13th Army Corps (Russian Empire)

The 13th Army Corps was a corps of the Imperial Russian Army, formed in the 1870s. The corps fought in the Russo-Turkish War and World War I, and was disbanded with the collapse of the Imperial Russian Army after the Russian Revolution. During peacetime, it was stationed in the Moscow Military District.

13th Army Corps
Active1877–1918
CountryRussian Empire
BranchImperial Russian Army
Part ofMoscow Military District (peacetime)
Garrison/HQSmolensk (peacetime)
Engagements
Commanders
Notable
commanders

History

The corps was formed on 19 February 1877 in the Moscow Military District. Its headquarters was located at Smolensk before World War I. The corps fought in World War I. It was destroyed in East Prussia in late 1917 or early 1918.

Organization

On 18 July 1914, the corps included the following units.[1]

Subordination

  • 2nd Army (from 2 August 1914)
  • 12th Army (15 January – 1 May 1916)
  • 1st Army (21 June – 17 July 1916)
  • 12th Army (1 August – 11 November 1916)
  • 5th Army (15 September – 16 July 1917)
  • 12th Army (to December 1917)

Commanders

  • Pavel Plehve: 1905-1906
  • Alexei Evert: 1908-1912
  • Mikhail Alekseyev: 1912-1914
  • Lieutenant General Nikolai Klyuev (July – August 1914)
  • Lieutenant General Polikarp Kuznetsov (January 1916 – September 1917)
  • Major General Pavel Adzhiyev (September–October 1917)
  • Lieutenant General Anton Symon (October 1917)

References

Citations

  1. ^ Likhotvorik, Alexey (4 April 2015). "Московский военный округ состав" [Structure of the Moscow Military District]. grwar.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 1 March 2017.

Bibliography

  • Zaleski, Konstantin (2000). Первая мировая война. Правители и военачальники. Биографический энциклопедический словарь [World War I: Rulers and Generals: Biographical Encyclopedic Dictionary] (in Russian). Moscow: Veche. ISBN 5-7838-0627-7.
Imperial Russian Army formations and units (1914)

This article lists Imperial Russian Army formations and units in 1914 prior to World War I mobilisation for the Russian invasion of Prussia and liberation Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia.

The prewar chain of command was: military district, corps (or Army corps), then to division, brigade, regiment, and then the regiment's battalions.

After mobilisation in the event of war the chain of command of the Imperial Russian Army ran from Stavka, the Russian general headquarters, which was created during mobilization, to Front-level (Army group) also created during mobilization, to the Army level. Army headquarters were created during mobilization by transformation of the military district headquarters. Below Army level the chain was the same; corps (or Army corps, it was used interchangeably), division, brigade, and regiment.

Abbreviations used

ACorps = Army Corps (ak = armeysy korpus)

MD = Military district (VO = voenny okrug)

GrenCorps = Grenadier Corps (Gren. k = Grenadersky korpus)

LGrd = Lifeguard (l.-gv. = leyb-gvardi)

SibCorps = Sibirian Corps (Sib. k = Sibirsky korpus)

TurkCorps = Turkestan Corps (Sib. k = Sibirsky korpus)

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