1372

Year 1372 (MCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1372 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1372
MCCCLXXII
Ab urbe condita2125
Armenian calendar821
ԹՎ ՊԻԱ
Assyrian calendar6122
Balinese saka calendar1293–1294
Bengali calendar779
Berber calendar2322
English Regnal year45 Edw. 3 – 46 Edw. 3
Buddhist calendar1916
Burmese calendar734
Byzantine calendar6880–6881
Chinese calendar辛亥(Metal Pig)
4068 or 4008
    — to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
4069 or 4009
Coptic calendar1088–1089
Discordian calendar2538
Ethiopian calendar1364–1365
Hebrew calendar5132–5133
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1428–1429
 - Shaka Samvat1293–1294
 - Kali Yuga4472–4473
Holocene calendar11372
Igbo calendar372–373
Iranian calendar750–751
Islamic calendar773–774
Japanese calendarŌan 5
(応安5年)
Javanese calendar1285–1286
Julian calendar1372
MCCCLXXII
Korean calendar3705
Minguo calendar540 before ROC
民前540年
Nanakshahi calendar−96
Thai solar calendar1914–1915
Tibetan calendar阴金猪年
(female Iron-Pig)
1498 or 1117 or 345
    — to —
阳水鼠年
(male Water-Rat)
1499 or 1118 or 346

Events

January–December

Date unknown

Births

Deaths

1370s in England

Events from the 1370s in England.

1372 Haremari

1372 Haremari, provisional designation 1935 QK, is a rare-type Watsonian asteroid and a suspected trojan of Ceres from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 26 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 31 August 1935, by astronomer Karl Reinmuth at the Heidelberg-Königstuhl State Observatory in southwest Germany. The asteroid was named for all female staff members of the Astronomical Calculation Institute.

1372 in Ireland

Events from the year 1372 in Ireland.

Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas

Archibald Douglas, Duke of Touraine, Earl of Douglas, Earl of Wigtown, Lord of Annandale, Lord of Galloway, Lord of Bothwell, and 13th Lord of Douglas (1372–17 August 1424), was a Scottish nobleman and warlord. He is sometimes given the epithet "Tyneman" (Old Scots: Loser), but this may be a reference to his great-uncle Sir Archibald Douglas.

Battle of Duns

The Battle of Duns or Battle of Duns Park was an engagement fought in 1372 near the site of the present day town of Duns, Berwickshire.

Bunchū

Bunchū (文中) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) of the Southern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts after Kentoku and before Tenju. This period spanned the years from October 1372 to May 1375. The Southern Court emperor in Yoshino during this time-frame was Emperor Chōkei (長慶天皇, Chōkei-tennō). The Northern court emperor in Kyoto was Emperor Go-En'yū (後円融天皇, Go-En'yū-tennō).

Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne

Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne is a title in the Peerage of Scotland and the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was first created as Earl of Kinghorne in Peerage of Scotland in 1606 for Patrick Lyon. In 1677, the designation of the earldom changed to "Strathmore and Kinghorne". A second Earldom was bestowed on the 14th Earl in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1937, leading to him being titled as the 14th and 1st Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne.

Aside from the Earldoms, the Earl holds the subsidiary titles: Viscount Lyon (created 1677), Lord Glamis, Tannadyce, Sidlaw and Strathdichtie (1677), Lord Lyon and Glamis (1606), Lord Glamis (1445) and Baron Bowes (1887) of Streatlam Castle, in the County of Durham, and of Lunedale, in the County of York. An earlier creation of Baron Bowes (1815), in favour of the 10th Earl became extinct on his death in 1821. The first three are in the Peerage of Scotland; the last two in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The eldest son of the Earl uses Lord Glamis as a courtesy title. Normally, the highest subsidiary title (in this case Viscount Lyon) would be used, but Lord Glamis is used instead to prevent confusion with the officer of arms, Lord Lyon King of Arms. The Earl is also Chief of Clan Lyon.

Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900–2002), the Queen consort of King George VI from 1936 until 1952, and mother of the present Sovereign, Elizabeth II was the daughter of the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and the sister of the 15th Earl.

The family seat is Glamis Castle, in Angus, Scotland. Other family seats were Gibside, near Burnopfield, County Durham and Streatlam Castle, near Barnard Castle in County Durham. The traditional burial place of the Earls of Strathmore and Kinghorne is in an aisle of Glamis parish church.

Eleanor of Lancaster

Eleanor of Lancaster, Countess of Arundel (sometimes called Eleanor Plantagenet; 11 September 1318 – 11 January 1372) was the fifth daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth.

Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani

Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī or Ibn Ḥajar (Arabic: ابن حجر العسقلاني‎, full name: Shihāb al-Dīn Abu ’l-Faḍl Aḥmad b. Nūr al-Dīn ʿAlī b. Muḥammad b Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī) (18 February 1372 – 2 February 1449 [852 A.H.]), was a medieval Shafiite Sunni Muslim scholar of Islam "whose life work constitutes the final summation of the science of hadith." represents the entire realm of the Sunni world in the field of Hadith, also known as Shaykh al Islam. He authored some 50 works on hadith, history, biography, tafsir, poetry, and Shafi'ite jurisprudence, the most valued of which being his commentary of the Sahih of Bukhari, titled Fath al-Bari.

Kentoku

Kentoku (建徳) was a Japanese era of the Southern Court during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts after Shōhei and before Bunchū, lasting from July 1370 to April 1372. Reigning Emperors were Chōkei in the south and Go-En'yū in the north.

Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa (Italian: Torre pendente di Pisa) or simply the Tower of Pisa (Torre di Pisa [ˈtorre di ˈpiːsa; ˈpiːza]) is the campanile, or freestanding bell tower, of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa, known worldwide for its unintended tilt. The tower is situated behind the Pisa Cathedral and is the third oldest structure in the city's Cathedral Square (Piazza del Duomo), after the cathedral and the Pisa Baptistry.

The tower's tilt began during construction in the 12th century, caused by an inadequate foundation on ground too soft on one side to properly support the structure's weight. The tilt increased in the decades before the structure was completed in the 14th century. It gradually increased until the structure was stabilized (and the tilt partially corrected) by efforts in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.

The height of the tower is 55.86 metres (183.27 feet) from the ground on the low side and 56.67 metres (185.93 feet) on the high side. The width of the walls at the base is 2.44 m (8 ft 0.06 in). Its weight is estimated at 14,500 metric tons (16,000 short tons). The tower has 296 or 294 steps; the seventh floor has two fewer steps on the north-facing staircase. In 1990 the tower leaned at an angle of 5.5 degrees, but following remedial work between 1993 and 2001 this was reduced to 3.97 degrees, reducing the overhang by 45 cm at a cost of £200m. It lost a further 4 cm of tilt in the two decades to 2018.

Newaya Krestos

Newaya Krestos (Amharic: ንዋየ ክርስቶስ) (property of Christ, throne name Sayfa Ar`ed sword of terror) was Emperor (nəgusä nägäst) (1344–1372) of the Ethiopian Empire, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. He was the eldest son of Amda Seyon I.

Old Permic script

The Old Permic script (Komi: Важ Перым гижӧм), sometimes called Abur or Anbur, is a "highly idiosyncratic adaptation" of the Cyrillic script once used to write medieval Komi (Permic).

Philippe de Cabassoles

Philippe de Cabassole or Philippe de Cabassoles (1305–1372), the Bishop of Cavaillon, Seigneur of Vaucluse, was the great protector of Renaissance poet Francesco Petrarch.

Péré, Hautes-Pyrénées

Péré is a commune in the Hautes-Pyrénées department in south-western France.

Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford

Ralph de Stafford, 2nd Baron Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, KG (24 September 1301 – 31 August 1372) was an English nobleman and notable soldier during the Hundred Years War against France.

Sratsimir dynasty

The House of Sratsimir, also Sracimir or Sratsimirovtsi (Bulgarian: Срацимировци) was a medieval Bulgarian dynasty that ruled the Tsardom of Tarnovo and Tsardom of Vidin, the Principality of Valona and Kanina, and the Despotate of Lovech. Paternally, they descended from the Asen dynasty, and maternally, they descended from the Shishman dynasty.

SratsimirIvan Alexander of Bulgaria (1331 – 1371)co-emperor Michael Asen IV of Bulgaria (b. c. 1322, co-emperor 1332-1355)

Ivan Sratsimir of Bulgaria (b. 1324/1325, ruled 1356-1397 in Vidin)Queen Dorothea of Bosnia

Constantine II of Bulgaria (b. early 1370s, ruled 1397-1422 in Vidin and in exile)Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria (b. 1350/1351, ruled 1371-1395 in Tarnovo)Patriarch Joseph II of Constantinople (Patriarch of Constantinople 1416-1439)

Fruzhin (d. c. 1460)John Komnenos Asen (1332 – 1363)Alexander Komnenos Asen (1363 – 1372)

Komnena (1372 – 1395)Helena (fl. 1332–59), Queen consort of Serbia

Thomas Trilleck

Thomas Trilleck was a medieval Bishop of Rochester.

Trilleck was the nephew of Adam Orleton, Bishop of Hereford and younger brother of John Trilleck, also a Bishop of Hereford. The Trilleck family originated in the village of Trelleck, near Monmouth.Trilleck was appointed Dean of Hereford in 1352 until 1361, and then served as Dean of St Paul's from 1362 to 1364.Trilleck was nominated as Bishop of Rochester on 6 March 1364 and consecrated on 26 May 1364. He died between 12 December and 25 December 1372.

Wight

A wight (Old English: wiht) is a creature or living sentient being. In its original usage the word wight described a living human being, but more recently, the word has been used within the fantasy genre of literature to describe certain undead. The earliest example of this usage in English is in William Morris' translation of the Grettis Saga, wherein draug is translated as "barrow-wight".

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