|Clevention, the 13th World Science Fiction Convention|
|Inaugurated||September 2–5, 1955|
The Hugo Awards, named after Hugo Gernsback, are presented every year for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The results are based on the ballots submitted by members of the World Science Fiction Society. Other awards, including the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer (since 1973), are also presented at each year's Worldcon. 
The 11th Worldcon was the first one in which Hugo Awards were awarded. The 12th convention did not continue the tradition, but since the 13th convention, Hugo Awards have been a permanent fixture of Worldcons.
12th World Science Fiction Convention
SFCon in San Francisco, United States (1954)
| List of Worldcons
13th World Science Fiction Convention
Clevention in Cleveland, United States (1955)
14th World Science Fiction Convention
NYCon II in New York, United States (1956)
The 12th World Science Fiction Convention, also known as SFCon, was held September 3–6, 1954, at the Sir Francis Drake Hotel in San Francisco, California, United States.
The chairmen were Lester Cole and Gary Nelson. The guest of honor was John W. Campbell, Jr., the editor of Astounding magazine. Total attendance was approximately 700.14th World Science Fiction Convention
The 14th World Science Fiction Convention, also known as NyCon II or NEWYORCON, was held August 31–September 3, 1956, at the Biltmore Hotel in New York, New York, United States.The chairman was David A. Kyle. The Guest of Honor was Arthur C. Clarke. The toastmaster was Robert Bloch. Total attendance was approximately 850.