Year 1407 (MCDVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1407 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1407
Ab urbe condita2160
Armenian calendar856
Assyrian calendar6157
Balinese saka calendar1328–1329
Bengali calendar814
Berber calendar2357
English Regnal yearHen. 4 – 9 Hen. 4
Buddhist calendar1951
Burmese calendar769
Byzantine calendar6915–6916
Chinese calendar丙戌(Fire Dog)
4103 or 4043
    — to —
丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
4104 or 4044
Coptic calendar1123–1124
Discordian calendar2573
Ethiopian calendar1399–1400
Hebrew calendar5167–5168
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1463–1464
 - Shaka Samvat1328–1329
 - Kali Yuga4507–4508
Holocene calendar11407
Igbo calendar407–408
Iranian calendar785–786
Islamic calendar809–810
Japanese calendarŌei 14
Javanese calendar1321–1322
Julian calendar1407
Korean calendar3740
Minguo calendar505 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−61
Thai solar calendar1949–1950
Tibetan calendar阳火狗年
(male Fire-Dog)
1533 or 1152 or 380
    — to —
(female Fire-Pig)
1534 or 1153 or 381



Date unknown



1400s BC (decade)

The 1400s BC is a decade which lasted from 1409 BC to 1400 BC.

1400s in England

Events from the 1400s in England.

1407 in France

Events from the year 1407 in France

Andronikos V Palaiologos

Andronikos V Palaiologos (or Andronicus V Palaeologus) (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Ε' Παλαιολόγος) (c. 1400 – c. 1407) was co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire with his father John VII Palaiologos.

Banking in Italy

Banking in Italy has, as of 11 October 2008, an average leverage ratio (liabilities/assets) of 12 to 1, while the banks's short-term liabilities are equal to 86% of the Italian GDP or 43% of the Italian national debt.The origins of modern banking can be traced to medieval and early Italian Renaissance, to the rich cities in the north like Florence, Lucca, Siena, Venice and Genoa. The Bardi and Peruzzi families dominated banking in 14th-century Florence, establishing branches in many other parts of Europe. One of the most famous Italian banks was the Medici Bank, set up by Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici in 1397. The earliest known state deposit bank, Banco di San Giorgio (Bank of St. George), was founded in 1407 at Genoa, Italy, while Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, founded in 1472, is the oldest surviving bank in the world.

Unicredit is one of the largest bank in Europe by capitalization and Assicurazioni Generali is the seventh in the world by total assets

Battle of Palembang (1407)

The Battle of Palembang was a naval battle fought in 1407 between Ming China's treasure fleet commanded by Admiral Zheng He and the pirate fleet of Chen Zuyi at Palembang, Sumatra, in modern Indonesia. The battle resulted in the defeat of Chen Zuyi, who was captured and sent to China for execution.

Fourth Chinese domination of Vietnam

The fourth Chinese domination was a period of the history of Vietnam, from 1407 to 1427 during which the country was invaded and ruled by the Chinese Ming dynasty. It was the result of the conquest of the region in 1406 to 1407. The previous periods of Chinese rules, collectively known as the Bắc thuộc periods in Vietnam, were longer-lasting, constituting much of Vietnam's history from 111 BC to 939 AD. The fourth Chinese occupation of Vietnam was eventually ended with the establishment of the Lê dynasty.

Gujarat Sultanate

The Gujarat Sultanate was a medieval Indian Muslim Rajput kingdom established in the early 15th century in present-day Gujarat, India. The founder of the ruling Muzaffarid dynasty, Zafar Khan (later Muzaffar Shah I) was appointed as governor of Gujarat by Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad bin Tughluq IV in 1391, the ruler of the principal state in north India at the time, the Delhi Sultanate. Zafar Khan's father Sadharan, was a Tanka Rajput convert to Islam. Zafar Khan defeated Farhat-ul-Mulk near Anhilwada Patan and made the city his capital. Following Timur's invasion of Delhi, the Delhi Sultanate weakened considerably so he declared himself independent in 1407 and formally established Gujarat Sultanate. The next sultan, his grandson Ahmad Shah I founded the new capital Ahmedabad in 1411. His successor Muhammad Shah II subdued most of the Rajput chieftains. The prosperity of the sultanate reached its zenith during the rule of Mahmud Begada. He subdued most of the Rajput chieftains and built navy off the coast of Diu. In 1509, the Portuguese wrested Diu from Gujarat sultanate following the battle of Diu. The decline of the Sultanate started with the assassination of Sikandar Shah in 1526. Mughal emperor Humayun attacked Gujarat in 1535 and briefly occupied it. Thereafter Bahadur Shah was killed by the Portuguese while making a deal in 1537. The end of the sultanate came in 1573, when Akbar annexed Gujarat in his empire. The last ruler Muzaffar Shah III was taken prisoner to Agra. In 1583, he escaped from the prison and with the help of the nobles succeeded to regain the throne for a short period before being defeated by Akbar's general Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana.

HMS Meteorite

HMS Meteorite was an experimental U-boat developed in Germany, scuttled at the end of World War II, subsequently raised and commissioned into the Royal Navy. The submarine was originally commissioned into the Kriegsmarine in March 1945 as U-1407. It was built around a Walter engine fuelled by high test peroxide (HTP).

John Lydford

John Lydford (c.1337–1407) was an English priest and canon lawyer.Lydford was Archdeacon of Totnes from 1385 until 1407.

Later Trần dynasty

The Later Trần dynasty (Vietnamese: Nhà Hậu Trần) period of 1407 to 1413 in the history of Vietnam is characterized by two revolts against the Ming dynasty rule, centered on Trần Ngỗi (Giản Định Đế) and Trần Quý Khoáng (Trùng Quang Đế).

List of monarchs of Vietnam

This article lists the monarchs of Vietnam.

Louis I, Duke of Orléans

Louis I of Orléans (13 March 1372 – 23 November 1407) was Duke of Orléans from 1392 to his death. He was also, Duke of Touraine (1386–1392), Count of Valois (1386?–1406) Blois (1397–1407), Angoulême (1404–1407), Périgord (1400–1407) and Soissons (1404–07).

Louis was the second son of King Charles V of France and Joanna of Bourbon and was the younger brother of Charles VI. In 1498, his legitimate agnatic progeny inherited the French throne (which in turn died out in 1589) after the extinction of the Valois main line.

Ming–Hồ War

The Ming–Hồ War was a military campaign by the Ming Empire of China to invade Đại Ngu (present-day northern Vietnam) ruled by the Hồ dynasty. The campaign began with Ming intervention in support of a rival faction to the Hồ, but ended with incorporation of Vietnam into China, marking the start of the Ming province of Jiaozhi.

A few years earlier, Hồ Quý Ly had violently taken the Trần throne, which ultimately led to the intercession of the Ming government to reestablish the Trần dynasty. However, Hồ's forces attacked a Ming convoy escorting a Trần pretender, who was killed during the attack. After this hostile event, the Yongle Emperor of the Ming Empire appointed Marquises Zhang Fu and Mu Sheng to prepare and lead the Ming armies for the invasion of Đại Ngu. The war lasted from 1406 to 1407, resulting in the Ming conquest of Đại Ngu and the capture of the members of the Hồ dynasty.

NGC 1407

NGC 1407 is an elliptical galaxy in Eridanus. It is at a distance of 75 million light years from Earth. It is the brightest galaxy in the NGC 1407 Group, part of the Eridanus Group, with NGC 1407 being its brightest member. NGC 1400, the second brightest of the group lies 11.8 arcmin away. NGC 1407 is X-ray luminous, with high hot gas Fe abundance, and with evidence of recurrent radio outbursts. In the central area of the galaxy are present old stars, with mean age 12.0 ± 1.1 Gyrs, that are metal rich and with supersolar abundances of α-elements. Observations indicate that NGC 1407 hasn't undergone recently strong star formation activity. The galaxy hosts a supermassive black hole with mass 1.12 ±0.42 billion solar masses, based on velocity dispersion.The galaxy was discovered by 6 October 1785 by William Herschel.

Nicholas Bubwith

Nicholas Bubwith (1355-1424) was a Bishop of London, Bishop of Salisbury and Bishop of Bath and Wells as well as Lord Privy Seal and Lord High Treasurer of England.

Bubwith was collated Archdeacon of Dorset in 1397 and again in 1400. He was selected as Bishop of London on 14 May 1406 and consecrated 26 September 1406.Bubwith was Lord Privy Seal from 2 March 1405 to 4 October 1406. He was Lord High Treasurer from 15 April 1407 to 14 July 1408. He also planned the building of St Savior's Wells hospital but actual construction of the building started after his death.

Bubwith was translated to the see of Salisbury on 22 June 1407.Bubwith was then translated to the see of Bath and Wells on 7 October 1407. He died 27 October 1424.

Richard Mitford

Richard Mitford (died 1407) was an English bishop of Chichester from 17 November 1389, and consecrated on 10 April 1390 and then bishop of Salisbury. He was translated to the see of Salisbury on 25 October 1395.The earliest record of him is "Richard Medeford of Hakebourne, clerk" in 1349. The cartulary of Cirencester Abbey records the Metfords of Hakebourne (modern name East Hagbourne, Berks.) as a leading freeman tenant family of the village. His name appears as "Metford" in his own household accounts and as "Medford" in the Register of John Chandler, who was Dean of Salisbury Cathedral during much of Mitford's episcopacy. Mitford, as revealed by bequests in his own and his brother Walter's wills, had three brothers and four sisters. He spent much of his life at the royal court, starting probably as a chorister in the Chapel Royal and continuing as a clerk of the household under Edward III. His training during his time as a Fellow at Kings Hall, Cambridge from 1352-1374 prepared him for service in the royal bureaucracy, where he eventually rose to become Secretary of the King's Chamber to Richard II (1385 to 1388). He was a Canon of Windsor from 1375 - 1390.Senior household members of Richard II were politically important, and his position gave Mitford considerable influence. He was one of the members of the royal household arrested by the "Lords Appellant" in late 1387 for treason, and was imprisoned first in Bristol Castle and then in the Tower of London. However, he was eventually released without penalty.

From 1385 to 1390 he was Archdeacon of Norfolk. In 1389, Mitford was elected to be Bishop of St David's but was rejected by the Pope.

While Bishop of Salisbury, Mitford spent much of his time at one or another of his episcopal manors, and by chance the household accounts survive of his stay at Potterne, near Devizes, for the last seven months of his life. These give day-by-day records of members of his household and his visitors, the amounts and prices of the food provided for everyday meals as well as the feasts given at Christmas, and even at his own funeral. Such details as his charitable gifts, the fee for his doctor and how much serecloth was provided for his funeral are also included.

The figure of a bishop labelled with Mitford's name appears in the illustrations of the Sherborne Missal. He was a patron of Henry Chichele, who acted as lawyer for him.A summary of his appointments is:

Rector of Stoke Edith 1361

Rector of Worlingworth 1361

Rector of Sybeston 1371

Rector of Wittersham 1381

Dean of the Chapel Royal

Rector of St Magnus-the-Martyr, London Bridge

Prebendary of Hastings 1384

Prior of Holyhead 1384

Dean of St Martin-le-Grand 1385 - 1389

Archdeacon of Norfolk 1385

Prebendary of Chichester 1385

Prebendary of Wilton 1385

Prebendary of Marsham in York 1386

Prebendary of Wells 1386

Bishop of Chichester 1390

Bishop of Salisbury 1395Mitford died 3 May 1407, and was buried in the south transept of Salisbury Cathedral, where his tomb survives.

Sullam al-sama'

Sullam al-sama' also known as Resaleh-ye Kamaliyyeh (Arabic*: سُلَم السماء, Transliterated as Sǒllam os-Samā') meaning "The Ladder of the Sky" or "The Stairway of Heaven" is an astronomical treatise written by the Persian mathematician and astronomer Jamshid Kashani in 1407 about the determination of distance and size of the heavenly bodies such as the Earth, the Moon and the Sun.

Tau2 Aquarii

Tau2 Aquarii (τ2 Aqr, τ2 Aquarii) is the Bayer designation for a star in the equatorial constellation of Aquarius. It is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of +4.0. Because the star lies near the ecliptic it is subject to occultations by the Moon.This is an orange-hued giant star with a stellar classification of K5 III. The measured angular diameter, after correction for limb darkening, is 5.12 ± 0.05 mas. At an estimated distance of 318 light-years (97 parsecs) based on parallax measurements, this yields a physical size of about 53 times the radius of the Sun.

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