James I.

John Green (speaker)

John Green (1400–1 May 1473) was Speaker of the House of Commons of England in October 1460.He was the son of John Green of Widdington, Essex and was trained as a lawyer in Gray's Inn.

He married Agnes, daughter of John Duke of Widdington Hall, Essex. They later made the hall their own home.He was elected to Parliament in 1455 as knight of the shire for Essex. He was retained as a lawyer by the Duchy of Lancaster but, following the lead of his patron, Viscount Bourchier, he went over to the Yorkist side. In the autumn of 1460 he was elected to Parliament for Essex for the second time and elected Speaker of the House.

In early 1462 Green and his brother were granted the stewardship of the estates in Essex, Cambridgeshire and Suffolk which had belonged to the John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford, recently executed for treason. In 1467, he attended a meeting of the king's council, and in 1469 he was appointed deputy to Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, the chief steward of the duchy of Lancaster.

On his death in 1473 he was buried at Gosfield, Essex. His heirs were his daughters Agnes and Margaret; a third daughter became abbess of Dartford Priory.

Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury

Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury (14 August 1473 – 27 May 1541), was an English peeress. She was the daughter of George, Duke of Clarence, the brother of kings Edward IV and Richard III. Margaret was one of two women in 16th century England to be a peeress in her own right with no titled husband. One of the few surviving members of the Plantagenet dynasty after the Wars of the Roses, she was executed in 1541 at the command of Henry VIII, who was the son of her first cousin Elizabeth of York. Pope Leo XIII beatified her as a martyr for the Catholic Church on 29 December 1886.

Nicolò Marcello

Nicolò Marcello (c. 1399 – 1 December 1474) was the 69th Doge of Venice, elected in 1473. He held office for a short period, from 13 August 1473 to 1 December 1474. Said to have been inspired by a previous painting dating from the 15th century, Titian painted Nicolo Marcello's portrait long after his death.

Nicolò Tron

Nicolò Tron (Born c. 1399 – died 1473 in Venice) was the 68th Doge of Venice, reigning from 1471 to 1473.

Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York

Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York KG (born 17 August 1473), was the sixth child and second son of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville, born in Shrewsbury. Richard and his older brother, who briefly reigned as King Edward V of England, mysteriously disappeared shortly after Richard III became king in 1483.

St Catharine's College, Cambridge

St Catharine's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. Founded in 1473 as Katharine Hall, it adopted its current name in 1860. The college is nicknamed "Catz". The college is located in the historic city-centre of Cambridge, and lies just south of King's College and across the street from Corpus Christi College. The college is notable for its open court (rather than closed quadrangle) that faces towards Trumpington Street.

St Catharine's is unique in being the only Oxbridge college founded by the serving head of another college. The college community is moderately sized, consisting of approximately 70 fellows, 150 graduate students, and 410 undergraduates.

Thomas Wolsey

Cardinal Thomas Wolsey (c. March 1473 – 29 November 1530), Archbishop of York, Lord Chancellor of England, was an English bishop, statesman and a cardinal of the Catholic Church. When Henry VIII became King of England in 1509, Wolsey became the King's almoner. Wolsey's affairs prospered, and by 1514 he had become the controlling figure in virtually all matters of state and extremely powerful within the Church, as Archbishop of York, a cleric in England junior only to the Archbishop of Canterbury. His appointment in 1515 as a cardinal by Pope Leo X gave him precedence over all other English clerics.

The highest political position Wolsey attained was Lord Chancellor, the King's chief adviser (formally, as his successor and disciple Thomas Cromwell was not). In that position, he enjoyed great freedom and was often depicted as an alter rex (other king). After failing to negotiate an annulment of Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, Wolsey fell out of favour and was stripped of his government titles. He retreated to York to fulfill his ecclesiastical duties as Archbishop of York, a position he nominally held, but had neglected during his years in government. He was recalled to London to answer to charges of treason—a common charge used by Henry against ministers who fell out of favour—but died on the way from natural causes.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1473

United Nations Security Council resolution 1473, adopted unanimously on 4 April 2003, after recalling previous resolutions on East Timor (Timor-Leste), particularly Resolution 1410 (2002), the Council adjusted the United Nations Mission of Support to East Timor (UNMISET) to improve its capacity to train the National Police of East Timor in light of the security situation, and slowed the downsizing of the operation.The Security Council welcomed progress East Timor had made with UNMISET assistance, stressing the priority of improving the capabilities of the national police and noting continuing challenges to the country's security and stability. It decided that composition and strength of the UNMISET police component and its downsizing would include the following measures:

(i) inclusion of an international unit for one year;

(ii) provision of additional training capacity in relation to crowd control, border security and tactical operations;

(iii) emphasis on human rights and rule of law;

(iv) retaining a monitoring and advisory presence in areas under the control of the East Timor police;

(v) preparations for the transfer of authority to the East Timor police force.The resolution decided that the downsizing of the military component of UNMISET until December 2003 would be adjusted so that the number of military peacekeepers would be reduced from 1,750 more slowly than envisaged in Resolution 1410. By January 2004, 325 officers would be still present in the country. Two battalions would also be retained.

The Secretary-General Kofi Annan was requested to report by 20 May 2003 on a revised schedule for the downsizing of UNMISET and to keep the Council informed of developments in East Timor. Finally, the East Timorese government was asked to co-operate with UNMISET in the implementation of police and military strategies.

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