Year 1435 (MCDXXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1435 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1435
Ab urbe condita2188
Armenian calendar884
Assyrian calendar6185
Balinese saka calendar1356–1357
Bengali calendar842
Berber calendar2385
English Regnal year13 Hen. 6 – 14 Hen. 6
Buddhist calendar1979
Burmese calendar797
Byzantine calendar6943–6944
Chinese calendar甲寅(Wood Tiger)
4131 or 4071
    — to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4132 or 4072
Coptic calendar1151–1152
Discordian calendar2601
Ethiopian calendar1427–1428
Hebrew calendar5195–5196
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1491–1492
 - Shaka Samvat1356–1357
 - Kali Yuga4535–4536
Holocene calendar11435
Igbo calendar435–436
Iranian calendar813–814
Islamic calendar838–839
Japanese calendarEikyō 7
Javanese calendar1350–1351
Julian calendar1435
Korean calendar3768
Minguo calendar477 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−33
Thai solar calendar1977–1978
Tibetan calendar阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
1561 or 1180 or 408
    — to —
(female Wood-Rabbit)
1562 or 1181 or 409
Xuande is described as the only Ming emperor "who displayed genuine artistic talent".



Date unknown



1430s in England

Events from the 1430s in England.

1435 in France

Events from the year 1435 in France

1435 in Japan

Events in the year 1435 in Japan.

Ashur-rabi I

Ashur-rabi I was the King of Assyria from 1453 BC to 1435 BC. The son of the former king Enlil-nasir I, he seized the throne after a successful coup against Ashur-shaduni, who had been the king for only one month.

Ba Saw Nyo

Ba Saw Nyo (Burmese: ဘစောညို, pronounced [ba̰ sɔ́ ɲò]; also known as Muhammad Shah; 1435–1494) was king of Arakan from 1492 to 1494. He came to power in 1492 after his nephew King Dawlya had died after a failed military expedition. He made Dawlya's mother and his sister-in-law Saw Nandi his chief queen. He faced a serious mutiny by an officer, which was put down. He died of natural causes soon after.

Battle of Piperdean

The Battle of Piperdean (1435) was an engagement in the Scottish Borders, fought between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England.

An English force led by George de Dunbar, 11th Earl of March and Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland attempted to take the forfeited Dunbar's Castle of Dunbar, back from William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus who as Warden of the Scottish Marches had invested the castle the previous summer. Percy and Dunbar came north with some 4000 men.

Angus did not want to undergo a siege, and decided to pre-empt the English by attacking them en route. An army of roughly the same force surprised the English, under Angus, Adam Hepburn of Hailes, Alexander Elphinstone of that ilk and Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie.Although an overwhelming Scots victory, there is some confusion as to casualties and prisoners taken. Ridpath states that the Scots lost 200 men including Elphinstone, with Brenan concurring about this 'trifling' amount, whilst stating that the English fatalities were to the tune of 1500 men, including 40 knights.Northumberland retreated to Alnwick Castle, but it was not long before he returned to Scotland to successfully relieve Roxburgh Castle, under siege by King James.

Congress of Arras

The Congress of Arras was a diplomatic congregation established at Arras in the summer of 1435 during the Hundred Years' War, between representatives of England, France, and Burgundy. Toward the close of the Hundred Years' War, both the Congress and the subsequent Treaty of Arras represented diplomatic failures for England and major successes for France.

John Bowes (speaker)

John Bowes (c. 1383 – c. 1444) was Speaker of the House of Commons of England between October 1435 and December 1435.He was the son of John Bowes of Costock, Nottinghamshire but raised as the ward of Sir Thomas Rempstone. He was trained as a lawyer and practised law in Nottinghamshire.In 1428 he was appointed Escheator for Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. In 1429, 1432, 1435 and 1439 he was elected knight of the shire (MP) for Nottinghamshire, being elected Speaker of the House in October 1435.Thereafter he returned to the law and was appointed Recorder of London, serving as the MP for the city of London in 1442.He died some time in 1444 and, Bowes having no children, his estate passed to his brother William.

John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford

John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford KG (20 June 1389 – 14 September 1435) was a medieval English prince, general and statesman who commanded England's armies in France during a critical phase of the Hundred Years' War. Bedford was the third son of King Henry IV of England, brother to Henry V, and acted as regent of France for his nephew Henry VI. Despite his military and administrative talent, the situation in France had severely deteriorated by the time of his death.Bedford was a capable administrator and soldier, and his effective management of the war brought the English to the height of their power in France. However, difficulties mounted after the arrival of Joan of Arc, and his efforts were further thwarted by political divisions at home and the waverings of England's key ally, the duchy of Burgundy. In the last years of Bedford's life, the conflict devolved into a war of attrition, and he became increasingly unable to gather the necessary funds to prosecute the conflict.

Bedford died during the congress of Arras in 1435, just as Burgundy was preparing to abandon the English cause and conclude a separate peace with Charles VII of France.

List of high-speed railway lines

This article provides a list of operated high-speed rail networks, listed by country or region.

High-speed rail is public transport by rail at speeds of at least 200 km/h (120 mph) for upgraded track and 250 km/h (160 mph) or faster for new track.

Livonian Order

The Livonian Order was an autonomous branch of the Teutonic Order, formed in 1237. It was later a member of the Livonian Confederation, from 1435 to 1561.

Minim (religious order)

The Minims (also called the Minimi or Order of Minims, abbreviated O.M.) are members of a Roman Catholic religious order of friars founded by Saint Francis of Paola in fifteenth-century Italy. The Order soon spread to France, Germany and Spain, and continues to exist today.

Like the other mendicant Orders, there are three separate components, or Orders, of the movement: the friars, contemplative nuns and a Third Order of laypeople who live in the spirit of the Order in their daily lives. At present there are only two fraternities of the Minim tertiaries; both are in Italy.

Philip Morgan (bishop)

Philip Morgan (died 1435) was a Welsh clergyman who served firstly as Bishop of Worcester (1419–1426), then as Bishop of Ely (1426–1435).Morgan was elected Bishop of Worcester on 24 April and appointed on 19 June 1419. He received possession of the temporalities of the Diocese of Worcester on 18 October and was consecrated on 3 December 1419. He was postulated to the archbishopric of York in November or December 1423, but the move was quashed on 14 February 1424. He remained Bishop of Worcester until he was translated to the bishopric of Ely on 27 February and received possession of the temporalities of the Diocese of Ely on 22 April 1426.Morgan died at Bishop's Hatfield, Hertfordshire on 25 October 1435, and buried at the church of the Charterhouse in London.

Polish–Teutonic War (1431–35)

The Polish–Teutonic War (1431–1435) was an armed conflict between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Knights. It ended with the Peace of Brześć Kujawski and is considered a victory for Poland.

Robert Morton (bishop)

Robert Morton (1435 – May 1497) was an English priest and Bishop of Worcester.

Segesterone acetate

Segesterone acetate (SGA), sold under the brand names Nestorone, Elcometrine, and Annovera, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control and in the treatment of endometriosis in the United States, Brazil, and other South American countries. It is available both alone and in combination with an estrogen. It is not effective by mouth and must be given by other routes, most typically as a vaginal ring or implant that is placed into fat.Side effects of SGA are similar to those of other progestins. SGA is a progestin, or a synthetic progestogen, and hence is an agonist of the progesterone receptor, the biological target of progestogens like progesterone. It has some affinity for the glucocorticoid receptor and has no other important hormonal activity.SGA was developed by the Population Council and was introduced for medical use by 2000. It is under development in the United States and Europe as a gel in combination with estradiol or testosterone for use as a method of birth control in women and in men, respectively. On August 10, 2018, a first-of-its-kind one-year contraceptive vaginal ring containing segesterone acetate in combination with ethinyl estradiol was approved in the United States. It is marketed under the brand name Annovera and is reusable for up to one year as a method of birth control in women. Annovera will not require refrigeration which is very useful for low resource areas.

Standard-gauge railway

A standard-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in). The standard gauge is also called Stephenson gauge after George Stephenson, International gauge, UIC gauge, uniform gauge, normal gauge and European gauge in the EU and Russia. It is the most widely used railway track gauge across the world, with approximately 55% of the lines in the world using it. All high-speed rail lines use standard gauge except those in Russia, Finland, Portugal and Uzbekistan. The distance between the inside edges of the rails is defined to be 1435 mm except in the United States, where it is still defined in U.S. customary units as exactly "four feet eight and one half inches" (0.1 mm larger than the metric standard).

Thomas Brunce

Thomas Brunce (c. 1388 – 6 December 1445) was a 15th-century Bishop of Rochester and then Bishop of Norwich.

Xuande Emperor

The Xuande Emperor (Chinese: 宣德帝; pinyin: Xuāndédì; 16 March 1399 – 31 January 1435), personal name Zhu Zhanji (朱瞻基), was the fifth emperor of the Ming dynasty, ruling from 1425 to 1435. His era name "Xuande" means "Proclamation of Virtue".

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